Data en Madrid

Datos meteorológicos horarios del mes en curso recogidos por las estaciones de medición de la Red de Calidad del Aire de la Comunidad de Madrid: valores medios horarios de velocidad del viento, dirección del viento, temperatura, humedad relativa, presión atmosférica, radiación solar y precipitación. Estos datos son únicamente informativos. Centro de datos MAD3 es el tercer data center de Interxion en Madrid. Es un edificio de tecnología avanzada que conectará los principales servicios cloud. VMLY&R Madrid incorpora a Elisa Soto como su nueva Head of Data, potenciando así su propuesta de servicios para la construcción de marcas conectadas.Con este nombramiento, el objetivo de VMLY&R es poder ofrecer a los clientes la mejor calidad creativa en todo lo que a Customer Experience y Branding se refiere a través del pensamiento estratégico basado en datos. Aprende Data analytics en Madrid. Coviértete en un analista de datos en Ironhack Madrid en nueve semanas con nuestro curso a tiempo completo, o en 24 semanas a tiempo parcial. Solicita tu plaza ahora Ver cursos Bootcamp de Data analytics a tiempo completo Información sobre el curso Próximos grupos Profesores Apply now Madrid climate summary The Madrid lies on 676m above sea level The climate is warm and temperate in Madrid. The winters are rainier than the summers in Madrid. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Csa. The average annual temperature is 13.7 °C 56.7 °F in Madrid. The rainfall here is around 450 mm 17.7 inch per year. Hola data-drunks! El verano se ha acabado y volvemos con noticias frescas!. El próximo 19 de septiembre celebraremos nuestro evento número 30 en Madrid, y hemos decidido hacerlo un poco más especial.. Para ello, le hemos preguntado a nuestro público más leal (calculado por el control de acceso con entradas) cuales han sido las mejores charlas que han visto hasta ahora en Databeers. Highly efficient carrier neutral data centre facility in Madrid. Colt Madrid Data Centre has over 2,200m 2 of secure and flexible space providing market leading services.. This Colt Tier 3 data centre offers state-of-the-art technology, 24/7 security and industry leading power efficiency. The data center in Madrid, Spain is a strategic convergence point for connectivity to Europe, Africa, America and the Middle East. DatMean confirma su participación en el evento 'Data-for-Hope', orgullosos de poner nuestra experiencia y nuestros 90.000.000 de datos al servicio de esta gran iniciativa. Data for Hope es un evento y… The most highly populated provincial capitals are Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Seville. Currency: Euro. Notes in circulation of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. There are eight different coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents, 1 and 2 euros. It is the official currency of the eurozone, which is formed of 19 of the 28 states of the European Union.

Història Viva Living History Historia Viva

2016.04.15 13:07 bravasphotos Història Viva Living History Historia Viva

Força, equilibri, valor i seny!
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2020.09.19 21:45 boinabbc [HIRING] PRACTICAS DATA SCIENTIST at Talentoteca in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Talentoteca is looking for a PRACTICAS DATA SCIENTIST in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following main skill: Machine Learning
V OD AF ON E E SP AÑ A, S.A.U Madrid (Madrid)T/2020/35834¿Qué ofrece la empresa? 1 plaza de prácticas en V OD AF ON E E SP AÑ A, S.A.U para incorporarse en noviembre 2020 Bolsa de ayuda de 700,00€ brutos mensuales5h. diarias Telepráctica semi-presencial Programa S TA RT Centro de prácticas... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe107809/practicas-data-scientist-talentoteca
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2020.09.19 21:45 boinabbc [HIRING] PRACTICAS DATA SCIENTIST at Talentoteca in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Talentoteca is looking for a PRACTICAS DATA SCIENTIST in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following main skill: Machine Learning
V OD AF ON E E SP AÑ A, S.A.U Madrid (Madrid)T/2020/35834¿Qué ofrece la empresa? 1 plaza de prácticas en V OD AF ON E E SP AÑ A, S.A.U para incorporarse en noviembre 2020 Bolsa de ayuda de 700,00€ brutos mensuales5h. diarias Telepráctica semi-presencial Programa S TA RT Centro de prácticas... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe107809/practicas-data-scientist-talentoteca
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2020.09.14 10:22 majinmattossj2 Brazilian Big12 series, Episode 9/12: Santos

Previous episodes: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional, Corinthians
In this series I will present each of the 12 Brazilian teams that together compose the "Big 12". My point is to make them more knowledgeable to you, since each one of these teams have their share of the Brazil national team success and of Brazilian club football accomplishments as a whole. I'll try to be as smooth, efficient and non-boring as I can. If the feedback is positive, I'll keep bringing more to this series. So ok, let's do this!
Method: I'll present the teams in a chronological order, from the oldest foundation (Flamengo-1895) to the latest one (São Paulo-1930). The order will be: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional, Corinthians, Santos, Palmeiras, Cruzeiro, São Paulo. How many of these have you heard of?
Extra clubs: Due to a high number of requests, I'll also present 3 teams who don't belong to the Big12, but are also considered big clubs in Brazil: Bahia, Athletico Paranaense and Coritiba. Welcome to the club!
Geographical reference: Before we start, I'd like to ask something very simple from you. I want you to keep in mind that these 12 teams are spread in 4 different States in Brazil. The club's State name is written below, next to the club's name. It has a direct link to Google Maps, so that you can check it out to make this experience more accurate.

Episode 9/12: Santos (State: São Paulo), founded in 1912

State rivals: São Paulo, Palmeiras, Corinthians

Stadium: Vila Belmiro

Mascot: Whale

Major achievements: 2 Intercontinental Cup (1962, 1963), 3 Copa Libertadores (1962, 1963, 2011), 8 Brazilian Leagues (1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968, 2002, 2004), 1 Copa do Brasil (2010)

State League titles: 22 (Against Corinthians' 30, Palmeiras' 23, São Paulo's 21)

PLAY AND LISTEN TO SANTOS ANTHEM WHILE READING - Click here
The Football Kingdom
There's an urban legend that says that a lightning never strikes the same place twice. But apparently this legend doesn't apply to the physics of Santos, a humble and small port city on the coast of São Paulo. There, a young kid named Pelé, would come up to become football's greatest legend, a man that could stop a war with his foot, a man that transcended all sports combined. In that same city of Santos - with a probable electromagnetic sequel caused by the lightning of Pelé - were raised the raw talents of the princes Robinho and Neymar. Curiously enough, Marta, the Queen of Football, and Falcão, the King of Futsal, also stepped foot and left a legacy at Santos, the football kingdom of the world. Let the story begin!
The early years and the 100-goal team at 1929 São Paulo State League
Santos was founded in 1912, but only on the late 1920s the team would become a threat to the State League teams from the state capital, São Paulo. Indeed, in 1927, the team led by Araken Patusca and Feitiço scored 100 goals in 16 matches, an average of 6,25 goals/match, a world record in official competitions until today. However, they lost the title in the last round to Palmeiras. These two players would make history in Santos: Feitiço scored 214 goals and is the Santos 5th top goalscorer of all time, while Araken Patusca scored 184, and is the 7th.
In 1935, Santos would win their first State League title, after beating Corinthians 2-0.
The Pelé Era: the greatest team in the world, the team that stopped a war in Africa, Os Santásticos
Before Pelé arrived, Santos had recently won the 1955 and 1956 State Leagues, with a great team led by Brazil NT forwards Del Vecchio, Pepe, Pagão, Jair, and the midfielder Zito.
After Pelé left, Santos had added 25 more trophies to their cabinet: 2 Intercontinental Cups, 2 Copa Libertadores, 6 Brazilian Leagues, 10 State Leagues, 3 Rio-São Paulo Tournament, 1 Supercopa Sudamericana and 1 Recopa Intercontinental.
During Pelé's time in the 1960s, Santos scored around 3000 goals, with more than 1000 scored by the king, in both official competitions (643 goals) and friendlies (448 goals) for Santos. Actually, counting only teams from Europe big6, Pelé scored 103 goals in those high-level friendlies, as you can see here. If we count all European clubs and National Teams, Pelé scored 163 goals. He also scored 87 goals against 1st division Brazilian teams, 116 goals against South American teams and National Teams, 44 goals against African/Asian/Central American National Teams, totalizing 410 goals in high-level friendlies - all data details here. At that time, friendlies were highly hyped, and there were more Europeans attending friendlies vs. Santos than attending their own national leagues matches - attendance data here.
League 1960s League att. average Friendlies vs Santos att. average
England 29.180 34.800 (10 matches)
Spain ??? 48.100 (9 matches)
Italy 21.056 39.620 (33 matches)
Germany 24.160 31.700 (15 matches)
Portugal ??? 34.000 (3 matches)
France 8.400 32.300 (8 matches)
Overall 20.700 36.750 (78 matches)
Pelé arrived at Santos in 1956, at the age of 15. In that same year arrived the right-wing Dorval, aged 21. In 1958 arrived the centre-forward Coutinho, aged 14, and in 1960 the attacking midfielder, Mengálvio, aged 20. They all joined the left-wing Pepe, at Santos since 1954, to form the famous quintet that dominated the world: Dorval, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pelé and Pepe.
Player Apps Goals Brazil NT Caps Goals World Cup titles
Dorval (1956-67) 612 198 7 - -
Mengálvio (1960-68) 371 28 14 1 1 (1962)
Coutinho (1958-68) 457 368 15 6 1 (1962)
Pelé (1956-74) 1116 1091 92 77 3 (1958, 1962, 1970)
Pepe (1954-69) 750 405 40 22 2 (1958, 1962)
But everything started in the 1957 São Paulo State League, when Pelé was topscorer with 36 goals, at the age of 16. There wasn't a National League until 1959, due to Brazil's huge size and weak infrastructure, so the players would shine in the State Leagues, which lasted the entire year. Pelé, at 17, broke the São Paulo State League record (until today), scoring 58 goals in 38 matches, in 1958 - which brought him to the Brazil NT and to the 1958 World Cup. After winning it, him and Santos started travelling in exhibition tours to make cash and challenge the best teams around the world in "friendly" matches.
In 1959, Santos took part in the 1st Brazilian League edition, qualifying as São Paulo State League champions. However, they lost the final to Bahia (2-3, 2-0, 1-3).
As Santos lost the 1959 São Paulo State League finals to Palmeiras, they didn't qualify to the 1960 Brazilian League.
However, they won the 1960 São Paulo State League and qualified to the 1961 Brazilian League. From 1961 to 1965, Santos won 5 consecutive Brazilian Leagues, a record until today. However, Santos would always enter in the semi-finals and only play 4-5 matches to be crowned champions - this rule would only be modified from the 1967 Brazilian League.
Year Champion Runner-up Results
1961 Brazilian League Santos Bahia 1-1, 5-1
1962 Brazilian League Santos Botafogo 4-3, 1-3, 5-0
1963 Brazilian League Santos Bahia 6-0, 2-0
1964 Brazilian League Santos Flamengo 4-1, 0-0
1965 Brazilian League Santos Vasco 5-1, 1-0
Highlights to the 1962 final between Santos and Botafogo, which had 11 players from the 1962 World Cup won by Brazil: Gylmar, Mauro, Zito, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pelé, Pepe (Santos), Nilton Santos, Garrincha, Amarildo, Zagallo (Botafogo). Santos won the decisive match 5-0 at the Maracanã, with this goal from Pelé.
In 1962, Santos also participated in their first Copa Libertadores, qualified as the 1961 Brazilian League champions. Santos topped their group stage against Cerro Porteño (Paraguay) (9-1, 1-1) and Municipal (Bolivia) (6-1, 4-3). In the semis against Universidad Católica (Chile), Santos tied 1-1 away, and won 1-0 at home. The final would be against Peñarol (Uruguay). Santos won the first leg 2-1 in Uruguay, with two goals from Coutinho, in a great comeback. In the 2nd leg in Brazil, a crazy story: after a big and violent confusion, the match was restarted and Peñarol scored the third goal at '51 (2-3). Santos only needed a tie and scored it at '67, the match ended 3-3 and Santos celebrated the title. However, the referee wrote down in the match report that the match was over at '51 - he was scared to really end it, so he kept the match going until the end, but it wasn't counting for him, so he (and CONMEBOL) declared Peñarol the winners. This forced a third match, in neutral Argentina, which Santos dominated and won 3-0, with two goals from Pelé and one own goal from Peñarol. Santos were for the first time, and the first Brazilian team, crowned South American champions.
This title qualified Santos to the 1962 Intercontinental Cup, against the European champions, Benfica. The 1st leg at the Maracanã ended 3-2 for Santos, with 2 goals from Pelé and one from Coutinho. Before the 2nd match in Lisbon, Benfica announced that they were selling tickets for the third match, certain that they would win at home. However, Pelé destroyed the match with a splendid hat-trick, an assist, nutmegs and dribbling past the entire Benfica defense to score one of his goals. The match ended 5-2 before a crowd of 73.000 portuguese fans, and Pelé proved once again he was still football's king, as he and Santos were crowned club world champions for the first time. Highlights of the match here (4mn56 video).
The next year, in 1963, Santos would once again win the Copa Libertadores. Being the current champions, they entered in the semi-final stage against the legendary Botafogo of Garrincha, Didi and Nilton Santos. The 1st leg ended 1-1, with Pelé scoring a tie at '90. The 2nd match at the Maracanã ended 4-0 to Santos, with Pelé scoring the first goal, also the second goal from a header, and the third from a penalty kick. Lima scored the fourth, with an assist from Pepe. Santos were once again qualified to the Copa Libertadores final.
They would meet Boca Juniors, from Argentina. In the 1st leg at the Maracanã, Santos opened 3-0 with two goals from Coutinho - notably this one - and one from Lima. Boca, however, scored twice with Sanfilippo and the match ended 3-2.
The atmosphere at La Bombonera for the 2nd leg was intense. 50.000 Argentine kept singing "Pelé hijo de puta, macaquitos del Brasil" (Pelé son of a b., little monkeys from Brazil). Then Boca opened the score at '46 with Sanfilippo. However, 4 minutes later, Pelé assisted Coutinho to score the tie. Later, Pelé mocked the Boca team by playing with the ball at Boca's GK hand. And at '82, Pelé scored the winning goal and celebrated with euphory and anger: Santos were back-to-back Copa Libertadores champions.
Santos were once again qualified to the Intercontinental Cup, and would face Milan. Santos lost the 1st leg 2-4, at San Siro, in Milan. In the 2nd leg at the Maracanã, Milan went to half-time winning 2-0. A heavy rain began and the pitch became a mud. Santos, without Pelé, counted on Pepe's free-kick to score their first goal. Almir and Lima scored Santos second and third goals, at '54 and '65. Pepe, again from a free-kick, scored the fourth at '68, forcing a third match.
In the third and final match, at the Maracanã again, Maldini committed a penalty and was sent off. Still without Pelé, Dalmo scored the 1-0 winning goal, crowning Santos once again club world champions.
Santos wouldn't win the Copa Libertadores again in the 1960s. They reached the semis in 1964 and 1965, and refused to play it in 1966, 1967 and 1969 - not only it was financially unattractive, but also too violent and with tendencious refereeing. So Santos prefered to travel around the globe and make cash to pay their expensive team.
The "Santos Globetrotters", would tour the world and smash whoever and wherever. 7-1 Internazionale, 5-0 Roma, 6-2 Napoli, 3-0 Lazio, 5-1 Lecce, 5-1 Barcelona, 6-0 Hamburg, 9-1 TSV München 1860, 6-3 Wolfsburg, 5-2 Eintracht Frankfurt, 4-2 Hertha Berlin, 6-4 Fortuna Düsseldorf, 5-0 Arminia Bielefield, 6-3 Benfica, 4-2 Sheffield Wednesday, 4-2 Newcastle, 5-3 Reims, 6-1 Racing, 6-2 Lyon, 3-0 Toulouse, 3-0 Feyenoord, 5-0 Enschede, 3-0 Peñarol, 8-3 Racing (Argentina), 4-0 Independiente, 4-1 Boca Juniors, 4-0 River Plate...
In official competitions, Pelé's Santos played 6 matches against Europeans, with 5W-1L:
Competition Result Goals
1962 Intercontinental Cup Santos 3-2 Benfica Pelé (2x), Santana (2x), Coutinho
1962 Intercontinental Cup Santos 5-2 Benfica Pelé (3x), Eusébio, Coutinho, Pepe, Santana
1963 Intercontinental Cup Santos 2-4 Milan Pelé (2x), Amarildo (2x), Trapattoni, Mora
1963 Intercontinental Cup Santos 4-2 Milan Pepe (2x), Mazzola, Almir, Lima, Mora
1963 Intercontinental Cup Santos 1-0 Milan Dalmo
1968 Recopa Intercontinental Santos 1-0 Internazionale Toninho Guerreiro
However, Santos wasn't invincible, and Palmeiras stopped them from winning 12 consecutive State Leagues (1958-69), by beating Santos in 1959, 1963 and 1966.
1969: the year that Santos stopped a war in Africa and that Pelé scored his 1000th goal
On the 4th February 1969, Pelé's Santos stopped an ongoing war in Nigeria. The civil war had been going on in the Biafra region since March 1967, and it lasted until January 1970, with the separatists' defeat. 2 million people died in the conflict.
There was a global effort trying to stop the violent repression of the Nigerian government against the Biafras. Artists like Joan Baez, Jimi Hendrix and John Lennon, authorities like the Pope Paul VI and the United Nations tried do contain the conflict, without success.
But Santos did. As the team was touring in Africa, they were invited by the Nigerian government to play in Benin. A first and only cease-fire was declared so Santos could move from the hotel to the stadium and then back to the hotel. Santos won the match 2-1, and left the country the next day, as the war restarted as soon as they were gone, lasting 11 more months.
On the 19th November 1969, Pelé scored his 1000th goal, against Vasco, the team he supported as a child, at the Maracanã. Journalists from all over the world had been following Santos matches, waiting for the 1000th goal to happen, which he did on his 912th career match.
By the end of the decade, Santos team had changed, but was still strong, notably counting with the right-back Carlos Alberto Torres, the midfielder Clodoaldo and the forwards Edu and Toninho Guerreiro, all of them champions in the 1970 World Cup, except for the latter. They notably won the 1968 Brazilian League, the 1968 Supercopa Sudamericana and the 1968 Recopa Intercontinental.
My personal favorite goal of this era is this one by Toninho Guerreiro, after a rainbow flick assist by Kaneko, in 1968.
The Pelé Era last title was the São Paulo State League title of 1973. Pelé left in October 1974, having scored 1091 goals in 1116 matches for Santos.
1978-1984: the Meninos da Vila (Vila Boys) and the last title before the drought
In 1978, a new term was coined to the players produced by Santos youth system, or just young players that were bought: the Meninos da Vila (Vila Boys), that won the 1978 State League. The 1st generation counted with Juary, João Paulo, Pita, Nilton Batata and Ailton Lira.
Meninos da Vila Apps Goals
Juary 229 101
João Paulo 412 103
Pita 408 55
Nilton Batata 249 36
Ailton Lira 182 37
In the 1980s, Santos built a good team that reached the final of the 1983 Brazilian League, and won the 1984 State League - Santos last title before the drought.
1984-2002: 18-year title drought
In this period, Santos reached the 1995 Brazilian League final - led by the idol Giovanni -, as well as the 2000 State League final. Santos won the 1997 Rio-São Paulo Tournament and the 1998 Copa Conmebol, but they were minor trophies and didn't count as the end of the drought, that would last until 2002.
Nevertheless, Santos became the first team in the world to score 10.000 goals - the record took place in January 1998, with a goal scored by Jorginho.
In December 2000, Santos was elected by FIFA the Club of the Century in South America, and placed 5th in the world, behind Real Madrid, Manchester United, Bayern and Barcelona.
2002: Diego & Robinho and the 2nd Meninos da Vila generation
In the last season of the Brazilian League with knock-out stages (round-robin were introduced in 2003), Santos were broken and bet once again on their own DNA: youth system and offensive football. Led by 17-year-old Diego and 18-year-old Robinho, and with great young players Maurinho (24), Alex (20), Renato (23) and Elano (21), as well as great experienced players like Fábio Costa (25), Léo (27) and Alberto (27), Santos qualified on the 8th and last spot to the quarter-finals - after an exciting 1st stage, even leading the league at some point, but dropping a lot in quality towards the end.
In the knock-out stage, Santos won 5 of the 6 matches before becoming champions. In the quarter-finals, against the scary São Paulo of Kaká and Luís Fabiano, Santos won both legs: 3-1 at home and then a 2-1 comeback away, with Diego scoring twice, one of them the winning goal on the 2nd leg.
In the semi-finals, Santos defeated Grêmio 3-0 at home, with a great show from Robinho, who got Grêmio's CB sent off and then scored this great goal. Alberto scored twice, notably this backheel one. In the 2nd leg, a 0-1 defeat was enough to put Santos in the league final.
The final would be against Parreira's Corinthians. In the first leg, Diego brilliantly assisted Alberto to open the score, and then Robinho at '88 also brilliantly assissted Renato to close the 2-0 score.
The final 2nd leg was monumental. Corinthians needed to win by a 2-goal difference to be the champions. It started badly for Santos, with Diego leaving injured with less than five minutes. But at '35, Robinho produced one of the most iconic moves of the football world in 2002, the 8 Pedaladas (8 Stepovers), after which he suffered a penalty, which he himself converted into a goal dedicated to Diego. Corinthians now needed 3 goals, and at '75 they scored the first, then at '84 they scored the second. Total fear in Santos supporters. But 4 minutes later at '88, the heir of the king, the prince Robinho carried the ball from the midfield until the right side of the box to assist Elano in Santos second goal. But it wasn't over yet, and at '92, him again, the prince Robinho left two Corinthians' CB completely lost in a quick body turnaround to assist Léo to score the 3rd and winning goal. The perfect match was over, Santos won 3-2, and were crowned Brazilian League champions. Highlights to Santos goalkeeper Fabio Costa who had this absurd performance (2mn33s video) and to Santos coach Emerson Leão, the man who chose to bet in these young players.
2003-2004: the show must go on
In 2003, Santos, Diego and Robinho were the Brazilian trend. They kept their high-level football with the addition of Ricardo Oliveira in the attack, and finished 2nd in the Copa Libertadores - losing to Boca Juniors - and 2nd in the Brazilian League - dominated by Cruzeiro.
In 2004, Santos won the Brazilian League again, their 8th and most recent Brazilian League title. With the departures of Renato, Diego and Ricardo Oliveira to Europe, Santos brought Ricardinho and Deivid from Middlesbrough and Bordeaux, and the international coach Luxemburgo from Cruzeiro.
It worked greatly, and led by Robinho and Elano, they won the league on the 46th and last round, after beating Vasco 2-1. It was a very dramatic league in all possible ways, and against everything and everyone, Santos were once again Brazilian Champions.
Meninos da Vila Apps (Santos) Goals (Santos) Clubs in Europe
Diego 133 38 Porto, Werder Bremen, Atlético Madrid
Robinho 253 111 Real Madrid, Milan, Man. City
Elano 322 68 Shakhtar, Man. City
Renato 424 33 Sevilla
Alex 103 20 Chelsea, Milan, PSG
2009-2013: Neymar & Ganso, the 3rd Meninos da Vila generation
After the 2004 team was dismantled, Santos won two State League titles in 2006 and 2007, besides finishing 2nd in the 2007 Brazilian League and reaching the semi-finals in the 2007 Copa Libertadores, led by international star Zé Roberto.
In March 2009, Neymar made his debut at the age of 17. With midfielder Ganso (aged 19), they finished 2nd in the State League, losing to Ronaldo Nazário's Corinthians.
In 2010, the Cirque du Soleil Santos show began. With the addition of Robinho (on a 6-month loan from Man. City) to the front line, the team reached a historical mark of 111 goals in 34 matches on the title campaigns of the 2010 State League and 2010 Copa do Brasil. Overall in the year, Santos scored 176 goals, and Neymar 42 goals. The team played for fun and brilliant goals were a constant, notably: Robinho's backheel goal against Rogério Ceni's São Paulo, Ganso finesse assist to Robinho against Grêmio, Neymar's little-stop penalty goal against Ceni's São Paulo, Ganso's lob against Monte Azul, Robinho's lob against Bragantino, Ganso's backheel assist to Neymar's goal against Santo André, Alex Sandro's goal against Cruzeiro, Wesley's goal against Grêmio, Ganso long distance goal against Grêmio, Neymar dribbling past the whole Santo André defense goal, Neymar's assist to André against São Paulo, and obviously, Robinho air backheel assist to Neymar against Santo André.
However, the epic 2010 team only lasted 6 months: Wesley, André and Robinho left to Europe, and Ganso got severely injured. With the team dismantled, they ended on the 8th position in the league.
2011 Copa Libertadores: the third continental dream title
Santos started the season with the 2011 State League title, beating Corinthians in the final (0-0, 2-1).
Santos also counted with the return of Elano for the 2011 Copa Libertadores, but the team started badly: 2 draws and 1 loss, so Santos needed to win all the next 3 matches to advance. And they did, without much problems: 3-2 Colo-Colo (Chile), 2-1 Cerro Porteño (Paraguay) and 3-1 Táchira (Venezuela). Highlights to Neymar's dribbling-goal against Colo-Colo and Danilo's long-distance goal against Cerro Porteño.
In the round of 16, Santos met América (Mexico) and beat them 1-0 at home in the 1st leg. The 2nd leg, in Mexico, was a 0-0 tie, with goalkeeper Rafael Cabral having an exceptional match.
In the quarter-finals, against Once Caldas (Colombia), Santos had no problem beating them 1-0 in Colombia, and then tying 1-1 at home, with this great goal from Neymar.
In the semi-finals, Santos beat Cerro Porteño 1-0 at home, with this great assist from Neymar to Edu Dracena, and had a restful 2nd leg after opening 2-0 and leaving Paraguay with a 3-3 tie and qualified to the finals.
In the big final against Peñarol, Santos left the 1st leg with a 0-0 tie in Uruguay, with Peñarol having this goal bravely disallowed at '85. In the final 2nd leg, Santos pressured Peñarol at home, until Neymar opened the score at '46 with a brilliant shot, after a fine backheel-play by Ganso and ball-conducting by Arouca. At '68, Danilo scored one more, but Santos centre-back Durval scored an own goal at '79. On the last minute, Neymar almost scored the third, but the ball hit the post. At '93, the match ended, and after 48 years, Santos were the Copa Libertadores Champions, for the third time in their history.
Neymar was the MVP and second topscorer with 6 goals, at the age of 19. He was also elected the 2011 Brazilian League MVP, but Santos finished on the 10th place.
With this title, Santos qualified to the 2011 Club World Cup in Japan. They beat Kashiwa Reysol 3-1 in the semi-final, with this splendid goal from Neymar. However, they were completely dominated by Messi's Barcelona in the final, losing it 0-4.
In 2012, Santos had another great year, led by Neymar, Ganso and Elano. They started the season with the 2012 State League title, beating Guarani in the final (3-0, 4-2). They also reached the 2012 Copa Libertadores semi-finals, but got eliminated by Corinthians.
They also won the 2012 Recopa Sudamericana and finished 8th on the league.
Meninos da Vila Apps (Santos) Goals (Santos) Clubs in Europe
Neymar 230 138 Barcelona, PSG
Ganso 162 36 Sevilla, Amiens
André 94 41 Sporting
Rafael Cabral 190 - Napoli, Reading
Danilo 80 10 Porto, Real Madrid, Man. City, Juventus
Wesley 63 10 Werder Bremen
2013-today
Since the Neymar & Ganso Era ended in 2013, Santos has won 2 State League titles (2015, 2016), finished 2nd in the Brazilian League twice (2016, 2019) and in the Copa do Brasil once (2015), as well as revealing Rodrygo in 2018.
Santos represents the essence of Brazilian football DNA, which is offensive and beautiful football, a philosophy which made their youth system one of the most respected in the world. You can watch here some rare Pelé highlights, here some 2002-2005 Robinho's and here some 2009-2013 Neymar's.
Santos is one of the 3 Brazilian teams that has never been relegated.
To this day, Santos has a fanbase of 6 million supporters, and a stadium attendance average of 10.300, as of 2019.
If you have any questions about Brazilian football, feel free to join us at futebol, where you'll be very welcomed!
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2020.09.10 22:15 boinabbc [HIRING] Lead Data Analyst at Robert Walters in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Robert Walters is looking for a Lead Data Analyst in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following skills: Looker, Python, SQL
Nuestro cliente, una fintech norteamericana con sus H Q en Silicon Valley, se encuentra en pleno crecimiento en el mercado y está buscando sumar a su Hub Tecnológico de Madrid un... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe561451/lead-data-analyst-robert-walters
submitted by boinabbc to jobbit [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 22:15 boinabbc [HIRING] Lead Data Analyst at Robert Walters in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Robert Walters is looking for a Lead Data Analyst in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following skills: Looker, Python, SQL
Nuestro cliente, una fintech norteamericana con sus H Q en Silicon Valley, se encuentra en pleno crecimiento en el mercado y está buscando sumar a su Hub Tecnológico de Madrid un... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe561451/lead-data-analyst-robert-walters
submitted by boinabbc to techjobs [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 11:47 SimNews_ MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities

MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry.
In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States).
https://preview.redd.it/sh7jmidhkam51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bbe72d114c968abb0a1d456996e4e32a3a34640c

Australia

  • Canberra
  • Darwin City
  • Gold Coast
  • Hobart
  • Newcastle
  • Wollongong

Belgium

  • Brussels

Canada

  • Calgary
  • Edmonton
  • Hamilton
  • London
  • Montreal
  • Ottawa
  • Quebec City
  • Toronto
  • Vancouver
  • Victoria
  • Winnipeg

Denmark

  • Copenhagen

France

  • Aix-en-Provence
  • Bordeaux
  • Lille
  • Marseille
  • Montpellier
  • Rennes
  • Rouen
  • Strasbourg

Germany

  • Aachen
  • Augsburg
  • Berlin
  • Bremen
  • Brunswick
  • Dresden
  • Duisburg
  • Halle (Saale)
  • Hamburg
  • Karlsruhe
  • Kiel
  • Leipzig
  • Magdeburg
  • Mannheim
  • Mönchengladbach
  • Munich
  • Münster
  • Nuremberg
  • Oberhausen

Italy

  • Bologna
  • Catania
  • Florence
  • Milan
  • Naples
  • Palermo
  • Rome
  • Venice
  • Verona

Spain

  • Alicante
  • Barcelona
  • Córdoba
  • Madrid
  • Marbella
  • Murcia
  • Pamplona
  • Seville
  • Valencia
  • Vigo

Switzerland

  • Zürich

United Kingdom

  • Portsmouth
  • Southampton

Alabama

  • Anniston
  • Auburn
  • Birmingham
  • Decatur
  • Dothan
  • Huntsville
  • Mobile
  • Montgomery
  • Spanish Fort

Arizona

  • Anthem
  • Carefree
  • Catalina Foothills
  • Drexel Heights
  • Flagstaff
  • Lake Havasu City
  • Mesa
  • Oro Valley
  • Peoria
  • Phoenix
  • Prescott
  • San Tan Valley
  • Tempe
  • Tucson
  • Yuma

Arkansas

  • Little Rock

California

  • Agua Caliente
  • Anaheim
  • Antioch
  • Bakersfield
  • Castro Valley
  • Chico
  • Concord
  • Davis
  • Desert Hot Springs
  • Downey
  • Elk Grove
  • Fairfield
  • Foster City
  • Fremont
  • Fresno
  • Glendale
  • Hanford
  • Hollister
  • Hollywood
  • Inglewood
  • La Habra
  • Lodi
  • Long Beach
  • Los Angeles
  • Los Gatos
  • Madera
  • Manteca
  • Modesto
  • Moreno Valley
  • Oceanside
  • Oxnard
  • Palm Springs
  • Palmdale
  • Perris
  • Porterville
  • Redding
  • Reedley
  • Richmond
  • Sacramento
  • Salinas
  • San Bernardino
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose
  • Santa Ana
  • Santa Barbara
  • Santa Clarita
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Monica
  • Selma
  • Simi Valley
  • Stockton
  • Temecula
  • Ukiah
  • Visalia
  • Yuba City
  • Yucaipa

Colorado

  • Boulder
  • Colorado Springs
  • Denver

Connecticut

  • Bridgeport
  • New Haven
  • Stamford

Delaware

  • Dover
  • Wilmington

Florida

  • Brandon
  • Clermont
  • Daytona Beach
  • Deltona
  • Flagler Beach
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Fort Myers
  • Gainesville
  • Gulf Breeze
  • Immokalee
  • Jacksonville
  • Key West
  • Lake City
  • Lakeland
  • Leesburg
  • Marco Island
  • Miami
  • New Smyrna Beach
  • Ocala
  • Okeechobee
  • Orange Park
  • Orlando
  • Pace
  • Palatka
  • Palm Bay
  • Palm Beach
  • Palmetto Bay
  • Panama City
  • Pensacola
  • Poinciana
  • Port Charlotte
  • Port St. Lucie
  • Sarasota
  • Sebring
  • Spring Hill
  • St. Petersburg
  • Tallahassee
  • Tampa
  • Tarpon Springs
  • Titusville
  • Universal Studios Florida
  • Venice
  • Walt Disney World Resort
  • Winter Haven
  • Winter Park
  • Zephyrhills

Georgia

  • Atlanta
  • Brunswick
  • Columbus
  • Gainesville
  • Griffin
  • LaGrange
  • Macon
  • Marietta
  • Peachtree City
  • Riverdale
  • Roswell
  • Savannah
  • Sea Island
  • St. Marys
  • Statesboro
  • Valdosta

Illinois

  • Carbondale
  • Champaign
  • Chicago
  • Kankakee
  • Marion
  • Rock Island
  • Springfield

Indiana

  • Fort Wayne
  • Indianapolis
  • Kokomo
  • Michigan City
  • South Bend

Iowa

  • Des Moines

Kansas

  • Topeka
  • Wichita

Kentucky

  • Louisville

Louisiana

  • Baton Rouge
  • Monroe
  • New Orleans
  • Shreveport

Maine

  • Augusta
  • Portland

Maryland

  • Baltimore

Massachusetts

  • Boston
  • Brockton
  • Lowell
  • Springfield
  • Worcester

Michigan

  • Ann Arbor
  • Detroit

Minnesota

  • Farmington
  • Minneapolis

Mississippi

  • Gulfport
  • Jackson
  • Laurel

Missouri

  • Columbia
  • Jefferson City
  • Kansas City
  • Springfield
  • St. Louis

Nebraska

  • Lincoln
  • Omaha

Nevada

  • Carson City
  • Las Vegas
  • Reno

New Hampshire

  • Concord

New Jersey

  • Edison
  • Middletown
  • Newark
  • Toms River
  • Trenton
  • Willingboro

New Mexico

  • Albuquerque
  • Bernalillo
  • Las Cruces
  • Los Lunas
  • Santa Fe

New York

  • New York
  • Niagara Falls
  • Syracuse

North Carolina

  • Durham
  • Greensboro
  • Raleigh
  • Winston-Salem

North Dakota

  • Bismarck
  • Fargo

Ohio

  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • Toledo

Oklahoma

  • Oklahoma City
  • Tulsa

Oregon

  • Beaverton
  • Portland

Pennsylvania

  • Abington
  • Harrisburg
  • McCandless
  • Norristown
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh

Rhode Island

  • Providence

South Carolina

  • Charleston
  • Columbia
  • Goose Creek
  • Greenville
  • Summerville

South Dakota

  • Pierre

Tennessee

  • Memphis
  • Nashville

Texas

  • Amarillo
  • Austin
  • Brownsville
  • Corpus Christi
  • El Paso
  • Fort Worth
  • Galveston
  • Houston
  • Kingwood
  • Laredo
  • Longview
  • Lubbock
  • McAllen
  • Midland
  • San Antonio
  • The Woodlands

Utah

  • Salt Lake City

Virginia

  • Norfolk
  • Richmond

Washington

  • Everett
  • Seattle
  • Tacoma

Wisconsin

  • Appleton
  • Fond du Lac
  • Green Bay
  • Janesville
  • Madison
  • Milwaukee
  • Oshkosh
  • Sheboygan

Wyoming

  • Cheyenne
submitted by SimNews_ to MicrosoftFlightSim [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 10:35 SimNews_ MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities

MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities

As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry.
In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States).
https://preview.redd.it/7cfz2j2n7am51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fc1c175d888f1f7ed140d8ff4b933209a383cd2d

Australia

  • Canberra
  • Darwin City
  • Gold Coast
  • Hobart
  • Newcastle
  • Wollongong

Belgium

  • Brussels

Canada

  • Calgary
  • Edmonton
  • Hamilton
  • London
  • Montreal
  • Ottawa
  • Quebec City
  • Toronto
  • Vancouver
  • Victoria
  • Winnipeg

Denmark

  • Copenhagen

France

  • Aix-en-Provence
  • Bordeaux
  • Lille
  • Marseille
  • Montpellier
  • Rennes
  • Rouen
  • Strasbourg

Germany

  • Aachen
  • Augsburg
  • Berlin
  • Bremen
  • Brunswick
  • Dresden
  • Duisburg
  • Halle (Saale)
  • Hamburg
  • Karlsruhe
  • Kiel
  • Leipzig
  • Magdeburg
  • Mannheim
  • Mönchengladbach
  • Munich
  • Münster
  • Nuremberg
  • Oberhausen

Italy

  • Bologna
  • Catania
  • Florence
  • Milan
  • Naples
  • Palermo
  • Rome
  • Venice
  • Verona

Spain

  • Alicante
  • Barcelona
  • Córdoba
  • Madrid
  • Marbella
  • Murcia
  • Pamplona
  • Seville
  • Valencia
  • Vigo

Switzerland

  • Zürich

United Kingdom

  • Portsmouth
  • Southampton

Alabama

  • Anniston
  • Auburn
  • Birmingham
  • Decatur
  • Dothan
  • Huntsville
  • Mobile
  • Montgomery
  • Spanish Fort

Arizona

  • Anthem
  • Carefree
  • Catalina Foothills
  • Drexel Heights
  • Flagstaff
  • Lake Havasu City
  • Mesa
  • Oro Valley
  • Peoria
  • Phoenix
  • Prescott
  • San Tan Valley
  • Tempe
  • Tucson
  • Yuma

Arkansas

  • Little Rock

California

  • Agua Caliente
  • Anaheim
  • Antioch
  • Bakersfield
  • Castro Valley
  • Chico
  • Concord
  • Davis
  • Desert Hot Springs
  • Downey
  • Elk Grove
  • Fairfield
  • Foster City
  • Fremont
  • Fresno
  • Glendale
  • Hanford
  • Hollister
  • Hollywood
  • Inglewood
  • La Habra
  • Lodi
  • Long Beach
  • Los Angeles
  • Los Gatos
  • Madera
  • Manteca
  • Modesto
  • Moreno Valley
  • Oceanside
  • Oxnard
  • Palm Springs
  • Palmdale
  • Perris
  • Porterville
  • Redding
  • Reedley
  • Richmond
  • Sacramento
  • Salinas
  • San Bernardino
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose
  • Santa Ana
  • Santa Barbara
  • Santa Clarita
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Monica
  • Selma
  • Simi Valley
  • Stockton
  • Temecula
  • Ukiah
  • Visalia
  • Yuba City
  • Yucaipa

