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New Music Friday: July 17th, 2020

2020.07.17 16:33 TheRoyalGodfrey New Music Friday: July 17th, 2020

Daily Discussion Thread

Reminder

It's [FRESH] Friday, tagless song posts aren't allowed. Just [FRESH], [HYPE] and [ORIGINAL]
From KHDTX13:

Fresh Singles

Fresh Albums & EPs

Albums

BLADEE - 333
Blu & Exile - Miles
KYLE - See You When I am Famous!!!!!
Unknown T - Rise Above Hate
Jhené Aiko - Chilombo (Deluxe)
NoCap - Steel Human
Sybyr - I Don't Have to Scream Like That Anymore Suck My Dick
Lianne La Havas - Lianne La Havas
Spodee & Spotlife Movement - Spotlife X Spodee
Q Da Fool - Deaf Wish
38 Spesh - Speshal Blends

EPs

Joey Bada$$ - The Light Pack
Oddisee - Odd Cure
Sheff G - Just 4 Yall
Jay Worthy & Shlohmo - Till The Morning
J.I the Prince of N.Y - Welcome to GStarr Vol. 1
Jarreau Vandal - Suburb Superhero: The Villain Within
Fat Tony - Live at No Audience, Vol. 2
Bernz - Sorry For the Mess pt2
Joey Cool - Coolie High Vol 3

