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Traditional Catholics: A place for Traditional Catholicism
2015.01.15 21:17 Traditional Catholics: A place for Traditional Catholicism
Forum for those who believe all the Catholic Church teaches, prefers reverence at Mass, rejects modernist (heretical) morality and theology, prefers older Catholic literature (e.g. Baltimore Catechism).
Thank you for clicking on this post. As you know, by opening this page, you have automatically consented to a role in the Great Experiment. Give yourself a pat on the back! The Great Experiment is certainly set to change the world- and it couldn’t be done without brave souls such as yourself. Oh- no, there is no way to revoke your authorization. Why, your name has already been added to our Database. As for your primary address, cell phone number, postal code... we have all of it! I know what you’re thinking- “well I never gave you any of that stuff...” but really, fear not! We use handy dandy upscale tracking devices, the likes of which are unbeknownst to your average modern-day technological scientist. This is a state of the art Organization, and we are looking to expand our boundaries by implementing new, well thought-out research projects. So, in short, your compliance is now mandatory. Failure to deliver could land you in a not so great spot- and we don’t want that happening, now do we? That’s why here at the Organization, your safety is of utmost importance to us! Thus, without any further ado, we are pleased to offer this exceptionally useful safety guide. As you can see, we are providing you with any and all information you may need to make for an enriching and secure experience, for both yourself, and all of us involved in the Organization. FOR BEDTIME, TONIGHT. 1.) You are to go to your bedroom at 12:33 a.m. No sooner, and no later. If you are in your bedroom now, it is imperative that you evacuate, and that you do not return until it is 12:33 a.m. Set alarms or reminders if you must. 2.) Once you are in your bedroom, turn off all the lights, lock or barricade the door, and head to your bed. Be sure to have your cell phone on you. Lay down in your bed, but do NOT fall asleep. 3.) You are not permitted to bring any belongings inside your bedroom that were not already there- save for yourself, your cell phone, and the clothes on your body. 4.) Open up your cell phone and flip through your list of contacts. At the tail end of it, you will find a number you do not recognize. It should be labeled “M.” Sit up, and call the number. 5.) Once M answers, she is going to ask you a series of pressing questions. Her voice is a bit unsettling- somewhat rickety, and hoarse. No matter how uncomfortable you feel, you must NOT hang up the phone. And you MUST answer her questions fully and honestly. Anything else is unacceptable, and will ultimately lead to failure. 6.) Following your completion of this interview, M will say “I have heard enough,” and hang up the phone. After this happens, you are to destroy your cell phone. Do whatever you must, but be aware that you are NOT to leave the room, and you must obliterate the device within two minutes of the call’s culmination. 7.) After you destroy the phone, you are to close your eyes and count to 100. You will hear someone- or something- whispering to you in Latin around the 57 mark. When this happens, do not open your eyes. Whatever you do, keep them locked shut until you make it to 100. 8.) After you have reached 100, you may open your eyes. You will see that you are no longer in your room- your first impression may be that you have gone blind, or that you are in some type of... waking dream. You will be enveloped in total darkness. Do not scream, do not react. Merely sit still until you hear him again. 9.) If all goes as planned and you were able to withhold a reaction to the... unconventional change of scenery, you will begin to hear the whispering again. Still in Latin, except this time, you will notice it getting louder....and louder.... and louder.... until he starts rubbing your shoulders. At this point, you are to say clearly and without quivering, “I’ve come to make your acquaintance.” 10.) He will now appear before you. If you’ve made it this far, you may stand a chance. You may have pictured him cloaked in gemstones and golden hues. Perhaps even baring a halo around his cap- but you will quickly come to understand all of this is exceedingly fictitious. It’s not my job to tell you what he looks like. This is for you to find out. He is going to ask you questions about your faith, your religious standing, where you morally align with others. He is going to ask you questions about things you have done, and he is going to know the answers. Do NOT lie to him.... for if you lie.... you will suffer a worse fate than had you disregarded the rules in the first place. Following the completion of the second interview, he is going to make a decision. If you awaken the next morning in your bed- then congratulations! Thank you for participating in the Great Experiment. Your work here will be done until your predetermined date of perishing- so long as you do not ever speak to ANYONE about what you have experienced. No reward here- except... well, you get to carry on living. And that’s reward enough in itself, isn’t it? To be clear, he is going to be judging you. Based on all you have done throughout your life, based on your most paramount of thoughts, based on your personal moral compass, based on your knowledge of assorted doctrine, based on your ability to tell the truth. I cannot tell you what is to become of your soul if you cannot survive the Great Experiment. That is classified information, and I am not entrusted with it’s deliverance. For now- all I can advise is to say your prayers. Pure souls need not worry after all, right? And surely you are of pure heart and soul- one does not live in peace whilst committing atrocity, correct? Surely, the most glistening of souls are to find the most beneficial results. I know you haven’t been living in sin, so you shouldn’t be all that concerned. Just follow the rules set before you. You’re going to be just fine.
2020.09.17 19:27 stake_poolUpdate and Few Thoughts, a (Well-Typed) transcript: Liza&Charles the marketeers, Voltaire kick-off, PrisM and Ebb-and-Flow to fuck ETH2.0 Gasper, the (back)log of a man and a falcon, lots of companies, September Goguen time, Basho, 2021 Titans, Basho, Hydra and much more thoughts and prayers
Hi everybody this is Charles Hoskinson broadcasting live from warm sunny Colorado. I'm trying a new streaming service and it allows me to annotate a few things and simulcast to both periscope and youtube. Let's see how this works. I also get to put a little caption. I think for the future, I'm just for a while going to put: "I will never give away ada". So, when people repost my videos for giveaway scams they at least have that. First off, a thank you, a community member named Daryl had decided to carve a log and give his artistic impression of my twitter profile picture of me and the falcon so that always means a lot when I get these gifts from fans and also I just wanted to, on the back of the Catalyst presentation, express my profound gratitude and excitement to the community. You know it's really really cool to see how much progress has been made in such a short period of time. It was only yesterday when we were saying "when Shelley"? Now Shelley's out and it's evolving rapidly. Voltaire is now starting to evolve rapidly and we're real close to Goguen. At the end of this month we'll be able to talk around some of the realities of Goguen and some of the ideas we have and give some dates for certain things and give you a sense of where that project is at. The good news is that we have gained an enormous amount of progress and knowledge about what we need to do and how to get that done and basically people are just executing and it's a much smaller task than getting us to Shelley. With Byron to Shelley we literally had to build a completely new cryptocurrency from the ground up. We had to have new ledger rules, new update system, we had to invent a way of transitioning from one system to another system and there's hundreds of other little innovations along the way: new network stack and so forth. Byron cosmetically looks like Shelley but under the hood it's completely different and the Shelley design was built with a lot of the things that we needed for Goguen in mind. For example, we built Shelley with the idea of extended UTXO and we built Shelley understanding what the realities were for the smart contract model and that's one of the advantages you get when you do this type of bespoke engineering. There's two consequences to that, one, the integration is significantly easier, and two, the integration is significantly faster. We won't look at that same complexity there. The product update at the end of the month... We'll really start discussing around some of these things as well as talk about partners and talk about how the development ecosystem is going to evolve. There are a lot of threads throughout all three organizations that are happening simultaneously. Emurgo, they're really thinking deeply about DeFi and they've invited us to collaborate with them on things like stablecoins for example but we're also looking at oracles (oracle pools), DEX and these other things and because there are already people in market who have made mistakes, learned lessons, it gives us the benefit of hindsight. It means we can be much faster to market and we can build much more competitive things in market and the Cardano community gets first access to these next generation DeFi applications without a lot of the problems of the prior generations and that's super beneficial to us. You know, the other side of it, is that Voltaire is going to have a systemic influence not just on community funding but also the overall evolution and direction of the platform. The longer it exists the more pervasive it will become. Probably first applied towards the Cardano foundation roadmap but later on it will definitely have a lot of influence and say over every element aspect of the system including the launch dApps and these other things. Basically, long term, the types of problems that Cardano solves so that's incredibly appealing to me and very exciting to me because it's like I have this giant community brain with the best and brightest of all of you working with us to get us where we need to go. You know, another thing that was super encouraging, it's a small thing, but it shows us that we're definitely in the right direction was that we recently got a demo from Pramod (Viswanath) and his team out of university of Illinois on a protocol they create called PrisM which is a super fast proof-of-work protocol and they wrote this beautiful paper and they wrote code along with it that showed that PrisM is a ten thousand times faster than Nakamoto consensus. If you take the bitcoin proof-of-work protocol, you strip it out, you put PrisM in, you can run the entire bitcoin system 10000 times faster. They have these beautiful benchmarks to show that. Even in bad network conditions. (I'm) promoting this team, they're, they're real researchers, and they're real engineers, they use a lot of cool HPC concepts like springboarding and other things like that to accommodate that. Then I asked him in the presentation, I said well, how much faster if you replay the Ethereum chain? He says, well, that it takes a big performance hit, could be only maybe a hundred times because that model is not as easy to optimize and shard with standard computer science concepts. In fact in some cases there are limitations there that really can't be overcome. It turns out that we're more on that UTXO side than we are on the account side. As a coincidence or intent of the design of extended UTXO we're gonna have a lot easier time getting much higher performance where and when it's necessary. I also approved this week a scaling up of the Basho project. In particular, to build a hydra prototype team. The science has gotten to a point where we can make a really competitive push in that particular direction. What does that mean? It means that in just a few short months we can de-risk technological approaches that long-term will give us a lot of fruit where and when the community decides that they need infrastructure like hydra. Now, here's the beautiful thing about hydra. If you watch my whiteboard back in September of 2017 when Cardano first hit market with Byron I talked about this concept of looking at scalability with a very simple test which is as you get more people in the system it stays at the same performance or it gets faster. We all experience systems that do this, for example, bittorrent, more people downloading something you tend to be able to get it faster and we all experience the converse which is, the system gets slower when you get more people. What does this mean? It means that hydra is an actual approach towards true scalability in the system and it's a lot easier to do than sharding even though we have a beautiful approach to get the sharding on the ledger side if we truly desire to go down that way. There's beautiful ideas that we are definitely in deep discussions about. That's a very complex thing. There was recently a paper ("Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma") out of Stanford that showed that the Gasper protocol as proposed for ETH2.0 does have some security concerns and it's going to be the burden on the shoulders of the Ethereum 2.0 developers and Vitalik to address those concerns from those Stanford professors. Whenever you have these very complex protocols they have so many different ways they can break and things can go wrong so it's much more appealing when you don't have to embrace complexity to achieve the same. The elegance of hydra is that stake pool operators are very natural parties to put hydra channels on and every time we add one we get much more performance out of that and the system as it gets more valuable. The k factor increases which means you get more stake pull operators, which means you get more hydra channels, so with growth we get appreciation, with appreciation we get more decentralization, with more decentralization we get more performance. In essence, this spiritually speaking, is really what we meant when we said scalability. That the system will always grow to meet its particular needs and we have a very elegant way of moving in that direction that doesn't require us to embrace very sophisticated techniques. It's not to say that these techniques don't have a place and purpose but it says that the urgency of implementing these is gone and we then have the luxury to pick the best science when it's ready instead of rushing it to market to resolve a crisis of high fees. We'll never have that crisis so there's a beauty to Cardano that is missing, I in my view, from many cryptocurrencies and blockchains in the marketplace and we're now seeing that beauty shine through. Not only through our community who are so passionate and amazing but in the science and the engineering itself and how easy it is for us to navigate the concepts. How easy it is for us to add more things, to take some things away, to clean some things up here and there and our ability to move through. I never imagined when in 2015 I signed up to go in on this crazy ride and try to build a world financial operating system we would have made as much progress as we made today. We've written more than 75 research papers as an organization many of which are directly applicable to Cardano. We've got great partners who work with Nasa and Boeing and Pfizer, massive companies, that have 10 years of history and millions of users to come in and help us grow better. We've worked with incredible organizations, major universities like university of Wyoming, university of Edinburgh, Tokyo, tech professors all across the world. We've worked with incredible engineering firms like VacuumLabs and AtixLabs and Twig and Well-Typed, runtime verification, QuviQ and dozens of others along the years and despite the fact that at times there's been delays and friction throughout this entire journey we've mostly been aligned and we keep learning and growing. It gives me so much hope that our best days are ahead of us and an almost fanatical belief that success is inevitable in a certain respect. You see because we always find a way to be here tomorrow and we always find a way to make tomorrow a better day than today and as long as that's the trend you're monotonically increasing towards a better tomorrow, you're always going to have that outcome, you're always going to be in a position where Cardano shines bright. Towards the end of the month we'll have a lot more to say about the development side and that'll be a beginning just like Voltaire is the beginning and then suddenly you now notice the beautiful parallelism of the roadmap. Shelley continues to evolve, partial delegation is coming, in fact, I signed the contract with vacuumlabs to bring that to Ledger (and Trezor). The Daedalus team is hard at work to make that feature apparent for everyone as is the Yoroi team. You see that, with now Voltaire, and soon was Goguen, and these are not endpoints, rather they're just beginnings and they're never over. We can always make staking better, more diverse, more merit-based and entertain different control models, have better delegation mechanics, have better user experience. The same for smart contracts, that's an endless river and along the way what we've discovered is it's easy for us to work with great minds and great people. For example with testing of smart contracts I would love to diversify that conversation above and beyond what we can come up with and bring in some firms who have done this for a long time to basically take that part with us shoulder to shoulder and build beautiful frameworks to assist us. For example, runtime verification is doing this with, the EVM with a beautiful project called Firefly to replace Truffle. I believe that we can achieve similar ends with Plutus smart contracts. When you ask yourself what makes a system competitive in the cryptocurrency space? In my view there are four dimensions and you have to have a good story for all four of those dimensions. You need security and correctness. A lot of people don't prioritize that but when they get that wrong it hurts retail people, it hurts everyday people, billions of dollars have been lost due to the incompetence and ineptitude of junior developers making very bad mistakes and oftentimes those developers faced no consequences. The people who lost money were innocent people who believed in cryptocurrencies and wanted to be part of the movement but didn't protect themselves adequately. That's a really sad thing and it's unethical to continue pushing a model that that is the standard or the likely outcome rather than a rare edge case. You have to as a platform, a third generation platformn invest heavily in giving the developers proper tools to ensure security and correctness. We've seen a whole industry there's been great innovations out of Quantstamp and ConsenSys and dozens of other firms in the space including runtime verification who have really made major leaps in the last few years of trying to improve that story. What's unique to Cardano is that we based our foundations on languages that were designed right the first time and there's over 35 years of history for the approach that we're following in the Haskell side that allows us to build high assurance systems and our developers in the ecosystem to build high assurance systems. We didn't reinvent the wheel, we found the best wheel and we're giving it to you. I think we're going to be dominant in that respect as we enter 2021. Second, you look at things like ease of maintenance, ease of deployment, the life cycle of the software upgrades to the software and as we've demonstrated with things like the hard fork combinator and the fact that Voltaire is not just a governance layer for ada and Cardano but will eventually be reusable for any dApp deployed on our system. You have very natural tooling that's going to allow people to upgrade their smart contracts, their dApps and enable governance for their users at an incredibly low cost and not have to reinvent the governance wheel each and every application. This is another unique property to our system and it can be reused for the dApps that you deploy on your system as I've mentioned before. Performance is a significant concern and this was often corrupted by marketers especially ICO marketers who really wanted to differentiate (and) say: "our protocol tested on a single server in someone's basement is 500000 transactions per second" and somehow that translates to real life performance and that's antithetical to anyone who's ever to study distributed systems and understands the reality of these systems and where they go and what they do and in terms of performance. I think we have the most logical approach. You know, we have 10 years of history with bitcoin, it's a massive system, we've learned a huge amount and there's a lot of papers written about, a lot of practical projects and bitcoin is about to step into the world of smart contracts. We congratulate them on getting Schnorr sigs in and the success of Taproot. That means entering 2021, 2022, we are going to start seeing legitimate dApps DeFi projects, real applications, instead of choosing Ethereum or Algorand, EOS, Cardano, choosing bitcoin and they're adding a lot to that conversation. I think that ultimately that model has a lot of promise which is why we built a better one. There are still significant limitations with what bitcoin can accomplish from settlement time to the verbosity of contracts that can be written. The extended UTXO model was designed to be the fastest accounting and most charitable accounting model ever, on and off chain, and hydra was designed to allow you to flex between those two systems seamlessly. When you look at the foundations of where we're at and how we can extend this from domain specific languages, for domain experts, such as Marlowe to financial experts, and the DSLs that will come later, for others, like lawyers and supply chain experts in medical databases and so forth and how easy it is to write and deploy these. Plutus being beautiful glue code for both on and off chain communications. I think we have an incredibly competitive offering for performance and when hydra comes, simply put, there'll be no one faster. If we need to shard, we're going to do that and definitely better than anybody else because we know where our security model sits and there won't be surprise Stanford papers to blindside us that require immediate addressing. In terms of operating costs, this is the last component, in my view, and that's basically how much does it cost you the developer to run your application? There are really two dimensions, one is predictability and the other is amount. It's not just good enough to say: it's a penny per transaction today. You need to know that after you spend millions of dollars and months or years of effort building something and deploying something that you're not going to wake up tomorrow and now it's five dollars to do what used to cost a penny. You need that cost to be as low as possible and as predictable as possible and again the way that we architectured our system and as we turn things on towards the end of this year and as we enter into the next year we believe we have a great approach to achieve low operating cost. One person asks why Cardano? Well because we have great security and correctness in the development experience and tools with 35 years of legacy that were built right the first time and don't put the burdens of mistakes on your customers. They ask why Cardano and we say: well the chain itself is going to give you great solutions with identity value transformation and governance itself and as a consequence when you talk about upgrading your applications having a relationship with your customers of your applications and you talk about the ease of maintenance of those applications. There's going to be a good story there and we have beautiful frameworks like Voltaire that allow that story to evolve and we keep adding partners and who have decades of experience to get us along. We won't stop until it's much better. They asked why Cardano? We said because at the moment we're 10 times faster today than Ethereum today and that's all we really need for this year and next year to be honest and in the future we can be as fast as we need to be because we're truly scalable. As the system gets more decentralized the system improves performance and where and when we need to shard we can do that. We'll have the luxury of time to do it right, the Cardano way, and when people ask why Cardano? Because the reality is, it's very cheap to do things on our platform and the way we're building things. That's going to continue being the case and we have the governance mechanisms to allow the community to readjust fees and parameters so that it can continue being affordable for users. Everything in the system will eventually be customizable and parameterizable: from block size, to transaction fees and the community will be in a good position to dynamically allocate these things where and when needed so that we can enjoy as an ecosystem predictability in our cost. In the coming weeks and months, especially in my company, we're going to invest a lot of time and effort into comparison marketing and product marketing. When I see people say, oh well, you've launched proof of stake, a lot of other people have done. I don't think those people fully appreciate the magnitude of what we actually accomplished as an ecosystem and the quality of the protocols that are in distribution. That's not their fault, it's our fault, because we didn't take the time in simplistic terms, not scientific papers and deep code and formal specifications, but rather everyday language, to really show why we're different. I admit that that's a product failing and that needs to be corrected so we hired a great marketing director, named Liza (Horowitz?) and she is going to work full time with me and others in the ecosystem, a great team of people, every single day to get out there and explain what we have done is novel, unique, competitive and special to our industry. Everything from Ouroboros and contrast to major other protocols from the EOSes and Algorands and the Tezos of the world. Why we're different, trade-offs we chose over them, to our network stack, to the extended UTXO model, to Plutus, to Marlowe and we're going to keep hammering away at that until we get it right and everybody acknowledges and sees what has been accomplished. I've spent five years of my life, good years of my life, and missed a lot to get this project where it needs to go. All of our employees have invested huge sums of their personal lives, their time, their brand, their careers, in trying to make this the really most magical and special cryptocurrency and blockchain infrastructure around. No one ever signed up in this company or the other companies working on Cardano to work on a mediocre protocol. That's just another blockchain, they signed up to change the world, they signed up to build a system that legitimately can look at you in the face and say: one day we have the potential to have a billion users! That's what they signed up for and they showed up to play. They built technology that evolves in that direction with some certainty and great foundations and we have an obligation to market in a way that can show the world why, succinctly, with clarity. Understandably, this has been a failing in the past but you know what? You can always be better tomorrow that monotonically increasing make it better and that's what we're going to do. We recognized it and we're going to invest in it and with Voltaire if we can't do it. You the community can do it and we'll work with you. If you can do a better job and the funding will be there to get that done. In addition to this, we think about 2021 and we ask where does the future take us? I've thought a lot about this you know I've thought a lot about how do we get the next five years as we close out 2020 and here's the reality: we're not going to leave as a company until we have smart contracts and multi-asset and Voltaire has evolved to a point where the community can comfortably make decisions about the future of the protocol and that the staking experience has solidified and it's stable. I don't care if this costs me millions or tens of millions of dollars out of my own pocket to make happen. I'm going to do that because that's my commitment to you, the community and every product update will keep pushing our way there. We'll continue to get more transparent, we'll continue to get more aggressive and hire more and parallelize more. Aware when we can, to deliver that experience so that Cardano gets where it needs to go. Then when we ask about where do we go next? The reality is that the science as an industry, the engineering as an industry has given a menu of incredibly unique attractive and sexy things that we can pursue. What we're going to do is work with the community and the very same tools that are