Colorado

  • Boulder
  • Colorado Springs
  • Denver

Connecticut

  • Bridgeport
  • New Haven
  • Stamford

Delaware

  • Dover
  • Wilmington

Florida

  • Brandon
  • Clermont
  • Daytona Beach
  • Deltona
  • Flagler Beach
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Fort Myers
  • Gainesville
  • Gulf Breeze
  • Immokalee
  • Jacksonville
  • Key West
  • Lake City
  • Lakeland
  • Leesburg
  • Marco Island
  • Miami
  • New Smyrna Beach
  • Ocala
  • Okeechobee
  • Orange Park
  • Orlando
  • Pace
  • Palatka
  • Palm Bay
  • Palm Beach
  • Palmetto Bay
  • Panama City
  • Pensacola
  • Poinciana
  • Port Charlotte
  • Port St. Lucie
  • Sarasota
  • Sebring
  • Spring Hill
  • St. Petersburg
  • Tallahassee
  • Tampa
  • Tarpon Springs
  • Titusville
  • Universal Studios Florida
  • Venice
  • Walt Disney World Resort
  • Winter Haven
  • Winter Park
  • Zephyrhills

Georgia

  • Atlanta
  • Brunswick
  • Columbus
  • Gainesville
  • Griffin
  • LaGrange
  • Macon
  • Marietta
  • Peachtree City
  • Riverdale
  • Roswell
  • Savannah
  • Sea Island
  • St. Marys
  • Statesboro
  • Valdosta

Illinois

  • Carbondale
  • Champaign
  • Chicago
  • Kankakee
  • Marion
  • Rock Island
  • Springfield

Indiana

  • Fort Wayne
  • Indianapolis
  • Kokomo
  • Michigan City
  • South Bend

Iowa

  • Des Moines

Kansas

  • Topeka
  • Wichita

Kentucky

  • Louisville

Louisiana

  • Baton Rouge
  • Monroe
  • New Orleans
  • Shreveport

Maine

  • Augusta
  • Portland

Maryland

  • Baltimore

Massachusetts

  • Boston
  • Brockton
  • Lowell
  • Springfield
  • Worcester

Michigan

  • Ann Arbor
  • Detroit

Minnesota

  • Farmington
  • Minneapolis

Mississippi

  • Gulfport
  • Jackson
  • Laurel

Missouri

  • Columbia
  • Jefferson City
  • Kansas City
  • Springfield
  • St. Louis

Nebraska

  • Lincoln
  • Omaha

Nevada

  • Carson City
  • Las Vegas
  • Reno

New Hampshire

  • Concord

New Jersey

  • Edison
  • Middletown
  • Newark
  • Toms River
  • Trenton
  • Willingboro

New Mexico

  • Albuquerque
  • Bernalillo
  • Las Cruces
  • Los Lunas
  • Santa Fe

New York

  • New York
  • Niagara Falls
  • Syracuse

North Carolina

  • Durham
  • Greensboro
  • Raleigh
  • Winston-Salem

North Dakota

  • Bismarck
  • Fargo

Ohio

  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • Toledo

Oklahoma

  • Oklahoma City
  • Tulsa

Oregon

  • Beaverton
  • Portland

Pennsylvania

  • Abington
  • Harrisburg
  • McCandless
  • Norristown
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh

Rhode Island

  • Providence

South Carolina

  • Charleston
  • Columbia
  • Goose Creek
  • Greenville
  • Summerville

South Dakota

  • Pierre

Tennessee

  • Memphis
  • Nashville

Texas

  • Amarillo
  • Austin
  • Brownsville
  • Corpus Christi
  • El Paso
  • Fort Worth
  • Galveston
  • Houston
  • Kingwood
  • Laredo
  • Longview
  • Lubbock
  • McAllen
  • Midland
  • San Antonio
  • The Woodlands

Utah

  • Salt Lake City

Virginia

  • Norfolk
  • Richmond

Washington

  • Everett
  • Seattle
  • Tacoma

Wisconsin

  • Appleton
  • Fond du Lac
  • Green Bay
  • Janesville
  • Madison
  • Milwaukee
  • Oshkosh
  • Sheboygan

Wyoming

  • Cheyenne
Microsoft Flight Simulator is available as a digital purchase from Microsoft Store and Steam as well as a DVD box from Aerosoft. Prices are for Standard 69.99 EUR, Deluxe 89.99 EUR, and Premium Deluxe 119.99 EUR. Standard Edition is also included in Xbox Game Pass for PC monthly subscription.
submitted by SimNews_ to u/SimNews_ [link] [comments]


2020.09.02 12:53 majinmattossj2 Brazilian Big12 series, Episode 8/12: Corinthians

Previous episodes: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional
In this series I will present each of the 12 Brazilian teams that together compose the "Big 12". My point is to make them more knowledgeable to you, since each one of these teams have their share of the Brazil national team success and of Brazilian club football accomplishments as a whole. I'll try to be as smooth, efficient and non-boring as I can. If the feedback is positive, I'll keep bringing more to this series. So ok, let's do this!
Method: I'll present the teams in a chronological order, from the oldest foundation (Flamengo-1895) to the latest one (São Paulo-1930). The order will be: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional, Corinthians, Santos, Palmeiras, Cruzeiro, São Paulo. How many of these have you heard of?
Extra clubs: Due to a high number of requests, I'll also present 3 teams who don't belong to the Big12, but are also considered big clubs in Brazil: Bahia, Athletico Paranaense and Coritiba. Welcome to the club!
Geographical reference: Before we start, I'd like to ask something very simple from you. I want you to keep in mind that these 12 teams are spread in 4 different States in Brazil. The club's State name is written below, next to the club's name. It has a direct link to Google Maps, so that you can check it out to make this experience more accurate.

Episode 8/12: Corinthians (State: São Paulo), founded in 1910

State rivals: Palmeiras, São Paulo, Santos

Stadium: Arena Corinthians / Pacaembu (Old)

Mascot: Musketeer

Major achievements: 2 Club World Cup (2000, 2012), 1 Copa Libertadores (2012), 7 Brazilian Leagues (1990, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2011, 2015, 2017), 3 Copa do Brasil (1995, 2002, 2009)

State League titles: 30 (Against Palmeiras' 23, Santos' 22, São Paulo's 21)

PLAY AND LISTEN TO CORINTHIANS ANTHEM WHILE READING - Click here
The kings of São Paulo and the team of the people (1910-1954)
Corinthians was founded in 1910 by a group of factory workers in São Paulo, inspired by Corinthian FC, an English team that was going on an excursion in Brazil. From the first moment of Corinthians foundation, their president stated that they would be the "team of the people, and that the people would make the team". It was a manifest against the aristocratic trend of only allowing rich and white people into football clubs.
In Brazilian football early days, there wasn't a national league until 1959, so the teams would play inside their own state, in the State Leagues. In this São Paulo State League Era, Corinthians rose from nothing to become the most victorious team inside the state, with 15 titles, notably leaving behind their rivals Palmeiras (12), São Paulo (8), Santos (4), and also traditional teams from the amateur era such as Paulistano (11). If there was a national league in this period, Corinthians would certainly be a serious title contender, along with Fluminense (from Rio de Janeiro state league) and their archrival, Palmeiras.
Highlights to Corinthians early-1950s decade, when they won 2 State Leagues (1951, 1952), 3 Rio-São Paulo Tournament (1950, 1953, 1954) and 1 Pequeña Copa del Mundo in Venezuela (1953).
Tournament Champion Runner-up 3rd place
1950 Rio-São Paulo* Corinthians Vasco Portuguesa
1951 São Paulo State League Corinthians Palmeiras Portuguesa
1952 São Paulo State League Corinthians São Paulo Portuguesa
1953 Rio-São Paulo* Corinthians Vasco São Paulo
1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo Corinthians Roma (Italy) Barcelona (Spain)
1954 Rio-São Paulo Corinthians Fluminense Palmeiras
Corinthians notably won, undefeated, the 1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo against Roma (Italy), Barcelona (Spain) and Caracas (Venezuela). Barcelona, of the Hungarian star Kubala, were the current Spanish and Latin Cup champions; Roma, 6th placed in the Serie A; and Caracas, the home guests. Corinthians won their 6 matches, as you can see below. The topscorers were Luizinho (Corinthians) and Kubala (Barcelona) with 5 goals each.
Tournament Match Goals
1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo Corinthians 1-0 Roma (Italy) Luizinho (1)
1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo Corinthians 3-2 Barcelona (Spain) Luizinho (2), Kubala (1), Moreno (1), Carbone (1)
1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo Corinthians 2-1 Caracas (Venezuela) Cláudio (1), Carbone (1), Aguirre (1)
1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo Corinthians 1-0 Barcelona (Spain) Goiano (1)
1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo Corinthians 2-0 Caracas (Venezuela) Cláudio (2)
1953 Pequeña Copa del Mundo Corinthians 3-1 Roma (Italy) Luizinho (2), Cláudio (1), Galle (1)
Later in 1958, Corinthians provided the Brazilian National Team with two players in the World Cup title campaign, notably the legendary goalkeeper Gylmar, starter in 1958 and 1962. He played 395 matches for Corinthians, before moving to Santos in 1961.
1954-1977: the drought and the Rivellino Era
In this period, Corinthians went through their longest title drought of their history, without winning a single trophy. Technically, they won the 1966 Rio-São Paulo Tournament, but it had to be shared with 3 other teams due to a lack of dates to end it.
Between 1965 and 1974, Rivellino (born 1946), a creation of Corinthians youth system, was the team's main star. He played 474 matches for Corinthians, scoring 141 goals, and represented his club in the 1970 and 1974 World Cups. He never managed to win the then prestigious State League title, or even the National League, reaching the State League final just once, in 1974, losing to their archrival Palmeiras. He was "found guilty" of losing the final and was released from the club, sold to Fluminense. You can see some of Rivellino magical skills in this amazing skills-only video (3mn08s video).
In this difficult era, Corinthians also counted with legendary star Garrincha in 1966. However, his form was already declining at the age of 32, and he only appeared in 13 matches, scoring 2 goals.
Curiously enough, Pelé played professionaly from 1956 to 1977, almost the exact time Corinthians went trophyless. When Pelé began to shine in football, he used to say that he was rejected in a Corinthians trial in 1954, and therefore cursed that "while I (Pelé) play football, Corinthians will never be champions again". Pelé retired on the 1st of October 1977, and 12 days later, on the 13th October 1977, Corinthians 23-year title drought was over, as they won the 1977 São Paulo State League, 1-0 against Ponte Preta, with a goal from Basilio, at minute 81.
1976: The Corinthians Invasion
A year before Corinthians drought was over, one of the biggest events in the history of Brazilian football took place, the Invasão Corinthiana. The 5th of December 1976, a one-match-only Brazilian League semi-final would happen in Rio de Janeiro, between the home guests Fluminense (of Rivellino, who left Corinthians in 1974) and Corinthians, from São Paulo, 450km away from Rio.
The hype was intense. Fluminense were the frank favorites: 10 of their starting 11 had already been capped to the Brazil NT, they were called the Tricolor Machine.
The Maracanã 146.000 capacity would be split half-half. 70.000 tickets were given to Corinthians by Fluminense, and they were sold out in less than 3 hours. Tens of thousands of Corinthianos started moving from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro 2 days before the match: by airplane, bus, car, motorcycle, bike, taxi, it didn't matter, the Rio-São Paulo highway was dominated by Corinthians supporters (pic). On Saturday 4th, one day before the match, the city and the Copacabana beach of Rio de Janeiro became a huge Corinthianos party. Hundreds and hundreds of black and white flags and shirts all over the city.
On the day of the match, the atmosphere inside the Maracanã was INTENSE (5mn video). More than ever, Corinthians needed to end that title drought. Inexplicably, Corinthians fanbase had their biggest growth during the 60s/70s title drought. That's why they say that only the Corinthians supporters know what it's like to be a Corinthiano, that's why they nicknamed themselves "the Sufferers". Because they are the legitimate team of the people.
The match started under a moderate rain, and the pitch wasn't at its best. Fluminense opened the score at '29, with this goal from Pintinho. Corinthians needed at least a goal to go to extratime, and found it at '29 with Russo, after a corner kick. The rain intensified, and the pitch turned into this horrible mud. Not much happened afterwards, and the match went to the penalty kicks. Corinthians GK Tobias saved Fluminense's 1st and 2nd p.k., while Corinthians scored all their 3 penalties, and Fluminense only 1 out of 3. Zé Maria then scored Corinthians 4th penalty and qualified his team to the 1976 Brazilian League final.
However, Corinthians lost the final 0-2 to Falcão's Internacional, playing away. But the epic Invasão Corinthiana of Rio de Janeiro would be forever remembered in the Brazilian football history - this very good 46mn documentary comes back to 1976 and also shows the 2000 (Rio de Janeiro) and 2012 (Japan) Club World Cup posterior invasions.
1977: the State League title and the end of the drought
In 1977, Corinthians 23-year title drought finally came to an end, after they won the State League title. They played 48 matches, with 30W-6D-12L, cumulating 55% of the points. In the big final, they beat Ponte Preta 1-0, with Basílio scoring this eternal goal at '81.
It was Corinthians' 16th State League title, while their rivals had 18 (Palmeiras), 13 (Santos) and 11 (São Paulo) at that point. So, even without winning a State League title for 23 years, Corinthians was still fighting for São Paulo state title record.
1982-84: Socrates and the Corinthians Democracy
In the middle of the Brazilian military dictatorship, Corinthians chose to wave a flag in favor of democracy. It all began in April 1982, with the nomination of a sociologist, Adilson, to the football director job. Adilson liked to listen to the players, and along with politicized players such as Sócrates, Wladimir, Casagrande and Zenon, decided to establish an innovative democracy inside the club.
Basically, every decision (contracts, inside rules, etc) that was to be taken would be decided by voting. From the president to the average worker, all had the same right to vote, and the same vote weight. For example, thanks to this voting system, married players didn't need to sleep in hotels before matches with the rest of the team anymore. They would also use the Corinthians kit to spread political opinions in favor of democracy--such as the sayings "Diretas Já" ("Direct voting Now") and "Eu quero votar para presidente" ("I want to vote for president").
In April 1984, the Amendment Proposal For Direct Voting was rejected by the Chamber of Deputies, which collaborated to the departure of Sócrates to the Italian Serie A (Fiorentina), and to the end of the Corinthians Democracy. This talented generation won the São Paulo State Leagues of 1982 and 1983, and reached the 1982 and 1984 Brazilian League semi-finals.
This notable team provided the charming Brazil of 1982 (5mn46s video) with Sócrates, who played 265 matches for Corinthians, scoring 172 goals between 1978 and 1984.
1990: the first Brazilian League title
After winning the 1988 State League title, Corinthians won their first Brazilian League title in 1990. Led by midfielder Neto to the knock-out stages, Corinthians defeated Atlético Mineiro in the quarter-finals. In the 1st leg, they did a 2-1 comeback, with both goals from Neto: the first with a header and the second shooting from inside the box. In the 2nd leg, a 0-0 tie put Corinthians in the semi-final stage against Bahia.
In the 1st leg of the semis, Bahia opened the scored, but Corinthians tied with an own goal. Neto scored the 2nd goal with his trademark style, the free-kick. In the 2nd leg, a 0-0 tie was enough to put Corinthians in the final.
In the final, a derby between Corinthians and the São Paulo of Zetti, Cafu, Leonardo, Raí and the coach Telê Santana (former 1982 Brazil coach).
In the 1st leg, Wilson Mano scored the only goal of the match at '4. Fabinho (Corinthians) almost scored the 2nd after this brilliant run and conclusion, saved by Zetti, and Ronaldo (Corinthians GK), fantastic as always, kept Corinthians goal secured with great saves. In the final 2nd leg, Corinthians scored the only goal of the match at '54, after a great one-two between Fabinho and Tupãzinho, with the latter scoring the goal, and securing Corinthians first Brazilian League title.
Ronaldo (GK) and Marcelo Djian (CB) were both elected to the League's Best XI.
Corinthians kept the good shape and won 2 more State Leagues (1995, 1997) and 1 Copa do Brasil undefeated (1995), as well as 2nd place in the 1994 Brazilian League, with a new generation led by Viola and their eventual big idol, Marcelinho Carioca.
1998-2000: National legacy, champions of the World and the Copa Libertadores trauma
Tournament Champion Runner-up 3rd place 4th place
1998 Brazilian League Corinthians Cruzeiro Santos Portuguesa
1999 State League Corinthians Palmeiras Santos São Paulo
1999 Brazilian League Corinthians Atlético Mineiro Vitória São Paulo
2000 Club World Cup Corinthians Vasco Necaxa (Mexico) Real Madrid (Spain)
Vampeta, Rincón, Marcelinho and Ricardinho. The high-level of this midfield make the hearing of their names sound like poetry. The best Corinthians of all-time counted with other monsters such as GK Dida, Paraguayan CB Gamarra, LB Kléber, and the FW duo Luizão and Edílson. 5 of these guys were with the Brazil NT in the 2002 World Cup.
In this period, Corinthians won the 1998 and 1999 Brazilian Leagues, the 2000 Club World Cup and the 1999 São Paulo State League.
Luxemburgo (eventual Real Madrid coach) was the man behind the creation of this superteam. In the 1998 Brazilian League, Corinthians qualified to the knock-out stages with the best campaign. They first sent Grêmio home in the quarter-finals; and then Santos in the semi-finals, after three exciting matches (4mn51s video) and this fine and decisive goal by Edilson at '57 of the 3rd semi-final match.
In the big final against Cruzeiro, Corinthians started badly on the 1st match (away), losing 0-2 at half-time, but recovered greatly with two goals and left with a 2-2 tie. The 2nd leg, at home, was a 1-1 tie, with Corinthians opening the score and Cruzeiro equalizing later. In the 3rd final match, at home, Corinthians won by 2-0, with the first goal by Edilson at '70 and the second goal by Marcelinho Carioca at '80. For the 2nd time, Corinthians were crowned Brazilian champions. Gamarra and Vampeta were elected to the League's Best XI, while Edílson won the Golden Ball and Marcelinho Carioca was the team's topscorer with 19 goals in 28 matches. Their coach Luxemburgo left Corinthians to command the Brazil NT, appointing his auxiliary Oswaldo de Oliveira as the new coach.
Corinthians 1999 season was a hell of a rollercoaster. Qualified to the big dream, the Copa Libertadores, the team was the same as 1998, and had the arrival of Dida and Luizão.
In May 1999, Corinthians were knocked-off of the Copa Libertadores quarter-finals by their archrival Palmeiras, 2-4 on the penalties, after two evenly derbies (0-2, 2-0).
Weeks later, in June 1999, Corinthians and Palmeiras, again, disputed the final of the State League. Corinthians won the 1st derby 3-0. At minute 75 of the 2nd leg, with 2-2 in the score and Corinthians' title secured, Corinthians' winger Edílson performed the biggest provocation in the history of Brazilian football, by doing kick-ups with the ball, provoking this huge, epic and funny struggle. The match ended, and Corinthians were crowned State champions.
At the end of the season, Corinthians dominated the 1999 Brazilian League. In the K.O stage, they beat Guarani in the quarter-finals, and then their city rival São Paulo in the semis (3-2, 2-1), after Dida epically saved two penalties from São Paulo idol Raí (former PSG): the first on his left side at '52, and the second on his right side at '92. Corinthians then won the 2nd leg 2-1 and qualified to the finals.
They would face Atlético Mineiro, and lost the 1st leg (away) 2-3. At home in the 2nd leg, Corinthians beat them 2-0 with 2 goals from Luizão, the first at '28 from a header, and the second at '59 from inside the box. The 3rd leg was an electrifying 0-0 tie, and Corinthians were declared back-to-back Brazilian League champions.
Dida, Rincón and Vampeta were elected to the League's Best XI, Marcelinho Carioca won the Golden Ball, and Luizão was the team's topscorer with 21 goals in 25 matches.
The 2000 FIFA Club World Cup title
In 2000, took place in Brazil the first edition of the Club World Cup, and Corinthians qualified as Brazilian champions.
Group A Points Goal difference
Corinthians 7 +4
Real Madrid (Spain) 7 +3
Al-Nassr (Saudi Arabia) 3 -3
Raja Casablanca (Morocco) 0 -4
Group B Points Goal difference
Vasco 9 +5
Necaxa (Mexico) 4 +1
Manchester United (England) 4 0
South Melbourne (Australia) 0 -6
Before Real Madrid's match against Corinthians, the French centre-back Karembeu said he didn't know who Edilson (Corinthians number 10) was. In the match, Edilson humiliated him with this dismantling and shameful nutmeg, before scoring this painting of a goal. The match ended 2-2, with Edílson also scoring the other Corinthians goal.
This beautiful image is perfect to describe Karembeu's humiliating moment.
Corinthians would proceed to play against Vasco in the big final. 70.000 Corinthianos invaded Rio de Janeiro just like in 1976, expecting a great match against Vasco's dream team that had Romário, Edmundo and Juninho Pernambucano. After a 0-0 tie, it went to the penalties. Dida saved Gilberto's shot, and Marcelino Carioca only needed to score to end it, but he missed it. However, Edmundo lost Vasco's last penalty, and Corinthians were crowned Club World champions.
However, later that year, Corinthians met their archrivals Palmeiras once again in the Copa Libertadores, now in the semi-finals. After two crazy evenly derbies (4-3, 2-3), it went to the penalties, just like in 1999. And Marcelinho lost his one, getting Corinthians out of the tournament, and beginning a huge frustration and trauma of the Corinthianos for not having a continental title, while all their state rivals (Palmeiras, São Paulo and Santos) had.
2001-2010: Carlitos Tévez, the 2007 relegation, Ronaldo Nazário's last dance, and the Copa Libertadores trauma
The 2000s was a crazy decade for Corinthians.
They won 3 State League titles (2001, 2003, 2009), 1 Brazilian League (2005), 2 Copa do Brasil (2002, 2009) and 1 Rio-São Paulo (2002). But they were also relegated to the Brazilian League Serie B in 2007.
Highlights to their Galáticos 2005 team, led by Argentine stars Tévez and Mascherano, as well as Carlos Alberto (former Porto) and Nilmar (eventual Villareal), who together won the 2005 Brazilian League.
After their relegation to Serie B in 2007, the club rebuilt greatly under the president Andrés Sanchez.
He brought the legend Ronaldo Nazário in 2009, who led Corinthians to the 2009 State League title against Neymar's Santos and to the 2009 Copa do Brasil title against Internacional. Ronaldo scored 35 goals in 69 matches, with great highlights, notably this last-minute goal on his 1st match in a derby against Palmeiras and also this goal against Santos in the 2009 State League final. He was joined by left-back Roberto Carlos in 2010, before retiring in 2011.
But the Copa Libertadores trauma was still alive. The 30 million Corinthianos couldn't live with the jokes and suffering for not having a continental title.
Year Stage Knocked-out by
1977 Copa Libertadores Group Stage Internacional
1991 Copa Libertadores Round of 16 Boca Juniors (Argentina)
1996 Copa Libertadores Quarter-finals Grêmio
1999 Copa Libertadores Quarter-finals Palmeiras
2000 Copa Libertadores Semi-finals Palmeiras
2003 Copa Libertadores Round of 16 River Plate (Argentina)
2006 Copa Libertadores Round of 16 River Plate (Argentina)
2010 Copa Libertadores Round of 16 Flamengo
2011 Copa Libertadores Preliminary Round Tolima (Colombia)
But after the 2011 elimination, a new era began.
Corinthians 2011-2012: National, Continental and World champions, the dream came true
The coach Tite almost lost his job after the ridiculous defeat to Tolima. But he stayed and focused on the 2011 Brazilian League.
Corinthians dominated the league, leading it for 27 rounds (out of 38). On the last round, they tied 0-0 against Palmeiras and secured their 5th Brazilian League title. However, sadly on this same day, the old idol Sócrates passed away, at the age of 57.
Corinthians had thus qualified to the 2012 Copa Libertadores, which they would brilliantly win undefeated (8W-6D), as well as their 2nd FIFA Club World Cup title.
Tournament Stage Match Goals
2012 Libertadores GS 1-1 Táchira (VEN) Ralf
2012 Libertadores GS 2-0 Nacional (PAR) Danilo, Jorge Henrique
2012 Libertadores GS 0-0 Cruz Azul (MEX) -
2012 Libertadores GS 1-0 Cruz Azul (MEX) Danilo
2012 Libertadores GS 3-1 Nacional (PAR) Jorge Henrique, Sheik, Elton
2012 Libertadores GS 6-0 Táchira (VEN) Danilo, Paulinho, Jorge Henrique, Sheik, Liédson, Douglas
2012 Libertadores Ro16 0-0 Emelec (ECU) -
2012 Libertadores Ro16 3-0 Emelec (ECU) Fábio Santos, Paulinho, Alex
2012 Libertadores QF 0-0 Vasco -
2012 Libertadores QF 1-0 Vasco Paulinho
2012 Libertadores SF 1-0 Santos Sheik
2012 Libertadores SF 1-1 Santos Danilo
2012 Libertadores Final 1-1 Boca Juniors (ARG) Romarinho
2012 Libertadores Final 2-0 Boca Juniors (ARG) Sheik (2x)
2012 Club World Cup SF 1-0 Al-Ahly (EGY) Guerrero
2012 Club World Cup Final 1-0 Chelsea (ENG) Guerrero
Corinthians topped their group stage, placing 2nd overall in the cup. In the round of 16 they met Emelec (Ecuador), and held a 0-0 tie away in the 1st leg, before beating them 3-0 at home in the 2nd leg without much problems, except this dangerous chance and this ball in the post in Ecuador.
In the quarter-finals, the adversary was the Brazilian team, Vasco. The 1st leg was in Rio de Janeiro, a 0-0 tie, with this only big chance in Corinthians' favor. In the 2nd leg, Corinthians were pressing Vasco a lot, until the minute 62, when Vasco forward Diego Souza threw this incredible opportunity away. Had he scored, Corinthians would need 2 goals in 30 minutes. Corinthians kept pressing, until Paulinho scored the winning goal at '87.
In the semi-finals, the current Copa Libertadores champions, Santos, with Neymar, Ganso, Elano & co., would be a tough opponent. But, playing away, Corinthians' Sheik opened the score at '27 with this nice goal. Cássio made this good defense at '57, and this other one at '80. In the 2nd leg, Neymar opened the score for Santos at '35, but Danilo scored for Corinthians at '47, as the match ended 1-1, with Corinthians qualified to their 1st Copa Libertadores final.
In the big final against Riquelme's Boca Juniors (Argentina), who were chasing their 7th title, Corinthians would play the first match in Argentina. Boca opened the score at '72, but Romarinho equalized at '84, after Paulinho took the ball from Riquelme. Boca still had time to hit the post at '90. In the 2nd leg in São Paulo, Sheik opened the score at '53 and scored the 2nd at '71, after a juvenile mistake by Boca. At '92 the match was over, and Corinthians were crowned Copa Libertadores champions for the first time, and undefeated.
2012 Club World Cup - Corinthians 1-0 Chelsea
After beating Al-Ahly (Egypt) 1-0 in the semis, with this goal from Paolo Guerrero, Corinthians was ready to face Chelsea, the European champions, in the final. 30.000 Corinthianos invaded Japan for this unique moment.
Cássio (GK) saved Corinthians at least 4 times, notably with this one. But at '68, after a confusion inside the box, Paolo Guerrero scored the only goal of the match. At '84, Fernando Torres lost this 1on1 opportunity, brilliantly saved by Cássio. At '94, the match ended, and Corinthians were crowned Club World champions for the 2nd time in their history.
Corinthians - 1 Chelsea - 0
12. Cássio 1. Cech
2. Alessandro 2. Ivanovic (Azpilicueta)
3. Chicão 4. David Luiz
13. Paulo André 24. Cahill
6. Fábio Santos 3. A. Cole
5. Ralf 8. Lampard
8. Paulinho 7. Ramires
11. Sheik (Wallace) 13. Moses (Oscar)
23. J. Henrique 17. Hazard (Marin)
20. Danilo 10. Juan Mata
9. Paolo Guerrero (Martinez) 9. Torres
Tite Rafa Benítez
2013-today
After these brilliant days, Corinthians remained on the top tier of Brazilian and South American football. They completed an International Treble in 2013 after winning the 2013 Recopa Sudamericana, won two more notable Brasileirão titles (2015, 2017), and also four more state leagues (2013, 2017, 2018, 2019). Their new arena was also concluded, in 2014.
Aqui é Corinthians!!! (This is Corinthians!!!)
To this day, Corinthians has a fanbase of 30 million supporters, and a stadium attendance average of 33.000, as of 2019.
If you have any questions about Brazilian football, feel free to join us at futebol, where you'll be very welcomed!
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2020.08.27 17:25 hitura-nobad Launch Thread for VV16 SSMS-Rideshare [#2]