Singles

Smino, J.I.D. & Kenny Beats - Baguetti*
Kanye West - Donda*
DJ Khaled & Drake - POPSTAR / GREECE
Lupe Fiasco & Kaelin Ellis - SHOES (feat. Virgil Abloh)
Rejjie Snow - Cookie Chips ft. MF DOOM & Cam O'bi
Problem - Don’t Be Mad At Me (Remix) [feat. Freddie Gibbs & Snoop Dogg]
JPEGMAFIA & Tommy Genesis - ROUGH 7
Zack Fox & Kenny Beats - 100
City Morgue - HURTWORLD '99
The Kid LAROI - TELL ME WHY
03 Greedo - Bands In Da Basement (feat. Chief Keef)
Kenny Mason - Give (Feat. Deante Hitchcock)
TOBE NWIGWE - I NEED YOU TO
Guapdad 4000 - No Home for the Brave
The Kid LAROI - Tell Me Why
THEY. - Play Fight (Feat. Tinashe)
Shoreline Mafia - Perc Popper
Killah Priest - Priest Melody
Lecrae - Drown (feat. John Legend)
Tyla Yaweh - Stuntin' On You (feat. DaBaby)
ICECOLDBISHOP - Trick Daddy
Tkay Madiza - Don’t Call Me Again (feat. Kari Faux)
NIKI - Selene
Fred The Godson - DJ Absolut Freestyle (Fred's Last One Recorded)
WICCA PHASE SPRINGS ETERNAL - PULL IT FORWARD
Saint JHN - Roses (Imanbek Remix) [feat. J Balvin]
Benee - Night Garden (feat. Kenny Beats & Bakar)
Tinashe - Rascal (Superstar)
Locksmith - Black Holocaust
Unknown P - Burning (Remix)
Chris Rivers - Shine
Flipp Dinero - Rich Today
Gabriel Garzón-Montano - Agüita
Open Mike Eagle - Neighborhood Protection Spell (Lana Del Biden Nem)
DEKAY - Glow (feat. Father, Lil Wop, & ManManSavage)
Quin Nfn - Detroit Flow
Duckwrth - Coming Closer (Feat. Julia Romana & G.L.A.M)
DJDS - Simple Things (Feat. Tory Lanez & Rema)
Aluna - Get Paid (feat. Princess Nokia & Jada Kingdom)
SKRT - Wicked Games (feat. Ty Dolla $ign)
Pressa & Houdini - Mansion
Jidenna - Black Magic Hour (feat. Bullish)
ℒund - Broken (feat. Lil Skies & Noah Cyrus)
NBA Youngboy - Sticks With Me
Jacob Collier - He Won't Hold You (feat. Rapsody)
Rod Wave - Through The Wire
Masego - Good & Plenty (feat. Alex Isley & Jack Dine)
Kasher Quon - Lil Uzi
Starvin B - Won't Be No Discussion (feat. Planet Asia)
Gud & Whitearmor - Frutta e Verdura
Ghetts - Mad About Bars (feat. Kenny Allstar)
SKYXXX - 14 GRAMZ (feat. Valee)
Blackbear - i felt that
Pink Sweat$ - The Prelude
The Lonerz - All About Me (feat. Fivio Foreign)
Destructo - Bandz (feat. Yo Gotti, Kevin Gates & Denzel Curry) [Loge21 Remix]
DJ Unwind - High Life (feat. Nickelus F, Skuff Mickson & Blokhead Johnny)
Lil Keed, Kota the Friend & Johan Lenox - throwback thursday
TyFontaine - Duse & Juice (feat. Lil Keed)
Talib Kweli - Sing For Em (feat. Shelea)
Jarren Benton - Disobey (feat. Dizzy Wright)
Sham1016 & Chuck Inglish - 850 Blue Leathers
KAMILLE - Somebody (feat. Ebenezer)
Nasty Jack & Manga Saint Hilare - Lads Wknd
Manga Saint Hilare - Dumping Again
9.summ & Roya1 - Ash It (feat. Fashawn)
Caleb Carnell - Self Control (feat. Evann McIntosh)
Postcard - Savior (feat. O.T. Genasis)
Ravo - Jawsin' on Citas (feat. Mistah F.A.B., Nef the Pharaoh & Keak da Sneak)
Powfu - 17again
Mac Ayres - Same Old Strangers (feat. Keys Open Doors)
Joesef & Loyle Carner - I Wonder Why
K. Roosevelt - Wild (feat. Jent Jamz)
24hrs - Regina George (feat. blackbear)
Rexx Life Raj - Penthouse at the W
Big 4L Eli - Ugh (feat. Rio Da Yung Og)
King Jo$h - Big Stepper (feat. Sheff G & Ron Suno)
Koffee - Lockdown
Grace Carter & Jacob Banks - Blame
14 trapdoors & Benny the Butcher - I Did It All (feat. Camoflauge Monk & Rick Hyde)
Bahari - Savage (feat. BIA)
Bfb Da Packman - Made Me Mad (feat. Dice Soho)
4ourth - Lucid Samurai (feat. ProbCause)
Slickmoneycam - Who Killers? (feat. BandGang Lonnie Bands & Drego)
JoJo Pellegrino - Legal Murderers (feat. Mr. Easy)
Anne-Marie - To Be Young (feat. Doja Cat)
Omega The Poet - Nectarine (Remix) [feat. Supa Bwe]
Guapley - Sundown (feat. Guapdad 4000)
Awol One - Don't Let the Devil In
Masego - Good & Plenty (feat. Alex Isley & Jack Dine)
TMG FRE$H & Tee Grizzley - Champagne Cry
R-MEAN, Berner & Styles P - Mafia
Rich Boy - Ndidi
SD - Easy Stain
Shamir - I Wonder
Pink Siifu & Shungu - Cement
ARTi$t Marty McFly - All of My Niggas (feat. A Boogie Wit Da Hoodie)
Monro & Jalen Santoy - Tongues
Brian Brown - 2K Freestyle
Brto - 2cool (feat. Apollo Anthony)
No Vacation & Del Tha Funkee Homosapien - Dreams
Shill Macc - The Plug (feat. Mozzy)
K Town - Town-Topic (feat. Bfb Da Packman)
Dommy Divine, Slug Christ & Eddy Baker - To Infinity and Beyond
BIA - Dubios (feat. Lino Golden)
NateTaylorr - The Chase (Remix) [feat. Norman Perry & ChaseTheMoney]
Jay Wile - Real Bad
K. Forest - Friend Ting (feat. Joeezy)
FATSO FELON - Slime Juice (feat. Slimelife Shawty)
AzChike - Too Selfish (feat. Nef the Pharaoh)
Minorkeyleo - Graffiti (feat. Rylo Rodriguez)
Platinum Trap - Blick (feat. Boosie Badazz)
Bethan Mane - Icedd Out Mink (feat. Ghostie)
OG Tweezy - The World Is Yours (feat. Boosie Badazz)
Braidgod - Handbag (feat. Jay2 & King Hez)
Top$ide - Benchwarmers (feat. Babyface Ray & Valee)
38 - Booty Super Hero (feat. Project Pat)
Pres - U Love Yo Bitch (feat. Gt & Babyface Ray)
Malcolm Anthony - Wicked
Cee Mark (feat. Joell Ortiz, KXNG CROOKED & Kayla Bean)
Elliott Niezel - Rakish Thunder (feat. Wolfie Warship & Planet Asia)
*\ means not on streaming, maybe it's a leak?
submitted by TheRoyalGodfrey to hiphopheads [link] [comments]