turning on today, the Voltaire tools, the cardano.ideascale.com tools and we're going to propose a consortium and we're going to bring the best and brightest together and give a vision of where we can take the system in another five years. With the benefit of hindsight, massively improved processes, better estimation capabilities and the fact that we're not starting with two people at IOG. We're starting with 250 people and the best scientific division in our industry and the legacy of almost, nearly by the end of this year, 100 scientific papers. That's us, you know what, there's dozens of companies throughout the history who have worked on Cardano. It's about time to scale them up too and get client diversity. So come next year when the protocol has evolved to the point where it's ready for it, we'll have that conversation with you the community and that's going to be a beautiful conversation. At the conclusion of it, there's going to be certainty of how we're going to evolve over the next five years to get ourselves beyond the cryptocurrency space. I'm very tired of these conversations we have about: are you going to go to (coindesk's) consensus or not? Or who's going to be the big winner? What about Libra or what about this particular regulation and this crypto unicorn and this thing? You know I've been in the space a long time and I've noticed that people keep saying the same things year after year in the same venues. Yes, the crowd sizes get larger and the amount of value at risk gets larger but I haven't seen a lot of progress in the places where I feel it is absolutely necessary for this technology to be permanent in the developing world. We need to see economic identity. People often ask what is the mission for Cardano? For us IOG, you look at economic identity and you take a look at a roadmap. For it, you scale up and down, and each and every step along the way, from open data, to self-sovereign identity, to financial inclusion. You can keep going down: to decentralized lending, decentralized insurance, decentralized banking. Each and every step along the way to economic identity. When you admit a blockchain tells you that, there's a collection of applications and infrastructure that you need to build. My life's work is to get to a point where we have the technology to do that. The infrastructure to do that, with principles, and so we'll keep evolving Cardano and we'll keep evolving the space as a whole and the science as a whole until I can wake up and say: each box and that road to economic identity, for all people not just one group, we have a solution for that. I'm going to put those applications on Cardano and success for me is not about us being king of the crypto hill and having a higher market cap than bitcoin or being entrepreneur of the year coindesk's most influential person. It's meaningless noise, success for me is reflecting back at the things that we have accomplished together and recognizing that millions if not billions now live in a system where they all matter, they all have a voice, they all have an equal footing. The Jeff Bezos of the world have the very same experience as the person born in Rwanda and we're not done until that's the case. It's a long road, it's a hard road, but you know what? We're making progress, we have great people in Africa, we have great people in eastern Europe, we have great people in southeast Asia and great partners all along the way. Great people, Latin America, great people in south America, great people here in the United States. When we talk about economic identity there are millions, if not tens of millions of Americans who don't have it. Same for Canadians, hundreds of thousands, who don't have it. Developed western cultures, it's the greatest blind spot of policy and as we enter into a depression as a result of coronavirus, add millions if not tens of millions more onto that list. Generations are being disenfranchised by this legacy system and we as an ecosystem, we as an entire community are offering a different way forward. Not hyper centralizationn not social credit but a way forward where you own your own money, your own identity, your own data. You're not a victim of surveillance capitalism, you're not a victim of civil asset forfeiture. When you say the wrong things, you get shut out of society. Each and every human being matters and I'm optimistic to believe that when you remind people that they matter they're gonna rise to the occasion. That is the point of my company. In the things that we do each and every day, that's our mission to give the platforms to the world so that those who don't have economic identity can get it and they can keep it and no one can take it from them and they can enjoy an ever increasing growth of standard of living wealth and prosperity. However you want to measure that this is my goal post, I couldn't care less about the cryptocurrency space. It was a great place to start but the space needs to be reminded why it exists. Bitcoin was given a mandate on the back of the 2008 financial crisis to do something different. It was not given a mandate to go be a new settlement layer for central banks or a new way for the old guard to make more money and banks get bigger and for those who are in control to preserve their power. The whole point of doing something so crazy as to buy a coin that doesn't even exist in real life, that's just a bunch of numbers in the cloud, the whole point of that was so that we as a society could do something different than the way that we'd been doing things before. So, each and every member of the cryptocurrency space needs to remind everyone else from time to time why we're here and where did we come from and where are we going to go. The beauty of Cardano is we have already achieved for the most part a decentralized brain and that momentum is pushing harder than ever. More and more scientists are waking up, more and more institutions are waking up, getting us there. The code we have, the right approach and I think we have a great competitive offering for 2021 as we go and battle the titans and that's going to be a lot of fun but we know who we are and where we're going and we're in the right places. It's so incredibly encouraging to see the stake pool operators not just be from California or Texas or New York or Canada. To see a lot of stake pool operators from the place that need the most, help everybody does matter and it means a lot to me for the people who are there but it means a lot to everybody to say that we have created an equal platform. It makes the participation of all of us so much more meaningful. We're not just talking to each other, we're talking to the world and by working together on this platform we're lifting the world up and giving people hope. That's the point, there's a lot more to do, we didn't get everything done. You never do you aspire, you work hard, you set a moon, shot and sometimes you can just get to orbit with the first go but you know what? When you build the next rocket you can go to Mars. Thank you all for being with me, thank you all for being part of this. Today was a damn good day with the announcement of Voltaire. Go to cardano.ideascale.com. You can participate in that, so end of September is going to be a good day too. There's a lot of good days to come, in between a lot of hard days, doing tasks sometimes entirely forgettable but always necessary to keep the revolution going and the movement going. I cannot wait for 2021, our best days are ahead of us, because of you. You all take care now . Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BFa9zL_Dl_w Other things mentioned: https://cardano.ideascale.com/ https://www.atixlabs.com/blockchain https://www.well-typed.com/ https://www.vacuumlabs.com/ https://medium.com/interdax/what-is-taproot-and-how-will-it-benefit-bitcoin-5c8944eed8da https://medium.com/interdax/how-will-schnorr-signatures-benefit-bitcoin-b4482cf85d40 https://quantstamp.com/ https://bloxian.com/bloxian-platforms/ (TWIG) https://runtimeverification.com/firefly/ https://www.trufflesuite.com/ https://experts.illinois.edu/en/publications/prism-deconstructing-the-blockchain-to-approach-physical-limits (PrisM and not our Prism https://atalaprism.io/) Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma (aka Gasper and ETH2.0 fucker) https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.04987 http://www.quviq.com/products/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schnorr_signature
2020.09.17 18:58 LandOwn9852The Manuscripts of the New Testament (Bart D. Ehrman)
Before I start explaining what The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture was about, why I wrote it, what motivated me, and what I wanted to accomplish I (quite obviously, you may be noticing) have to provide a lot of background information. We’ve now moved on from talking about early Christian diversity (orthodoxy and heresy) and are now into discussing “textual criticism,” the academic discipline that tries to establish what an author actually wrote if you don’t have his original but only copies made from later times. To set the stage for what I really want to talk about, first I have to summarize some of the most important information about the textual “witnesses” to the text of the New Testament. I won’t be going into this information at any serious length. We could have many, many, many posts on virtually every single detail that I mention. But trust me, you don’t want that. There are three kinds of witnesses to the text of the New Testament, that is to say, three kinds of documents that can help us establish what the authors actually wrote. First, obviously, are …THE REST OF THIS POST IS FOR MEMBERS ONLY. If you don’t belong yet, JOIN!!! Otherwise, you may never know!!! First, obviously, are the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament. These are copies of the New Testament in the language in which the books were originally written, produced by later scribes, who were copying earlier copies that had been made by scribes who were copying earlier copies that were made by scribes…. well you get the point. We have in excess of 5600 whole or fragmentary of these copies. I’ll say more about them in a moment. Second, we have ancient “versions” of the New Testament. These are translations of the New Testament from antiquity, into languages such as Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Ethiopic, Armenian, Gothic, Old Church Slavonic, and so on. We don’t have the “originals” of any of these translations, but only later manuscripts (in the case of the Latin, possibly as many as 10,000 copies!); but where we can use the surviving copies reconstruct what Greek text these versions were based on, then we would know what the Greek manuscripts copied by the translators looked like in the time and place they were doing their translations. This, obviously requires a good bit of technical linguistic skill. Third, we have “Patristic evidence,” that is, the quotations of the New Testament by church fathers who were writing about a variety of things in which they cited the New Testament here and there. If you can see how a church father such as Didymus the Blind, in, say, the year 360 CE, quoted the Gospel of Matthew, then you could reconstruct (partially) what his Greek manuscript(s) of Matthew looked like at that time and place. Part of the problem is that we don’t have the originals of the church fathers’ writings either, but only later copies. This kind of evidence is tricky to use. It is what I wrote my doctoral dissertation on (specifically, on the quotations of the Gospels in the writings of Didymus). I’ll devote a couple of posts to it anon.
Everyone agrees that of all this evidence, the most important is the Greek manuscript tradition of the New Testament, so let me say a few things about that evidence here. New manuscripts of the New Testament – always fragmentary, as it turns out – are being discovered all the time, a lot of them by my friend and occasional debate opponent Dan Wallace and his Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (see: http://www.csntm.org/home/about ). Dan is a professor of New Testament at Dallas Theological Seminary. His Center is set up to photograph and so digitize all the surviving manuscripts of the New Testament, and in the process of traveling around the world to do so, he and his colleagues have discovered previously unknown manuscripts, some of which have not yet been catalogued. The official cataloguing agency for New Testament manuscripts is in Münster, Germany and is called the Institute for New Testament Textual Research; it was started by a famous NT textual critic named Kurt Aland. It is the institute that gives all the surviving manuscripts their official “numbers.” For over more than the past 50 years, it has done the most significant work in studying the surviving textual witnesses of the NT (especially the Greek, Syriac, and Coptic witnesses). You can get a sense of their work at their website: http://egora.uni-muenster.de/intf/index_en.shtml We have over 5600 Greek manuscripts of the New Testament that have been discovered and catalogued. These range in size from tiny fragments with a few words from a verse or two, to enormous full-length manuscripts of the entire New Testament. These manuscripts are typically listed under four categories (the categories can be somewhat confusing because they are not arranged according to the same consistent criteria: some of them are based on the writing material used for the manuscript; some on the style of Greek handwriting; and some on the use for which the manuscript was designed – as I’ll explain below). Papyri. These, as a rule (that is often broken) are our oldest surviving manuscripts. They are Greek manuscripts written on papyrus (rather than parchment/animal skin). We at present have 131 of these. Majuscules (used to be called Uncials). These (some of which are older than some of the papyri) are Greek manuscripts written on parchment/animal skin using a large kind of letter, kind of like English capital letters (which are the kind of letters used for papyri as well!). These are our oldest non-papyri manuscripts At present we have 325 majuscule manuscripts Minuscules. These are also written on parchment/animal skin, but not with majuscule letters but more with a kind of cursive style of writing that was easier and quicker for scribes to produce (and harder for most people today to read). We start getting minuscule manuscripts around the 7th century CE (some majuscules were produced after that date as well). We currently have 2925 minuscule manuscripts (actually, there may be a few more: I’m having trouble tracking down the precise number just now). Lectionaries. These are also written on parchment/animal skin (usually) and are also almost always written with minuscule script, but they are not manuscripts that give an entire NT book or collection of books per se; they are books that take passages from one NT book or another and combine them together for worship services, so that on one day a passage from one book would be written; another day there would be a passage from another book; and so on. We currently have 2463 of these. In my next post I’ll say more about these manuscripts and why they are both invaluable for scholarship and, in some ways, problematic. https://ehrmanblog.org/the-manuscripts-of-the-new-testament/
2020.09.17 18:44 LandOwn9852Patristic Evidence for the New Testament (by Bart D. Ehrman)
Yesterday I discussed very briefly the benefits and difficulties of versional evidence for establishing the text of the New Testament. As it turns out, it is a very big and complex issue, or rather sets of issues. There are large and difficult books written on very small aspects of the versions. One, still authoritative, treatment of the whole shooting match, with extensive bibliography (which is now, of course, out of date), is one of the magna opera of my mentor, Bruce Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission, and Limitations (1977). It’s a great book, arguably his most impressive. In this post I would like, to move into a very brief discussion of one other area of evidence for the text of the New Testament, the Patristic sources. The term “patristic” stands for “fathers” (Latin: patres) of the church – that is, the early church authors who quoted the books of the New Testament in the course of their writings. This too is an exceedingly thorny area of scholarly investigation, and one that I have long been deeply interested in. It is the area that I did my PhD research and dissertation in. So here’s the deal. As I have pointed out before, we don’t have complete manuscripts of the New Testament until the middle of the fourth century – some 300 years after the books were written. We do have earlier fragmentary papyri manuscripts of this, that, or the other part of the NT, and for that we are all exceedingly grateful. But one problem with manuscripts is that we almost never know exactly when or where they were produced. And yet, that kind of specificity is very important for us if we want to know about how the text of the NT was transmitted over the years and centuries. Here’s why. Suppose we have a verse that is worded in two different ways in various manuscripts (the differences may be large, they may be small, but they are in any event differences). THE REST OF THIS POST IS FOR MEMBERS ONLY. If you don’t belong yet, JOIN UP!! It doesn’t cost much, and every penny goes to charity! If we know exactly where and when every single manuscript attesting both forms of the text were produced, that might help us decide which form of the text is the older one and which is the later “corruption.” If, for example, we could determine that all the manuscripts that have one form of the text come from the area around Rome starting in the fifth century, whereas the other form of the text is found in all sorts of manuscripts from all sorts of times and places, then we could probably argue that the former form is a local corruption. The problem is that we don’t know when and where the vast bulk of our manuscripts were produced. The scribes don’t tell us their dates or locations. If manuscripts are written in Greek, then obviously they were produced in the Greek-speaking part of the empire; and we can date manuscripts palaeographically, at least in theory, within about 50 years. So that’s good. But it’s not as good as we would like. This is where the citations of the church fathers become most useful. My dissertation was on the quotations of the Gospels in the writings of Didymus the Blind. We know exactly when Didymus lived and died. And we know exactly where he lived. And so in theory, if we analyze his various writings – we have a handful of biblical commentaries that he “wrote” (he actually dictated them, since he was, after all, blind) – and isolate all of his quotations of the New Testament, we are able to compare them with our surviving manuscripts (say, Greek, Latin, and Coptic) to see which manuscripts are closest to the ones that he most likely had at his disposal. And that would tell us what the manuscripts were like in his precise time and place (in his case, in late fourth century Alexandria Egypt). If we could do that with an entire range of Patristic sources, it would allow us to see how the text was changed by scribes even in times and places for which we do not have any manuscripts. And that would allow us both to see how the text got changed over the years (and possibly why), and where it got changed, and when, and, as a result, what the “unchanged” text (i.e. the text written by the author) probably looked like. So this kind of evidence is extraordinarily important. But it is also unusually complicated. In part that’s because we don’t have the original writings for any of the church fathers (this should start sounding familiar) but only manuscripts from later times that were produced by scribes who sometimes changed the texts they were copying. So the text of the church father has to be reconstructed before it can be analyzed for text-critical purposes. And there’s a particularly thorny issue involved with this: if a sixth century scribe was copying the writings of a fourth century author, he, the scribe, may well have changed the wording of the author’s scripture quotations to make them conform with the text as he, the scribe, was himself more familiar with. But also, even more problematic, the church fathers – in their surviving writings — often do not quote their New Testament texts accurately and did not mean to do so. Sometimes they give long quotations that appear to be word-for-word what was in their (now no longer surviving) manuscripts . But at other times they quoted their texts loosely (as preachers and others do today still); other times they simply paraphrased their texts; other times they simply referred to or mentioned passages. All of these quotations, adaptations, and allusions have to be examined carefully, to see if they probably represent the actual texts sitting in front of the author or not. To complicate matters further, some of our Patristic texts are not in the language that the authors actually wrote in. Most of the writings of the late second-century Irenaeus are preserved only in Latin, even though he wrote in Greek. So too with much of the voluminous output of the early third century Origen. And so on. Each father presents still other problems. Origen, for example, who is probably our most important early patristic source, moved from Alexandria to Caesarea part way through his life. So it’s important to know which books he wrote in which location, and to ask: did he take his Alexandrian manuscripts of the Bible with him, or did he start using the manuscripts that were available to him in Caesarea? And take Didymus, my guy. He was blind. So how do we know what his manuscripts looked like if he never actually saw one himself? And so on. So, the short story is that this is a very difficult field of research. But it’s also a highly important one https://ehrmanblog.org/patristic-evidence-for-the-new-testament/
2020.09.17 13:02 closeprotectionsClose Protection London Close Protection Services London
Close protection – is a concept that has been known for ages – it has been with us since early days of humankind and now its condition is more than satisfactory. Since time immemorial, people have tried to protect their wealth, assets, as well as their own health, life, and welfare. By means of the transfer of gathered goods, wealthy individuals have been paying other parties to protect them, their families, and possessions from others. As a general rule, young, notably strong, and grim-looking individuals have been considered perfectly suitable for such a job. The idea behind such a choice has been to scare away a potential adversary by taking advantage of the very looks of the guard. The aforementioned state of affairs has been observed for the consecutive ages. Wealthy landowners and kings created their own trusted guards (in ancient times and during the medieval age, those were troops designated to protect the authorities; later on, they were transformed into elite soldiers). Aside from serving representative and managerial purposes, such individuals were required to take care of their master and his beloved ones. In the 11th century England, during the Battle of Hastings, King Harold assembled a group of troops to protect his life and widely understood health condition. One may consider them to be the ancestors of modern bodyguards. As both civilization and society progressed, there were an increasing number of various organizations and people. Therefore, the risk of attack was significantly higher. Numerous authorities attempted to discourage potential aggressors from committing a crime by introducing severe forms of punishment. It must be noted, however, that there was still the question if it was enough to protect high authorities and the wealthy from the effects of outside attacks. The protection-oriented market has been developing to be – at some point – dominated by professional soldiers. The said progression has made it possible for police officers to investigate and deal with common, less dangerous crimes only. Together with technical revolution and the increasing social awareness, the number of citizens not satisfied with the current order skyrockets. It is likely to cause radical groups aiming at the change of the existing ruling paradigm to occur. This in turn may lead to anarchy and the increase in people willing to put their antisocial theories and plans into effect. The latter may start from sabotaging the work of others and demolishing valuable devices, but it may also end up in killings. If such a thing happens, one may openly talk about terrorism. The unusual social situation boosts the demand for personal protection. Both the army and police focus on securing the wellbeing of those of high position in the country. The rest of the threatened society must protect itself. The demand identified above has given rise to a new profession – a security guard. In the past, it was performed in a more or less organized fashion and that is why the effectiveness of arising task achievement varied. The attempt on Tsar’s Alexander the Second life on 1st March 1881 is a perfect exemplification of the formulated thesis. The ruler in question was attacked by the members of Narodnaya Volya at 2:15 P.M. A bomb was thrown under the carriage, but its explosion did not harm either the tsar or the horses. Alexander the Second, together with his companion including secret police representatives, started to assess damages. It was a mistake. At 2:20 P.M, yet another bomb was detonated. Its accuracy was notably higher as it managed to severely injure the tsar. He died relatively quickly, even with professional care he was under. At this point, it must be indicated that the demand for close protection increases. However, the perception of it is in a significant number of cases rather faulty, leading to pitiful outcomes. As it was hundreds of years earlier, modern people tend to hire grim musclemen to protect them, disregarding the fact that their intellectual level and possessed knowledge are negligible. Formerly, a test had to be passed in order for a person to be considered a bodyguard. Unfortunately, it does not hold true anymore. On numerous occasions, we can observe security guards stylized to look like stats of action movies, with the lack of intelligence written all over their faces. To give them justice, such people may also perform exceptionally well – up to the time they encounter a real attack. Unprofessional guards may be employed to protect rock stars or boxers. Real bodyguards of today are, however, highly skilled and motivated. They are trained to prevent rather than to counteract, as it may be too late in the latter case. Such people are capable of estimating potential risk and juxtaposing it with the resources at their disposal that may minimize it. Modern security guards are physically active, as well as skilled in giving first aid and driving a car defensively. They can fight without using any weapon – especially by taking advantage of psychology and persuasion. Such people are proficient in at least two languages and are characterized by an above-average intelligence level. The described model of a security guard is perfectly suited to current conditions and the needs of individuals hiring them. VIP close protection over the world – organizations specializing in personal protection. One of the most famous and at the same time – the oldest organized bodies dealing with close protection was created in the 19th century. It was the American United States Secret Service. The USSS was created in 1865 as the US Treasury Law Enforcement Agency. Secret Service is the oldest national agency focusing entirely on investigations. Initially, their only task was to protect the economic structure of the country by means of preventing governmental cheques and bonds from being counterfeited. The mission was followed up to 1901, when president William McKinley was attacked in Buffalo (NY state). The assault resulted in appointing the Secret Service by the US Congress to protect the newly elected president, Theodore Roosevelt. In 1906, the Congress finally adopted the act on the responsibility of the Secret Service for the safety of the White House. Since 1950, the protection has been extended from presidents and first ladies only to vice-presidents as well. Before the murder of John F. Kennedy in 1963 and senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, the Secret Service had been a relatively small organization, employing as many as 284 agents. The discussed events translated directly into its rapid development. Currently, it is stated that over 5000 employees work for the Secret Service. Separate branches of the organization are located all over the United States, in Puerto Rico, and in other places all over the world (Paris, Lyon, London, Bonn, Rome, Milano, Hong Kong, Montreal, Lefkosa, Bogota, and Manila). The representatives of the organization are both secret agents (serving protection and investigation-related roles), as well as uniformed units responsible for the safety of the White House and diplomatic outposts. They maintain law and order by means of the network of both