Launch Thread for VV16 SSMS-Rideshare

Live Updates during launch


Timeline

Time Update
T-5d 16h Thread goes live

The Mission

For its fifth mission in 2020 and the first Vega flight of the year, Arianespace will orbit 53 satellites on the Small Spacecraft Mission Service (SSMS) Proof of Concept (PoC) Flight, performed on behalf of 21 customers.
The European Space Agency (ESA) funded the SSMS hardware development, and also contributed with the European Union to the funding of this “Proof of Concept” (PoC) flight.

Quick Facts


Info Table

Link/Info
Currently Scheduled for 2nd September 1:51 UTC
Launch Vehicle Vega Rocket
Launch Site Vega Launch Komplex
Launchkit & Press-Release Download here

Payloads:

Athena

PointView Tech LLC.'s Athena satellite is an experimental low earth orbit communications satellite to test technologies for a potential constellation to provide global broadband Internet access. PointView Tech LLC. appears to be a subsidiary of Facebook.
Info
Nation US
Type Experimental Communication
Operator PointView Tech LLC.
Lifetime 2 years
Mass 138kg

GHGSAT-C1

The GHGSat D (Greenhouse Gas Satellite - Demonstrator) satellite, nicknamed Claire, is a microsatellite build by UTIAS Space Flight Laboratory (SFL) for GHGSat Inc. as a next generation greenhouse gas monitoring satellite.
Info
Nation Canada
Type Earth observation
Operator GHGSat Inc.
Lifetime 3 years
Mass 15 kg

NEMO-HD

The NEMO-HD (Nanosatellite for Earth Monitoring and Observation – High Definition) satellite is a high performance multispectral earth-observation microsatellite.
Info
Nation Canada, Slovenia
Type Earth observation
Operator UTIAS
Mass 65 kg

UPMSAT-2

The UPMSat 2 is an educational, scientific and in-orbit technological demonstration satellite built by the Technical University of Madrid – Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM)
Info
Nation Spain
Type Technology
Operator Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Satellite
Mass 45 kg

ESAIL

ESAIL is a microsatellite for AIS ship tracking operated by exactEarth. It is developed in cooperation with ESA.
Info
Nation Canada
Type Traffic monitoring (AIS)
Operator exactEarth / COM DEV
Lifetime 4 years
Mass 112 kg

ION CubeSat Carrier

The ION CubeSat Carrier (InOrbit NOW ), developed by Italian company D-Orbit, is a free flying CubeSat deployer and technology demonstrator.
Info
Nation Italy
Type Technology
Operator D-Orbit
Mass 150 kg

ÑuSat 6

The Argentinian ÑuSat earth observation satellites form the Aleph-1 constellation developed and operated by Satellogic S.A.
Info
Nation Argentina
Type Earth observation
Operator Satellogic S.A.
Mass 37.5 kg

Nanosatellites

(12x) SpaceBEE

Swarm Technology's SpaceBEE picosatellites, built to the 0.25U CubeSat form factor are a constellation of 150 picosats to provide two-way satellite communications and data relay.
The constellation is to consist of 150 satellites, with 170 satellites to be manufactured.
Info
Nation USA
Type Communication M2M/IoT
Operator Swarm Technologies
Size 0.25 U

(26x) Flock 4v

The Flock earth observing constellation built and operated by Planet Labs (formerly Cosmogia Inc.) consists of numerous triple CubeSats.
These will be split into two batches on the same launch: 14 of them will be housed inside and deployed from ISL’s QuadPack deployers and the remaining 12 will be deployed from D-Orbit’s InOrbit Now ION CubeSat Carrier freeflying deployment platform.
Info
Nation USA
Type Earth Observation
Operator Planet Labs
Size 3 U
Mass 5 kg

(8x) Lemur-2

Lemur-2 is the initial constellation of low-Earth orbiting satellites built by Spire. These satellites carry two payloads for meteorology and ship traffic tracking.
Info
Nation USA
Type Earth Observation
Operator Spire
Size 3 U
Mass 4 kg

3CAT 5 A/B

The mission is to collect data to complement the Copernicus Sentinels and, in particular, to support the Copernicus Land and Marine Environment services using a state-of-the-art dual microwave payload as well as a multispectral optical payload. Also it is to demonstrate Inter-Satellite Links (ISL) with a Laser Communication Payload.
Info
Nation Spain
Type Earth observation, technology
Operator Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (UPC)
Size 6 U

Time Table

Before T-0

Time T minus
- 3d Fairing integration on the launcher
- 2d First Stage (P80) armed
- 1d Launch readiness review (RAL)
- 4h 50 min Removal of safety devices
-4 h 40 min Activation of onboard computer and loading of flight program
-3 h 15 min Mobile gantry withdrawal (45 min)
-1 h 15 min Activation of transponders and receptors
-50 min Launcher system ready
-10 min Final weather report prior to launch
-04 min Start of synchronized sequence

Livestreams

To Be Announced



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2020.08.14 18:15 boinabbc [HIRING] Data Scientist at Enel in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Enel is searching for a Data Scientist in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following skills: Python, SQL, Matlab
Endesa Energía, está buscando un Data Scientist experto en el Análisis de Datos y en laaplicación de modelos analíticos para la resolución de problemas de negocio.Ubicación Madrid o Sevilla¿Te gustaría... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe473679/data-scientist-enel
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2020.08.14 18:15 boinabbc [HIRING] Data Scientist at Enel in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Enel is searching for a Data Scientist in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following skills: Python, SQL, Matlab
Endesa Energía, está buscando un Data Scientist experto en el Análisis de Datos y en laaplicación de modelos analíticos para la resolución de problemas de negocio.Ubicación Madrid o Sevilla¿Te gustaría... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe473679/data-scientist-enel
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2020.08.14 18:15 boinabbc [HIRING] Data Scientist at Enel in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Enel is searching for a Data Scientist in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following skills: Python, SQL, Matlab
Endesa Energía, está buscando un Data Scientist experto en el Análisis de Datos y en laaplicación de modelos analíticos para la resolución de problemas de negocio.Ubicación Madrid o Sevilla¿Te gustaría... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe473679/data-scientist-enel
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2020.08.09 17:02 thehariharan Match Analysis Thread: FC Barcelona vs SSC Napoli

WhoScored Average Positions
AS Stat Page Average Positions
SofaScore Average Positions (Barca)
SofaScore Average Positions (Napoli)
UEFA Presskits Average Positions
InfoGol xG Plot (FT) (1.06-2.34)
InfoGol xG Plot (HT) (1.04-1.12)

FIRST HALF:

Despite a nervy opening 10 minutes, Barca seemed to take control of the remainder of the first half.
I will now try and break the play down into 15 min intervals to see progression of play from Barca's side and Napoli's side too.
0-15:
Barca's Heat Map
Barca's Touch Map
Napoli's Heat Map
Napoli's Touch Map
Action Zones
Possession Centers
Napoli took 140 touches compared to our 103, and made 117 successful passes compared to our 89. They also made more passes in their defensive third (37-30), mid third (64-51) and the attacking third (18-12) than us.
For Napoli, Demme had 5 passes into the final 3rd, with Insigne and Rui having 3 each, and Mertens and Zielinski with 2 each, and Ruiz and Callejon with 1 each.
For Barca, Alba and Raki (2 corners) made 3 passes into the final 3rd each, with GOAT and Grizzy with 2 each and MAtS and Lenglet with 1 each.
Both teams took 3 shots each, with Barca having 1 on target i.e Lenglet's goal, and Mertens' shot which hit the woodwork wasn't deemed so.
Napoli lost possession 4 times (2x Callejon, Ruiz and Zielinksi 1x) and Barca lost it 3 times (2x Griezmann and 1x Suarez).
Possession: 43-56

15-30:
Barca's Heat Map
Barca's Touch Map
Napoli's Heat Map
Napoli's Touch Map
Action Zones
Possession Centers

Touches: 175-108
Shots: 3-1
Shots on Target: 2-0 (Messi and Suarez 1x)
Dribbles: 9-0 (8 successful)
Interceptions: 2-0 (Pique and Alba 1x)
Loss of Possession: 3-0 (2x Griezmann, 1x Messi)
Total Passes: 150-92
Key Passes: 2-0 (Frenkie and Alba 1x)
Final 3rd Passes: 21-28
Possession: 63-37

Visually and Statistically a better session than the first 15 mins. The team really got it's act together and blew Napoli out of the water. Action Zones and Heat Maps prove that our attack was more near the center and the right flank and we had a better presence all through the middle of the pitch extending to Napoli's box, and their action down the middle was accounted for only 12% of their team play.

30-HT:
Barca's Heat Map
Barca's Touch Map
Napoli's Heat Map
Napoli's Touch Map
Action Zones
Possession Centers

Touches: 95-102
Shots: 2-1
Shots on Target: 2-1 (Ospina save, Suarez and Insigne's Pen)
Dribbles: 1-0 (Frenkie)
Interceptions: 4-2 (Alba x2, Pique and Frenkie x1)
Loss of Possession: 2-3 (Sergi and Griez x1)
Total Passes: 71-84
Key Passes: 1-0 (Alba cutback)
Final 3rd Passes: 5-39!!!
Possession: 40-60

Felt like we let this session slip away again. Both teams scored via a penalty, but otherwise it was a pretty lacklustre 15 mins, and Napoli utilised the flanks more effectively in this session than any other. The Action Zones, Touch Maps and Heat Maps prove the same.

Overall First Half:
Possession was 47-53, and Barca recorded all their 7 shots with 4 on target, managing to convert 3 of those, with one penalty. Barca made 284 passes compared to Napoli's 274 with an accuracy of 94% compared to Napoli's 92%.
Barca also managed an insane 15 dribbles, of which 14 were successful compared to Napoli's 1. (Insigne's dribble near the box)
Total Passes were 291-286, Key passes 5-2, and Passes into Final Third 35-85.
Semedo completed 4 out of 4 dribbles successfully, and Griezmann was pretty impressive completing 3 out of 3 dribbles. Needless to say GOAT tops the list with 5 out of 6 successful dribbles, with 1 inside the box, and Suarez chipping in with 1 successful dribble in the box too.
Barca made 7 successful interceptions, with Alba making 3, of which 2 were in the box and Pique with 2 and Frenkie and Lenglet with 1 each. Napoli made 6 interceptions, 2 by Rui and Demme each and Manolas and DiLorenzo with 1 each.
Barca and Napoli both lost possession 8 times, with Griezmann losing 4 of Barca's 8, and Messi with 2 and a dangerous loss of possession by Sergi near the box, due to a poor touch. Fabian and Callejon both lost possession twice each and Koulibaly's tackle on Messi which led to penalty being the only one lost by Napoli in a dangerous position.
Barca's first half heat map, corroborated with action zones and the possession centers shows that Napoli resorted to using the flanks more and couldn't find a footing in the middle of the pitch. (Comparing the Napoli touch map with Barca's interceptions shows that most of our successful interceptions came near our box, and it's also precisely where Napoli struggled to keep a hold of the ball).
We had a total xG of 1.04 as compared to Napoli's 1.12
Total Distance Covered: 50,015 m / 51,964 m (UEFA PressKits)
Per UEFA's PressKits, we made 10 Passes into the Final Third, 8 Key Passes and 2 Passes into the Penalty Area. No idea why there is a huge gap between their metrics and WhoScored's.