2020.05.21 08:41 cactusjackayo I’m worried that Travis will fall off

I’m gonna start this off by saying Trav is obviously my favorite artist as of yet, so I’m not trying to create a post talking shit about him. I just wanna break down my personal views on the quality of his best known projects to date. It’s obvious that most people in this sub have a specific album (Which I won’t name yet) as his best, but I’m concerned for future albums. Anyways, let me get into it.
To start, we have the project that put a foot in the door: Owl Pharaoh. Raw, unrefined and at times incoherent, is what I’d call his breakout tape. It also had the OG bangers (Upper Echelon, MIA, Bandz, Uptown and of course, Quintana) that solidified him as an artist capable of creating a great single. But we also have songs like Chaz Interlude with the under appreciated songs like Hell of a Night and Bad Mood Shit On You, the latter of which really made his Kid Cudi influence blatantly obvious. All in all I really have a hard time listening front to back, but it’s understandable for his first serious project.
And here comes my introduction to La Flame, the grimy, psychedelic and sinister Days Before Rodeo. This project is Travis at his purest form. He still has his edge, but knows how to really curate a sound this time around, and boy did he deliver. Everything about this album (yes, it’s an album, you can’t change my mind) is nostalgia for me. I can listen to every song and tell you in vivid detail what I was doing 5 years ago when I was playing every song. The Prayer kicks off the album by letting you know the world you’re about to step into is menacing and dark, you won’t see the light for a long time. Then that guitar riff comes in and starts my favorite song he’s ever made: “Mamacita-cita-cita, you know I really need ya, need ya, need ya right now”. This album has everything you need from Travis and it all fits together perfectly. Skyfall, Zombies, Don’t Play, Backyard, Grey and fucking Drugs You Should Try It. A (slightly flawed) Masterpiece that I’ll always cherish.
And then there was the album that changed everything, not only for Travis, but for anyone and anything that was touched by it’s influence. None other than... Rodeo. Holy shit this album was massive, Pornography starts off with a hazy intro and transitions into Oh My Dis Side, another track I love (Play the Oh My section at midnight, while you’re on the freeway with your best friends as I did in summer 2016, and thank me later). Every song on this album was a thrill ride, especially Nightcrawler. I have a special love for DBR but I can’t deny that Rodeo changed everything and is without a doubt the best album released in the past 5 years. Rodeo is the soundtrack for a generation, it’s an aesthetic, a “vibe” if you will. Rodeo really was his best project to date and for some reason I’m afraid it always will be.
Everyone remembers the rollout to this album, delays on delays, and promises of ASTROWORLD before this album even had a name: Birds In The Trap Sing McKnight (honestly this album title is shitty but I still love you Trav). A lot of people were disappointed, but I was just happy to hear more Travis. Way Back, Coordinate, Through The Late Night, Biebs in the Trap and Pick Up The Phone are all great songs, Travis’s verse on Biebs is still the waviest shit I’ve ever heard. Not to mention I got way too excited when I heard Bryson Tiller on First Take (Trapsoul had me missing girls that never existed). But in all honesty I rarely return to this album, and if u do it’s for 3 tracks at most.
Then there was the most grueling 2 year wait we all had to go through. The only music we got from Travis was A Man, Butterfly Effect (Overrated as shit but I still slap it) the underrated Green and Purple (Open up the doors hoe, let em swang) and nothing else from Travis other than “Soon” and that cringey In-Camera interview where Trav was too high to put a full sentence together. Then right before Christmas we got the infamous Huncho Jack that I personally loved and still do. That album wasn’t as good because Quavo ruined it. If you’re the “leader” of the most popular rap group out and you let Travis Scott have better verses and bars than you, there’s a problem. I said it. Where U From is one of my top 5 Scott songs.
And then we got what everyone was waiting for. Yeah, I’m not even gonna type it cause you know what it is. It was a great album, there isn’t one bad song on it and every one of those songs has a perfect setting to play it in. Stargazing is still one of the best intro tracks in his discography, and Houstonfornication is an underrated and phenomenal song for a summer drive at dusk. But was it worth the wait? No. I was in denial for a long time about this. It really was missing a little something that I couldn’t pin down, but with it came Travis’ best tour ever. Honestly, I went to not one, but two different shows because I had so much fun.
And then there was Don Toliver featuring Jackboys... I mean Jackboys. I’m gonna say one thing and one thing only. Pop Smoke was the best thing to come out of that pseudo Don Toliver album. RIP Pop Smoke.
THE SCOTTS was good too but I need a full Cudi/Flame album.
That being said, I’m worried that Travis peaked with Rodeo, perhaps it’s nostalgia but I haven’t heard anything as good as it, or DBR, as far as overall atmosphere goes, and ASTROWORLD gave me some signs of classic LaFlame but also gave me doubt that we’ll ever see anything as grandiose as the DBRodeo era. I guess I’ll rank Travis’ albums, in this order from best to worst: Rodeo, Days Before Rodeo, ASTROWORLD, Huncho Jack, Birds, Owl Pharaoh and Don Toliver featuring Jackboys... I mean... Jackboys.
TL;DR ASTROWORLD wasn’t worth the wait and I fear that Rodeo was the best we’ll get. Also Jackboys sucked and Huncho Jack got too much hate.
submitted by cactusjackayo to travisscott [link] [comments]