foot and motorized patrols, as well as of fixed posts. Such people also support other branches of the Secret Service. A wide scope of professional is also employed therein – those are electronics, engineers, communication experts, protection-related professionals, and IT workers. The Secret Service protects the president with his family, vice-president, elected vice-president, candidates for the said posts (from the 120th day before the elections onwards), former president, his children up to 16, as well as heads of other states staying in the USA in order to realize international missions. The unit of the Secret Service liable for taking care about the safety of the president in the White House fulfills its duties in identical uniforms. Due to the said fact, the Secret Service is sometimes referred to as the Uniformed Division. Its tasks also include the protection of president’s mansions, diplomatic outposts in Washington, and places alike located within the borders of the USA. Another known formation is the Swiss Guard (Latin: Cohors Helvetica) which was for the very first time gathered on 22nd January 1506 by the then pope – Julius II. Its major aim was to protect the spiritual successor of Saint Peter and his palace. The pope wanted to grant himself protection from the enemies and avoid a political murder. In 1512, the Guard secured Vatican against French soldiers. The Defendants of the Church, as the representatives of the discussed formation were also called, had to face the biggest trail while taking care of pope Clemens VII during the invasion of Roman emperor, Charles V. The boldness, discipline, and resourcefulness of the representatives of the Guard made it possible to save the life of the pope, even though about 600 bold men died in the process. To commemorate the event, a solemn vow of the newly appointed guards takes place every year on 6th May. Each of the Swiss guards-to-be holds a banner in his left hand and raises his right hand with the thumb and two other fingers in an upright position (it is the symbol of the Holy Trinity). Then, the new soldiers promise to protect the pope and – to die in his defense if necessary. The representatives of the Swiss Guard are chosen from men between the age of 19 and 25 living in one of Swiss cantons (basing on contracts with Zurich and Lucerne). Each of them has to be at least 174 cm (5 feet and a half inch) tall and be an unmarried practicing Catholic (according to a special letter issued by the local bishop). Candidates for the service are properly trained, including teaching them how to use firearms, side arms, as well as how to defend themselves and establish proper contacts with other people. One of the items of the list is the proper usage of halberd. Currently, the number of soldiers in the Guard is estimated to circulate around 120, including officers, junior, and senior soldiers. They serve in the formation from two to twenty-five years. It must be also indicated at this point that officers and senior sergeants may be granted by the pope the right to enter into a holy matrimony. Aside from their characteristic outfit, soldiers are additionally equipped with halberds and Renaissance swords – those are the symbols of formation’s tradition. Nowadays, they are also fitted with firearms, tear gas, and excellent communication-oriented devices. With its almost five hundred years of heritage, the Swiss Guard is one of the oldest active defense-oriented groups in the world. One may assume that it will last until Switzerland and the Catholic Church exist. Yet another example of a close protection-focused formation is the Cedrug Order, the major task of which is to take care about the ruler of Tibet – Dalai Lama. It comprises of national spiritual authorities who organized themselves in a form of an order. Thanks to strict upbringing, their physical strength is much higher than the one of secular officials. Therefore, the former are the most trusted soldiers caring about the safety of the leader of the nation. Cedurg School is located in the left wing of Potala – the palace of Dalai Lama, which is in turn situated in the Holy City of Lhasa (eastern Tibet, Kyitsu river valley). Every Tibet citizen is allowed to enroll to the school, but only chosen ones are granted the privilege to join the Order. For several hundred years, there have been a limited number of monks allowed, namely – 175. Only selected candidates have been worthy enough to defend the powerful Dalai Lama. Those are especially bold, tall, and muscular men. The representatives of the Order earned their name in 1959, when they protected the king of Tibet against Chinese adversaries. One of the biggest organizations in the world established to consociate and train bodyguards is the International Bodyguard Association (IBA). The IBA was established in 1957 in Paris by major Lucien Victor Ott. Major Ott had been closely connected to the French Foreign Legion in Algeria since his early childhood. He had been born and raised in the said country. In 1947, he joined the French Special Forces and took part in France-Indochina war. Furthermore, he was the participant of the battle of Dien-Bien Phu that ended with the defeat of the French forces. He was being injured and captured by Vietminh. After a bold escape, he decided to join forces with the French Military Intelligence (Deuxieme Bureau). Major Lucien Ott got famous due to, inter alia, perfect securing of president Charles de Gaulle against the OAS terrorist organization. Thanks to him, 30 prepared attacks were foiled, 11 of which were aimed directly at the head of the state. After the death of the creator of a modern bodyguard profile, major Ott, one of his students – James G. Shortt took care of the management of the IBA. As a young man, he had joined a cadet school. Later on, he had become landing operation troops officer and a member of the elite SAS (Special Air Service) unit. Moreover, during his service, he also taught soldiers in Afghanistan the art of Mujahedeen war. Currently, he teaches security guards, police officers, and soldiers all over the world in the IBA branches. The main aim of the organization is to properly prepare bodyguards-to-be to properly perform their duties. It is not an entity employing such individuals, but those who have presented exceptional skills may become members of royal, diplomatic, or personal guards recommended by the IBA. Coaches being the representatives of the organization trained bodyguards in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as well as helped during the Baltic Crisis between 1989 and 1991. The qualifications of the International Bodyguard Association are exceptional, international, and backed by the documentation concerning the organization of training sessions for the military, governmental authorities, police, and private bodyguards all over the world. Such undertakings have been continuously performed since 1957. The IBA also operates and trains willing individuals in Poland. Its branch was established in the said country in 1992. The basic training offered to candidates includes 60 hours of comprehensive preparation divided into six consecutive days. After its completion, the candidates are required to undergo the so-called refresher once a year. It is one of the conditions of the membership in the IBA. Another training organization worth mentioning is the ESI - Executive Security International. It must be highlighted that it is one of the biggest and most appreciated American companies oriented towards training personal protection guards. Its second name is as follows: Bodyguard Training Academy for Executive, Dignitary and Celebrity Protection. The ESI was formed at the beginning of the 80s by Bob Duggan – martial arts expert and master in Hwarang Do. Its creation had been preceded by the establishment of the very first bodyguard training program by the Martial Arts Academy in Aspen, Colorado. The ESI, being one of the USA’s private schools, offers its students over 2000 hours of education with regard to protection, investigation, data gathering, company and individual security, etc. The training unit of the organization is situated high up in the mountains and is run by skilled professionals. Fun fact – film writer, Tracy Keenan Wynn, cooperates with the ESI. His preeminent task has been to create scenarios of situational exercises. While writing them, the said individual takes advantage of real life situations and attacks, such as assaults on Aldo Moro, John Paul the Second, kidnapping of Hans Martin Schleyer by the RAF (Red Army Faction), and scenarios alike. The ESI collaborates with corporations operating in the close protection branch of industry, as well as with the police and military. The organized training sessions are top secret. No journalists are allowed to enter the Aspen unit. Due to the fact that the ESI is a private school, it may provide professional training to civil, police-related, and military institutions all over the world. The citizens of Israel have never had the chance to feel safe in their country. The issue of safety has been always treated seriously there. Aside from a constant Israel-Arab world conflict threat, the Israelis have been the subjects of terrorist attracts, both within the borders of their country and outside it. Jews and Americans are most frequent victims of operations organized by highly skilled terrorist groups. Taking into account the impact the Russian mafia has on Israel, the amount of care put on widely understood safety is fully justified. The Israeli Special Forces protect their citizens by means of intelligence and security-oriented undertakings. They host training sessions in various organizations preparing bodyguards, providing the adepts with the experience gained during the service. Most famous units of the said kind in Israel are undoubtedly the ISA - International Security Academy and the ISS - International Security School. ISA is an international organization established and managed by former leaders, police instructors, and special service members. The very first unit of the ISA was formed in Latvia as a training and advising agency for both governmental and private security guards belonging to the Baltic States and the countries of the former USSR. The fact that the ISA is not exclusively Israeli in character is proved by the figure of the organization chairman, major Urlich Wegener – the creator and very first leader of German Border Control Service called GSG 9. The team of instructors and coaches also has international roots. The credo of the organization is that the preparation of the individuals for the proper protection of others is the key. Such people have to be offered highest quality training, extensive knowledge, and practical background. The ISS training programs are based predominantly on the experiences gained in Israel and in other countries, as well as while training people for the purpose of protecting VIPs over the world. Individuals, governmental authorities, and large-size corporations have been taking advantage of the services provided by the ISA/ISS. At the moment, civil bodyguards are also involved in close protection. The safety of the individuals hiring them, as well as their possessions depends highly on the qualifications of the former. Quite frequently, those are former policemen, soldiers, or special force members. However, a number of inexperienced adepts would like to start their adventure with personal protection as well. Are they bound to fail in their attempts? It is not always so. The most crucial component affecting the effectiveness of the training is one’s psychological preparation. It is a commonly known fact that it is exceptional in former police officers and troops. However, it is a common belief that one can be trained how to perform the job of a bodyguard, just as it is possible to teach a person how to shoot or be properly engaged in melee combat. It all depends on one’s motivation and willingness to achieve success in the industry. Regulations to date limit the training process of a security guard to the moment of being awarded with a license. In order to perform his tasks properly, such a person has to constantly improve his skills and qualifications. Phenomena connected with the need of utilization of close protection techniques – Terrorism/Terrorist. It goes without saying that terrorism is one of the biggest threats of today’s world. While analyzing the severity of attacks and their scale, one should not doubt that VIPs should be at all possible occasions protected against the aforementioned forms of assault. In order to assess the threat a given problem pose, its specificity must be identified at first. The notion of „terrorism” was for the first time in history used during the Conference of the International Criminal Law Association in Brussels, in 1930. To date, there have been approximately 200 various definitions of the phenomenon in question. While trying to grasp its characteristic features, one will face a number of limitations and difficulties. One of statements of historian Walter Laqueur has to be touched upon here. While asked why he has been avoiding formulating an unequivocal definition of terrorism, he replied: „For 50 or so years, people are constantly trying to understand the idea behind terrorism. It is a phenomenon having different forms, depending on its place of origin and epoch. How can one find common ground between Russian revolutionists from the end of the 19th century and Al-Qaida anarchists? Terrorism is mainly based on the utilization of force or threat in order to achieve political or ideological goals. It is hard to say something beyond that. Terrorism is like pornography – it escapes logical classification, but if one sees it – then it becomes apparent.” It is hard to argue with the statement, as it perfectly shows the complexity of the phenomenon in question. For the purpose of this publication, a strict definition of terrorism is not needed. All that is required is the utterance formulated by Walter Laqueur stating that terrorism can be most fully perceived through its manifestations. Terrorist acts are undoubtedly illegal, as they are based on kidnapping people and forcedly taking control over means of communication, economic sabotage, attacks, robberies, demanding ransom to finance organization’s own activity, posing threat to life, health, and freedom of authorities, and kidnapping people from outside the area in order to gain publicity (especially journalists, priests, voluntary workers). One may also indicate the usage of explosives and firearms in public areas and poisoning certain spots by means of radioactive materials and chemicals. Longin Tadeusz Szmidt additionally pointed out that terrorism has always been strictly connected with crafty and hard to identify methods of killing the leaders of nations. While describing the phenomenon of terrorism as a threat for the protected person, one should also point out and indicate its sources. The following are enumerated: - social and economic sources that are directly connected to economic crises, social tensions, social and national discrimination, as well as with the perception of dissonance between the factual reality and the one presented by the media; - historical and political sources. They have their beginning in severe social reactions, demanding full democratization and respecting human rights; - sociological sources that may be related to the atmosphere typical for a given country or the so-called spirit of violence; - psychological sources stating that a significant part of terrorists is highly mentally unstable which is additionally combined with the overly high self-esteem. When it comes to the area of attack, the following are proposed by the experts: - land terrorism (the major threat area for VIPs and the key one for security guards), - air terrorism (personal protection is then entrusted to the authorities managing planes, airports, etc.), and – maritime terrorism (tasks and responsibilities are then similar to air attacks). While taking into account the type of terroristic activities, one may distinguish: bombing-based, nuclear, biological, chemical, technical, cybernetic (attacks on IT networks), and narcotic-oriented (narcotic cartels undertakings) terrorism. The highest threat for VIPs is undoubtedly the first type, namely – bombing-based one. Close protection-oriented undertakings should therefore incorporate the knowledge on paradigms effective during a bomb attack. They will be discussed in further sections of this publication. It is exceptionally difficult to argue with the thesis that we must be protected against terrorism. The same applies to VIPs. The importance of the latter is also worth discussing, as the threat is much higher when a top authority is attacked than when the assault poses threat to a pop star or a wealthy businessman. However, it does not limit the necessity to analyze and counteract terroristic attack threat. It may directly impact the safety of the person a given security guard is responsible for. Crime is also one of the issues that may endanger protected VIPs. Up to the beginning of the 80s, Poland had been considered to be one of the safest countries in Europe. Law enforcement bodies had been numerous and properly financed there, and crime forecasting, prevention, and penalizing schemes had met all the European standards. However, at the end of the discussed period, the myth of threat-free Poland started to crumble. The effects of crime fighting scene were becoming gradually more negligible. The said state of affairs was predominantly caused by the decreasing trust in law enforcing organizations, as well as by the rapid increase in crimes committed by the citizens. Another important aspect that must be taken into account were economic and political changes taking place in 1989,the liberalization of economic activity, and the emergence of free market. Some individuals possessed unimaginable riches, whereas others were exceptionally poor. In order to survive till the next day, the latter searched for the answer in crimes, leading to the occurrence of the phenomenon commonly known as organized crime. According to official data from 2001, within the borders of Poland, there were over 400 organized crime groups consociating approximately 45 thousand people. They were generating profits by means of goods smuggling, selling stolen cars, producing and marketing narcotics, counterfeiting national currency, commuting bank frauds, selling firearms, and – what is of exceptional importance from the point of view of VIPs – demanding ransom. Criminals induce fear in the society, especially due to using terror and blackmailing. They do not hesitate to kidnap others or kill them. Such individuals resort to brutal treatment, such as beating, torturing, drowning, etc. All those factors combined directly translate into wealthy representatives of the society feeling threatened. What is more, criminals frequently tend to attack the family of a VIP as well, in order to convince him to perform a given action. Therefore, children, wife, and beloved ones of such an individual must be highly protected. Popularity/Fame –The threat of attack may be in some cases linked to the popularity of a given human being. When a VIP is in isolation, then he may only receive unwanted phone calls or be nagged by photographers. The problem arises when he has to leave his place of permanent residence or workplace, as well as when he is in a publically accessible place. Danger may still be low, but the inquisitiveness of journalist may quickly become overwhelming. Fans or supporters of a given sportsman or artist may cause havoc in order to touch their idol or get hold of any item belonging to him or her. Of course, there is also the risk of serious injuries or even death (let us take John Lennon as an example) – it cannot be neglected. That is why famous and popular individuals should by all means care about their safety. The matter also concerns politicians who are widely recognizable and controversial. In politics, there are no limitations. Opponents may even resort to killing a representative of the other side to impose his or her right on others. Elected politicians tend to have close protection, but care should be additionally exercised to care about those running in elections. Such VIPs may be ridiculed by the crowd or the opposition (by throwing eggs or pouring water over the candidate), leading to the end of their political career. The role of security guards should in the aforementioned cases not be limited to physical protection only. They must also keep information about VIP’s family, realized projects, and operation profile confidential. The image of a famous person highly depends on the bodyguards being in his immediate surroundings. The manner of their operation, professionalism, and knowledge are top priorities there. Attack on person – By definition, attack on person is the attempt to kill someone, steal his or her possessions, as well as to kidnap him or her. The criminal action in question has a long history, as assaults have been made throughout the consecutive ages. Their goal has been to achieve a political, economic, or cultural aim. Attacks on person may lead to tremendous changes in the society, which is perfectly depicted by the killing of John Kennedy and Icchak Rabin. In the majority of cases, however, such an attack does not have significantly far-reaching consequences. In order to be effective, bodyguards must answer themselves the following questions – why do criminals attack? How do they attack? How may the assault look like? Therefore, it is highly advised to specify the motif, methods utilized, and consecutive stages of one and every attack on person. Taking into account motifs, one must bear in mind that all the assaults have their agenda. No attack is made voluntarily, without forethought. In the following sections, most common causes of the aforementioned activity are going to be enumerated: Revolutionary or political ones – organized groups (frequently consisting of fanatics) attack others in order to force the society to change the existing system or overthrow the current government (in the attempt to choose a new one). Their victims are often the authorities ruling the country. The attackers, who follow their revolutionary or political agenda, try to win the sympathy of other representatives of the society. Long before the planned attack itself, they distribute leaflets blaming current rulers for the widespread injustice. According to their belief, the elimination of the elites in power would bring positive outcomes for the whole country. Such an action was performed in Armenia in 1999, where members of the government were shot dead during one of their meetings. The terrorists informed that their death would improve the national situation. Economic – terrorists claim that their potential victim is responsible for the poor economic condition of the country, company, or a group of people. In the majority of cases, economic attacks take place in countries where there are extreme disproportions between the wealthy and the poor. It must be taken into consideration, however that it is not always the case, as the assessment of the attackers tend to be highly subjective. Quite frequently, the cause of the assault is the personal conviction that the unsatisfying economic condition of the terrorist is the result of actions performed by the victim. It pushes the attacker into thinking that killing him would aid the situation. Personal – In this case, the wrongdoers are motivated to make an attack due to jealousy, vengeance or other personal causes. Those people in many cases have notable personality disorders, manifesting themselves especially in the inability to control their behavior. The aforementioned state also leads to the failure to distinguish reality from fiction. A perfect exemplification of the motif in question is shooting Zuzanna Leśniak and an artist – Andrzej Zaucha by Yves Goulais in 1991. The trigger there was jealousy. Ideological – The terrorist is convinced that the victim chosen by him has been threatening the values and principles followed by the attacker. The said rules are often of significant importance for both the group he belongs to and for himself personally. Ideological attacks on a person may be religious or social in character. The first case is oriented towards killing a religious person in the attempt to make it impossible for him to achieve his goals. The second scenario relates to the willingness to eliminate the leader of a given social group. Quite frequently, the additional agenda is to make the organization the terrorist is a part of more memorable and popular in the media. Free publicity is an additional benefit then. Psychological – The most commonplace group of attacks. Modern psychology claims that every person using firearms, stabbing others with a knife, or taking advantage of explosives has been struggling with mental problems. The motif is of negligible importance, as the attacker may justify his actions with revolutionary, economic, or personal goals, but the fact is that the driving force is the inability to perceive the world correctly. The assassination of Bill Clinton in 1994 illustrates the above bluntly. Francisco Martin Duran stated that he had attacked Clinton to destroy the mist connecting him to an alien entity. Apparently, Duran wanted to eliminate the mist in order to save the world. Attacks considered as crimes may be triggered by a myriad of factors. Among them,there are: - clashes between the representatives of a crime organization, willingness to demonstrate one’s power or threat the victim (attempt to force the latter to pay ransom or forget about debts), - desire to kill suspects that may endanger one’s business, - attempt to exert pressure on certain individuals or to threaten them for their professional achievements (relates to, inter alia, attorneys and tax collectors). Attack methods to be considered by security guards. Close range attack. It may be performed by means of utilization of: - firearms, - melee weapon (knife, bayonet, dagger), - chemical substance (for example: toxic substance, such as hydrochloric acid). There are no exceptional skills needed to successfully attack a person, as almost everybody can use a knife or a dagger to a satisfactory extent. The same goes with firearms, the utilization of which is as difficult as driving a car. The aforementioned types of weapons can be transported to the place of the assault with ease. The characteristic feature of this attack type is the fact that the wrongdoer is situated maximally several centimeters away from the victim. The difficulty here is directly connected with the inability to improvise the act. It must be preceded by a prolonged observation of the subject, learning his or her customs, daily routine, places he or she visits, and the protection type he or she uses. Only after drawing proper conclusions from the examination, can the terrorist attack the victim. Marek Papała, a police commissioner, was killed due to a close range attack in 1998, Warsaw. Long-range attack – in this case firearms are often used, especially rifles and carbines. It is not an uncommon situation to learn about an attacker who has used a sniper rifle fitted with professional laser and optical aiming devices. The distance between the wrongdoer and the subject of the attack is commonly higher than 5 meters. The former must also be much more skilled than a close range attacker, as he has to be capable of utilizing a professional gun in an effective manner. The death of John Kennedy in Dallas on 22nd November 1963 was the result of the attack form in question. Lee Harvey Oswald, who was a former marine soldier, shot his subject from a storage located several meters away from president’s cavalcade. To perform the act, he used Mannlicher-Carcano, cal. 6.5 mm rifle. The proficiency of the attacker was proven by the fact that he fired three shots and only one of them missed the target. Attack with explosives – it requires notable skills, for the wrongdoers has to build a bomb before performing the attack. He must also know how and where to plant the explosive, how to situate the fuse inside and where to detonate it. Such a person also has to be familiar with the effects of explosion. Assault on Margaret Thatcher on 12th October 1984 showed how patient and clever can an attacker taking advantage of explosives be. Patrick Magee, a member of Irish Republican Army, moved into the hotel where the British prime minister was expected to stay 24 days before the said fact. Every single day, he worked meticulously destroying the wall and placing a 50-kilogram explosive inside the hole. The bomb was then fitted with a timer. It exploded when Miss Thatcher was considered to wash herself in the bathroom – the attacker was perfectly acquainted with her customs. She would have died if she had not received a document to be read. The explosive was detonated five floors above the bathroom located in the apartment of the „Iron Lady”. Six other people died as a result, but the suspect managed to avoid the clever assassination. If you are looking to hire close protection in London do not wait and contact us immiedletly for professional bodyguard services in London.