SECOND HALF:

Probably the most frustrating performance I witnessed in the second half of a UCL game, this season. At certain points in the game, it just felt like we didn't give 2 shits, and just wanted to run down the clock. I understand that it's impossible to press and attack for entire 90 mins, but I've seen far superior performances from the same team against other sides, despite having a healthy lead. Not to take anything from Napoli, but it seemed like they were more interested in the tie than we were.
As done above, I'll again split this into 15 minute intervals to get a better view on the progression of play by the teams.

45-60:
Barca's Heat Map
Barca's Touch Map
Napoli's Heat Map
Napoli's Touch Map
Action Zones
Possession Centers

Touches: 104-140
Shots: 0-4
Shots on Target: 0-1 (Insigne header saved)
Dribbles: 4(2) - 4(0) (Messi and Semedo x1)
Interceptions: 1-4 (Frenkie x1)
Loss of Possession: 2-3 (Alba and Raki x1)
Blocks: 4-1 (Semedo, Pique, Alba and Raki x1)
Clearances: 5-0
Total Passes: 72 - 111
Key Passes: 0-3 (Lobotka, Rui and Callejon)
Final Third Passes: 4-47
Possession: 39-61

We were properly outdone in this session. Napoli were all over us, and we were lucky not to concede. We made 4 blocks and 5 clearances all in and around the box, the defense really saved the team's ass, by allowing only 1 Shot on Target. What really surprised me is the higher volume of passes into our final third despite not having a single successful dribble, guess Napoli's positioning must've been top notch to pass and progress the ball inside consistently.

60-75:
Barca's Heat Map
Barca's Touch Map
Napoli's Heat Map
Napoli's Touch Map
Action Zones
Possession Centers

Touches: 192-99
Shots: 0-1 (Lozano's miss)
Shots on Target: 0-0
Dribbles: 6(6) - 4(4) (Insigne x3)
Loss of Possession: 6-5 (Griez x3, Messi Frenkie and Raki x1)
Interceptions: 2-5 (Koulibaly x2)
Clearances: 2-2
Blocks: 1-1
Total Passes: 148-72
Key Passes: 0-1 (Insigne x1)
Final Third: 57-19 (Every single Barca players had atleast 1 pass into the Final 3rd)
Possession: 67-33

Much better session from Barca, our incisive passing and dribbling really broke Napoli's shape, but we failed to register a single shot, and 4 of our 6 losses of possessions all happened around Napoli's box which led to turnovers. Pretty uneventful otherwise.

75-FT:
Barca's Heat Map
Barca's Touch Map
Napoli's Heat Map
Napoli's Touch Map
Action Zones
Possession Centers

Touches: 153-152
Shots: 0-8
Shots on Target: 0-1 (Lozano)
Dribbles: 8(5) - 4(4)
Loss of Possession: 9-6 (Messi x3, Suarez Monchu x2, Raki Frenkie x1)
Interceptions: 4-1
Clearances: 6-1 (Pique x3, Monchu x2)
Blocks: 7-1 (Lenglet x4)!!!
Total Passes: 103-105
Key Passes: 0-6 (Mertens x2, Insigne Rui Lobotka Milik x1)
Final Third: 14-64
Possession: 45-55

Another overwhelming performance by Napoli. Barca were pinned back into their half and couldn't get the ball out. Of Barca's successful dribbles only 2 of them were done in Napoli's half, while all of Napoli's dribbles were completed in our half. I'm pretty sure if Milik's goal wasn't offside we would've unravelled further, and could've conceded more.

Overall Second Half:
Possession stats were pretty balanced again 51-49, Barca didn't record a single shot let alone a shot on target in the second half. Napoli on the other hand recorded a total of 13 shots with 2 shots on target.
Barca made 11 successful dribbles of 16 in total, Semedo (3/4), Messi (2/3) and Frenkie (2/2) again lead the way in successful dribbles. Napoli made 8 successful dribbles out of 12.
We lost possession quite a bit at 16 (Messi x4, Griez Raki 3x, Suarez Monchu x2) all over the pitch. Napoli came close in 13 with Insigne x3, Manolas Koulibaly and Zielinski x2 leading the way.
Per UEFA's PressKits we only had 13 passes as compared to Napoli's 26 passes into the Final Third, 11 vs 16 Key Passes and 3 vs 8 passes into the Penalty Box in the second half.
Second half xG of Barca at 0.02, and Napoli's at 1.22! (LET THAT SINK IN)
2nd Half Barca Heat Map
2nd Half Napoli Heat Map
2nd Half Barca Touches
2nd Half Napoli Touches
Action Zones
Possession Centers.
Distance Covered: 54,948 m / 58,649 m

CONCLUSION:

I apologise if the post is more driven towards stats than actual analysis, so I'll mention them here. These are my takes:
  1. Busquets' role in this team is extremely vital. Rakitic didn't lose too many balls but is pretty poor in terms of absorbing the pressure and passing the ball out of it.
  2. Until we find an adequate replacement Vidal should be kept in the team. His pace, pressing and physicality were sorely missed yesterday and is probably the most reliable attacking outlet for the team apart from Messi and Alba.
  3. While people were demanding Puig's inclusion, I feel Setien did the right thing by subbing in Monchu. Monchu for Griezmann was the right sub to make, as Griez was pretty good but still lost too many balls esp in our half and didn't have too many successful dribbles, so Setien's decision to include Monchu was right, imo as it consolidated the midfield by making him play as a double pivot and helping release Sergi and Frenkie to the right and left half spaces respectively.
  4. Playing Sergi and Semedo together is a big mistake, imo. They occupy the same zones and don't push forward too much when playing together. Messi was the only outlet in the right flank and with him drifting inward, the same issues continue to persist.
  5. Frenkie needs to play in the left half space as he compliments Alba very well, and the two together have taken full charge on the left wing. They've been the most productive attacking zone for the team, despite no natural wingers present and without needing Messi Magic. I'm not sure if Fati could've added something to that, but I think that flank will work out much better than the right.
  6. Lenglet was absolutely immense yesterday with 6 blocks of the team's 19, and making 7 Passes into the Final 3rd. MOTMOTM for me.
  7. The team needs to take more risks and try beating players 1v1. It's no surprise that after one look at our stats and comparing them to the Top 5 Leagues', only Messi makes the cut, in terms of dribbling, passing and progression. Semedo was immense with 8 dribbles yesterday, but only 4 of them came in Napoli's half and were very much near the half way line.
  8. Total Successful dribbles by the team were 25 out of 31, and Messi accounts for 9 of them,if you remove him the dribbling stat doesn't look too bad but is limited to the central areas of the pitch and not too many in the final 3rd or even near the box.
  9. No flank play again without the Fullbacks. The overall heatmap of the team looks like this, this is the heatmap after removing Alba, Semedo and Sergi. This a clipping of Cruyff explaining the dangers of using fullbacks for building up play, something we're guilty of.
  10. While distance covered by itself, isn't too informative, Total Distance Covered yesterday was 104.963 km for Barca vs. Napoli's 110.613 km. That is a whopping 5.65 km difference. City despite dominating possession and every other stat, still covered 112 km compared to Madrid's 108 kms. Bayern did 108 km compared to Chelsea's 103 km despite dominating every stat, so I'd like to believe that if we want to create chances and press them effectively, we have to fucking work for it.
  11. Barca's First Half xG: 1.04 and Second Half xG at 0.02, as compared to Napoli's First Half xG of 1.12 and Second Half xG of 1.22. (Check InfoGol xG link at the start) ABSOLUTELY FUCKING INEXCUSABLE!!

I truly believe that this squad can do much much better than the standard of football witnessed yesterday, and what infuriated most of the fans was the fact that at times in the game, we just didn't care. We weren't outclassed tactically like Madrid were against City or out-muscled/ out-paced like we were against Liverpool last season, we just didn't fucking care. I hope the team turns it around and fights for this title, because this is the only trophy left to play for, and we potentially have only 3 games left.

Sources:

  1. UEFA PressKits:
https://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/ucl/2020/2027129_tl.pdf
https://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/ucl/2020/2027129_tpd.pdf (Passing Data)
https://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/ucl/2020/2027129_ts.pdf (Overall Stats)
https://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/ucl/2020/2027129_sps.pdf (Individual Stats)
  1. WhoScored
  2. AS Stat Pages (thanks to u/iVarun)
  3. SofaScore


Match Highlights:

https://www.yoursoccerdose.com/11989268-barcelona-vs-napoli-champions-league/

Full Game:

https://www.reddit.com/footballhighlights/comments/i64jqy/barcelona_vs_napoli_uefa_champions_league/

TalkFCB Analysis:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k8--nK2iY4U

Please hit me up with any corrections or inconsistencies in the post, I'd appreciate it. (and y'all mf'ers better give me some awards for this shit)

Edit: I didn't do individual player analyses as making this was too time consuming in itself, so apologies for that.
submitted by thehariharan to Barca [link] [comments]


2020.08.07 22:43 whipnil Medical Myths Part IV: The Black Death and Mad Cow Disease

So after I wrote up part 3, my posts across another two different subs conspiracy and conspiracyNOPOL got raided hard by pro jabbers. Someone mentioned there was some decent keywords in my post that would have summoned them so we'll leave them to it and move on to another book that I heard about on a recent podcast I was listening to.
A new light on the Black Death.
"Over the years doubts have been expressed about the accepted view that the Black Death was caused by bubonic plague. By looking at the evidence of tree-rings and ice cores, Mike Baillie, Professor of Dendrochronology at Queen's University, Belfast, has identified a series of natural catastrophes at the beginning of the fourteenth century, caused by meteor strikes. On the basis of the current scientific evidence and of contemporary accounts of the nature and spread of the disease, he is convinced that the disease was air-borne not carried by rats. This fascinating book reveals the detective that led to this revolutionary conclusion."
Now for some of the reviews.
📷 Joe Keenan
5.0 out of 5 stars A Great Read
Reviewed in the United States on July 23, 2017
Verified Purchase
An amazing book, author takes two rather boring (at least on the surface) topics, tree ring data and ice core study, and weaves them into an enthralling study of the "plague" that ravage Europe, really much of the world it seems (judging by what happened in the American South West). In short, author avers that the bubonic plague was not the plague that devastated the world/Europe. Rather, a close pass from a comet introduced biologicals into the atmosphere and these biologicals caused/interacted to cause the epidemics. Author marshals an impressive body of evidence to advance his position. It should be also noted that author is a first class writer, if, like me, you love graphs and plots they're here. Enjoy! Think graphs and plots slow the story down? Skip them, it won't affect the tale. This is very impressive, not too many people can write on two different levels simultaneously, and succeed. Mike Baille does!
Along the way he also opines on the modern misreading of 14th century and earlier writers, and how this misreading affected the interpretation of data. In short, pre-scientific writers/historians used kennings as metaphors, just as the Viking Bard's did. A Viking Bard would of said, "The sword sweat flowed......," Modern's, being blinded by materialsm, would just say, "..blood flowed; the poetic is noticeably absent. Author argues persuasively that description of dragons fighting in the sky, and rivers, the fall of worms and toads, are all metaphors for comets, fireballs, and electrical discharges; this make so much sense you wonder why you didn't think of this. Since, modern cosmology did not exist in the 7th century how would the ancients describe observed cosmological phenomena? Well, they would use Biblical imagery/kennings as this would resonate with everyone in their culture. Author compares the Biblical imagery of Sodom and Gomorrah with an ancient European text and hits it out of the ballpark, amazing!
📷 Phung Minh Hoang
5.0 out of 5 stars Highly recommended
Reviewed in the United States on April 4, 2008
This is a scientific book that reads like a detective novel. For the first time, Baillie takes a cross-disciplinary approach to study what happened during the Black Death in Europe in the 14th century. A large amount of evidence is gathered from diverse fields of studies such as tree ring, ice core to mythology to present a convincing case that what caused the Black Death was not at all what the consensus has taken it to be. Rather than the bubonic plague, Baillie shows that the event that killed up to half Europe's population was caused by toxic substances released by cometary impacts from space.
"Why should I care about what caused the Black Death?," you may ask. It is because what happened in the past may well happen in our future. Baillie shows in the book that the Black Death is not just an isolated event but part of a series of cataclysms caused by comets. And he is but one of the warning voices about this danger facing humanity. According to new research, notably by Victor Clube in The Cosmic Winter , the probability of cometary impact in a century period is very high. An example of it being the Tunguska impact at the early 20th century. Imagine what the effect would have been if that comet had landed on a city instead of a remote place.
So I would highly recommend this book to everyone to learn more about this subject. Acquiring knowledge is the first step in dealing with any threat, especially one with global implication like this. To be forewarned is to be forearmed.
📷 Allen I. Branson 5.0 out of 5 stars Like a detective story Reviewed in the United States on February 9, 2008 Unless you are a history buff specializing in pandemics you may well be thinking, "why would I care about a book on the Black Death?" I thought the same thing, until I read it at the recommendation of a friend. What a great read!
Not only did I learn a lot about the ways in which historical data is gathered from tree rings and ice core samples, Baillie relates all of that to world wide mythology in a way that, by the end of the book, starts making complete sense in a way it never did before. Suddenly, weird stories about heroes morphing into bizarre creatures in Ireland and dragons fighting battles in the air in China not only made sense but were pretty clearly different culture's ways of describing the same events.
In terms of historical studies, that is already interesting enough. The core of the book, however, is almost mind blowing. The point of it is this: not only was the Black Death likely due to the explosion of a comet or cometary fragment in Earth's atmosphere, but that these things likely happen far more frequently than anyone has imagined and on a fairly regular basis.
To prove to yourself that his hypothesis is at least feasible, do a search on the word "fireball" and see just how many are reported. You might notice something interesting in what you find. Not only are there far more sightings of these things that you'd think, they are on the increase! In other words, it looks as if we are heading into a danger zone in space much like during the time of the Black Death and several other times in history that have been probably incorrectly seen as pandemics.
One other point that is not explicitly made in the book but that bears thinking about is the effect on our weather of all of the dust that is brought in by these fireballs. How much of global warming is due to this rather than alleged greenhouse gases? Baillie's research clearly shows global climate change during these danger times in the past. Tree growth slowed across the globe just prior to the Black Death and many other such events.
An must read for both its historical significance and for bringing new data to present debates. I loved this book! 8 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Lynne Grey 5.0 out of 5 stars A very good gathering of facts Reviewed in the United States on April 7, 2008 It is interesting to note that historians would rather rearrange facts to make them fit their theories, and nothing points it out like what happened in explaining the Black Death. Rather than take what was being said by those who experienced at face value, those who were studying this seemed to think that these people just simply couldn't have known what they were talking about.
Now, Baillie has shown with tree ring and ice core samples just how wrong the historians got it. And this is not a dry read. It is put in fairly plain language for all to understand.
One might ask just why the historians would not even look at the fact that comets may have been to blame for the plague, when everyone who wrote about it mentioned the fire from the skies, rain of fire, fiery snow, bad air.....the list is endless.
These are things that we should learn about so that in the event that it should happen again, we won't be unprepared and will know what is actually happening.
It is a very interesting read.
📷 John W. Rinehold 5.0 out of 5 stars Comets hydrocarbons and the plague Reviewed in the United States on February 22, 2009 This well written account of the world wide disaster was written by a professor emeritus. Thus it must be considered from a high vantage point. The evidence presented (with footnotes) is overwhelming. Polyaromatic hydrocarbons, a known substance on comets, was the agent that poisoned people across China and Europe. Tree rings, ice cores and text all point to this as the only solution. No, it wasn't the bubonic plague and rats, rather it was debris (highly poisonous HCN etc) from a known comet that broght the black plague and previous plagues to earth. 4 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Rod Chilton 5.0 out of 5 stars Great Book! Reviewed in the United States on November 26, 2009 I think that this book is a very fine book indeed! I believe that Dr. Baillie has proposed an intriguing and very plausible theory for what took place both at the time of the Black Death 600 to 700 years ago and also another lesser known plague that took place in the middle of the 6th century A.D. The premise that is at the heart of Dr. Baillie's thesis is that the plagues spread so rapidly so as to exclude the present most popular idea of a rat spread event. Rather, the idea he favours is a far more rapid air borne cause. 3 people found this helpful
📷 Fred Mrozek
5.0 out of 5 stars Don't just remember the past.
Reviewed in the United States on January 27, 2007
"Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it." To that we should add, that those who do not understand the past, though they may remember it, are still at risk of repeating it. This book is an attempt to help us understand what may have caused the Black Plague. And in so doing, we might find out that the avoidance of a repeat may depend on a crew of folks whom you probably least expect.
If the Black Plague and other previous plagues were merely diseases spread by rats, why are there anomalous amounts of ammonia and nitrates concentrated in the ice cores at depths that correspond to AD 1348, 1014, 626, 539 and 430 B.C. ? And why are there sharp climatological events in the Dendrochronological(tree ring) record at many of these dates? What did ancient authors try to tell us about these events? Which of these authors credibility blossoms in the light of new evidence and which of them wilt?
What could the Siberian (Tunguska) atmospheric explosion in 1908 have to do with understanding a great plague 600 years earlier?
If you read this book, you will be amazed at the detective work that must have been required to write it. And you will be fortunate to have been "tipped off" to a broader subject that will change the way we view the last 10,000 years of human history. That subject is the interaction between the Earth and other debris careening through our solar system in the forms of comets and near-earth asteroids. If Mike Baillie is right, a great plague event might eventually be prevented not by medical science, but by rocket science - in the form of asteroid interdiction. The amount of evidence for asteroid/comet impacts on the earth in the past five or ten thousand years, is rapidly increasing and this ground-based (geological and historical) evidence suggests that the frequencies of significant impacts on the Earth might be greater than astronomers currently expect on the basis of asteroid population statistics alone.
If knowledge and understanding of history can help us avoid future disasters, it is because of authors like Mike Baillie and books just like this one.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- One would think that dendrochronological evidence would be extremely objective for gathering air quality data and when such evidence has phenomenal explanatory power at revealing the real cause of a global pandemic that we would adjust to the truth and update our global knowledge through global health institutions and public reference material such as wikipedia. Unfortunately this is not the case. Not only is there any updating of the narrative what we will see below is there is suppression of legitimate and support for fraudulent science as it at best protects the profits of big pesticide, or at worse allows them to maintain their systematic efforts of poisoning the population.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Organophosphate pesticides linked to BSE During the 1980s and early 1990s, cattle and cats (the species of animals that have developed BSE) were exclusively treated with systemically acting types of organophosphate (OP) insecticide which were designed to penetrate the entire physiological system of the animal, transforming the bloodstream into a toxic medium so as to kill off any unwanted parasites present.
In the context of cattle, the use of these systemic OP’s was subject to a compulsory government order for the eradication of warble fly. The UK government was unique in compelling a substantially higher biannual dose of this OP by comparison with the few other countries around the world that were following similar, less intensive measures to control this fly. Interestingly, these other countries, including Switzerland, France and Ireland, comprise the few other countries that are suffering from very small epidemics of BSE in their home-reared cows. The National Farmers Union, the Meat and Livestock Commission and The British Veterinary Association formed a united front with MAFF (Ministry of Agriculture, Fish and Forestry) to ensure that all farmers complied with the law and treated their cattle.
Systemic OP’s are recognized as exerting their toxic effect by entering the central nervous system and deforming the molecular shape of various nerve proteins. These chemically mutilated mutant proteins are subsequently rendered incapable of performing their proper function in the nerves. The known toxic effects of OP’s lead me to wonder whether the use of systemic OP’s on British cattle have caused have caused the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Beyond Pesticides/National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides Vol. 23, No. 2, 2003 Pesticides and You Page 19 the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Whilst some types of spongiform disease have been attributed to genetically acquired damage to the shape of the prion protein, the underlying cause of protein damage in the BSE and new variant CJD strain of the disease remains a mystery— amongst “open-minded” scientific circles, at any rate. OP’s are known to generate a highly
https://www.beyondpesticides.org/assets/media/documents/infoservices/pesticidesandyou/Summer%2003/mad_cow.pdf
The author of that paper Mark Purdey actually has a relatively intact wikipedia page for him with testimonials from other notable scientists as to the merit of his hypothesis.
Purdey died of a Brain Tumour in 2006 at 53 as can be read briefly in his obituary in the guardian. Interestingly in the obituary there is also a mention of the Spanish Cooking Oil Incident. In 1983, however, an international conference was convened in Madrid under the auspices of the World Health Organisation (WHO). Despite the reservations of many scientists present, the epidemic was then officially named toxic oil syndrome (TOS). Below are some excerpts from that article....