2020.04.03 20:03 TheBurbs666 [FOR SALE] random vinyl flat $3 shipping in the US

Grading is Jacket/Vinyl
Please ask for pics
shipping is a flat $3 in the US

7"
Frank Turnefranz Nicolay/red/sing noel coward/NM/NM/$18
Circa Survive(Anthony Green) Soul 4 my soul flexi/$14 PENDING SALE
Jacco GardneFind yourself/black/NM/NM/$5
Kevin Devine/Luxembourg/black/NM/NM/$8
Kevin Devine/Part of the Whole/black/NM/NM/$18
Murder By Death/William Elliott Whitmore/NM/NM/$12
Sam Means/Nona/$3
Uncle Acid and the Deadbeats/mind crawlegold/NM/NM/$10
Grey/NM/NM/$8

Cocteau Twins/the spangle make$6
Daniel Davies/Signals/Smoke variant/w/book/NM/NM/$15
Hotel Pools/constant/orange swirl/VG+/NM
https://www.discogs.com/Hotel-Pools-Constant/release/14802530
J-Dilla/95-98 the delicious years/blue/cleagreen/VG/VG+/$35
https://www.discogs.com/Jay-Dee-Deelicious-The-Delicious-Vinyl-Years-95-98/release/13006150
Lord Echo/curiosities/2X LP/NM/NM/$16
Pere Ubu/New Picnic Time/VG+/VG+/$14
very nice copy
https://www.discogs.com/Pere-Ubu-New-Picnic-Time/release/1676091
Radiohead/ok compute 8 bit/VG+/VG+/$35
Rupa/Disco Jazz/red/NM/NM/$30
Sweatshirt,Earl/some rap songs/SEALED/$16
Gardner, Jacco/Hypnophobia/red 180 g/VG +/VG+/$13
Yin Yin/the rabbit that hunts tigers/turquoise/VG+/VG+/$60