2020.09.17 12:31 CaptainGordanThrowback Write-Up #20: NB Ridaz - NB RIdaz.com
Artist: NB Ridaz Album: NB Ridaz.com Label: Upstairs Records Released: April 4th, 2004 Background NB Ridaz, formally known as Nastyboy Klick, are a Hip Hop/R&B group out of Phoenix Arizona. Started by MC Magic, the group became popular locally by selling their CDs at swap meets and making personalized songs of their hits for people. They dropped two albums under the Nastyboy Klick moniker, one of which had one of their most successful singles with “Lost In Love”. Their debut also had the hit “Down For Yours” featuring Roger Troutman, who laid down the chorus with his signature talkbox singing. That sound would become a staple in NB Ridaz’s future hits. With the name officially change to NB Ridaz, they dropped Invasion in 2001, with the hit song “Runaway” In 2004 they dropped NB Ridaz.com, their most successful album to date, spawning hits like “Notice Me” “So Fly” and “Pretty Girl”. The influence Roger Troutman had instilled on the group’s sound is especially prominent here, with the talkbox chorus on “Wishin on a Star” and “Pretty Girl” This album also served to promote their website NBRidaz.com, where they sold merchandise and promoted their personalized songs that fans can put requests for. Although the site is no longer active you are able to see remnants of the site if you use the wayback machine. Intro I wanted to preface by saying that the reason I chose this album was because it was huge among Hispanics/Latinos in the US. and in Latin America, but I feel like they are largely unknown to this forum and non-hispanic hip hop listeners. I realized I lived in a bit of a bubble when I overestimated their general popularity on this sub. Living in a large Mexican community, the album and songs like “So Fly” and “Pretty Girl” were inescapable and most girls I went to middle school with including my sister had a crush on MC Magic. I talked about them once in the DD a while back when someone brought up Soulja Boy’s influence by using the internet to blow up and being the supposed first one to really use the internet, and I mentioned how NB Ridaz were using their website to promote personalized songs before Soulja Boy was active, which was then downvoted and followed by a “Who?” response. Anyways after that and testing the waters by posting “Pretty Girl” (which was downvoted), I became aware of that bubble and how the album is not known to the general hip hop audience. To be fair, even when the album was in heavy rotation during release, I noticed it was more popular among girls than dudes, and this sub/website isn’t exactly known for their demographics in the women department. Review One thing about this album is that almost every single song has to do with love or intimacy, whether that be the pursuit and wooing of a new partner, cultivating and strengthening of relationships, or lamenting of past relations, probably why it was more popular with girls than dude. The album kicks off with a forgettable intro followed by U Got Me Hot, which is just a fun song about meeting women at the club and a good track to kick off the album.
Now she was rockin hot jeans Low-cut baby tee Hotter than the Fourth of July in A Z I mean I'm trippin, I couldn't even think Booty so thick she can hold two drinks
Next is Pretty Girl. Though it wasn’t the leading single on the album, it is probably the most popular song from this album after Notice Me. With a smooth beat reminiscent of 90’s G-Funk, and a chorus and verses backed up by the talkbox singing that they picked up from Roger Troutman, this song has everything that makes it both timeless and a callback to the group’s roots. My favorite part has to be MC Magic’s verse, as he blesses us by alternating his rhymes between English and Spanish seamlessly.
Si tu supieras lo que siento Cada vez Que me pongo a pensar en todos los momentos All the good times we've had, me and you, you and I Hot summer nights, making love in July The only girl that didn't give it on the first night Una mujer incomparable, Imma love her life
After Pretty Girl and, the album transitions to its raunchier side with the lead single So Fly. One small detail I always liked about this song is that each member comes in with a short intro setup before their verse starts, with Zig Zag and MC Magic singing their first lines before rapping, and the DJ Scratching on the beginning of Dos’s verse, I thought it was a pretty neat touch. Zig Zag’s verse is iconic too and etched in my childhood since my sister had this song on loop on her boombox.
I know, I been on the road and away from home But I been fiendin' for you Dreaming of you And what I'm gonna do when I have you alone You heard the message On your cellphone, me sayin' "Daddy's home" I'm about to put it down, got you runnin' around Half-naked around the house And this isn't just fast sex We makin' love until we both climax
Next up Tu Eres, a love ballad sung entirely in Spanish. The lines are a bit cheesy, but since it’s a love ballad it’s expected. If you get serious with a Latina who’s in her late 20’s/early 30’s, you’ll get bonus points if you play this for her.
Despertando una manana pensando en ti Tus brazos y besos los quiero sentir Yo te quiero y te amo que haria sin ti? Un angel que Dios me enviado a mi
On Wishin’, the song revolves around getting hurt by being broken up with by an ex, but still wanting them back. Though it sounds great rapping and beat-wise, and the chorus is nice as hell, it’s my least favorite song on the album on subject matter alone. After that the album gets more upbeat on Playaz. Dope hook, classic beat, and great verses all around where NB Ridaz affiliates 'The Hav Nots' lay down some good verses. The album then does a 180 with 4-Ever, a song about committing to be with your partner forever. The chorus features singer Angelina combined with the talkbox singing by the NB Ridaz. Though this is one of multiple tracks on the album that feature the talkbox singing chorus, and not even the only one that also features Angelina on the chorus, they still manage to get creative with it. Next up is Notice Me, which was probably the song that got the most radio play in my area and in general. While being the second song that has both Angelina and the talkbox singing chorus, it still manages to sound fresh and change from a theme of commitment to one of simping. Until I Die is probably my favorite beat on the album, even with dope 90’s West Coast style beats of “Pretty Girl” and “Playaz”. Hearing this makes me wish NB Ridaz experimented more with guitars on their instrumentals. This song is different from the other love songs on the album in that it focuses on growth in partnership, from struggles to sacrifices couples would do for each other. Featured artist and long-time collaborator Big Gemini has a great verse on this as well
I used to say once you're born you're just waiting to die And every day in between is just a waste of some time But in time I was convinced that I was far from the truth Believe it or not I found truth the night I met you So just know that if there's life after death I'm a wait for you there To love you forever for real
Sunshine features the same singer (Mary) who did the chorus on U Got Me Hot, and she easily steals the show on this. This song always reminded of a 90’s R&B ballad, and probably the only song on the album where I think Dos had the best verse. .
Not once not twice but your three times a lady The comfort of your arms got me feeling like your baby Ill be there for you lets make love in to memories Your tender touch and your smile always get the best of me Never let you go or treat you bad ill give you all i have I belong to you and only you girl i want you bad
Sunshine is followed by the Lil Ridaz skit, just an obnoxious skit of these two little kids breaking into MC Magic’s studio and rapping. Kinda wishing they cut this because it’s not great. The skit leads us into the next song, Bounce If You Wanna, that uses the same beat as the skit. Something weird I found in making this writeup is that not a single lyric website has this song correctly noted, as every site instead has the lyrics to the Lil Ridaz skit. I wanted to highlight Kid Frost’s verse because he was nice and it was iconic to have the first Mexican-American rapper to blow up on an NB Ridaz track. This doesn’t exist anywhere else so I might have mucked a few words
Collar stay popped like champagne bottles, it’s full throttle That’s the motto, and I spend dough like I won the lotto Hit trees like there’s no tomorrow Still spittin hot shit for you to bump in your barrio Kid Frost, Two fifths of Hennessey 2002 West, go to push and a half ounce of kush Went triple x, now there’s plenty of bush Pornstars and strippers get snatched with one look It’s the Kiddie crook back with them NB Ridaz O’s and G’s, flippin pounds of keys On the regular, there’s no competitor Take it from the editor, back like the predator Exterminator, Terminator, Violator, Regulator And I’m way too smooth than them brand new wall of gators Kid Frost still a boss and I floss on you haters Fakes and phonies, and all you perpetrators
Southwest Ridaz is up next, and the album is just the group spitting cold hard bars. MC Magic shines as usual and alternate Spanish and English lines like he did on Pretty Girl, except with more hardcore rapping on this track. San Diego’s Mr. Shadow makes an appearance, who was also popular among latino hip hop listeners in the mid 2000’s, but who catered more to the gangster rap crowd. MC Magic expands on how the group started in the skit Magic’s Custom CDs, where he recounts how his group were able to establish themselves by making personalized CDs for them and advertises how fans can use the website to request their own custom CDs, and as a bonus he even includes an example of a custom song he made using Lost in Love as a basis. The album’s closing track, Guess Who’s Back was always my guilty pleasure as a kid. Borrowing my sister’s CD of this album every now and then, this is the track I always skipped to since at the time I wasn’t feeling like hearing love or heartbreak songs, so this one holds a special place in my heart. With this and Southwest Ridaz, the group made it known they can drop bars when they wanted to and aren’t just a group that coasts on love ballads. I didn’t mention the Cho and Lo skits, until now, but they are a series of skits on the album that have a radio duo ragging on each other. I used to like their banter when I was in middle school, but I’ve grown out of it since then Conclusion As I mentioned before, upon doing my research for my writeup, I found that I overestimated the group’s popularity and my perception of their popularity was warped because of where I and who I grew up with, being from a city on the west coast where there are more Mexicans than any other race. In spite of their popularity among Latinos with songs that have +10 million views on youtube, they never had an album chart on the Billboard 200, and even their most famous songs only peaked close to the bottom of the Billboard 100 charts. In spite of their lack of reach outside the Latino community, this album was huge for those of us who did grow up listening to it. Questions For non-Latinos, did you listen to or come across this album while growing up? In light of NB RIdaz's use of the internet to push their albums as did other artists, do you feel that their practices are overlooked when discussing the history of artists using the internet to sell? What is your favorite hip hop album by a Latino-American? Favorite song on NB Ridaz.com?
2020.09.16 00:39 Bluecat0817I got bored and wrote an entire episode. Featuring Lumity, shapeshifters, Brendon Urie, Hooty, and even more things that my computer will underline.
I should probably be doing my Latin quiz right now, but this is way more important, so... Alright. So, this episode starts off with Amity and Luz talking. Luz tells Amity that back on Earth, they have this thing called "friendship bracelets." Luz and Amity make them for each other. Soon, Hooty busts in through the door, and informs Luz that there is going to be a concert in the Boiling Isles, featuring Stephen Crims, Waldo Kenslee, Jen Karlow, Nyssa Orr, and the biggest name: Maison Porter. Porter blew away the crowd with his singing, and he's voiced by Urie. I'll explain my reasoning later. Anyways, Maison arrives at the Owl House. Hooty hits him in the face, but it doesn't faze him. Luz seems to be a little interested in him, and vice versa. Now, you've probably already downvoted, but keep reading until the end. Maison gets familiar with a couple of the witches, but he notices how awkward Amity acts around Luz, based on this exchange.
Luz: Hey Amity! You look great today! Amity (blushing): T-tt-thanks! You also are greating look today! Luz: Huh. That was weird. Maison (suspicious): Yeah. Too weird.
Maison is able to put two and two together, unlike some people. Now, of course, Maison is mad about this. After Luz and Amity have a discussion in which Luz discusses how cute Maison is, and Amity seems visibly heartbroken, Maison looks at her in the hallway and talks to her directly.
Maison: Look, I know your secret. Amity: What? I-I don't know what you're talking about. Maison: I know you and I have the same goal here. But stay out of my way. Luz is mine and mine alone. Besides, you're a student. You have other things to do, and you have parents to live up to. Drown out your feelings. It will be better for both of us.
This really hurts Amity's feelings, but she just goes on about with her day. Later on is the concert. Amity's sitting on a bench away from the concert, obviously upset. Maison performs Girls/Girls/Boys, directed to Luz. Luz, however, is oblivious, and just thinks it's a normal song, despite the fact that there are a ton of pride flags during the performance. Gus, Eda, and Willow jam to the song, and the rest of the crowd is really into the music. After the song, Eda begins wondering where Amity is, and she and King go looking for her. Meanwhile, Maison takes Luz to a spot by the moonlight. They have a cliche discussion, and it ends with this:
Maison: It's amazing. Just the two of us, and no distractions. Luz: What do you mean, distractions? Maison: Well, I was just worried that other people might be interested in you. Luz: Oh, no. Don't worry. I may like both girls and guys, but that doesn't mean anyone's interested in me. Honestly, I'm shocked that you are. Maison: Well, that's good. Anyways, let's just enjoy the moonlight.
Eda finds Amity, and has a discussion with her.
Eda: Amity, what's wrong? Amity: Look at Maison. He's talented, he's handsome, and he's popular. No wonder Luz likes him. Eda: And is that bad? What's wrong with that? King: Yeah! Maison's amazing! I'd date him. Amity: It's just that, (sigh), I thought there was a spark between us. Look at her! She's so naive and careless! Now look at me. I have so many expectations to live up to, and I can't afford making one mistake. She's perfect, but I'm not. I'm upset that Luz likes Maison, but I sure am not surprised. Eda: I feel like you expect me to be shocked at your reveal, but honestly, I'm not one bit surprised. I'm surprised it took you this long to say it. But you're just as good as he is. Sure, he may be popular, but that's not everything. He's never saved Luz's life, never broke a leg to keep her safe, and he never defeated a monster with her. You have. There's so much you have that he doesn't. Besides, he's not like he's transferring to the school. You'll have tons of chances to tell Luz how you feel. It's fine. King: Well, I wouldn't say that...
Suddenly, King drags in someone unconscious who looks like Maison. Wait, it is Maison!
Amity: But he's performing up there! How can he be in two places at once? Eda: I don't know.
Eda casts a spell and wakes up Maison.
Eda: Maison? Maison? Reuben: Who's Maison? My name is Reuben Dorin. Eda: What do you remember? Reuben: Well, I was walking to audition, and then suddenly, I felt stone on my mouth. Before I could figure out what happened, I got knocked out. Eda: Stone? On your mouth? This can't be good. Amity: What? I've studied tons of monsters, but I haven't heard of this one. Eda: It's an Impersonator. Those stone creatures can take the form of someone simply by simply kissing them, forcefully or otherwise. Once they've transformed into that person, they gain all of their abilities and memories. Plus, they retain any and all abilities of someone. Amity: Is that why he was interested in Luz? But why her? Eda: Once they've transformed into that person, they gain all of their abilities and memories. Luz isn't like anyone else here: she knows a lot about Earth. Reuben, do you know portal spells? Reuben: Yeah, I know a couple. I need some information about the place I want to portal to first, though. Eda: If Maison gets his hands on some info about Earth, he might be able to create a portal to Earth and wreak havoc there. King: We have to warn Luz!
Back to Maison and Luz, but now that we know Maison's true intentions.
Luz: You know, Maison, why are you interested in me? I don't have anything that someone like you would be interested in. Maison: I've always been fascinated with the human world. Humans are amazing, and I believe that us together could be amazing.
Amity, King, and Eda burst in through the bushes.
Amity: Luz! Don't trust Maison. He's evil, and he only likes you because he's a shapeshifter who wants to shapeshift into you and gain info about Earth! Maison: Luz, what is she talking about? That's crazy talk. Amity: You have to trust me, Luz! Both of our worlds are on the line. Maison: Luz, look at me. I would never do something like that. Luz: I don't know, Maison. I trust you, but I trust Amity more. You have been kind of suspicious lately. Maison: You said that nobody was interested in you. Luz: Huh? Maison: Forget it. Come on, Luz!
Maison tries to kiss Luz, but Luz socks him in the face.
Maison: Alright, then. Guess we have to do it the hard way.
Maison transforms into a stone monster, similar to Urie's look in Emperor's New Clothes. A fight scene occurs, featuring Maison trying to kiss Luz. Eda tells Luz that she can hold off Maison, and to get far away as possible from him. Eventually, Amity catches up to Luz, and this conversation occurs.
Amity: Luz! I'm so happy you're okay! Luz: Amity! Shouldn't you be helping Eda? Amity: No, she's holding Maison off fine. Anyways, what a wierdo that guy was. Luz: Yeah. Amity: You know there are people so much better than him for you. Luz: Of course. A coat hanger would be better than him. Amity: Who knows? The perfect someone could be right under your nose.
Luz looks down, only to find a flower that Amity put there.
Luz: Aww, thanks Amity! Amity: Of course. What else do you expect from me, your perfect someone. Luz: Perfect som-wait, hold on. Are you saying-? Amity: Whatever you're thinking, it's true. Luz: Amity, I had no id- Amity: Luz, I know we both feel the same way, so how about we cut to the chase? Luz: That would be nice.
Amity kisses Luz, and everything seems perfect. This is a moment that nobody could ruin, except for... Amity? Amity runs in from the bushes.
Amity: Luz! Luz! Luz: Amity? Wait, if you're there, then who's - oh no.
Maison shapeshifts back into stone, revealing he was pretending to be Amity!
Luz: He kissed you? Amity: Yeah, and he's terrible at it! Maison: What do you expect? I'm made of stone. But now I have the power to travel to Earth and bring chaos upon it!
Cue more fighting, and eventually Maison shapeshifts into Luz and they get in a scuffle. Amity's stuck in the classic "Real vs. Fake" scenario. Confused between the two Luzes, she asks for something to prove themselves. The first Luz blows a kiss, but the second Luz shows her friendship bracelet. Amity, knowing the truth, blasts Maison in the chest, severely wounding him.