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The trial of the oil merchants began in March 1987. Four months later, Doll, just before giving his evidence, announced that, on the basis of fresh epidemiological reports given to him, he now believed that the oil was the cause of the outbreak.
At the end of the two-year trial in 1989, the judges themselves stressed that the toxin in the oil was "still unknown". This somewhat fundamental difficulty did not prevent them from handing down long prison terms to the oil merchants, who were convicted, in effect, of causing the epidemic.
After years of one-track media reports, the notion of the "cooking oil" epidemic was firmly lodged in the public consciousness. It was unquestioned fact. No one doubted the official scientific conclusions, especially as they were accepted by the WHO.
Through all the obfuscation, one man had simply ignored the official lines of inquiry and spent months pursuing his own. Having eliminated the cooking oil, Muro and his colleagues turned their attention to other salad products. Speaking to market stallholders, lorry drivers and around 4,000-5,000 affected families, they concluded that, without any doubt, the contaminated foodstuff was tomatoes, and it was the pesticides on them that were responsible for the epidemic. The organo-phosphorous chemicals would indeed cause the range of symptoms observed by clinicians.
It was Muro and his team who had done the on-the-ground epidemiology in the immediate wake of the outbreak. What, then, of the epidemiology that the WHO in 1992 was boldly to describe as "comprehensive and exacting epidemiological studies, subjected to critical independent assessment"?
Muro's work was first-hand. But trying to assess the accuracy and validity of the official epidemiology was not easy. The FIS - the government agency responsible for toxic oil syndrome - refused to release details of the fieldwork carried out or any background information. However, the families described in the reports were given code numbers and these could be matched against the official list of victims which then became part of the trial documentation. Eventually we identified the families supposedly interviewed for the key epidemiological reports and went to see them.
From these first-hand inquiries, we established that there was not a single case in which the family's history corresponded with what was written in the epidemiological reports. Sometimes the differences were slight; sometimes the reports bore no relation to what had actually happened. In one sense, this was not surprising; while some families did recall having been interviewed by officials at the time, others insisted that they were never questioned at all. The principal scientific premise - that evidence should be gathered and, on that basis, a conclusion reached - appeared to have been reversed: a conclusion had been reached, and then the evidence manipulated in order to support that conclusion.
The WHO, to its shame, continues to refer to the Spanish epidemic as the "toxic oil syndrome". Every day around the world, students are no doubt being taught that "cooking oil" was the cause of the disaster.
Muro had many supporters but, as the official view became more and more entrenched, so he was marginalised as the one dissident voice. In 1985, he died suddenly of a mysterious illness. His wife perceived the whole saga as an unmitigated family tragedy.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
So here we from the earlier posts we have seen how poliomyelitis was caused by pesticide, AIDS from volatile organic compounds, measles to not exist, that damage control shills come in to raid and gaslight any mention of va((inations and fraud and here again we can see with mad cow disease and toxic oil syndrome being shown to be damage from organophosphates and the WHO refusing to budge on their official stance on the issue despite being presented with conclusive evidence of the actual cause.
Could the WHO be compromised and be actually covering up/obfuscating the damage caused by these OPS? Could these people in their efforts to keep a lid on it resort to silencing scientists that are presenting material that challenges their stranglehold on the medical consensus of various pathological states?
Is there a medical mafia that will work in concert with government and health institutions to conceal the true information about the causes of pathology? What do all these myths promote besides profit and fear?
submitted by whipnil to C_S_T [link] [comments]


2020.08.07 14:09 whipnil Medical Myths Part 4: The Black Death and Mad Cow Disease

So after I wrote up part 3, my posts across another two different subs conspiracy and conspiracyNOPOL got raided hard by pro jabbers. Someone mentioned there was some decent keywords in my post that would have summoned them so we'll leave them to it and move on to another book that I heard about on a recent podcast I was listening to.
A new light on the Black Death.
"Over the years doubts have been expressed about the accepted view that the Black Death was caused by bubonic plague. By looking at the evidence of tree-rings and ice cores, Mike Baillie, Professor of Dendrochronology at Queen's University, Belfast, has identified a series of natural catastrophes at the beginning of the fourteenth century, caused by meteor strikes. On the basis of the current scientific evidence and of contemporary accounts of the nature and spread of the disease, he is convinced that the disease was air-borne not carried by rats. This fascinating book reveals the detective that led to this revolutionary conclusion."
Now for some of the reviews.
📷 Joe Keenan
5.0 out of 5 stars A Great Read
Reviewed in the United States on July 23, 2017
Verified Purchase
An amazing book, author takes two rather boring (at least on the surface) topics, tree ring data and ice core study, and weaves them into an enthralling study of the "plague" that ravage Europe, really much of the world it seems (judging by what happened in the American South West). In short, author avers that the bubonic plague was not the plague that devastated the world/Europe. Rather, a close pass from a comet introduced biologicals into the atmosphere and these biologicals caused/interacted to cause the epidemics. Author marshals an impressive body of evidence to advance his position. It should be also noted that author is a first class writer, if, like me, you love graphs and plots they're here. Enjoy! Think graphs and plots slow the story down? Skip them, it won't affect the tale. This is very impressive, not too many people can write on two different levels simultaneously, and succeed. Mike Baille does!
Along the way he also opines on the modern misreading of 14th century and earlier writers, and how this misreading affected the interpretation of data. In short, pre-scientific writers/historians used kennings as metaphors, just as the Viking Bard's did. A Viking Bard would of said, "The sword sweat flowed......," Modern's, being blinded by materialsm, would just say, "..blood flowed; the poetic is noticeably absent. Author argues persuasively that description of dragons fighting in the sky, and rivers, the fall of worms and toads, are all metaphors for comets, fireballs, and electrical discharges; this make so much sense you wonder why you didn't think of this. Since, modern cosmology did not exist in the 7th century how would the ancients describe observed cosmological phenomena? Well, they would use Biblical imagery/kennings as this would resonate with everyone in their culture. Author compares the Biblical imagery of Sodom and Gomorrah with an ancient European text and hits it out of the ballpark, amazing!
📷 Phung Minh Hoang
5.0 out of 5 stars Highly recommended
Reviewed in the United States on April 4, 2008
This is a scientific book that reads like a detective novel. For the first time, Baillie takes a cross-disciplinary approach to study what happened during the Black Death in Europe in the 14th century. A large amount of evidence is gathered from diverse fields of studies such as tree ring, ice core to mythology to present a convincing case that what caused the Black Death was not at all what the consensus has taken it to be. Rather than the bubonic plague, Baillie shows that the event that killed up to half Europe's population was caused by toxic substances released by cometary impacts from space.
"Why should I care about what caused the Black Death?," you may ask. It is because what happened in the past may well happen in our future. Baillie shows in the book that the Black Death is not just an isolated event but part of a series of cataclysms caused by comets. And he is but one of the warning voices about this danger facing humanity. According to new research, notably by Victor Clube in The Cosmic Winter , the probability of cometary impact in a century period is very high. An example of it being the Tunguska impact at the early 20th century. Imagine what the effect would have been if that comet had landed on a city instead of a remote place.
So I would highly recommend this book to everyone to learn more about this subject. Acquiring knowledge is the first step in dealing with any threat, especially one with global implication like this. To be forewarned is to be forearmed.
📷 Allen I. Branson 5.0 out of 5 stars Like a detective story Reviewed in the United States on February 9, 2008 Unless you are a history buff specializing in pandemics you may well be thinking, "why would I care about a book on the Black Death?" I thought the same thing, until I read it at the recommendation of a friend. What a great read!
Not only did I learn a lot about the ways in which historical data is gathered from tree rings and ice core samples, Baillie relates all of that to world wide mythology in a way that, by the end of the book, starts making complete sense in a way it never did before. Suddenly, weird stories about heroes morphing into bizarre creatures in Ireland and dragons fighting battles in the air in China not only made sense but were pretty clearly different culture's ways of describing the same events.
In terms of historical studies, that is already interesting enough. The core of the book, however, is almost mind blowing. The point of it is this: not only was the Black Death likely due to the explosion of a comet or cometary fragment in Earth's atmosphere, but that these things likely happen far more frequently than anyone has imagined and on a fairly regular basis.
To prove to yourself that his hypothesis is at least feasible, do a search on the word "fireball" and see just how many are reported. You might notice something interesting in what you find. Not only are there far more sightings of these things that you'd think, they are on the increase! In other words, it looks as if we are heading into a danger zone in space much like during the time of the Black Death and several other times in history that have been probably incorrectly seen as pandemics.
One other point that is not explicitly made in the book but that bears thinking about is the effect on our weather of all of the dust that is brought in by these fireballs. How much of global warming is due to this rather than alleged greenhouse gases? Baillie's research clearly shows global climate change during these danger times in the past. Tree growth slowed across the globe just prior to the Black Death and many other such events.
An must read for both its historical significance and for bringing new data to present debates. I loved this book! 8 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Lynne Grey 5.0 out of 5 stars A very good gathering of facts Reviewed in the United States on April 7, 2008 It is interesting to note that historians would rather rearrange facts to make them fit their theories, and nothing points it out like what happened in explaining the Black Death. Rather than take what was being said by those who experienced at face value, those who were studying this seemed to think that these people just simply couldn't have known what they were talking about.
Now, Baillie has shown with tree ring and ice core samples just how wrong the historians got it. And this is not a dry read. It is put in fairly plain language for all to understand.
One might ask just why the historians would not even look at the fact that comets may have been to blame for the plague, when everyone who wrote about it mentioned the fire from the skies, rain of fire, fiery snow, bad air.....the list is endless.
These are things that we should learn about so that in the event that it should happen again, we won't be unprepared and will know what is actually happening.
It is a very interesting read.
📷 John W. Rinehold 5.0 out of 5 stars Comets hydrocarbons and the plague Reviewed in the United States on February 22, 2009 This well written account of the world wide disaster was written by a professor emeritus. Thus it must be considered from a high vantage point. The evidence presented (with footnotes) is overwhelming. Polyaromatic hydrocarbons, a known substance on comets, was the agent that poisoned people across China and Europe. Tree rings, ice cores and text all point to this as the only solution. No, it wasn't the bubonic plague and rats, rather it was debris (highly poisonous HCN etc) from a known comet that broght the black plague and previous plagues to earth. 4 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Rod Chilton 5.0 out of 5 stars Great Book! Reviewed in the United States on November 26, 2009 I think that this book is a very fine book indeed! I believe that Dr. Baillie has proposed an intriguing and very plausible theory for what took place both at the time of the Black Death 600 to 700 years ago and also another lesser known plague that took place in the middle of the 6th century A.D. The premise that is at the heart of Dr. Baillie's thesis is that the plagues spread so rapidly so as to exclude the present most popular idea of a rat spread event. Rather, the idea he favours is a far more rapid air borne cause. 3 people found this helpful
📷 Fred Mrozek
5.0 out of 5 stars Don't just remember the past.
Reviewed in the United States on January 27, 2007
"Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it." To that we should add, that those who do not understand the past, though they may remember it, are still at risk of repeating it. This book is an attempt to help us understand what may have caused the Black Plague. And in so doing, we might find out that the avoidance of a repeat may depend on a crew of folks whom you probably least expect.
If the Black Plague and other previous plagues were merely diseases spread by rats, why are there anomalous amounts of ammonia and nitrates concentrated in the ice cores at depths that correspond to AD 1348, 1014, 626, 539 and 430 B.C. ? And why are there sharp climatological events in the Dendrochronological(tree ring) record at many of these dates? What did ancient authors try to tell us about these events? Which of these authors credibility blossoms in the light of new evidence and which of them wilt?
What could the Siberian (Tunguska) atmospheric explosion in 1908 have to do with understanding a great plague 600 years earlier?
If you read this book, you will be amazed at the detective work that must have been required to write it. And you will be fortunate to have been "tipped off" to a broader subject that will change the way we view the last 10,000 years of human history. That subject is the interaction between the Earth and other debris careening through our solar system in the forms of comets and near-earth asteroids. If Mike Baillie is right, a great plague event might eventually be prevented not by medical science, but by rocket science - in the form of asteroid interdiction. The amount of evidence for asteroid/comet impacts on the earth in the past five or ten thousand years, is rapidly increasing and this ground-based (geological and historical) evidence suggests that the frequencies of significant impacts on the Earth might be greater than astronomers currently expect on the basis of asteroid population statistics alone.
If knowledge and understanding of history can help us avoid future disasters, it is because of authors like Mike Baillie and books just like this one.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- One would think that dendrochronological evidence would be extremely objective for gathering air quality data and when such evidence has phenomenal explanatory power at revealing the real cause of a global pandemic that we would adjust to the truth and update our global knowledge through global health institutions and public reference material such as wikipedia. Unfortunately this is not the case. Not only is there any updating of the narrative what we will see below is there is suppression of legitimate and support for fraudulent science as it at best protects the profits of big pesticide, or at worse allows them to maintain their systematic efforts of poisoning the population.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Organophosphate pesticides linked to BSE During the 1980s and early 1990s, cattle and cats (the species of animals that have developed BSE) were exclusively treated with systemically acting types of organophosphate (OP) insecticide which were designed to penetrate the entire physiological system of the animal, transforming the bloodstream into a toxic medium so as to kill off any unwanted parasites present.
In the context of cattle, the use of these systemic OP’s was subject to a compulsory government order for the eradication of warble fly. The UK government was unique in compelling a substantially higher biannual dose of this OP by comparison with the few other countries around the world that were following similar, less intensive measures to control this fly. Interestingly, these other countries, including Switzerland, France and Ireland, comprise the few other countries that are suffering from very small epidemics of BSE in their home-reared cows. The National Farmers Union, the Meat and Livestock Commission and The British Veterinary Association formed a united front with MAFF (Ministry of Agriculture, Fish and Forestry) to ensure that all farmers complied with the law and treated their cattle.
Systemic OP’s are recognized as exerting their toxic effect by entering the central nervous system and deforming the molecular shape of various nerve proteins. These chemically mutilated mutant proteins are subsequently rendered incapable of performing their proper function in the nerves. The known toxic effects of OP’s lead me to wonder whether the use of systemic OP’s on British cattle have caused have caused the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Beyond Pesticides/National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides Vol. 23, No. 2, 2003 Pesticides and You Page 19 the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Whilst some types of spongiform disease have been attributed to genetically acquired damage to the shape of the prion protein, the underlying cause of protein damage in the BSE and new variant CJD strain of the disease remains a mystery— amongst “open-minded” scientific circles, at any rate. OP’s are known to generate a highly
https://www.beyondpesticides.org/assets/media/documents/infoservices/pesticidesandyou/Summer%2003/mad_cow.pdf
The author of that paper Mark Purdey actually has a relatively intact wikipedia page for him with testimonials from other notable scientists as to the merit of his hypothesis.
Purdey died of a Brain Tumour in 2006 at 53 as can be read briefly in his obituary in the guardian. Interestingly in the obituary there is also a mention of the Spanish Cooking Oil Incident. In 1983, however, an international conference was convened in Madrid under the auspices of the World Health Organisation (WHO). Despite the reservations of many scientists present, the epidemic was then officially named toxic oil syndrome (TOS). Below are some excerpts from that article....

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The trial of the oil merchants began in March 1987. Four months later, Doll, just before giving his evidence, announced that, on the basis of fresh epidemiological reports given to him, he now believed that the oil was the cause of the outbreak.
At the end of the two-year trial in 1989, the judges themselves stressed that the toxin in the oil was "still unknown". This somewhat fundamental difficulty did not prevent them from handing down long prison terms to the oil merchants, who were convicted, in effect, of causing the epidemic.
After years of one-track media reports, the notion of the "cooking oil" epidemic was firmly lodged in the public consciousness. It was unquestioned fact. No one doubted the official scientific conclusions, especially as they were accepted by the WHO.
Through all the obfuscation, one man had simply ignored the official lines of inquiry and spent months pursuing his own. Having eliminated the cooking oil, Muro and his colleagues turned their attention to other salad products. Speaking to market stallholders, lorry drivers and around 4,000-5,000 affected families, they concluded that, without any doubt, the contaminated foodstuff was tomatoes, and it was the pesticides on them that were responsible for the epidemic. The organo-phosphorous chemicals would indeed cause the range of symptoms observed by clinicians.
It was Muro and his team who had done the on-the-ground epidemiology in the immediate wake of the outbreak. What, then, of the epidemiology that the WHO in 1992 was boldly to describe as "comprehensive and exacting epidemiological studies, subjected to critical independent assessment"?
Muro's work was first-hand. But trying to assess the accuracy and validity of the official epidemiology was not easy. The FIS - the government agency responsible for toxic oil syndrome - refused to release details of the fieldwork carried out or any background information. However, the families described in the reports were given code numbers and these could be matched against the official list of victims which then became part of the trial documentation. Eventually we identified the families supposedly interviewed for the key epidemiological reports and went to see them.
From these first-hand inquiries, we established that there was not a single case in which the family's history corresponded with what was written in the epidemiological reports. Sometimes the differences were slight; sometimes the reports bore no relation to what had actually happened. In one sense, this was not surprising; while some families did recall having been interviewed by officials at the time, others insisted that they were never questioned at all. The principal scientific premise - that evidence should be gathered and, on that basis, a conclusion reached - appeared to have been reversed: a conclusion had been reached, and then the evidence manipulated in order to support that conclusion.
The WHO, to its shame, continues to refer to the Spanish epidemic as the "toxic oil syndrome". Every day around the world, students are no doubt being taught that "cooking oil" was the cause of the disaster.
Muro had many supporters but, as the official view became more and more entrenched, so he was marginalised as the one dissident voice. In 1985, he died suddenly of a mysterious illness. His wife perceived the whole saga as an unmitigated family tragedy.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So here we from the earlier posts we have seen how poliomyelitis was caused by pesticide, AIDS from volatile organic compounds, measles to not exist, that damage control shills come in to raid and gaslight any mention of va((inations and fraud and here again we can see with mad cow disease and toxic oil syndrome being shown to be damage from organophosphates and the WHO refusing to budge on their official stance on the issue despite being presented with conclusive evidence of the actual cause.
Could the WHO be compromised and be actually covering up/obfuscating the damage caused by these OPS? Could these people in their efforts to keep a lid on it resort to silencing scientists that are presenting material that challenges their stranglehold on the medical consensus of various pathological states?
Is there a medical mafia that will work in concert with government and health institutions to conceal the true information about the causes of pathology? What do all these myths promote besides profit and fear? Also, what role does the solar cycles and cosmic activity play in modulating our health?