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
*************************************************************************************
I also have these records for sale that have been previously listed.
**************************************************************************************
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Big Krit/King Remembered in time/orange/ $18 NM/NM
Ceremony/Rohnert Park/red/300/1'st/$60 NM/NM
Cool Ghouls/a swirling burning through the rye/$7 NM/NM
Crypt VapoTombe Della Cita/$12 NM/NM
Fruit Bats/Mouthfuls/sea foam green/screen printed cove$75 NM/NM
Fruit Bats/Trippe$10 NM/NM
Gonzalez, Jose/Venee$22 (includes cd) -M/-M
this one https://www.discogs.com/Jos%C3%A9-Gonz%C3%A1lez-Veneerelease/3973264
JJ Doom/Key To The Kuffs (includes cassette)/white/$40 -M/NM
Jakob/Sines/orange/red/$14 -M/-M
Junior Boys/Big Black Coat/$12 -M/NM
Marciano Roc,dj muggs/kaos/400/white label/$60 -M/-M
this one https://www.discogs.com/DJ-Muggs-Roc-Marciano-KAOS/release/12646977
Owen/the EP /yellow/1'st/$20 VG+/NM
Romano,Daniel (of attack in black)/Sleep beneath the willow/$45 -M/-M
Segall,TY/self titled/$10 NM/NM
Sha La Das/Love In The Wind/garbage marbled mix/1'st/$16 -M/-M
Triptides/predictions/blue/$65 -M/-M
Turner,Frank/sleep is for the week/black/1/2 inch seam split top middle of jacket/$20 VG+/VG+
Tycho/Weatheopaque blue/sealed/$16
Tycho/awake/beige/$27 NM/NM
Witchcraft/the alchemist/clea100/$35 -M/-M
submitted by TheBurbs666 to VinylCollectors [link] [comments]


2020.03.30 08:20 Zalogon Primaria 4 (Parte 3)

愛 案 以 衣 囲 位 胃 印 英 栄 塩 億 加 果 貨 課 芽 改 械 害 街 各 覚 完 官 関 管 観 願 希 季 紀 喜 旗 器 機 議 求 泣 救 給 挙 漁 共 協 鏡 競 極 訓 軍 郡 径 型 景 芸 欠 結 健 験 建 固 好 航 候 康 功 告 差 菜 最 材 昨 札 刷 察 殺 参 産 散 残 士 氏 史 司 試 辞 治 児 失 借 種 周 祝 順 初 松 笑 唱 焼 照 賞 象 信 臣 省 清 成 静 席 積 折 説 節 浅 戦 選 然 争 倉 巣 束 側 続 卒 孫 帯 隊 達 単 置 仲 貯 兆 腸 低 底 停 的 典 伝 徒 努 灯 堂 働 特 得 毒 熱 念 敗 梅 博 飯 飛 費 必 票 標 付 府 不 夫 副 粉 兵 別 辺 変 便 包 法 望 牧 末 満 未 脈 民 無 約 勇 要 養 浴 利 陸 良 料 量 輪 類 令 冷 例 歴 連 老 労 録

松 Pine Tree

訓読み- まつ
音読み- No importa tanto :D
ejemplos
松(まつ) Pine tree
(浜松) はままつ City

笑 Reir

訓読み- わ・え
音読み- ショウ
ejemplos
笑う(わらう) Reirse
笑顔(えがお) Sonrisa
爆笑(ばくしょう) soltar risas
聴衆は皆爆笑した。 The whole audience erupted in laughter
彼の冗談はクラス全員を爆笑させた。His joke made all the class burst into laughter.