Maison: You...may have defeated me..., but you cannot defeat the memories. I still can tear Earth apart, and there is nothing...you...can...do.
Suddenly, Hooty comes bursting in!
Hooty: Sorry, buddy, but it's time to get hooted!
Hooty plunges through Maison's chest, breaking him into pieces.
Hooty: What did I miss? Eda: A lot.
Hooty carries King back to the concert, and Eda flies Willow and Gus back as well. That leaves Amity and Luz on the bench. Amity begins thinking to herself.
Amity to herself: Come on Amity, you can do this. She kissed Maison while he pretended to be you, so there's a connection. Just be yourself. Amity: Well, that was a weird experience. Luz: You can say that again. Amity: (hesitating) Well, that was a weird experience. Why'd you want me to do that? Luz: Forget it. Anyways, I wonder why Maison impersonated you. Couldn't he just have forced me to kiss him like he did you? Amity: When you're bent on one thing, all other things get drowned out, including logic. I should know. Luz: What do you mean? Amity: Luz, you know how Maison told you about my crush on you? Luz: Of course! How'd he come up with that? It just seems so odd. Amity: He...didn't exactly pull it out of thin air. Luz: Huh? Amity: Remember how when Maison impersonates someone, he gains their memories? Luz: So... those lies he told me, Amity: Weren't lies. Luz, I'm tired of drowning out my emotions. I am head over heels for you. (grabs Luz's hands) Ever since the convention, I've felt a connection between us. (Luz begins to blush a bit) I never thought I'd even be friends with a human, let alone have one turn me from the perfect witch into a complete mess. This is a total new experience for me. (Amity's voice begins to crack a bit.) I always thought that love was just a distraction from important things, like school and my responsibilities. Well, it is, but that's what makes it so special. Luz, you're perfect. There is nobody I want to spend my time with on this island more than you. Luz (clearly shocked): Oh, umm...Well, I'm a little surprised. I never thought of us as more than friends, but I'm glad you told me the truth. Amity (worried): Are you rejecting me? Luz (also worried): No, definitely not. Amtiy (relieved): Phew. Luz: You've always been by my side, risking life and limb for my well-being. If there was anyone in the isles that could say this to me, I'm glad it's you. You've always been by my side, and I think it's about time that we embrace what we both know is true. Amity: Promise not to turn into a stone monster? Luz: I promise.
Amity pulls Luz in close and kisses her.
Luz: You know, the concert's not over yet. Amity: How about we enjoy the concert together? No monsters, no secrets, just us. Luz: Yeah, that would be nice.
The finale scene features Reuben, now himself, performing Collar Full. During the parts of the song, we see people jamming again, and Gus waving pride flags. Amity talks with Willow during the second instrumental break, between the first chorus and second verse.
Willow: Huh, so Luz finally figured it out. Amity: Yeah. Willow: Aren't you worried about your parents? Or school? Or anything? Amity: That can wait. Luz is more important.
During the piano part, Luz and Amity look into each other's eyes, and they kiss right at the start of the final chorus. The episode ends with fireworks which explode in the shape of Luz and Amity's faces, plus a heart in between. So, that's it. During a school day, in my room, on a Chromebook, I made a full Owl House episode. I take constructive criticism, and can adjust the story as needed. EDIT: Added a third Lumity kiss, and further explanation in some of the scenes. Plus some Q&A: Why'd you select Brendon Urie to voice Maison? Five reasons.
Disney already has ties to him. He worked on Frozen 2. Plus, if SVTFOE can get part of the Holy Emo Trinity, we can get one as well.
Urie's pansexual, and G/G/B is the best song I could choose to describe the scenario Luz was in. The song's about Urie and a girl fighting over the attention of the same girl.
Brendon's a great live performer. He never lip-syncs, and his touring band is amazing. I say touring band because Brendon's the only actual band member left.
Both of the songs I chose are absolute BOPS. Seriously. Please listen to them.
I'm just a big fan of him.
How'd you settle on the names of the performers? They're all anagrams of Urie's former bandmates: Spencer Smith, Dallon Weekes, Jon Walker, and Ryan Ross. Maison Porter is an anagram of Impersonator, and Reuben Dorin is an anagram of Brendon Urie. Why'd you make Urie an evil shapeshifter? I needed some way to be able to get him out of the picture for the big Lumity moment. I figured that making him evil would be the way to go. I chose a shapeshifter because I thought that best explained why he was doing what he was doing. Plus it allowed for the fakeout Lumity kiss. Why'd you choose the two songs you did? Again, they're both bangers, but G/G/B very accurately described the plot of the episode up to that point, and Collar Full is a gender-neutral love song. Plus, the album they're on, Too Weird To Live, Too Rare To Die, has mega LGBT energy. The album title also describes Luz pretty well. Why'd you have Hooty be the one to kill Maison, and not Luz or Amity? I just thought it would be a fitting way. Someone who changes their shape killed by someone who changes their shape.
We are less than eight weeks from the KAT Napoleonic Group Buy, which starts November 9th. I have new renders and alphas to share, including support for JIS, ANSI-JP, Eurkey, and Latin American Spanish.
2020.09.15 08:51 hellowordddVideo Show Partnership with AppGallery Boosts User Downloads
Find more ,please visit Devhub Video Show, an image and video editing app, has concluded its marketing partnership with AppGallery on a high note. The campaign saw daily downloads increase five-fold and seven-fold in the Middle East and Africa (MEA) and Latin America (LATAM) regions respectively. With the objective of driving app user growth alongside app awareness, the campaign ran for two weeks in the LATAM region and five weeks in the MEA region. https://preview.redd.it/i32i4k2f18n51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=b139347f63b0cf8b6dbd917e5ddac7bdad13c9d4 The Marketing Campaign That Keeps Bearing Fruits AppGallery is actively working towards becoming the app marketplace of choice for mobile users. To achieve that goal, the team reaches out to developers to engage in marketing campaigns where different parties share marketing resources to elevate the awareness of each other to their respective audiences. This partnership program allows Huawei to provide the support developers need which, in turn, helps AppGallery to provide the best app experience for the consumers. During this campaign, Video Show integrated two Huawei Mobile Services (HMS) Core Kits, including In-App Purchase Kit as well as Ads kit. The implementation of HMS toolkits within the app allows Video Show to provide an enhanced and smoother app experience for AppGallery users. At the same time, by integrating with HMS Ecosystem, Video Show developers benefit from the operational support that Huawei provides to registered developers. From AppGallery’s perspective, Video Show was advertised prominently in high traffic spaces, including the top banner as well as the recommended list, which guarantees visibility among AppGallery’s 460 million active users. The high promotional effort was maintained consistently throughout the campaign, with Video Show being featured prominently in different locations to capture the attention of AppGallery users. “This partnership with AppGallery is nothing short of a windfall for us. We are thrilled with the results of the campaign and are already exploring more ways that we can work with Huawei,” said WU Yi at Shanghai Aiqi Info. “The integration with HMS kits is not only helpful in terms of the development process of the app, it opens up even more resources provided by Huawei. We are really g rateful for the consistently high-quality support that AppGallery and Huawei has provided.” Due to AppGallery’s marketing support, Video Show’s daily downloads increased five-fold in MEA and seven-fold in LATAM. The growth in daily downloads continued even after the campaign ended, demonstrating the potential impact of AppGallery marketing. In addition, the post-campaign daily downloads, as compared to before, saw a 1.6-time jump in MEA and a 6-time jump in LATAM. AppGallery – Committed to Helping Developers Succeed AppGallery is constantly working to remain the open, innovative app distribution platform that is accessible to all consumers. AppGallery understands that it must be committed to both consumers and developers in order to attain this goal. Thus, Huawei has been providing support and resources to help developers succeed including one-stop operational support for developers worldwide covering the entire development cycle, to incentivise innovation and promote ecosystem prosperity. As the top three app marketplace globally, AppGallery will continue to bring together quality global and local applications. To date, it has aggregated a remarkable catalogue of quality popular applications from around the world, with apps across 18 categories including entertainment, social media, news, and more. For more information about VideoShow, please visit the AppGallery at https://appgallery.cloud.huawei.com/ag/n/app/C101443025?locale=zh\_CN&source=appshare&subsource=C101443025 For more information, please visit the Huawei Developer website at or the Huawei Developer Forum.
2020.09.15 04:54 StevenStevens43From Soloman to Leil
From Solomon to Leil: Legendary history: In this article, i am going to attempt to show just how what we "think" is pseudo-history, and mythology, might actually hold some of the answers we have all being seeking. I am going to begin with a legendary king from Albany, named Leil. Leil
Link for photo Carlisle Luguwaljon: Now, whilst it cannot be confirmed that the City dated as far back as the time of Leil, what we can find out, certainly does not contradict the possibility, that it may. It was regarded as perhaps Albions most powerful pre-roman cities, and was named "Luguwaljon". It is thought to have been burned down by the Romans, and replaced. Ancient history
Link for photo Roman invasion of Albany 25 years: Now, Leil supposedly reigned for 25 years, covering the period of Solomon building the temple of Jerusalem, and Silvus Epitus reigning as king of Alba Longa. (Likely translates as king of Italy and Gaul) Leil
Link for photo Carpetus Liliii Ollom Fotla: Now, i am desperate to find out what other rulers ruled during this period. Well, in Ireland, a high king named Ollom Fotla was the first high king to Install Parliament in Tara. Ollom Fotla
He is said to have instituted the Feis Temrach or Assembly of Tara. Keating describes the Feis Temrach as an assembly like a parliament, at which the nobles, scholars and military commanders of Ireland gathered on Samhain every three years to pass and renew laws and approve annals and records. The Assembly was preceded and followed by three days of feasting. He also built a structure at Tara called the Múr nOlloman or Scholar's Rampart.
Link for photo Tara Solomon: Now, i will go to this Solomon. According to Celtic legends, we are looking for an Israelite that reigned sometime around 934 BC- 921 BC. So let us find out a little bit about this Solomon first. Solomon
For some years before his death, David was engaged in collecting materials for building a temple in Jerusalem as a permanent home for Yahweh and the Ark of the Covenant. Solomon is described as undertaking the construction of the temple, with the help of an architect, also named Hiram, and other materials, sent from King Hiram of Tyre. After the completion of the temple, Solomon is described in the biblical narrative as erecting many other buildings of importance in Jerusalem. For 13 years, he was engaged in the building of a royal palace on Ophel (a hilly promontory in central Jerusalem). This complex included buildings referred to as:
Link for photo Solomons temple 931 BC: However, the bible gives the latest date of 931 BC, and i can find nothing conclusive to support this. So let's try and corroborate the dates given by Celtic legends, with known contemporary history, and find out what we can achieve. Let is begin with a Pharoah that reigned around this period. Shoshenq I: Shoshenq I was an Egyptian pharoah, of Libyan descent, that reigned between 943 BC, and 922 BC. So already it is not looking promising, as he does actually reign during the period stated by the Hebrew bible. Though it might be looking slightly promising, in that, he does appear to have been mentioned in the bible. Shoshenq I
Link for photo Sphinx of Shoshenq I Canaan: Now let us try and find some things which might support Shoshenq I, being king Solomon. He did have a successful campaign in Canaan, and i think we have pretty much covered in previous threads, that for the best part of ancient Egyptian history, Canaan was an Egyptian vassal state. So, this likely would make Shoshenq I, king of Canaan. Chronology
since he may well have lived for up to two to three years after his successful campaign in Canaan
Link for photo Canaan Raid on Judah: Now apparently, the bible attributes Shishaq to invading Judah, and apparently a stele discovered in Tel Megiddo does confirm that in fact this raid was conducted by Shoshenq I. So, we might be on to something here after-all? Biblical shishak
According to these passages, Jeroboam fled from Solomon and stayed with Shishaq until Solomon died, and Shishaq invaded Judah, mostly the area of Benjamin, during the fifth year of the reign of Rehoboam, taking with him most of the treasures of the temple built by Solomon. Shoshenq I is generally attributed with the raid on Judah: this is corroborated with a stele discovered at Tel Megiddo.
Judah Israel: Now, it does begin to look a lot more promising actually. Shoshenq I pretty much completely subjugated Israel, with a heavy handed military foreign policy. Foreign policy
He pursued an aggressive foreign policy in the adjacent territories of the Middle East, towards the end of his reign. This is attested, in part, by the discovery of a statue base bearing his name from the Lebanese city of Byblos, part of a monumental stela from Megiddo) bearing his name, and a list of cities in the region comprising Syria, Philistia, Phoenicia, the Negev, and the Kingdom of Israel), among various topographical lists inscribed on the walls of temples of Amun at al-Hibah and Karnak. The fragment of a stela bearing his cartouche from Megiddo has been interpreted as a monument Shoshenq erected there to commemorate his victory. Some of these conquered cities include ancient Israelite fortresses such as Megiddo, Taanach and Shechem.
Link for photo#/media/File:Kingdoms_of_Israel_and_Judah_map_830.svg) Kingdom of Israel Osorkon I, 922 BC - 887 BC: However, i am not convinced. I would actually rather look at his son, Osorkon I. What was Silvius's reign again? Between 934-921 BC apparently. Osorkon I is 922 BC. So, sneaks in, and no more. Osorkon I
2020.09.14 21:44 seewhyKaiArena Leaderboards: July - August 2020; Overlap of Ashes of Outland and Scholomance Academy
PSA - Read a post I made back in July. Yes, it is a mess. - Update: Europe Leaderboard for July-Aug was added as a separate table to the US and all Europe websites. Europe posts for prior seasons/months are still incorrect.
There seems to be a huge issue with how all the Europe based Hearthstone websites are being run. Towards the end of July, I noticed that a fair amount of "Top Hearthstone Players"/"Arena Leaderboards" posts (likely all news blogs posts though) were being retroactively changed. Many of the Arena rankings on Europe pages have been replaced with those from Americas. I will do a deeper dive soon. I suspect Blizzard is consolidating website teams.
English UK/GB (Europe) website seems to be be a mirror of whatever is posted on the US (Americas) site.
The Portuguese Portugal (Europe) website is no more and just redirects to the Portuguese Brazil (Americas) website. The Latin American Spanish website (Mexico, Americas) is likely run by the same team that runs the Latin American Portuguese website (Brazil, Americas).
Other Europe based websites - some news blogs are in English instead of the native language so those likely just copies of the UK/GB one (which in turn may be mirror of the US one). I suspect most of these are run by the same team. I believe the Russian one may have been a separate one in the past.
The July - August season was from July 1 at 10:00 PDT to August 31 at 9:59:59 PDT. Scholomance Academy launched on August 6, 2020 around 10L00 PDT. This means this Arena season has 2 expansion cycles overlapping for the first time in a while. This season structure also spanned approximately 2 months, much like how seasons should have been during the Arena Rotation format. This is compared last Arena seasons's 2.5+ month season duration. The rankings, as stated in the Americas news blog:
Below are the Arena leaderboards for July 1, 2020 – August 31, 2020. Arena rankings reflect players’ best 30 consecutive runs throughout a season. The players featured below have exhibited top-notch deckbuilding skills, in-the-moment decision making, and unyielding dedication to achieve a most noteworthy feat! For an Arena run to be included in this season, its end time must have been between July 1 at 10:00 a.m. and August 31 at 9:59:59 a.m.
Arena leaderboards for July 1 10:00 PDT – August 31, 2020 9:59:59 PDT
Update: Sometime September 14 before 17:30 PDT, the Europe leaderboard was added as a separate table to the US website. As the GB/UK website and most other Europe websites are mirrors of the US site, those news blog posts also now include the Europe leaderboard.
This is the third time that Blizzard has published actual start/end dates with times - no timezones but I am pretty confident that everything below is accurate. The dates/times on Europe are the exact same as the dates/times on Americas. The Europe dates/times are almost certainly Pacific Daylight Time PDT. The Europe region server (in-game) is based on Central European Summer Time, CEST which is 9 hours ahead of PDT. Note that the "main" Europe site is the UK website which is 1 hour behind CEST. Asia dates/times are listed as between July 2 at 2:00 AM and September 1 at 1:59:59 AM. The Asia region server is based on Korea Standard Time, KST which is 16 hours ahead of PDT. For those curious, here are the threads and spreadsheets for prior seasons:
The name is derived from the Germanzum rothen Schild (with the old spelling "th"), meaning "at the red shield", in reference to the house where the family lived for many generations (in those days houses were designated not by numbers but by signs displaying different symbols or colours). A red shield can still be seen at the centre of the Rothschild coat of arms.
Link for photo Rothschild family crest Red: Now, let us take on board the information received from FetterJoint, and work out whether or not this strengthens my position, or weakens it. So let us look at the meanings of "Roth", once again. Roth obviously has strong connections with the word "red". I will also only point out the definitions which best support my position. I will however produce a link, which links directly to the list of definitions, and you can decide yourself if i left anything out which would "contradict" my argument. But 3, 4, 5 were left out due to irrelevance. Roth surname)
The spilling of blood from the warrior class of ancient Germanic soldiers;
Ethnic name for an Anglo-Saxon, derived from rot (meaning "red" before the 7th century), referencing red-haired people;
Derivative from roe in the ancient Danish language to signify (of) a king;
7, Of the red colour of clay, as in pottery (German). Ebraucus: Now, i aim to attempt to find out where the orgins of Rothechtaids becoming "Red shields", might come from. And i will begin with a supposed king of Albany (Scotland) from approximately 1060 BC to 1010 BC, named Ebraucus. Now, according to British legends, Ebraucus founded the village of Eboracum, which later evolved in to the City of York. I will also just add. It is in fact likely not true that Scotland did not get conquered by the Romans. As i have revealed in prior threads, there is a natural border between Northern Britain and Southern britain running all the way between the river Humber, just below York, and the Lake district, in the form of rivers and streams that flow out in to the Irish sea. In British legends, this marked the border between Loegria (England) and Albany (Scotland). So when the Romans conquered Eboracum, that was likely Albion/Caledionia, and they pushed the border up to Hadrians wall. Ebraucus
He founded two settlements: Kaerebrauc, the City of Ebraucus (Eboracum), north of the Humber (this later became York,
Breton: So what evidence is there to suggest this is true? Well, in actual fact, contemporary historians and scholars, agree, that the Brythonic language evolved out of the old Albannach speaking kingdom of Alclud, when Alclud became "Breton", the capital of Strathclyde, not long after the Romans left. Strathclyde
Link for photo Strathclyde Town of Maidens: Apparently, Ebraucus also built the town of Maidens, which was supposed to be an ancient settlement on the castle rock, which is the location of todays Edinburgh castle. Ebraucus
According to Polydore Vergil he "builded the town of Maidens, now called Edinburgh Castle,
The name "Maidens' Castle" (Latin: Castra or Castellum Puellarum) occurs frequently up until the 16th century. It appears in charters of David I (r. 1124–1153) and his successors, although the reason for it is not known. William Camden's survey of Britain, Britannia (1607), records that "the Britans called [it] Castle Myned Agned [winged rock], the Scots, the Maidens Castle
Following the death of his father, Mempricius, he became king and reigned 39 years. According to Geoffrey he was admired, tall, and remarkably strong. He was the first to wage war on the Gauls since the time of Brutus. By pillaging the cities and shores and slaughtering many men
King Maddan: Now, Embraucus grandfather, just so happened to be King Maddan. So, more likely Maddans town. It has already been revealed in a quote earlier, that Embraucus is the son of Mempricius. Mempricius
Enna Airdech: Now, i understand this all might be hard to follow, and might be getting confusing, but you might just have to read things over carefully. Enna Airgdech was an Irish high king that avenged the death of his father, by killing Oengus Olmucaid. Enna Airgdech
Énna Airgdech ("rich in silver", also spelled Airgthech, Airgtheach), son of Eochu Mumu, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power after killing the previous incumbent and his father's killer, Óengus Olmucaid,
Oengus Olmucaid: Oengus Olmucaid, was an Irish high king who was credited with conquering the whole of Albany, aswell as the Orkneys, and probably Germanic parts of Scandinavia (Schleswig) Oengus Olmucaid
Rothechtaid mac Main 1005 BC until 980 BC: Now, Rothechtaid mac Main also reigned as high king of Ireland from 1005 BC until 980 BC. He also killed the person which killed his grand-father, and king of Albany, Oengus Olmucaid. This would effectively make Rothechtaid mac Main, the King of Albany, and most likely related to Ebracus through Maddan and malin. Or, Maen, depending upon dialect/ Rothechtaid mac Main
Silver shields; In order to win the throne back, Rothechtaid mac Main defeated an army (likely lombards) which used silver shields. Enna Airgdech
Énna Airgdech ("rich in silver", also spelled Airgthech, Airgtheach), son of Eochu Mumu, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power after killing the previous incumbent and his father's killer, Óengus Olmucaid, in the battle of Carman. He is said to have made silver shields for his nobles in Argatros. He reigned for twenty-seven or twenty-eight years, before being killed by Óengus' grandson Rothechtaid mac Main in the battle of Raigne.