\
submitted by whipnil to conspiracyNOPOL [link] [comments]


2020.08.07 14:04 whipnil Medical Myths Part 4: The Black Death and Mad Cow Disease

So after I wrote up part 3, my posts across another two different subs conspiracy and conspiracyNOPOL got raided hard by pro jabbers. Someone mentioned there was some decent keywords in my post that would have summoned them so we'll leave them to it and move on to another book that I heard about on a recent podcast I was listening to.
A new light on the Black Death.
"Over the years doubts have been expressed about the accepted view that the Black Death was caused by bubonic plague. By looking at the evidence of tree-rings and ice cores, Mike Baillie, Professor of Dendrochronology at Queen's University, Belfast, has identified a series of natural catastrophes at the beginning of the fourteenth century, caused by meteor strikes. On the basis of the current scientific evidence and of contemporary accounts of the nature and spread of the disease, he is convinced that the disease was air-borne not carried by rats. This fascinating book reveals the detective that led to this revolutionary conclusion."
Now for some of the reviews.
📷 Joe Keenan
5.0 out of 5 stars A Great Read
Reviewed in the United States on July 23, 2017
Verified Purchase
An amazing book, author takes two rather boring (at least on the surface) topics, tree ring data and ice core study, and weaves them into an enthralling study of the "plague" that ravage Europe, really much of the world it seems (judging by what happened in the American South West). In short, author avers that the bubonic plague was not the plague that devastated the world/Europe. Rather, a close pass from a comet introduced biologicals into the atmosphere and these biologicals caused/interacted to cause the epidemics. Author marshals an impressive body of evidence to advance his position. It should be also noted that author is a first class writer, if, like me, you love graphs and plots they're here. Enjoy! Think graphs and plots slow the story down? Skip them, it won't affect the tale. This is very impressive, not too many people can write on two different levels simultaneously, and succeed. Mike Baille does!
Along the way he also opines on the modern misreading of 14th century and earlier writers, and how this misreading affected the interpretation of data. In short, pre-scientific writers/historians used kennings as metaphors, just as the Viking Bard's did. A Viking Bard would of said, "The sword sweat flowed......," Modern's, being blinded by materialsm, would just say, "..blood flowed; the poetic is noticeably absent. Author argues persuasively that description of dragons fighting in the sky, and rivers, the fall of worms and toads, are all metaphors for comets, fireballs, and electrical discharges; this make so much sense you wonder why you didn't think of this. Since, modern cosmology did not exist in the 7th century how would the ancients describe observed cosmological phenomena? Well, they would use Biblical imagery/kennings as this would resonate with everyone in their culture. Author compares the Biblical imagery of Sodom and Gomorrah with an ancient European text and hits it out of the ballpark, amazing!
📷 Phung Minh Hoang
5.0 out of 5 stars Highly recommended
Reviewed in the United States on April 4, 2008
This is a scientific book that reads like a detective novel. For the first time, Baillie takes a cross-disciplinary approach to study what happened during the Black Death in Europe in the 14th century. A large amount of evidence is gathered from diverse fields of studies such as tree ring, ice core to mythology to present a convincing case that what caused the Black Death was not at all what the consensus has taken it to be. Rather than the bubonic plague, Baillie shows that the event that killed up to half Europe's population was caused by toxic substances released by cometary impacts from space.
"Why should I care about what caused the Black Death?," you may ask. It is because what happened in the past may well happen in our future. Baillie shows in the book that the Black Death is not just an isolated event but part of a series of cataclysms caused by comets. And he is but one of the warning voices about this danger facing humanity. According to new research, notably by Victor Clube in The Cosmic Winter , the probability of cometary impact in a century period is very high. An example of it being the Tunguska impact at the early 20th century. Imagine what the effect would have been if that comet had landed on a city instead of a remote place.
So I would highly recommend this book to everyone to learn more about this subject. Acquiring knowledge is the first step in dealing with any threat, especially one with global implication like this. To be forewarned is to be forearmed.
📷 Allen I. Branson 5.0 out of 5 stars Like a detective story Reviewed in the United States on February 9, 2008 Unless you are a history buff specializing in pandemics you may well be thinking, "why would I care about a book on the Black Death?" I thought the same thing, until I read it at the recommendation of a friend. What a great read!
Not only did I learn a lot about the ways in which historical data is gathered from tree rings and ice core samples, Baillie relates all of that to world wide mythology in a way that, by the end of the book, starts making complete sense in a way it never did before. Suddenly, weird stories about heroes morphing into bizarre creatures in Ireland and dragons fighting battles in the air in China not only made sense but were pretty clearly different culture's ways of describing the same events.
In terms of historical studies, that is already interesting enough. The core of the book, however, is almost mind blowing. The point of it is this: not only was the Black Death likely due to the explosion of a comet or cometary fragment in Earth's atmosphere, but that these things likely happen far more frequently than anyone has imagined and on a fairly regular basis.
To prove to yourself that his hypothesis is at least feasible, do a search on the word "fireball" and see just how many are reported. You might notice something interesting in what you find. Not only are there far more sightings of these things that you'd think, they are on the increase! In other words, it looks as if we are heading into a danger zone in space much like during the time of the Black Death and several other times in history that have been probably incorrectly seen as pandemics.
One other point that is not explicitly made in the book but that bears thinking about is the effect on our weather of all of the dust that is brought in by these fireballs. How much of global warming is due to this rather than alleged greenhouse gases? Baillie's research clearly shows global climate change during these danger times in the past. Tree growth slowed across the globe just prior to the Black Death and many other such events.
An must read for both its historical significance and for bringing new data to present debates. I loved this book! 8 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Lynne Grey 5.0 out of 5 stars A very good gathering of facts Reviewed in the United States on April 7, 2008 It is interesting to note that historians would rather rearrange facts to make them fit their theories, and nothing points it out like what happened in explaining the Black Death. Rather than take what was being said by those who experienced at face value, those who were studying this seemed to think that these people just simply couldn't have known what they were talking about.
Now, Baillie has shown with tree ring and ice core samples just how wrong the historians got it. And this is not a dry read. It is put in fairly plain language for all to understand.
One might ask just why the historians would not even look at the fact that comets may have been to blame for the plague, when everyone who wrote about it mentioned the fire from the skies, rain of fire, fiery snow, bad air.....the list is endless.
These are things that we should learn about so that in the event that it should happen again, we won't be unprepared and will know what is actually happening.
It is a very interesting read.
📷 John W. Rinehold 5.0 out of 5 stars Comets hydrocarbons and the plague Reviewed in the United States on February 22, 2009 This well written account of the world wide disaster was written by a professor emeritus. Thus it must be considered from a high vantage point. The evidence presented (with footnotes) is overwhelming. Polyaromatic hydrocarbons, a known substance on comets, was the agent that poisoned people across China and Europe. Tree rings, ice cores and text all point to this as the only solution. No, it wasn't the bubonic plague and rats, rather it was debris (highly poisonous HCN etc) from a known comet that broght the black plague and previous plagues to earth. 4 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Rod Chilton 5.0 out of 5 stars Great Book! Reviewed in the United States on November 26, 2009 I think that this book is a very fine book indeed! I believe that Dr. Baillie has proposed an intriguing and very plausible theory for what took place both at the time of the Black Death 600 to 700 years ago and also another lesser known plague that took place in the middle of the 6th century A.D. The premise that is at the heart of Dr. Baillie's thesis is that the plagues spread so rapidly so as to exclude the present most popular idea of a rat spread event. Rather, the idea he favours is a far more rapid air borne cause. 3 people found this helpful
📷 Fred Mrozek
5.0 out of 5 stars Don't just remember the past.
Reviewed in the United States on January 27, 2007
"Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it." To that we should add, that those who do not understand the past, though they may remember it, are still at risk of repeating it. This book is an attempt to help us understand what may have caused the Black Plague. And in so doing, we might find out that the avoidance of a repeat may depend on a crew of folks whom you probably least expect.
If the Black Plague and other previous plagues were merely diseases spread by rats, why are there anomalous amounts of ammonia and nitrates concentrated in the ice cores at depths that correspond to AD 1348, 1014, 626, 539 and 430 B.C. ? And why are there sharp climatological events in the Dendrochronological(tree ring) record at many of these dates? What did ancient authors try to tell us about these events? Which of these authors credibility blossoms in the light of new evidence and which of them wilt?
What could the Siberian (Tunguska) atmospheric explosion in 1908 have to do with understanding a great plague 600 years earlier?
If you read this book, you will be amazed at the detective work that must have been required to write it. And you will be fortunate to have been "tipped off" to a broader subject that will change the way we view the last 10,000 years of human history. That subject is the interaction between the Earth and other debris careening through our solar system in the forms of comets and near-earth asteroids. If Mike Baillie is right, a great plague event might eventually be prevented not by medical science, but by rocket science - in the form of asteroid interdiction. The amount of evidence for asteroid/comet impacts on the earth in the past five or ten thousand years, is rapidly increasing and this ground-based (geological and historical) evidence suggests that the frequencies of significant impacts on the Earth might be greater than astronomers currently expect on the basis of asteroid population statistics alone.
If knowledge and understanding of history can help us avoid future disasters, it is because of authors like Mike Baillie and books just like this one.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- One would think that dendrochronological evidence would be extremely objective for gathering air quality data and when such evidence has phenomenal explanatory power at revealing the real cause of a global pandemic that we would adjust to the truth and update our global knowledge through global health institutions and public reference material such as wikipedia. Unfortunately this is not the case. Not only is there any updating of the narrative what we will see below is there is suppression of legitimate and support for fraudulent science as it at best protects the profits of big pesticide, or at worse allows them to maintain their systematic efforts of poisoning the population.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Organophosphate pesticides linked to BSE During the 1980s and early 1990s, cattle and cats (the species of animals that have developed BSE) were exclusively treated with systemically acting types of organophosphate (OP) insecticide which were designed to penetrate the entire physiological system of the animal, transforming the bloodstream into a toxic medium so as to kill off any unwanted parasites present.
In the context of cattle, the use of these systemic OP’s was subject to a compulsory government order for the eradication of warble fly. The UK government was unique in compelling a substantially higher biannual dose of this OP by comparison with the few other countries around the world that were following similar, less intensive measures to control this fly. Interestingly, these other countries, including Switzerland, France and Ireland, comprise the few other countries that are suffering from very small epidemics of BSE in their home-reared cows. The National Farmers Union, the Meat and Livestock Commission and The British Veterinary Association formed a united front with MAFF (Ministry of Agriculture, Fish and Forestry) to ensure that all farmers complied with the law and treated their cattle.
Systemic OP’s are recognized as exerting their toxic effect by entering the central nervous system and deforming the molecular shape of various nerve proteins. These chemically mutilated mutant proteins are subsequently rendered incapable of performing their proper function in the nerves. The known toxic effects of OP’s lead me to wonder whether the use of systemic OP’s on British cattle have caused have caused the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Beyond Pesticides/National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides Vol. 23, No. 2, 2003 Pesticides and You Page 19 the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Whilst some types of spongiform disease have been attributed to genetically acquired damage to the shape of the prion protein, the underlying cause of protein damage in the BSE and new variant CJD strain of the disease remains a mystery— amongst “open-minded” scientific circles, at any rate. OP’s are known to generate a highly
https://www.beyondpesticides.org/assets/media/documents/infoservices/pesticidesandyou/Summer%2003/mad_cow.pdf
The author of that paper Mark Purdey actually has a relatively intact wikipedia page for him with testimonials from other notable scientists as to the merit of his hypothesis.
Purdey died of a Brain Tumour in 2006 at 53 as can be read briefly in his obituary in the guardian. Interestingly in the obituary there is also a mention of the Spanish Cooking Oil Incident. In 1983, however, an international conference was convened in Madrid under the auspices of the World Health Organisation (WHO). Despite the reservations of many scientists present, the epidemic was then officially named toxic oil syndrome (TOS). Below are some excerpts from that article....

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The trial of the oil merchants began in March 1987. Four months later, Doll, just before giving his evidence, announced that, on the basis of fresh epidemiological reports given to him, he now believed that the oil was the cause of the outbreak.
At the end of the two-year trial in 1989, the judges themselves stressed that the toxin in the oil was "still unknown". This somewhat fundamental difficulty did not prevent them from handing down long prison terms to the oil merchants, who were convicted, in effect, of causing the epidemic.
After years of one-track media reports, the notion of the "cooking oil" epidemic was firmly lodged in the public consciousness. It was unquestioned fact. No one doubted the official scientific conclusions, especially as they were accepted by the WHO.
Through all the obfuscation, one man had simply ignored the official lines of inquiry and spent months pursuing his own. Having eliminated the cooking oil, Muro and his colleagues turned their attention to other salad products. Speaking to market stallholders, lorry drivers and around 4,000-5,000 affected families, they concluded that, without any doubt, the contaminated foodstuff was tomatoes, and it was the pesticides on them that were responsible for the epidemic. The organo-phosphorous chemicals would indeed cause the range of symptoms observed by clinicians.
It was Muro and his team who had done the on-the-ground epidemiology in the immediate wake of the outbreak. What, then, of the epidemiology that the WHO in 1992 was boldly to describe as "comprehensive and exacting epidemiological studies, subjected to critical independent assessment"?
Muro's work was first-hand. But trying to assess the accuracy and validity of the official epidemiology was not easy. The FIS - the government agency responsible for toxic oil syndrome - refused to release details of the fieldwork carried out or any background information. However, the families described in the reports were given code numbers and these could be matched against the official list of victims which then became part of the trial documentation. Eventually we identified the families supposedly interviewed for the key epidemiological reports and went to see them.
From these first-hand inquiries, we established that there was not a single case in which the family's history corresponded with what was written in the epidemiological reports. Sometimes the differences were slight; sometimes the reports bore no relation to what had actually happened. In one sense, this was not surprising; while some families did recall having been interviewed by officials at the time, others insisted that they were never questioned at all. The principal scientific premise - that evidence should be gathered and, on that basis, a conclusion reached - appeared to have been reversed: a conclusion had been reached, and then the evidence manipulated in order to support that conclusion.
The WHO, to its shame, continues to refer to the Spanish epidemic as the "toxic oil syndrome". Every day around the world, students are no doubt being taught that "cooking oil" was the cause of the disaster.
Muro had many supporters but, as the official view became more and more entrenched, so he was marginalised as the one dissident voice. In 1985, he died suddenly of a mysterious illness. His wife perceived the whole saga as an unmitigated family tragedy.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So here we from the earlier posts we have seen how poliomyelitis was caused by pesticide, AIDS from volatile organic compounds, measles to not exist, that damage control shills come in to raid and gaslight any mention of va((inations and fraud and here again we can see with mad cow disease and toxic oil syndrome being shown to be damage from organophosphates and the WHO refusing to budge on their official stance on the issue despite being presented with conclusive evidence of the actual cause.
Could the WHO be compromised and be actually covering up/obfuscating the damage caused by these OPS? Could these people in their efforts to keep a lid on it resort to silencing scientists that are presenting material that challenges their stranglehold on the medical consensus of various pathological states?
Is there a medical mafia that will work in concert with government and health institutions to conceal the true information about the causes of pathology? What do all these myths promote besides profit and fear? Also, what role does the solar cycles and cosmic activity play in modulating our health?


\
submitted by whipnil to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.08.07 14:02 whipnil Medical Myths Part 4: The Black Death and Mad Cow.