唱 chant

訓読み- とな
音読み- No importa tanto
ejemplos
唱える(となえる) to chant

焼 Asar

訓読み- や
音読み- ショウ
ejemplos
焼く(やく) asar
焼ける(やける) se asa
全焼(ぜんしょう) burned down
家は全焼した。The house was burned to the ground
焼肉(やきにく) Yakiniku
焼き鳥(やきとり) yakitori
たこ焼き(たこやき) takoyaki
日焼け(ひやけ) sunburn
夕焼け(ゆうやけ) The afterglow of sunset (not the sunset per se)
夕焼けがあると翌日は晴れることが多い。An evening glow often promises good weather the next day

照 iluminar

訓読み- て
音読み- ショウ
ejemplos
照らす(てらす) to illuminate
その部屋は赤い光で照らされていた。
照れる(てれる) sentir pena
「いやあ、そんなに褒められたら照れるなあ」No me elogies tanto uwu, stop it
彼は彼女のいる前ではとても照れくさそうにする。He acts very shy in her presence.
対照(たいしょう) contraste
赤は青と美しい対照をなす。Red contrasts well with blue
その二つの考えの対照は非常に際立っている。The contrast between the two ideas is very marked
その本は筆者は日本とアメリカを対照させた。
参照(さんしょう) bibliographical reference
前記参照 See above
5ページの下記を参照してください。 See the footnote on page 5
10ページを参照してください Please see page 10
作家はよく辞書をお参照する Writers often refer to a dictionary
冷蔵庫を修理するなら取り扱い説明書を参照しなさい。Refer to the instructions to fix the refrigerator
日照り(ひでり) Drought
日照りが作物に大損害を与えた the drought has caused great harm to the crops

賞 premio

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- ショウ
賞(しょう) premio metaforico; bragging rights (?)
賞品(しょうひん) El Premio; el producto concreto que te dan por ganar (trofeos, juguetes, etc)
Comments de japos:
賞品は 賞として与えられる品物です
賞 is just award for gain fame. (Champion)
賞品 is award gift.ex money, gift card and car... (champion belt)
一等賞(いっとうしょう) First prize
受賞(じゅしょう) obtención de premio (se implica que aceptaste el premio)
マザー・テレサはノーベル賞を受賞した。 Madre teresa obtuvo el premio Nobel
芥川賞の受賞を辞退したいのですが。May I excuse myself from receiving the Akutagawa price?
賞金(しょうきん) Prize money
鑑賞(かんしょう) Apreciación (de algo de calidad)
よい音楽を鑑賞することっはそれほど難しいことではない。It’s not so difficult to appreciate good music
音楽鑑賞が趣味だ。I am interested in appreciating music.
彼は芸術に対する鑑賞力がある。 He has an eye for art
彼は文学を正しく鑑賞できるようになった。He learned to appreciate literature
この部屋の隅に観賞植物を置きたい。In this corner of thee room I’d like to put a house plant
賞賛(しょうさん) praise; admiration
彼は人命救助で賞賛された He was praised for saving a life
彼は作家として賞賛されている He is admired as a writer
その絵は賞賛のまとだった。The painting was object of admiration
彼の勇気は賞賛に値する His courage is worthy of praise.

象 Elefante

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- ゾウ・ショウ
ejemplos
像(ぞう) Elefante
印象(いんしょう) Impresión
この話をすると彼は間違った印象を与えるんじゃないかな。 I’m afraid the story will give him a wrong impression
彼女は何事にもあまり関心がないような印象を与える。She gives the impression of not caring much about anything.
対象(たいしょう) target; Objeto (de estudio, de criticismo, investigación, etc);
彼の著作は非難の対象となった。His book became an object of criticism.
輸入品は高い課税対象だ。Import goods are subject to high taxes
企業の政治団体っは厳しい検査の対象になっています。Corporate political donations are coming under heavy scrutiny
彼は研究の対象を広げた。 He expanded his research.
この歴史書は高校生を対処に書かれている。This history book is written for high school students.
子供を対象とした本 A book targeted to children
調査の対象はなんですか。 What are you going to make a survey of?
現象(げんしょう) fenómeno (natural, social, etc)
イナズマは電気による一現象である。 Lightning is an electrical phenomenon.
その現象は今の時代に特有のものだ。The phenomenon is typical of our modern era
月食っは珍しい現象だ。An eclipse of the moon is a rare phenomenon
抽象的(ちゅうしょうてき) Abstracto
幸福の観念はきわめて抽象的だ。The idea of happiness is extremely abstract.