Red hair: Now that i have hopefully established that Rothechtaid mac Main and Ebraucus are likely the same person. I will now attempt to highlight why "Roth" appears to be synonymous with the word "Red". Red hair is pretty much synonymous with people from North west europe, and you do not get any farther North West europe, than Ireland and Scotland. Red hair
Link for photo Red haired warriors chasing the Greeks, in Greece, 340 BC Queen Tati: Now, this surprisingly brings me to just before the time of the Hyksos, which likely began when a foreign king named Sheshi, married an Ethiopian queen named Tati, in order to forge a Canaante union with Upper egypt and Canaan, much to the displeasure of the native lower Egyptians, that placed Teti on the execration texts, which were pretty much the Egyptian equivalent of todays terrorist register, minus the voodoo dolls. Queen Tati)
Tati's seals have been found at Leontopolis) and Abydos. Since her scarabs are of two designs, this has allowed them to be dated to the reign of Sheshi, since the designs correspond to a change that took place during his reign, as evidenced by his hundreds of surviving seals. The most likely explanation for her prominence is that she was the wife of Sheshi.#cite_note-FOOTNOTERyholt199753-1) The Egyptologist Kim Ryholt suggested that Tati's marriage was probably part of a dynastic alliance between Sheshi and the Kushiterulers of Kerma. This is suggested by the strong relations the Fourteenth Dynasty is known to have had with Kerma, as well as by the names of Tati and her presumed son.#cite_note-FOOTNOTERyholt1997114%E2%80%9315-3) The name Tati is attested in earlier execration texts naming a Kushite queen (spouse of Awaw) as one of the enemies of the pharaoh.
Link for photo#/media/File:Scarab_BM20824_Newberry.png) Tati painting Sheshi: So, it appears, this foreigner got in to the Nile delta, to establish a dynasty known as the Hyksos, by marrying an Ethiopian princess, regarded as a terrorist by Lower egyptians. Sheshi
Ryholt proposed that Sheshi allied his kingdom with the Kushites in Nubia via a dynastic marriage with the Nubian princess Tati). Ryholt further posits that the son of Sheshi and Tati was Nehesy, whose name means "The Nubian", whom he believes succeeded Sheshi to the throne as the pharaoh Nehesy Aasehre.
Link for photo.jpg) Sheshi cartouche Ahmose I: Of course, as has already been established in previous articles, the descendants of the Sheshi & Tati marraige, would later turn against their foreign roots, and ally themselves only with their Kushite roots, and would expel the foreigners during an uprising in 1549 BC. Ahmose I
During his reign, Ahmose completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the Nile Delta, restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt and successfully reasserted Egyptian power in its formerly subject territories of Nubia and Canaan.
Link for photo Ahmose I Amschel Moses Rothschild: Now, this brings me to the Roth uprising to internation prominence beginning with Amschel Moses Rothschild. Overview
Thutmosis IV: Now, it just so happens that one of Ahmose I's descendants, was part of a Moses dynasty, which waged war, invaded, and conquered, Mesopotamian lands, which included war upon Aryan kings, and the result was the Indo-Aryan Hittite empire being sent from Southern Asia, and Northern europe, to fight the out of control native egyptians. However, as the Moseses are actually partially descended from the people they are fighting, they might themselves have certain Northern biological components in their Nubian genes. For example, Thutmosis IV, had reddish hair ! An African with Reddish hair !! Buriel
His hair, which is parted in the middle, is about 16 cm (6.3 in) long and dark reddish-brown.
Link for photo Thutmose IV Summary: So does this make the Rothschilds Jewish? Does it make them related to Moses? Does it make them Nubians? No, i do not think so. It probably just means, Sheshi, probably liked his Haggis. Also, it probably also means, you do not need to be Jewish to be a Zionist. Even red haired people may think they have an entitlement to the Egyptian throne, or were somehow wronged by Sheshi's grandchildren!
2020.09.14 12:07 hellowordddAppGallery is Working with Global Partners to Strengthen the Ecosystem and Enrich the Lives of Many
• AppGallery helps global brands and locally popular brands such as TomTom, Bolt, Emirates, Sberbank and Kumu achieve business success • Additional initiatives to work closer with partners include building three new global ecosystem cooperation labs and five new global developer service centres https://preview.redd.it/frmg3195l2n51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=eb45e9c7091fc9c1c1721ab9a3bc8df21e176cc0 Dongguan, China, 10 September 2020 – Huawei has today shared important updates on AppGallery at the Huawei Developer Conference 2020 (Together). Delivering his keynote speech, Mr Wang Yanmin, President of Global Partnerships and Eco-Development at Huawei Consumer Business Group highlighted AppGallery’s achievements in the first three quarters of 2020, outlined the comprehensive support Huawei provides for its global partners and shared success stories to inspire developers. “Despite increasing challenges, AppGallery and the Huawei Mobile Services (HMS) ecosystem has continued to show progress this year, all thanks to our global partners. With this strong support and recognition, we will continue to invest in the ecosystem as we build one of the top three app distribution platforms in the world. We are confident that as we continue to work closer with our partners, we can help them to grow and achieve their business goals, especially for those locally popular names who are looking to expand into other global markets,” said Mr Wang Yanmin.
AppGallery and the HMS ecosystem continue to flourish in 2020
AppGallery now dedicates itself to meet the diverse needs of 490 million Monthly Active Users (MAUs) in over 170 countries/regions with. Within the first half of 2020, user app downloads reached 261 billion, underscoring the popularity growth of this app marketplace among users. Currently, 1.8 million developers globally have joined Huawei Mobile Services ecosystem and more than 96,000 applications have integrated with HMS Core worldwide, offering users even more unique experiences.
Meeting user need by bringing diversified local apps
An underlying priority for AppGallery is reaching the diverse needs of users across different regions and provide them with relevant and quality app services. AppGallery’s ‘Global + Local strategy’ is an innovative approach to app listing that provides consumers with an enhanced experience by focusing on popular local apps. Some globally popular apps and services will always be the preferred choice for consumers around the world. With the support of influential global partners, Huawei’s ecosystem continues to grow, with partners such as Bolt, Deezer, Foodpanda, TomTom Go Navigation, LINE, Qwant and Telegram joining AppGallery to make life more convenient for users. Local developers are quickly realising the wide-ranging benefits of listing with AppGallery as consumers also often prefer their own local apps and services too. In Middle East & Africa, the favourite local messaging app Imo and the well-known online shopping platform noon shopping are available on AppGallery. In Europe, BBVA, one of the largest financial institutions in the world, and Allegro, a popular online shopping app has come on-board the AppGallery platform. In Latin America (LATAM), AppGallery has onboarded Bancolombia, one of the largest bank in LATAM, and Linio, the leading e-Commerce marketplace. In Asia Pacific, the popular travel booking app Agoda and Lazada, one of the top e-commerce sites are listed in AppGallery.
Developers are at the heart of Huawei’s innovation
Partners are joining AppGallery to utilise Huawei’s innovative technology and HMS core, enabling traditional sectors to fast-track digital transformation. Huawei’s fully open HMS Core helps accelerate app innovation and elevate user experience. With these capabilities and services, users will be able to enjoy differentiated experience from apps, thus to bring more business opportunities for add developers as well. Sberbank, the largest bank in Russia with more than 67 million active customers locally, partnered with AppGallery to launch its own Near field communication (NFC) contactless payment supported by HMS. Within 11 days, over 21 million users have downloaded the app with 3.2 million installation. Separately, Grabjobs, a leading recruitment platform in Asia, is integrated with Caas Kit that allows the app to conduct in-app recruitment and interviews. Meanwhile, 3D facial recognition payment via PayBy supported by Security kit makes payment securer. Sweet Selfie also managed to add super night mode and anti-shaking in its features list after integration with Camera kit.
AppGallery’s full-spectrum support sees partners achieving business success
AppGallery provides full-spectrum operational support for developers worldwide and assist them to unlock new opportunities, such as cross-region operation and global exposure. To date, a number of partners from various regions have benefited from AppGallery. Tom Tom, one of the world’s leading navigation brands, has both of its popular navigation apps TomTom Go Navigation and TomTom AmiGO listed on AppGallery. Through joint marketing efforts with Huawei, TomTom AmiGO saw 22 times growth in download rate; Bolt, a ride-hailing application saw an increase of 136 times in European and Africa downloads from week one to week thirteen; Kumu, a TV livestream app from the Philippines, worked with AppGallery to launch a Mother’s Day campaign. In the first 15 days, there was 220% increase in Kumu’s premium users, and its revenue grew more than 40 times. Huawei also has extensive support to assist developers explore business opportunities in China and other global markets, by providing relevant consulting service, localization and integration, marketing and campaign services. A spokesperson from newly joint partner Emirates said: "It’s our pleasure to build a collaboration with Huawei in order to provide the best possible customer experience…The engaging tools that are available on the AppGallery can help us create closer bonds and experiences with more customers, especially in China, which is a significant market for us. The next phase of our collaboration will roll out soon and is aimed at benefitting passengers at every step of their journey, from trip planning to arriving at their destination.” Since last year, Huawei has helped over 700 partners enter the Chinese market.
Huawei pledges to work more closely with developers and partners
Going forward, Huawei continues to expand developer services. Huawei is building three global ecosystem cooperation labs in Russia, Poland, and Germany to serve global developers and provide enablement, testing, and certification services. Five global developer service centres will also be established in Romania, Malaysia, Egypt, Mexico, and Russia, providing local services and platforms to help developers better grow and innovate. Huawei has always and will continue to welcome global developers to join the HMS ecosystem. We believe that by working closely together, we can bring a better, smarter app experience to global consumers. After all, when tiny stars come together, they form a brighter constellation. For more information, please visit the Huawei Developer website at https://developer.huawei.com/consumeen/ or the Huawei Developer Forum at https://forums.developer.huawei.com/forumPortal/en/home
2020.09.13 23:52 ParisG5292003My (17F) Boyfriend (18M) of Over a Year Lied to me About his Sexual History and I Think it Might be a Dealbreaker
I think my background information is important here. I was brought up in a socially conservative family. While I have never really gone to church, but my parents have always told me that young people, particularly girls, should be coy and abstain from sex. While I think what they told me is a bit archaic, I still internalized it regardless. As a result, my mind drifts to a feeling of judgment when I hear someone has had sex at a young age, especially when they aren’t in love. While I am working on being less judgmental and more accepting, I still struggle with it nonetheless. My boyfriend and I have been together for over a year (been official since May 2019). Our relationship has been great. He is my best friend and I love him. He knows that I’m not ready to have sex yet and has been understanding. Whenever we have talked about it, he says that he feels the same way and would only want to do it with someone really special. I always thought that was sweet and have always felt respected that he has never tried to pressure me into something I’m not ready for. That’s how I have felt for most of our relationship. But a few weeks ago, something happened that might have changed that. There is a girl in our grade who I am friendly with, but she isn’t one of my good friends. She is the only other girl in my AP Latin class (and it’s been that way since Freshman year) so we have always sat together in it and pair up whenever our teacher has us do group work/group projects. Our teacher had us split into pairs to put together a presentation to explain the grammar of a section of the first book of the Aeneid for a free 100 in the grade book, and I partnered up with this girl. A few weeks ago the two of us were FaceTiming while finishing up the slideshow and after we finished we talked a little bit about gossip we had heard. After, she asked me how things were with my bf and if we had done anything. I told her that both of us wanted to wait. She got really interested in the conversation after I said that and told me that one of her friends from her soccer team (who goes to a different school) briefly dated my bf our Sophomore year and her friend said that they had sex while they were dating. I didn’t believe her at the time. My bf has never lied to me before. He had told me about that girl before and said they kissed a few times, but that was it. I tried to just ignore it and go on with my life. The thought that he might have lied to me wouldn’t go away though, and a little over a week ago when we were FaceTiming I decided I needed to hear what he had to say about it. I tried to ask him as nonchalantly as possible how far he had gone with that girl. He told me they didn’t go beyond making out. I then told him that I had heard from one of the girl’s friends they had sex and I just wanted to hear the truth. He got all awkward and seemed embarrassed after I said that. He then said that I deserved to know and told me that they did have sex a few times while they were dating. I think he knew it made me uncomfortable, so he tried to make it better by saying it was almost two years ago and he only did it because he wanted to lose his virginity and that he loves me and I obviously mean more to him than that girl ever did. He then said he was really sorry for not telling me about her, but he said he didn’t wanna ruin our relationship. I said we were fine and made up an excuse to get off the call soon after. Since then things have been awkward and strained, and I am horribly confused. He’s been extra sweet, but it isn’t helping. I can’t help but think about the other girl whenever he hugs on me or kisses me or snuggles up next to me. He’s still the same guy he was before, but things feel different now. Not only has he done something he acts like he would never do, but he omitted that fact for a year. I think I could have gotten over it if he was up front about it, but he wasn’t. I’m mortified I had to find out about it from the girl I sit next to in Latin. I’ve always been taught that sex is sacred, and I thought he felt the same way. I can’t help but wonder if I should break up with him if I’m struggling this much. It would really suck, but it might be the best thing I can do for the both of us. After all, we’ll be going away for college less than a year from now and we wouldn’t have to see each other ever again. He honestly is a good person. He deserves someone who can get over his past. On the other hand, I really do love him. Other than something that he did before we ever got together, he’s been a great boyfriend. No one makes me laugh harder than him and I am happy when I’m with him. Since we’ve been together at least, he’s had the same values as me. He’s always treated me with kindness and respect. Maybe it’s something that I can get over with time. Does this one thing warrant throwing away an almost 18 month long, otherwise great and healthy relationship? Can we work through this? Would breaking up with him be the best thing to do? I can’t really talk to anyone about this because if I confided in my older brothers or sisters, they would get protective and wouldn’t let him get anywhere close to me ever again. I love my friends, but they really like to gossip, and I don’t want it to get back to my bf that I am thinking about breaking up with him. I am really struggling here and any advice would be greatly appreciated. tl;dr: my boyfriend of over a year had sex with someone before we started dating and I just found out. It makes me feel insecure and confused and I think I might want to break up with him over it, but I’m not certain that’s what I want to do either.
2020.09.13 11:47 fgs78ejlfsMy mom in China keeps mentioning moving here with me in the US.
A few background is that I grew up in China and my mother was physically and emotionally abusive. However in the traditional Chinese culture parents are always on the right. I am still expected to take care of her when she gets old, especially I am an only child. My mother does not quite admit what exactly she did to me but I remember a lot of stuff. She is somehow very proud that I am now very successful and takes credit for that. I was taken to the heart doctor as a kid. I had irregular breath pattern. Turned out my heart is ok, my irregular breath pattern is physiological. I fear every day. When I see an adult, I wonder if I can ever become one. It is so difficult every day, how can I make it for another 20 years? She would beat me on the top of my head, saying ohhh I wish you brian get damaged so you will be more quite. Even if I just told her I cannot finish the ice cream i am full. I cannot be tired, cannot be sleepy, cannot be too silence, cannot be too loud, cannot be hungry, cannot be full. I just get beaten for random reasons. She also threw furnitures out the window where there are pedestrians passing by, because my dad bought a furniture she does not like. I like when my mom has her friends over. She does not beat me or yell at me in front of her friends. Maybe some slight negative remarks that is all. Sometimes I have to talk to those aunties. Those aunties are cool, they supported me. They listened to me. I have to really really admit it to myself. My mother is violent, abusive both physically and emotionally. I am hurt. I live in the US and my husband is American. I am very assimilated to the western culture and I know from a western point of view I have every right to refuse a multiple generational living situation, especially when my mother was abusive. I needed a very firm confident to say no. Despite how much she is going to try, I am not living in a multigenerational household. It is just bad for my health. I tried so hard to leave when I was from and make a good life, I do no want to be hunted with those unpleasant experiment. Even my husband because he is always very western in terms of value, strongly supports that we do not live in multigenerational household. I just have to confront my mother and no matter how much shame I experiment, do not cave in. I am not lacking any sympathy for my mother, who grew up with extreme poverty and propaganda. I was the hope of upward mobility and status. I also won’t think she would abuse my children since I already earned the status and face she needed. And she know in some sense I am the way I am, very westernized and independent, because of how I was raised. However, she will keep taking credit for my current achievement and try to show me off to her friends as a trophy, and deny how I was hurt. I am, jn some way, just being used as a tool. I have the potential to bring her the social status she did not have, but I am not at the same time a person with feeling and needs. Even just today she admitted children is a product of a mother. I do not agree. Children are just independent individuals who need support until them come to age. The traditional kongfusion value where parents have the absolute authority is also a tool she used to shame me. She is like “how can you forget your mom who raised you”. However I think the value system itself failed to hold parents accountable. It is unfair for the kids who grew up in an abusive environment. She also keeps lecturing me the notion that parents are more important than spouse. How she and my father divorce and became enemy. I am sorry that their marriage did not work out, but I believe in my own marriage. We have each other understanding, support and sympathy, we are not my mom and my dad. She claims victory of my “success”. She thinks she raised me well. I am not a “success”. I worked so hard, not to be successful, just to be safe. I have no other choice. I had to study really hard, get a school in US, go to interviews, get a job in US, go on dates, with my awkward English, because I have to find myself a safe place. I am still working a highly demanding job and doing my best. I am still working on my relationship with my husband despite that I have so much trauma. I battle with self esteem issue, shame, fear, and I know I need my space from the person who contribute to a decent portion of my trauma. I did not know what I needed and might not be able to stand up for myself. But I do now. I am learning a bit every day. I am still a sentimental person however I do not miss my childhood. Those colorful salsa I have in Florida really brings up the sentimental feeling I have. Chinese home cooked meal just does not. Thanks for all the comments! I am flattered with all these warmth and sympathy. I straighten thing out with her earlier and I was quite kind but unapologetic. I think I did it! I would still be friends with her but I am in charge of the boundaries and not longer the pushover. Another thing is I set my default app to use with my phone to be reddit instead of wechat(Chinese chat/social media app) . Other app is Youtube, Gmail and LinkedIn. These sources are much healthier than what I see with wechat. Check my wechat less often. She did not treat me with compassion and empathy. And she never well. I might think she changes. But she does not. She will do what she has to get me to think she is different. But she is the same. Manipulate. Guilt trip. Some kids were raised with sympathy, support and compassion. However not all kids are that lucky. Some parents are just toxic and kids just have to distance themselves. No shame. Of course she might have a very lonely senior year. And I feel sorry for her. She also makes me feel more sorry for her by telling me how lonely she is. But you know what? If someone decides to be a toxic abusive parent, they might have to be a lonely senior. She did not feel sorry for me when I was that helpless child who fear every day and could not breath. I shall not feel sorry for her. “孝” means respect the parents. However, just like a lot of traditional, this concept needs some update. There are people who suffer from childhood abuse, they probably spend most of their childhood thinking it is all their fault, that they are bad kids. As a adult they need a lot of reflection work just to recognize that their caregivers were abusive. They need their prescription which is boundary with their abuser. It is just like people who needs medication, glasses, hearing aids, wheelchairs. You cannot deny people of their need. These people have to set their own prescription based on their own situations. It is case by case. They don’t deserve more judgement. I cannot live with my mother for more than one week a year. That is what I need. And I don’t have to judge myself for needing. I find Latin American food very sentimental. I mean I cannot look at taco and salsa and not smile. I guess Latin American food is the biggest food discovery (there are American fast food in china but no Mexican food, cuban food, Peruvian food, etc) when I moved to the US that is my I have this emotional attachment to Latin American food. I also find rock and roll very sentimental.