So after I wrote up part 3, my posts across another two different subs conspiracy and conspiracyNOPOL got raided hard by pro jabbers. Someone mentioned there was some decent keywords in my post that would have summoned them so we'll leave them to it and move on to another book that I heard about on a recent podcast I was listening to.
A new light on the Black Death.
"Over the years doubts have been expressed about the accepted view that the Black Death was caused by bubonic plague. By looking at the evidence of tree-rings and ice cores, Mike Baillie, Professor of Dendrochronology at Queen's University, Belfast, has identified a series of natural catastrophes at the beginning of the fourteenth century, caused by meteor strikes. On the basis of the current scientific evidence and of contemporary accounts of the nature and spread of the disease, he is convinced that the disease was air-borne not carried by rats. This fascinating book reveals the detective that led to this revolutionary conclusion."
Now for some of the reviews.
📷 Joe Keenan
5.0 out of 5 stars A Great Read
Reviewed in the United States on July 23, 2017
Verified Purchase
An amazing book, author takes two rather boring (at least on the surface) topics, tree ring data and ice core study, and weaves them into an enthralling study of the "plague" that ravage Europe, really much of the world it seems (judging by what happened in the American South West). In short, author avers that the bubonic plague was not the plague that devastated the world/Europe. Rather, a close pass from a comet introduced biologicals into the atmosphere and these biologicals caused/interacted to cause the epidemics. Author marshals an impressive body of evidence to advance his position. It should be also noted that author is a first class writer, if, like me, you love graphs and plots they're here. Enjoy! Think graphs and plots slow the story down? Skip them, it won't affect the tale. This is very impressive, not too many people can write on two different levels simultaneously, and succeed. Mike Baille does!
Along the way he also opines on the modern misreading of 14th century and earlier writers, and how this misreading affected the interpretation of data. In short, pre-scientific writers/historians used kennings as metaphors, just as the Viking Bard's did. A Viking Bard would of said, "The sword sweat flowed......," Modern's, being blinded by materialsm, would just say, "..blood flowed; the poetic is noticeably absent. Author argues persuasively that description of dragons fighting in the sky, and rivers, the fall of worms and toads, are all metaphors for comets, fireballs, and electrical discharges; this make so much sense you wonder why you didn't think of this. Since, modern cosmology did not exist in the 7th century how would the ancients describe observed cosmological phenomena? Well, they would use Biblical imagery/kennings as this would resonate with everyone in their culture. Author compares the Biblical imagery of Sodom and Gomorrah with an ancient European text and hits it out of the ballpark, amazing!
📷 Phung Minh Hoang
5.0 out of 5 stars Highly recommended
Reviewed in the United States on April 4, 2008
This is a scientific book that reads like a detective novel. For the first time, Baillie takes a cross-disciplinary approach to study what happened during the Black Death in Europe in the 14th century. A large amount of evidence is gathered from diverse fields of studies such as tree ring, ice core to mythology to present a convincing case that what caused the Black Death was not at all what the consensus has taken it to be. Rather than the bubonic plague, Baillie shows that the event that killed up to half Europe's population was caused by toxic substances released by cometary impacts from space.
"Why should I care about what caused the Black Death?," you may ask. It is because what happened in the past may well happen in our future. Baillie shows in the book that the Black Death is not just an isolated event but part of a series of cataclysms caused by comets. And he is but one of the warning voices about this danger facing humanity. According to new research, notably by Victor Clube in The Cosmic Winter , the probability of cometary impact in a century period is very high. An example of it being the Tunguska impact at the early 20th century. Imagine what the effect would have been if that comet had landed on a city instead of a remote place.
So I would highly recommend this book to everyone to learn more about this subject. Acquiring knowledge is the first step in dealing with any threat, especially one with global implication like this. To be forewarned is to be forearmed.
📷 Allen I. Branson 5.0 out of 5 stars Like a detective story Reviewed in the United States on February 9, 2008 Unless you are a history buff specializing in pandemics you may well be thinking, "why would I care about a book on the Black Death?" I thought the same thing, until I read it at the recommendation of a friend. What a great read!
Not only did I learn a lot about the ways in which historical data is gathered from tree rings and ice core samples, Baillie relates all of that to world wide mythology in a way that, by the end of the book, starts making complete sense in a way it never did before. Suddenly, weird stories about heroes morphing into bizarre creatures in Ireland and dragons fighting battles in the air in China not only made sense but were pretty clearly different culture's ways of describing the same events.
In terms of historical studies, that is already interesting enough. The core of the book, however, is almost mind blowing. The point of it is this: not only was the Black Death likely due to the explosion of a comet or cometary fragment in Earth's atmosphere, but that these things likely happen far more frequently than anyone has imagined and on a fairly regular basis.
To prove to yourself that his hypothesis is at least feasible, do a search on the word "fireball" and see just how many are reported. You might notice something interesting in what you find. Not only are there far more sightings of these things that you'd think, they are on the increase! In other words, it looks as if we are heading into a danger zone in space much like during the time of the Black Death and several other times in history that have been probably incorrectly seen as pandemics.
One other point that is not explicitly made in the book but that bears thinking about is the effect on our weather of all of the dust that is brought in by these fireballs. How much of global warming is due to this rather than alleged greenhouse gases? Baillie's research clearly shows global climate change during these danger times in the past. Tree growth slowed across the globe just prior to the Black Death and many other such events.
An must read for both its historical significance and for bringing new data to present debates. I loved this book! 8 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Lynne Grey 5.0 out of 5 stars A very good gathering of facts Reviewed in the United States on April 7, 2008 It is interesting to note that historians would rather rearrange facts to make them fit their theories, and nothing points it out like what happened in explaining the Black Death. Rather than take what was being said by those who experienced at face value, those who were studying this seemed to think that these people just simply couldn't have known what they were talking about.
Now, Baillie has shown with tree ring and ice core samples just how wrong the historians got it. And this is not a dry read. It is put in fairly plain language for all to understand.
One might ask just why the historians would not even look at the fact that comets may have been to blame for the plague, when everyone who wrote about it mentioned the fire from the skies, rain of fire, fiery snow, bad air.....the list is endless.
These are things that we should learn about so that in the event that it should happen again, we won't be unprepared and will know what is actually happening.
It is a very interesting read.
📷 John W. Rinehold 5.0 out of 5 stars Comets hydrocarbons and the plague Reviewed in the United States on February 22, 2009 This well written account of the world wide disaster was written by a professor emeritus. Thus it must be considered from a high vantage point. The evidence presented (with footnotes) is overwhelming. Polyaromatic hydrocarbons, a known substance on comets, was the agent that poisoned people across China and Europe. Tree rings, ice cores and text all point to this as the only solution. No, it wasn't the bubonic plague and rats, rather it was debris (highly poisonous HCN etc) from a known comet that broght the black plague and previous plagues to earth. 4 people found this helpful HelpfulComment Report abuse
📷 Rod Chilton 5.0 out of 5 stars Great Book! Reviewed in the United States on November 26, 2009 I think that this book is a very fine book indeed! I believe that Dr. Baillie has proposed an intriguing and very plausible theory for what took place both at the time of the Black Death 600 to 700 years ago and also another lesser known plague that took place in the middle of the 6th century A.D. The premise that is at the heart of Dr. Baillie's thesis is that the plagues spread so rapidly so as to exclude the present most popular idea of a rat spread event. Rather, the idea he favours is a far more rapid air borne cause. 3 people found this helpful
📷 Fred Mrozek
5.0 out of 5 stars Don't just remember the past.
Reviewed in the United States on January 27, 2007
"Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it." To that we should add, that those who do not understand the past, though they may remember it, are still at risk of repeating it. This book is an attempt to help us understand what may have caused the Black Plague. And in so doing, we might find out that the avoidance of a repeat may depend on a crew of folks whom you probably least expect.
If the Black Plague and other previous plagues were merely diseases spread by rats, why are there anomalous amounts of ammonia and nitrates concentrated in the ice cores at depths that correspond to AD 1348, 1014, 626, 539 and 430 B.C. ? And why are there sharp climatological events in the Dendrochronological(tree ring) record at many of these dates? What did ancient authors try to tell us about these events? Which of these authors credibility blossoms in the light of new evidence and which of them wilt?
What could the Siberian (Tunguska) atmospheric explosion in 1908 have to do with understanding a great plague 600 years earlier?
If you read this book, you will be amazed at the detective work that must have been required to write it. And you will be fortunate to have been "tipped off" to a broader subject that will change the way we view the last 10,000 years of human history. That subject is the interaction between the Earth and other debris careening through our solar system in the forms of comets and near-earth asteroids. If Mike Baillie is right, a great plague event might eventually be prevented not by medical science, but by rocket science - in the form of asteroid interdiction. The amount of evidence for asteroid/comet impacts on the earth in the past five or ten thousand years, is rapidly increasing and this ground-based (geological and historical) evidence suggests that the frequencies of significant impacts on the Earth might be greater than astronomers currently expect on the basis of asteroid population statistics alone.
If knowledge and understanding of history can help us avoid future disasters, it is because of authors like Mike Baillie and books just like this one.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- One would think that dendrochronological evidence would be extremely objective for gathering air quality data and when such evidence has phenomenal explanatory power at revealing the real cause of a global pandemic that we would adjust to the truth and update our global knowledge through global health institutions and public reference material such as wikipedia. Unfortunately this is not the case. Not only is there any updating of the narrative what we will see below is there is suppression of legitimate and support for fraudulent science as it at best protects the profits of big pesticide, or at worse allows them to maintain their systematic efforts of poisoning the population.
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Organophosphate pesticides linked to BSE During the 1980s and early 1990s, cattle and cats (the species of animals that have developed BSE) were exclusively treated with systemically acting types of organophosphate (OP) insecticide which were designed to penetrate the entire physiological system of the animal, transforming the bloodstream into a toxic medium so as to kill off any unwanted parasites present.
In the context of cattle, the use of these systemic OP’s was subject to a compulsory government order for the eradication of warble fly. The UK government was unique in compelling a substantially higher biannual dose of this OP by comparison with the few other countries around the world that were following similar, less intensive measures to control this fly. Interestingly, these other countries, including Switzerland, France and Ireland, comprise the few other countries that are suffering from very small epidemics of BSE in their home-reared cows. The National Farmers Union, the Meat and Livestock Commission and The British Veterinary Association formed a united front with MAFF (Ministry of Agriculture, Fish and Forestry) to ensure that all farmers complied with the law and treated their cattle.
Systemic OP’s are recognized as exerting their toxic effect by entering the central nervous system and deforming the molecular shape of various nerve proteins. These chemically mutilated mutant proteins are subsequently rendered incapable of performing their proper function in the nerves. The known toxic effects of OP’s lead me to wonder whether the use of systemic OP’s on British cattle have caused have caused the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Beyond Pesticides/National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides Vol. 23, No. 2, 2003 Pesticides and You Page 19 the malformation of another newly discovered brain protein called prion protein—the phenomenon that U.S. scientists have proposed as the cause of spongiform encephalopathies. Whilst some types of spongiform disease have been attributed to genetically acquired damage to the shape of the prion protein, the underlying cause of protein damage in the BSE and new variant CJD strain of the disease remains a mystery— amongst “open-minded” scientific circles, at any rate. OP’s are known to generate a highly
https://www.beyondpesticides.org/assets/media/documents/infoservices/pesticidesandyou/Summer%2003/mad_cow.pdf
The author of that paper Mark Purdey actually has a relatively intact wikipedia page for him with testimonials from other notable scientists as to the merit of his hypothesis.
Purdey died of a Brain Tumour in 2006 at 53 as can be read briefly in his obituary in the guardian. Interestingly in the obituary there is also a mention of the Spanish Cooking Oil Incident. In 1983, however, an international conference was convened in Madrid under the auspices of the World Health Organisation (WHO). Despite the reservations of many scientists present, the epidemic was then officially named toxic oil syndrome (TOS). Below are some excerpts from that article....

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The trial of the oil merchants began in March 1987. Four months later, Doll, just before giving his evidence, announced that, on the basis of fresh epidemiological reports given to him, he now believed that the oil was the cause of the outbreak.
At the end of the two-year trial in 1989, the judges themselves stressed that the toxin in the oil was "still unknown". This somewhat fundamental difficulty did not prevent them from handing down long prison terms to the oil merchants, who were convicted, in effect, of causing the epidemic.
After years of one-track media reports, the notion of the "cooking oil" epidemic was firmly lodged in the public consciousness. It was unquestioned fact. No one doubted the official scientific conclusions, especially as they were accepted by the WHO.
Through all the obfuscation, one man had simply ignored the official lines of inquiry and spent months pursuing his own. Having eliminated the cooking oil, Muro and his colleagues turned their attention to other salad products. Speaking to market stallholders, lorry drivers and around 4,000-5,000 affected families, they concluded that, without any doubt, the contaminated foodstuff was tomatoes, and it was the pesticides on them that were responsible for the epidemic. The organo-phosphorous chemicals would indeed cause the range of symptoms observed by clinicians.
It was Muro and his team who had done the on-the-ground epidemiology in the immediate wake of the outbreak. What, then, of the epidemiology that the WHO in 1992 was boldly to describe as "comprehensive and exacting epidemiological studies, subjected to critical independent assessment"?
Muro's work was first-hand. But trying to assess the accuracy and validity of the official epidemiology was not easy. The FIS - the government agency responsible for toxic oil syndrome - refused to release details of the fieldwork carried out or any background information. However, the families described in the reports were given code numbers and these could be matched against the official list of victims which then became part of the trial documentation. Eventually we identified the families supposedly interviewed for the key epidemiological reports and went to see them.
From these first-hand inquiries, we established that there was not a single case in which the family's history corresponded with what was written in the epidemiological reports. Sometimes the differences were slight; sometimes the reports bore no relation to what had actually happened. In one sense, this was not surprising; while some families did recall having been interviewed by officials at the time, others insisted that they were never questioned at all. The principal scientific premise - that evidence should be gathered and, on that basis, a conclusion reached - appeared to have been reversed: a conclusion had been reached, and then the evidence manipulated in order to support that conclusion.
The WHO, to its shame, continues to refer to the Spanish epidemic as the "toxic oil syndrome". Every day around the world, students are no doubt being taught that "cooking oil" was the cause of the disaster.
Muro had many supporters but, as the official view became more and more entrenched, so he was marginalised as the one dissident voice. In 1985, he died suddenly of a mysterious illness. His wife perceived the whole saga as an unmitigated family tragedy.
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So here we from the earlier posts we have seen how poliomyelitis was caused by pesticide, AIDS from volatile organic compounds, measles to not exist, that damage control shills come in to raid and gaslight any mention of va((inations and fraud and here again we can see with mad cow disease and toxic oil syndrome being shown to be damage from organophosphates and the WHO refusing to budge on their official stance on the issue despite being presented with conclusive evidence of the actual cause.
Could the WHO be compromised and be actually covering up/obfuscating the damage caused by these OPS? Could these people in their efforts to keep a lid on it resort to silencing scientists that are presenting material that challenges their stranglehold on the medical consensus of various pathological states?
Is there a medical mafia that will work in concert with government and health institutions to conceal the true information about the causes of pathology? What do all these myths promote besides profit and fear?
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2020.08.05 14:30 boinabbc [HIRING] Data Analyst. Sector eólico. Inglés muy alto at Adecco Staffing in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Adecco Staffing is looking for a Data Analyst. Sector eólico. Inglés muy alto in Madrid, Madrid provincia
¿Te encuentras actualmente en búsqueda de una nueva oportunidad laboral? ¿Eres una apasionado/a de los datos? ¿Posees experiencia y formación como Data Analyst? Desde el Grupo Adecco, estamos selección un/a... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe678383/data-analyst-sector-e-lico-ingl-s-muy-alto-adecco-staffing
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2020.08.05 14:30 boinabbc [HIRING] Data Analyst. Sector eólico. Inglés muy alto at Adecco Staffing in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Adecco Staffing is looking for a Data Analyst. Sector eólico. Inglés muy alto in Madrid, Madrid provincia
¿Te encuentras actualmente en búsqueda de una nueva oportunidad laboral? ¿Eres una apasionado/a de los datos? ¿Posees experiencia y formación como Data Analyst? Desde el Grupo Adecco, estamos selección un/a... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe678383/data-analyst-sector-e-lico-ingl-s-muy-alto-adecco-staffing
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2020.08.05 14:30 boinabbc [HIRING] Data Analyst. Sector eólico. Inglés muy alto at Adecco Staffing in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Adecco Staffing is looking for a Data Analyst. Sector eólico. Inglés muy alto in Madrid, Madrid provincia
¿Te encuentras actualmente en búsqueda de una nueva oportunidad laboral? ¿Eres una apasionado/a de los datos? ¿Posees experiencia y formación como Data Analyst? Desde el Grupo Adecco, estamos selección un/a... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe678383/data-analyst-sector-e-lico-ingl-s-muy-alto-adecco-staffing
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2020.08.03 17:50 Rip_Responsible [OC]“El Creekio” - England’s answer to Spain’s “El Clásico”.

The town of Fareham is definitely not known as a football town despite organised football being a part of the town since the 1880s. The town rests on the north-west tip of Portsmouth Harbour on the south-coast of England, between the two heavyweight rivals of Portsmouth and Southampton. However, only known to a few, there exists a hotly contested rivalry between Fareham’s two ‘major’ clubs: Fareham Town Football Club and A.F.C. Portchester. The clubs sit a mere 3.8 miles away from each other and the matches are not only contested for points in the Wessex League Premier Division (9th tier overall within the English football league system), but at stake is also “ownership” of the creek that runs through the town. Interestingly, Fareham has documented history that dates back to the Norman era (11th Century) when a part of William the Conqueror's army landed at Fareham Creek during their invasion of England; before making their way toward the Saxon capital of Winchester.
Fareham Town F.C. is the older of the two clubs, founded in 1947 after three local teams (Fareham F.C., Fareham Brotherhood F.C., Fareham Youth Centre F.C.) decided to form a singular football club for the town. Their nicknames consist of “The Reds”, “The Creeksiders”, and simply “Town”. The club’s most successful period came at the turn of the 1960s when they won six Hampshire League Division One titles (1959–60, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1966–67). The club also won this title a further two times in the 1970s, as well as four Hampshire senior cups over the course of their history (1956–57, 1962–63, 1967–68, 1992–93). The Reds’ highest ever finish was eighth place in the Southern League Premier Division (1982–83), which at the time was only one tier below what we know as the National League today. Perhaps their most magical achievement, however, has been making the FA Cup First Round on four occasions with having to win four qualifying games (1979–80, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1988–89). Fareham had the privilege of playing the likes of Merthyr Town Football Club, Maidstone United, A.F.C. Bournemouth, and perhaps the most famous opponents at the time, English Football League side, Torquay United. Sadly, they failed to progress to the FA Cup second round at all four times of asking despite earning a famous 2-2 draw away to Torquay United as they fell to a 3-2 loss at home to The Gulls.
The 21st Century has not been so kind to Fareham Town as their only notable achievements have been a third round in the FA Vase (2003–04, 2004–05) and runners-up in the Hampshire senior cup (2003–04). Some notable players to have appeared for Fareham Town include Steve Claridge, Dave Leworthy, and Mark Chamberlain (father to Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain).
Being situated between the two major cities of Portsmouth and Southampton and competing in the ninth tier of English football means that die-hard Fareham Town fans are hard to come by. The only data I could find on Fareham’s average home attendance was from the 2016–17 season where they averaged 87 people, the eighth highest attendance out of the twenty-four clubs in the league that season. Despite the attendance numbers, the Red’s play their home games at Cams Alders Stadium that has a total capacity of 5,500; this is largely due to a result of the club being a solid Southern League club for a number of years.
Fareham Town was the club in Fareham. They had it all, the history, the league titles, the local cup triumphs, and even appearances in the FA Cup First Round proper. However, in 1971, a newly formed football club began training at Bath Lane in Fareham. A.F.C. Portchester began life as Loyds Sports and entered the City of Portsmouth Sunday League Division 6. Their name was changed in 1974 due to sponsorship reasons to Colourvision Rangers and later becoming Wicor Mill in the 1980s. As far as pub sides were concerned, Wicor Mill was one of the best and largest as they used to run three teams on a Saturday and four on a Sunday. Wicor Mill had ambitions for more and after endless applications they were accepted into the Hampshire League Division Three for the 1998–99 season. Wicor Mill took the league by storm, gaining successive promotions to the Hampshire League Division One, even becoming champions in 2001–02, sadly they were denied promotion to the Wessex League (Tenth tier of English football) due to a lack of floodlights in their stadium.
The wheels really began to turn in the 2002–03 season when Wicor Mill merged with another Portchester club – “Castle Royals” – forming the A.F.C. Portchester we know today. Furthermore, 2004 saw A.F.C. Portchester became founding members of the new Wessex League Division Three after the old Hampshire League merged into it. The Royals as they are currently nicknamed gained promotion to the Wessex League Division One in 2006–07. It would take a further five years for A.F.C. Portchester to gain promotion to the Wessex League Premier Division where they would meet their local rivals Fareham Town for the first time in their history. Their first meetings in the league went Fareham Town’s way with a 3-1 win at Cams Alders and a 5-2 drubbing away at Portchester. Although, in more recent years A.F.C. Portchester have been getting the better of Fareham Town and have finished above them in the league for the past five seasons.
A.F.C. Portchester’s most notable achievement is winning the Wessex League League Cup (2014–15). They also produced Reading football club’s midfielder Andy Rinomhota, who played thirty senior games for The Royals before being recommended to Reading FC’s scouts by then manager Graham Rix. Rinomhota now plays regularly for Reading football club in England’s second tier, a million miles away from the ninth tier where he began his career.
Now that Fareham Town and A.F.C. Portchester were in the same league the rivalry could really heat up as they played each other numerous times in the league and also in the local cup competitions. The term “El Creekio” is a clear play on “El Clásico” – the famous derby between Barcelona and Real Madrid – however, its creator has been lost to history. The local journalists and news outlets began to dub the meetings between Fareham Town and A.F.C. Portchester as “El Creekio”. The creek part of it refers to Fareham creek that runs through the town of Fareham and seems to be up for grabs each time the clubs play; swapping “ownership” each time one of the clubs defeats the other. To the local fans this seems much bigger than the traditional South-Coast derby between Portsmouth and Southampton and in their eyes Fareham Town and A.F.C. Portchester are the top two teams on the South Coast. Fareham Town even have the audacity to claim they are “The No 1 Football Club in South Hampshire”
However, despite all the rivalry, the banter between the two sets of fans, and the fights over who owns the creek, the two clubs are always there for each other in times of hardship.
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2020.07.29 18:00 boinabbc [HIRING] Senior Data Analyst - DWH, Madrid at Tecnoempleo in Madrid, Madrid provincia

Tecnoempleo is looking for a Senior Data Analyst - DWH, Madrid in Madrid, Madrid provincia with the following main skill: C#
Senior Data Analyst - D WH en Madrid Conocida compañia, sector del transporte, selecciona para sus oficinas de Madrid, un Analista de Procesos e Integración de Datos.Reportando al Director T IC, tendrás como... apply or read more here: https://www.datayoshi.com/offe528040/senior-data-analyst---dwh--madrid-tecnoempleo
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Big Data y fútbol: así aprovecha el Real Madrid la ... Los atascos de Madrid: ¿Puede el Big Data resolver el problema? (Parte 2) JOACO EN MADRID VOL 3 Real Madrid - Cómo el Big Data optimiza el rendimiento de la plantilla 'Big data' en el fútbol  Visionarios  El País Semanal BIG DATA EN EL MUNDO LABORAL José Miguel Rojas, Máster en Big Data 19/20 Alcalá Data Center de Telefónica  #BigBangData

Spain in data - Le Cordon Bleu

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