信 Creer

信じる(しんじる) Creer; confiar
人々はかつて世界は平らだと信じていた。People once believed the world was flat
私は信心深い男で、死後の生命の存在を信じています。 Soy un hombre religioso y creo en la existencia de la vida después de la muerte
信じ込ませる(しんじこませる) hacer que alguien crea algo; meterle la idea en la cabeza
彼女は私にその話をまんまと信じ込ませた。She cheated me into accepting the story
彼は彼女を説得して自分の言ったことを信じ込ませた。He reasoned her into believing what he said
私にはそれをやる能力が十分にある事を彼に信じ込ませようとした。I tried to convince him that I was perfectly capable of it.
信頼(しんらい) reliance on something/someone; faith
彼の、証明済みの能力は、信頼できます。You can rely on his proven ability
彼の能力を全面的に信頼している。I have every confidence in his ability
私は、父の信頼に背かぬようにしなければならない。I must live up to my father’s faith in me
2、3の欠点を別にすれば、彼は信頼できるパートナーだ。Apart from a few faults, he is a trustworthy partner
Nota:
A clever lawyer might be 信用できないが信頼できる to the client, and your nice but incompetent friend is 信用できるが信頼できない to you.
確信(かくしん) conviction
彼はそれをカレーだと確信している。He is sure of it being curry.
彼の成功を確信している。 I am convinced of his success
彼は自分が潔白であることを私に確信させた。He convinced me of his innocence
信用(しんよう) Trust
あなたは私が信用できるたった一人の人です。You are the only person that I can trust
経歴のわからない人間を信用してはいけない。Don’t trust a man whose past you know nothing about.
彼は信用を失った。He lost his honor
自信(じしん) Self-confidence
彼は試合に勝つ自信がある He is confident he’ll win the game
信号(しんごう) Semáforo
信号が青になるまで待ちなさい。 Wait till the light turns green

臣 Enorme

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- キョ
ejemplos
巨大(きょだい) Enorme; huge; gigantic
巨大な肉の塊が当たった。I was hit by a good chunk of meat
その小さい男の子は目を大きく見開いて巨大な像を見た。The little boy gazed at the huge elephant, eyes wide open
巨人(きょじん) Even juro destruir todos y cada uno de ellos :v