Eochu Uairches 633-621 BC: Eochu Uairches was an Irish high king, that is reported to have left Ireland for 12 years, during the second halve of the 600's BC. Apparently he left Ireland in a fleet, to wage war and plunder neighbouring countries. Now this might appear to just be trivial and unimportant legend, but, in actual fact, just this little snippet of information may be more indicative and consistan with the happenings going on in the world around this time. And this is what i hope to highlight in this article. Eochu Uairches
Eochu (or Eochaid) Uairches, son of Lugaid Íardonn, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. After Lugaid was overthrown and killed by Sírlám, Eochu was driven into exile overseas, but he returned after twelve years, killed Sírlám with an arrow, and took the throne. His epithet is obscure: the Lebor Gabála Érenn says he gained it because of his exile, while Geoffrey Keating explains it as meaning "bare canoes", because he had canoes for a fleet, in which he and his followers used to plunder neighbouring countries.
Link for photo Tara stone (biography) Kaska invasion: Now, it is likely that were Eochu Uairches went, is connected to a war which began in around 1450 BC with the kaska invasion. As has already been established on other threads, the Egyptian pharoah Ahmose I, in 1549 BC, led a native Egyptian uprising against foreign rulers in Egypt, and expelled them from Egypt, and continued chasing them northwards, under Thutmose III. In response to this, the Indo-Aryan Hittite empire came up from South Asia, and down from Northern parts of europe, and made Anatolia the base for their war on Egypt, when, for whatever reason, the Greeks seemingly allied themselves with Egypt, and began attacking the Hittite empire. The first attack was the Kaska invasion. The Kaska invasion was conducted by indigenous Greeks/Romans, as Anatolia was the land that is modern day Turkey, and the Greeks would have felt that this land belonged to them. Early history
The Kaska, probably originating from the eastern shore of the Propontis, may have displaced the speakers of the Palaic language from their home in Pala). The Kaska first appear in the Hittite prayer inscriptions that date from the reign of Hantili II, c. 1450 BC, and make references to their movement into the ruins of the holy city of Nerik. During the reign of Hantili's son, Tudhaliya II (c. 1430 BC), "Tudhaliya's 3rd campaign was against the Kaskas." His successor Arnuwanda I composed a prayer for the gods to return Nerik to the empire; he also mentioned Kammama and Zalpuwa as cities which he claimed had been Hittite but which were now under the Kaskas.
Link for photo Anatolia Hittite counter attack: Now, as has already been established, the Hittites hit back, and won the war. But, in fact, the war would continue from this moment on, probably right up until the time of the Roman empire, if not beyond. Early history
Tudhaliya III and Suppiluliuma (c. 1375–1350 BC) set up their court in Samuha and invaded Azzi-Hayasa from there. The Kaska intervened, but Suppiluliuma defeated them; after Suppiluliuma had fully pacified the region, Tudhaliya and Suppiluliuma were able to move on Hayasa and defeat it too, despite some devastating guerrilla tactics at their rear. Some twelve tribes of Kaska then united under Piyapili, but Piyapili was no match for Suppiluliuma. Eventually, Tudhaliya and Suppiluliuma returned Hattusa to the Hittites. But the Kaska continued to be a menace both inside and out and a constant military threat. They are said to have fielded as many as 9,000 warriors and 800 chariots.
Arzawa revolt: The Kaska war would be continued with the Arzawa revolt, when this time, subjugated native Greeks/Romans would rise up against the Hittites. Involvement in Asia minor
In c. 1400 BC, Hittite records mention the military activities of an Ahhiyawan warlord, Attarsiya, a possible Hittite way of writing the Greek name Atreus, who attacked Hittite vassals in western Anatolia. Later, in c. 1315 BC, an anti-Hittite rebellion headed by Arzawa, a Hittite vassal state, received support from Ahhiyawa. Meanwhile, Ahhiyawa appears to be in control of a number of islands in the Aegean, an impression also supported by archaeological evidence.
Link for photo Middle east Mycenaean collapse: However, the end result of the Arzawa revolt was not good for the native Greeks/Romans, that found themselves having to flee their homeland and seek refuge on the islands of the Mede, as the Northerners they had tried to remove from Anatolia, had responded with an almost total conquest of Greek mainland. Final collapse
None of the defence measures appear to have prevented the final destruction and collapse of the Mycenaean states. A second destruction struck Mycenae in c. 1190 BC or shortly thereafter. This event marked the end of Mycenae as a major power. The site was then reoccupied, but on a smaller scale. The palace of Pylos, in the southwestern Peloponnese, was destroyed in c. 1180 BC. The Linear B archives found there, preserved by the heat of the fire that destroyed the palace, mention hasty defence preparations due to an imminent attack without giving any detail about the attacking force. As a result of this turmoil, specific regions in mainland Greece witnessed a dramatic population decrease, especially Boeotia, Argolis and Messenia. Mycenaean refugees migrated to Cyprus and the Levantine coast. Nevertheless, other regions on the edge of the Mycenaean world prospered, such as the Ionian islands, the northwestern Peloponnese, parts of Attica and a number of Aegean islands. The acropolis of Athens, oddly, appears to have avoided destruction.
Link for photo Mycenaean depopulation Fall of Hittite empire: The Hittites would eventually be removed from Mesopotamia. But not by the Greeks. It would be the Neo-Assyrians that would send the Hittites out of Mesopotamia. Hittites
Link for photo Asia minor Scoloti: However the Hittites would only retreat to the otherside of the Black sea, were they would become known as the Scoloti, and would join forces with the Cimmerians. Scythians
Link for photo Scythia War of the Medes: The fallen Hittites would now retreat to the otherside of the Black sea, and turn their focus purely on conquering Greece. Scythians
In the 7th century BC, the Scythians crossed the Caucasus and frequently raided the Middle East along with the Cimmerians, playing an important role in the political developments of the region. Around 650–630 BC, Scythians briefly dominated the Medes of the western Iranian Plateau,
Link for photo Scoloti comb Welshmen: Contemporary scholars now agree, that the Scolotis partners in crime, the "Cimmerian", is from the root word Cymru, which is the ancient name for Wales. legacy
Early modern historians asserted Cimmerian descent for the Celts or the Germans, arguing from the similarity of Cimmerii to Cimbri or Cymry. The etymology of Cymro "Welshman" (plural: Cymry), connected to the Cimmerians by 17th-century Celticists, is now accepted by Celtic linguists as being derived from a Brythonic word *kom-brogos, meaning "compatriot".[21
The First Messenian War was a war between Messenia and Sparta. It began in 743 BC and ended in 724 BC, according to the dates given by Pausanias). The war continued the rivalry between the Achaeans) and the Dorians that had been initiated by the purported Return of the Heracleidae. Both sides utilized an explosive incident to settle the rivalry by full-scale war. The war was prolonged into 20 years. The result was a Spartan victory. Messenia was depopulated by emigration of the Achaeans to other states. Those who did not emigrate were reduced socially to helots, or serfs. Their descendants were held in hereditary subjection for centuries until the Spartan state finally needed them for defense.
Link for photo Messenian Greece Dorians: Now this is where confusion sets in. The Trojan horse effect. You see, the Dorians that invaded Sparta from the North, pushed the indigenous Spartans out to the Medesm and the Dorians assumed the name "Spartans", in the place of the original Spartans. This means, that because we now have Spartans fighting Medians, people think that the Spartans are the Greeks, and the Medians are the foreigners. But this is not the case. The Spartans are actually the Dorians. The Dorians carried the flag that had originally belonged to the very people they were expelling from Greece. Dark ages
The earliest certain evidence of human settlement in the region of Sparta consists of pottery dating from the Middle Neolithic period, found in the vicinity of Kouphovouno some two kilometres (1.2 miles) south-southwest of Sparta. These are the earliest traces of the original Mycenaean Spartan civilisation represented in Homer's Iliad. This civilization seems to have fallen into decline by the late Bronze Age, when, according to Herodotus, Macedonian tribes from the north (called Dorians by those they conquered) marched into the Peloponnese and, subjugating the local tribes, settled there. The Dorians seem to have set about expanding the frontiers of Spartan territory almost before they had established their own state.
Link for photo False flag Second Messenian war: One of the biggest mistakes the Spartans made, was expelling the Messenians from their homeland. I will reveal why shortly. However the second Messenian war has a great deal to do with why. You see, the Romans had until now, been completely demolished by the Dorians/Scythians/Hittites/Spartans, whatever you want to call them, but in around 660 BC they re-emerged on Greek mainland and began to fight back. They actually won a battle, and began pushing the "Spartans" out, but the Spartans did regain their composure and won the war. At least, for now. War
Furthermore, the Spartans were able to quell the revolts following the death of the Argive commander. With the aid and support of the Athenian schoolmaster and poet Tyrtaeus, the Spartan Army was able to crush the Messenians and re-establish their helot status. As a result of this war, Spartan society became a strong militaristic power in the Mediterranean in order to control the masses along the Peloponnese and to prevent further rebellions brought on by the helots who later did manage to break away from Spartan rule around 350 BC.
Bakenranef: Now, do you remember i said that one of the biggest mistakes the Dorians made was expelling the Romans to the Medes? Well here is why. The Romans would re-emerge in Italy, according to Egyptian pharoah Bakenranef in 725 BC. The Romans first arrived in the Bay of Naples. Bakenranef
, "Perhaps some Greeks, unknown to us, had had close dealings with him; from his reign we have scarab-seals bearing his Egyptian name, one of which found its way into a contemporary Greek grave on Ischia up near the Bay of Naples." Ischia was the earliest of eighth-century BC Greek colonies in Italy.
The Latin League (c. 7th century BC – 338 BC) was an ancient confederation of about 30 villages and tribes in the region of Latium near the ancient city of Rome, organized for mutual defense. The term "Latin League" is one coined by modern historians with no precise Latin equivalent.
Link for photo Cities of the Latin league Roman republic: Now the Romans would eventually invade the territory of the Latin league, and create the Roman republic. And the Romans were not Latins. As we have already established on other threads, Latin is a language the Greeks got from Dorians. Dorians, would of course, be part of the Latin league, which has it's capital and Alba Longa, 12 miles outside Rome. Roman leadership of Latin league
During the reign of Tarquinius Superbus, the Latins were persuaded to acknowledge the leadership of Rome.
Latin league Etrusans, no: And no, the Etruscans had nothing to do with the Latin league. The Etruscans allied themselves with the Romans against the Latins, and the Latin league was an enemy of the Etruscans. Latin league creation
It was originally created for protection against enemies from surrounding areas (the Etruscans) under the leadership of the city of Alba Longa.
Roman republic: The Greco-Romans were successful in overthrowing the Roman kingdom of the Latin league, and the created the Roman republic, which later evolved in to the Roman empire. Roman republic
Link for photo Massalia coins in Gaul Gaul: Now, Gaul was a Celtic colony. It covered most of France and Northern Italy before the Greco-Roman invasion, and expanded to include other parts too, including Greece. But this period, marked the beginning of a Celtic depopulation from mainland europe. Gaul
Covering large parts of modern-day France, Belgium, northwest Germany and northern Italy, Gaul was inhabited by many Celtic and Belgae tribes whom the Romans referred to as Gauls and who spoke the Gaulish language roughly between the Oise) and the Garonne (Gallia Celtica), according to Julius Caesar.
Link for photo End of Celtic expansion Summary: Now as we have already established on other threads, the Gaulish language was Gaelic, and Irish people were Gaelic speakers. Therefore, the Irish high kings likely had a lot of interests in Italy and France. So if we suddenly had Irish high kings taking off in a fleet of boats around this period, to wage war and plunder, then it would be likely they were going to war with the Greco-Romans in Italy and France.
2020.09.11 17:16 panthera_tigris_773Help understanding DA after breakup/moving on
I'm 40F (AP) and he's 38M (DA) and I broke up with him 2 months ago after a 9 month relationship. This was my first experience with a DA, and it was such a painful roller coaster, because when it was good, it was the best of my life, but when it was bad, it was totally crushing for me. I just learned about AT after the breakup. I am also wondering if some of his behavior was just mean/narcissistic, in addition to DA? This is all torturing me and I'm having trouble moving on. We met Latin dancing 2 years ago, and spent 3-4 nights a week at class or social dancing. I developed a crush on him, as he was very funny in the same way I am, and we had great chemistry on the dance floor. I heard from a coworker of his that he was single, so I started messaging him on FB, just lightly. He never came to class with any woman, mentioned a girlfriend, or had any photos of a GF/relationship status on FB. I found out about 3 months into messaging him that he had a serious GF. I stayed away for a while and tried to write it off, but I continued to get sucked into this flirtation at dance class. I finally confronted him about 6 months into this, after he asked me to a movie, and asked if he was in a serious relationship. He said he was. I said I thought there was something between us and he said there was but he was with her, so... and ran away awkwardly. I was not going to go to a movie with someone who was in a relationship, with so much chemistry there! There's no way that was only a friendly invite. Again, I stayed away for a while but could not shake the feeling that this person and I really had something special, and that maybe he was with the wrong person. Nothing ever progressed past messaging and flirting, FYI. Another 6 months passed, and I was leaving for a month-long working interview in South Africa (I'm in USA). The night before I left, I was emotional about maybe moving across the world, so I confessed my feelings to him and asked if he felt the same or was still with his GF. If not, I wanted to finally move on. He said he did feel the same and that his GF was actually moving out that month and that they would be separated completely when I got back, and that he would love to talk with me then. I figured he'd want some space during that month, but we messaged all day every day while I was gone--he was super kind, interested in what I was doing, said goodnight and good morning, and was a great source of support for me while I was alone in another country. When I returned, he asked me out and that was the start of this relationship. (I later found out he and his GF had broken up before the time he'd asked me to the movies 6 months prior, but she'd stayed in his house to save up to buy her own place. He claimed they were sleeping in the same bed still, but not having sex. I believed that, for some reason, or at least excused it to myself.) We had so much fun, we did all kinds of activities together, the sex was amazing, the dancing was amazing, I loved his friends and family, we had tons to talk about, etc. etc. He told me at one point I got him to talk about emotional stuff more than anyone else ever had. He was thrilled to be with me, saying things like "did you ever think we'd be here" and "I remember the first time you came into dance class and what you were wearing, I thought you were so pretty and I really wanted to make you laugh." He would bring me to the airport, he fell asleep holding my hand, I took care of him when he had surgery and when his dog died, etc. etc. I could tell early on that he had a hard time with expressing and deeperelationship conversations--he would go completely silent, as if he were unable to actually get words out. He would struggle and look miserable. I did my best to speak gently and compliment him when he was able to express things. I never came at him accusing and angry or erratic. But I never really felt assured. He would often share insecurities with me, and I shared mine, and I felt like he was fairly well-adjusted. He was insecure about his weight, and had been very shy when he was younger, not a ladies man or anything. We both discussed how shy we were to start partner dancing years before. I felt we understood each other pretty well, and I saw a kindred spirit. But then things started to emerge that were so baffling at the time: twice we were looking at something together that required bending over close to each other, and he recoiled and said "oh, you're right there," like he was surprised or repelled, and I was thinking "yes, we were just in your bed earlier, closer than this! WTF?" He started to become strangely distant emotionally, treating me like we were acquaintances in a formal way of speaking, or not being able to look at me, or scrolling on his phone for long periods while I was over at his house. He told me "I'm fucked up." He'd make self-deprecating comments that sounded like he clearly had heard them from people before (maybe GFs): "Feelings? what are those? I don't have those;" "I know, I'm just a buzzkill." I always protested and disagreed. He had a weird need for attention from other people, particularly women and children, and you cold see him just sort of gleefully and strangely wanting others to see when he got attention from them. All of his closest friends were female, and he seemed somewhat intimidated by other men, resulting in a lot of arrogance around some of them, and a distancing from me if we were together. The first crack appeared on my 40th birthday when he did nothing but send a text (this was 5 months into dating, spending every weekend together, meeting each other's families). I was devastated, especially after 1) my party was canceled due to Covid and when I told him his indifference hurt me, he did nothing to fix it--no dinner invite, no gift, no nothing; and 2) 2 months earlier, for his birthday, I had thrown a surprise dinner with 9 of his friends and given him a really thoughtful gift (he said no one had ever thrown him a surprise party before and was very thankful). I never got a reason for the lack of birthday effort, he simply said "oh you could have told me what you wanted to do and I would have done it." He refused to call me, even when he was gone for a week skiing, If I called, he would answer and talk for a while. I brought Reese's to his work after he won it from me in a bet, because I thought he might like to enjoy eating it at work, and left it at the front desk for him. He never acknowledged it or thanked me. When I texted him that I was being harassed by some weird old men downtown, and that I was afraid to walk back that way to get to my car, he took 20 minutes to respond and only said "creepy." No anger or concern for my safety. We had the typical DA/AP dynamic: great, intimate times followed by him distancing and not answering texts, etc. and me trying to hold on, trying to pursue harder. I couldn't understand it, it felt so confusing and hurtful to me, especially since he was never able to say with words "hey I need some space right now." I was never sure where I stood, unless we were together in his house alone, and even then it often felt like he was bored or irritated with me, even though he'd invited me over and told me he liked spending every weekend with me! Then he stopped wanting to do almost anything fun, things he would propose but then back out of, always with an excuse that seemed lame (it's raining, it's too crowded, you'll get cold, etc...) I eventually gave up asking about those activities and our weekend often consisted of hanging out on the couch, napping, having sex and maybe going for a walk, all while he slowly backed away emotionally. It felt like he was barely present so much of the time. But then he'd bring me to his family events, where his family would say "you're going to fit in so well here!" He stopped cleaning his house, he sometimes didn't brush his teeth on the weekends. The more he seemed to be getting depressed or stuck, the more arrogant he got towards me. He said "I have a big ego, and I think it's warranted." WTF? In May he blew me off when we had plans, pretended we didn't have plans when I called to confront him, and then was like "I need to go mow the lawn" and hung up the phone. I was so mad--my whole day had been wasted waiting for his call. 3 days of silence followed, in which I was spinning out of control on my own (didn't text or call him). I thought things were over, I figured I was being ghosted. I texted once to say "hey, i don't know what's happening but i'd love to know where you're at" and hours later he said "sorry i just saw this text after work." I finally asked if he wanted to meet up and talk. I told him I didn't know what was happening and he said he'd needed space but obviously didn't express that well. He figured I was mad at him so he hadn't said anything. I told him the silence was more painful to me than anything he could have said, and I asked if he thought we could do better at communicating so the other person could understand. He said he did. Nothing changed, though, in fact it got worse. He made almost no effort towards the end, and I felt like we were strangers. I had said I love you in March, but he could never say it. I finally left when he went from "I do want a partner, I've thought about what it would be like to live together, I realize you'd probably want a cat" to "I don't think I ever want to live with anyone again" in the span of 4 months. I knew there was no future the way I wanted it: commitment, partnership, possibly marriage. He knew that's what I wanted. He seemed to want the same for a while. I got very little feedback from him, good or bad, the whole time, unless I asked and then he would say everything was good and that he doesn't do things he's not pretty serious about. He never said "I miss you," "i'm looking forward to seeing you," etc after the first 2 months or so. But he also said it wasn't casual for him and he wasn't seeing/sleeping with anyone else. There's a lot more, but hopefully you get the idea. I really loved/love him, and am heartbroken when I think about dancing without him. Recently he blocked me from seeing posts or posting on his FB timeline. This threw me for a loop. We haven't spoken since the breakup July 12. I am just deeply sad and wish it had turned out differently. My therapist suggested asking to speak with him, just so I can say what I've learned about my role in this dynamic, how sad I am that we couldn't get it together, and that the goal would be to get to a place where I could be in dance class with him again and even dance with him. Should I do that?? Do you see narcissism in him as well as DA behavior? Was he just a kind of a jerk in addition to being DA? Was he really terrified? Did he care about me in those tender moments, or was it fake? He's been through some trauma, as have I. I thought we'd help each other. I didn't want to walk away but I was trying to protect myself. Would he have committed to me if I gave it more time? Update: I texted him and said "I miss you. I'd like to talk sometime. Would you?" He answered "sure, we can talk sometime." I thought he wouldn't answer. Now I need to carefully plan what I'm going to say. Why did he respond?
PREFACE: Originally posted on humansarespaceorcs, and I was told to post it here as well, so here it is: FCO LOG #203 - HUMANITY - 1: My work with the First Contact Office at the Galactic Federation of Sentient Species is fairly standard; as sentient species begin to traverse the stars, it becomes my duty to study them and prepare the Federation for First Contact, which includes studying the species' customs, language, and in some extreme cases political situation. (After the Great Chorusian Debacle, the Federation didn't want to be caught unawares landing in the middle of warring planets anymore) Thus, when Humanity first popped up on my radar when they (barely) made it to their own moon, I was tasked with keeping an eye on them for further development. Earth, Humanity's homeworld, is a chaotic one; it is divided amongst hundreds of independent, sovereign states, and was almost immediately written off for lack of planetary unity, and until they achieved such a standard, they were to be ignored. However, that unity, while perhaps more tangible now than ever, has still yet to come, and my superiors were wary of intiating First Contact. However, when Humanity began to foray outside their home solar system, we had to intervene, whether we liked it or not. First Contact was made on one of the farthest terraformed colonies in their system, on a dwarf planet they called "Pluto". The settlement, called Enterprise, was the largest on the planet, and we assumed it to be the colonial capital. It was run by one of the more powerful states back on Earth, called the United States of America. The Humans were giddy at First Contact, rather like younglings when given a novel new toy or sweet; it was nothing my team of ambassadors and researchers hadn't seen before, many species were excited to learn that they weren't alone. After a short conversation and allowing them time to send a message to Earth, we were welcomed to the Human Homeworld as honored guests, and the intercultural exchange was pursued almost immediately. My researchers and I were paired with Human counterparts and we began to learn of Human History and Development, as we knew little more from beyond what they called their "Space Race". Always clever with their names, the Humans. We learned of the great empires of Britain and France, Spain and Portugal, Russia and the United States of America. We learned of China and Japan, Australia and Korea. I have, of course, documented each of these experiences, but I felt that this one needed to be presented to the High Council first. I trust you will soon come to know why. Throughout our excursions into the the continent called Europe, our Human companions kept noting that most of the modern nations there drew their roots from an ancient, pre-mechanical empire called Rome, that once covered the continent, spanned an ocean, and ruled for over a thousand of their years. Of course, we dismissed this "Roman Empire" as myth; it isn't uncommon for civilizations to legitimize themselves with tales of lost empires or faded glory. To us, the concept of a pre-mechanical empire was unfathomable; the sheer force of will and coordination needed to accomplish such a vision was undreamt of until more reliable forms of communication and power projection could be established. In all our travels amongst the stars, and all the civilizations we have come into contact with, no legitimate evidence has ever been found of such states' existences. However, when we admitted our feelings on this subject to our Human companions, they grew angry with us. Not enough to spark an incident, of course, but they then endeavored their every waking hour to teaching us ancient Human History. Innumerable pre-mechanical superpower-level states that existed long before even reliable transoceanic travel was developed! And Rome was meant to be the greatest of them all. Again, we denied the Humans, but they showed us the evidence; almost perfectly preserved ruins, all correctly carbon-dated back to the eras of which they spoke. The architecture remained constant, even when travelling across megaclicks! (Humans, for comparison, are only about two miliclicks tall, on average) They showed us ancient weaponry, preserved texts in an ancient Human language called Latin, and gave us thousands upon thousands of scholarly sources on the complete and unadulterated history of this remarkable state, and the influence it held on both its era, and all eras succeeding it. But what astonished us the most, was that the city of Rome, from which the Empire drew its namesake, still stands today. It has been millenniae since the Roman Empire collapsed, yet its capital remains a hub of Human life, and is even still the capital city of the modern Human nation called Italy! All around in the city are relics from an ancient and glorious past, from enormous gladiatorial arenas towering over Humans at over a decaclick tall, to stone and metal statues of Roman leaders, whom are still considered legendary by Humans today. Even in lands that Rome had never touched, the name "Julius Caesar" is universally known. And so I hope the High Council now understands why we must take Humanity a little more seriously. No other sentient species exhibits this kind of willpower and determination. What they do not have in technological advancement, I'm sure the Humans can make up for in enthusiasm and cunning; if Rome was able to conquer a continent before Humans discovered a whole hemisphere of their own planet, one can only dare to imagine what they are capable of now that we have given them the knowledge of an entire galaxy. I urge the Council to use caution; we do not want to make this species our enemy. This is Director Mev Shabarl of the First Contact Office, signing off.
PREFACE: Hello! I'm pretty new here, but I've been kicking this idea around in my head and I needed to post it somewhere. If this isn't the place to do it, please tell me in the comments and I'll take it down as soon as I can. However, if you guys like it, I'd be happy to write more on Alien perspectives of human history! Without further ado: FCO LOG #203 - HUMANITY - 1: My work with the First Contact Office at the Galactic Federation of Sentient Species is fairly standard; as sentient species begin to traverse the stars, it becomes my duty to study them and prepare the Federation for First Contact, which includes studying the species' customs, language, and in some extreme cases political situation. (After the Great Chorusian Debacle, the Federation didn't want to be caught unawares landing in the middle of warring planets anymore) Thus, when Humanity first popped up on my radar when they (barely) made it to their own moon, I was tasked with keeping an eye on them for further development. Earth, Humanity's homeworld, is a chaotic one; it is divided amongst hundreds of independent, sovereign states, and was almost immediately written off for lack of planetary unity, and until they achieved such a standard, they were to be ignored. However, that unity, while perhaps more tangible now than ever, has still yet to come, and my superiors were wary of intiating First Contact. However, when Humanity began to foray outside their home solar system, we had to intervene, whether we liked it or not. First Contact was made on one of the farthest terraformed colonies in their system, on a dwarf planet they called "Pluto". The settlement, called Enterprise, was the largest on the planet, and we assumed it to be the colonial capital. It was run by one of the more powerful states back on Earth, called the United States of America. The Humans were giddy at First Contact, rather like younglings when given a novel new toy or sweet; it was nothing my team of ambassadors and researchers hadn't seen before, many species were excited to learn that they weren't alone. After a short conversation and allowing them time to send a message to Earth, we were welcomed to the Human Homeworld as honored guests, and the intercultural exchange was pursued almost immediately. My researchers and I were paired with Human counterparts and we began to learn of Human History and Development, as we knew little more from beyond what they called their "Space Race". Always clever with their names, the Humans. We learned of the great empires of Britain and France, Spain and Portugal, Russia and the United States of America. We learned of China and Japan, Australia and Korea. I have, of course, documented each of these experiences, but I felt that this one needed to be presented to the High Council first. I trust you will soon come to know why. Throughout our excursions into the the continent called Europe, our Human companions kept noting that most of the modern nations there drew their roots from an ancient, pre-mechanical empire called Rome, that once covered the continent, spanned an ocean, and ruled for over a thousand of their years. Of course, we dismissed this "Roman Empire" as myth; it isn't uncommon for civilizations to legitimize themselves with tales of lost empires or faded glory. To us, the concept of a pre-mechanical empire was unfathomable; the sheer force of will and coordination needed to accomplish such a vision was undreamt of until more reliable forms of communication and power projection could be established. In all our travels amongst the stars, and all the civilizations we have come into contact with, no legitimate evidence has ever been found of such states' existences. However, when we admitted our feelings on this subject to our Human companions, they grew angry with us. Not enough to spark an incident, of course, but they then endeavored their every waking hour to teaching us ancient Human History. Innumerable pre-mechanical superpower-level states that existed long before even reliable transoceanic travel was developed! And Rome was meant to be the greatest of them all. Again, we denied the Humans, but they showed us the evidence; almost perfectly preserved ruins, all correctly carbon-dated back to the eras of which they spoke. The architecture remained constant, even when travelling across megaclicks! (Humans, for comparison, are only about two miliclicks tall, on average) They showed us ancient weaponry, preserved texts in an ancient Human language called Latin, and gave us thousands upon thousands of scholarly sources on the complete and unadulterated history of this remarkable state, and the influence it held on both its era, and all eras succeeding it. But what astonished us the most, was that the city of Rome, from which the Empire drew its namesake, still stands today. It has been millenniae since the Roman Empire collapsed, yet its capital remains a hub of Human life, and is even still the capital city of the modern Human nation called Italy! All around in the city are relics from an ancient and glorious past, from enormous gladiatorial arenas towering over Humans at over a decaclick tall, to stone and metal statues of Roman leaders, whom are still considered legendary by Humans today. Even in lands that Rome had never touched, the name "Julius Caesar" is universally known. And so I hope the High Council now understands why we must take Humanity a little more seriously. No other sentient species exhibits this kind of willpower and determination. What they do not have in technological advancement, I'm sure the Humans can make up for in enthusiasm and cunning; if Rome was able to conquer a continent before Humans discovered a whole hemisphere of their own planet, one can only dare to imagine what they are capable of now that we have given them the knowledge of an entire galaxy. I urge the Council to use caution; we do not want to make this species our enemy. This is Director Mev Shabarl of the First Contact Office, signing off.
2020.09.09 14:00 rusticgorillaTrump's Election Day vaccine "miracle"
Welcome, dear readers, to my semi-regular coronavirus roundup. Housekeeping:
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EDIT: TRUMP ADMITTED TO KNOWING DANGER OF COVID WEEKS BEFORE ACTING
Bob Woodward's new book reveals that Trump was aware that the coronavirus was dangerous and "more deadly than even your strenuous flus" even as he publicly downplayed the threat and failed to act to save lives. (article now updated with audio of Trump's interview)
"This is deadly stuff," Trump told Woodward on February 7. In a series of interviews with Woodward, Trump revealed that he had a surprising level of detail about the threat of the virus earlier than previously known. "Pretty amazing," Trump told Woodward, adding that the coronavirus was maybe five times "more deadly" than the flu.
Trump also admitted to intentionally downplaying the threat:
"I wanted to always play it down," Trump told Woodward on March 19, even as he had declared a national emergency over the virus days earlier. "I still like playing it down, because I don't want to create a panic."
Election day vaccine
A group of nine leading pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies pledged on Tuesday to only seek approval for Covid-19 vaccines demonstrated to be safe and effective. The pledge comes as Trump hypes the possibility of a vaccine before Election Day. His timeline has been pushed forward from “by the end of the year” to “before November 1st” and, most recently, “during the month of October.” During his Labor Day press-briefing-turned-campaign-event, Trump said: "[It's] going to be done in a very short period of time -- could even have it during the month of October” (clip). Trump went on to explicitly ties the vaccine to his re-election schedule: “We'll have the vaccine soon, maybe before a special date. You know what date I'm talking about” (clip). Despite saying the quiet part out loud himself, the president tried to cast Joe Biden and Kamala Harris as the ones politicizing the vaccine process: “They’re going to make the vaccine into a negative… They’re saying ‘wow, Trump’s pulled this off, let’s disparage the vaccine.’ That’s so bad for this country, that’s so bad for the world to even say that and that’s what they’re saying” (clip). Unfortunately, many media outlets have portrayed the issue as a “both sides” argument. Federal officials and health experts say Trump’s Election-oriented timeline is unlikely. NPR spoke with Moncef Slaoui, chief adviser for the administration's vaccine development program, who said he expects to have "enough vaccine to immunize the U.S. population by the middle of 2021.” Case in point, development on the vaccine Trump was rumored to be betting on, the AstraZeneca-Oxford project, was put on hold due to a suspected serious adverse reaction in a participant. But the point may not be to have a vaccine fully available to the public; Trump can simply claim the “deep state” is holding things up, blaming Biden/Harris for the pandemic under his watch. Furthermore, experts say there is no way our government and existing infrastructure will be ready to distribute, administer, and track doses by November. Health departments will also need an infusion of federal aid, a proposal that seems out of reach with a Republican-controlled Senate afraid to spend any more money during the pandemic.
...many health departments are so overwhelmed with the current costs of the pandemic — such as for testing and contact tracing — that they can’t reserve money for the vaccine work to come. Health departments will need to hire people to administer the vaccines and systems to track them, and pay for supplies such as protective medical masks, gowns and gloves, as well as warehouses and refrigerator space.
Meanwhile, the U.S. is backing down from the global fight against the pandemic, further enshrining Trump’s “America First” perspective into official policy. The Trump administration declined to join a global effort to develop, manufacture, and equitably distribute a coronavirus vaccine, in part because the World Health Organization is involved. U.S. allies including Japan, Germany, and the European Commission back the effort.
“The United States will continue to engage our international partners to ensure we defeat this virus, but we will not be constrained by multilateral organizations influenced by the corrupt World Health Organization and China,” said Judd Deere, a spokesman for the White House.
Further reading: The Trump administration said it won't pay more than $60 million in dues it owes to the World Health Organization.
The U.S. Agency for International Development, in charge of distributing global assistance related to the pandemic, is shutting down its only pandemic-focused task force. Other agency bureaus and divisions will take on its functions.
Sturgis comes home
South Dakota (+120%), Iowa (+81%), and North Dakota (+66%) have seen the largest 2-week increase in COVID-19 cases in the last two weeks, compared to the two weeks before. These three states were also the “epicenter” of the Sturgis motorcycle rally last month. The event packed nearly 500,000 people into a small town in South Dakota, with rallygoers attending from - and returning to - all around the country. Photos and reports from Sturgis documented a startling lack of face masks and social distancing precautions. According to a new study, over 250,000 coronavirus cases can be contributed to the rally. Assuming a cost of $46,000/case, the authors estimated the rally cost $12.2 billion. “This is enough to have paid each of the estimated 462,182 rally attendees $26,553.64 not to attend,” they write. SD, IA, and ND do not have statewide face mask mandates. In fact, the Dakotas are two of just five states that do not allow local officials to require masks (the others are ID, MO, and OK). Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds has been told by the White House that the state’s outbreak is the steepest in the nation and urged officials to require mask-wearing statewide. Reynolds has yet to do so.
Alabama has the fourth-most daily new cases per 100k people (after ND, SD, and IA) despite a statewide face mask order. The state has largely lifted all social distancing measures and has encouraged schools to reopen with in-person classes and sports. According to a NYT database, four-year universities in Alabama have over 4,000 coronavirus cases just weeks after opening. The University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa accounts for over 1,300 of the cases. Professors at the school were reportedly told by the administration not to talk about the outbreak - not even to inform students if someone in their class tests positive. The mayor of Tuscaloosa let bars near the university reopen on Tuesday.
Further reading: Alabama is starting to see a payoff from its mask mandate, in place since mid-July. New covid cases have been cut in half over the past month and coronavirus patients admitted to hospitals fell to the lowest level since June.
Remember the news articles praising Trump’s new “tone” on masks? During Monday’s press conference, Trump tried to bully a reporter into taking off his face mask when asking a question (clip). The reporter, Jeff Mason of Reuters, refused. Apparently, this annoyed Trump so much that he was still griping about it on Twitter Tuesday (clip).
Trump pushes for sports
After weeks of haranguing schools to bring back sports, Trump has reportedly offered Big Ten football teams access to the national government’s reserve of rapid COVID-19 tests.
The new, cheaper […] tests could be the key that unlocks the door back to the Horseshoe and stadiums around the conference. And the White House might be willing to assist in that effort by potentially designating part of its supply to the Big Ten after buying 150 million rapid tests last week from Abbott Laboratories.
The president is so attached to the idea of college football resuming that he is pushing the Big Ten conference to go ahead without the participation of three schools, blaming the governors of Michigan, Illinois, and Maryland for the conference’s vote to cancel.
Mitch plays games
The Republican-controlled Senate is planning on voting on a scaled-down coronavirus relief package as early as this week. The “skinny” bill is unlikely to become law as Democrats feel it does not adequately address the magnitude of the crisis the nation is facing. McConnell is hoping a Senate vote on coronavirus aid - any aid - will help vulnerable Republicans up for re-election.
The Republican bill is expected to include a federal unemployment benefit, another round of Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) funding, and more money for coronavirus testing and schools, as well as liability protections from lawsuits related to the virus. McConnell didn't release a price tag for the forthcoming bill, but it is expected to be at least $500 billion — half of the $1 trillion package Republicans previously unveiled in late July.
One of the reasons - perhaps the main reason - for the breakdown of relief bill negotiations may be new White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows. Rep. Gerry Connolly (D-Va.), who served with Meadows on the Oversight Committee, told The Hill:
“Closing deals is not Mark Meadows’s strong suit. His whole track record is: blow it up… If you ask yourself what’s the difference between April and May, when we did reach big, broad bipartisan consensus, and today, the variable is Mark Meadows.”
Lost in the Sauce was so long this week that I had to omit a couple of sections. I’ll include them here instead. Immigration: Federal Judge Dolly Gee ordered DHS to cease using hotels as detention facilities for migrant children it seeks to expel from the border.
Gee said the use of hotels for detention purposes violates the Flores agreement because the locations lack sufficient oversight, state licenses to hold minors and standards for the care of young children. Minors have also faced a "woefully inadequate" process to seek the help of lawyers, who have been barred from entering the hotels, Gee added, citing declarations from attorneys who said they struggled to reach detained children.
Further reading: “Watchdog confirms botched family reunifications kept migrant children waiting in vans overnight,” NBC; “Trump nominee had role in removing prosecutor opposed to family separations,” Guardian
Immigration: The Trump administration has drafted a proposal that would dramatically expand the number of people required to provide biometrics for their immigration applications, while also increasing the personal information the government can demand, such as eye scans, voice prints, DNA, and photographs for facial recognition. Immigration: The Border Patrol made a dramatized YouTube video depicting a Spanish-speaking attacker stabbing and killing a man in a dark alley after escaping from U.S. agents - “a clip apparently created to dramatize President Trump’s depiction of migrants as fearsome criminals.” The agency removed the video following backlash. Environment: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration opened an inquiry earlier this year into whether Trump political appointees illegally weakened rules meant to protect whales from oil industry seismic airgun blasting. Then, just as quietly, it halted the probe. Environment: The Trump administration proposed a rule change that would make it easier to permit oil and gas drilling operations in national forests. The move comes as a watchdog report reveals the oil and gas industry has been allowed to pay far less than usual to the government for the right to drill on public lands under a controversial Trump administration coronavirus relief policy. Furthermore, the administration is seeking to fast track environmental reviews of dozens of major energy and infrastructure projects during the COVID-19 pandemic, including oil and gas drilling, hazardous fuel pipelines, wind farms, and highway projects in multiple states. Environment: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service issued a proposal that would allow the government to deny habitat protections for endangered animals and plants in areas that would see greater economic benefits from being developed — a change critics said could open lands to more energy development and other activities. World: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced sanctions against two International Criminal Court officials -- the Trump administration's most aggressive move yet to try to deter an ICC investigation into possible war crimes by US military and intelligence officials. World: How Donald Trump took down the Robert Mueller of Latin America: At the center of the story is an alleged quid pro quo between Donald Trump and Jimmy Morales, a former television comedian who was elected president of Guatemala.
2020.09.09 01:34 ConstantikhonModel UN - Healing the Schism edition
To be upfront, I don’t have a great picture of what I even want this project/game to be, so that’s why I’m throwing it out there to y’all. Essentially, I’m picturing people from their respective Churches representing certain national elements/factions and fighting for their side of what they think unity should look like. Think those barbaric Franks need to be smacked over the head with a Typikon? Incensed that someone desecrated the Words of Institution by not saying them in Latin? Actually on your meds and ready to talk like a grown up? I’m hoping there’s room for all these types in our game, because the fact is these brothers and sisters exist in the real world; if this were a reality there’d be many trying to prevent what they’d see as a possible Brest/Florence, so they’re welcome to have a voice here as well I’m imagining this game taking place at the Orthodox/Catholic summit planned for 2025. No real reason to expect this all would happen then, but it’s a date close to us and our current situations so might as well roll with it. For this purpose, we can assume certain things to remain the same, like Francis being Pope & the Constantinople/Moscow schism remaining in its current state with Bartholomew & Kirill alive as well. Furthermore, if we can actually get enough of them interested (no clue what the numbers will look like yet), I’d love to have Oriental Orthodox and maybe even Church of the East represented. Also, if there’re any curious Protestant brethren intrigued by all this, we can discuss that further, but I do see this as having an 'Apostolic' bias. To reiterate one last time, I really am not sure where I'm going with this, but I think it sounds pretty cool so I invite everyone who's interested to ponder on it with me! Assuming this isn't breaking any reddit rules, join this Discord so we can get together and feel alright. https://discord.gg/b5yV93 P.S. In my younger heathen days, I tried to make a CK2 mod about Martian colonization. Utterly failed and I gave up on it, but these were my plans for the future unified Christianity :)
Chalcedonian - In the year 2356, Pope Constantine reached an agreement with Patriarch Tikon of the Russian Orthodox Church in which they would try and mend their differences. Despite the Russian Church having fewer adherents than ever, it was seen as a massive evolution in Christianity. Soon the Ecumenical Patriarch even agreed to allow Catholic services in Greek churches. The final divisions were struck down fifty years later when two brothers were elected to both offices, merging the churches completely.
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