省 looking back

訓読み- はぶ・かえり
音読み- セイ
ejemplos
省く(はぶく) leave out; omitir algo para ahorrar; librar
洗濯機のおかげで主婦はずいぶん手間が省ける Washing machines spare housewives a lot of trouble
コンピューターは我々から多くの時間と手間を省いてくれる Computers save us a lot of time and trouble
この2行は省くべきだ You should leave out these two lines
この機会のおかげで私たちは大いに手間暇が省ける。Thanks to the opportunity, we were able to avoid substantial effort.
その橋のおかげで彼らは時間と労力が大いに省けた。The bridge saved them a lot of time and trouble
省略(しょうりゃく) quitar algo para acortar;
その本の最後章は省略してよい。You can omit the last chapter of the book
この句では前置詞を省略できるYou can omit the preposition in this phrase.
レポートのこの部分は省略できる。This part of the report may be left out
最後の2節を省略して歌いましょうか We'll sing that song, omitting the last two verses
その本の最終章は省略してよいYou can omit the last chapter of the book
省みる(かえりみる) looking back
Nota: encontré muchos ejemplos que usan 省みず que se puede interpretar como “regardless”
彼は危険をかえりみず勇気を示した Mostró coraje sin mirar atrás, donde estaba el peligro
彼女は費用を顧みず家を飾りたてた She decorated her house regardless of cost
彼は俗事をかえりみず研究に没頭した He applied himself to his study, without thought for his normal life
困難を省みず前進すべし You should try to make your way despite all the difficulties
省みて、我が人生に悔い(くい)なし looking back at my life, I got no regrets.
Comments de un japo:
意味は、「自分の人生を振り返ってみても、ああすればよかった、こうすれば良かった、という具合に後悔(こうかい)しなければならない点がない」という意味です。
反省(はんせい) introspección; analizar tus pensamientos y acciones
彼は自分の過ちを反省した He reflected on his errors
彼は自分自身の考えを反省した He reflected on his own thoughts
少し反省すれば、君は間違っていることがわかるでしょう A little reflection will show you that you are wrong
人々が我々について言っていることが真実であることを反省してみると粛然とせざるをえない How awful to reflect that what people say of us is true
Comments de un japo:
人は後悔すると、次は後悔しなくてもいいように、反省します。
帰省(きせい) homecoming; returning home
彼は休暇で帰省中です。He is home on leave
7年ぶりに帰省しました。After an absence of seven years I went home
内務省(ないむしょう) Home ministry

清 pure

訓読み- きよ
音読み- セイ
ejemplos
清い(きよい) metaphorically pure
心の清い人たちは幸いである Blessed are the pure in heart
清める(きよめえる) to purify
心を清める Purification of the mind.
清潔(せいけつ) literally pure; clean; pulcro
君の手は清潔ですか Are your hands clean?
部屋を清潔にしておきなさい Keep your room clean
工場は石炭から、より清潔な燃料への転換を強く要求されている Factories have been urged to switch from coal to a cleaner fuel
清算(せいさん) saldar deudas
私があなたに1ドル払えば清算がつく If I pay you 1 dollars we’ll be even
彼は死んで罪を清算した。He committed suicide to atone for his sin.
清掃(せいそう) a clean up
美術館の東の陳列等は清掃のため閉鎖されていた The museum’s eastern gallery was closed for cleaning

成 To become

訓読み- な
音読み- セイ
ejemplos
成る(なる) to become
完成(かんせい) completion
その仕事は大部分完成した The work has been almost completed.
そのような仕事を完成したことを私は誇りに思っている I am proud of having accomplished such a task
君の助けがないと完成できない He is equal to the task
成功(せいこう) success
賛成(さんせい) Support; Approval
先生は彼の計画に賛成した The teacher approved his plan
私はあらゆる言論の自由に賛成だ I stand for freedom of speech for everyone
ブラックさんがその計画に賛成する見込みがありますか Is there any likelihood that Mr Black will agree to the plan.
構成(こうせい) constituir; componer; conformar; constistuir
アメリカ合衆国は50州から構成されている The USA is composed of 50 states
水は水素と酸素で構成されている Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen
この芝居は2つの短い場面で構成されているThis drama consists of just two short scenes
水は水素と酸素で構成されているWater consists of hydrogen and oxygen
成長(せいちょう) growth
食物がどれだけ成長に影響があるのか分かっている We know how food affects growth
日本経済は急速に成長したThe Japanese economy developed rapidly
彼は成長して医者になった He grew up to be a doctor
小さな村が大きな都市に成長した A small village grew into a large city
教育にもっとお金をかければ経済成長に拍車がかかるだろう More money for education will spur economic growth
成績(せいせき) calificación de examen
成る程(なるほど) oh, I see

静 quiet

訓読み- しず
音読み- セイ
ejemplos
静か(しずか) silencioso
静岡(しずおか) Shizuoka (city)
冷静(れいせい) tranquilo; calmado; peaceful (mind)
彼女はお知らせを冷静に受け止めた。She took the news calmly
事態は、私たちの冷静な判断力を必要としてる。The situation calls for our cool judgement
あなたは冷静を保った。えらい。I admire you for keeping your head.
彼は混乱の真っ只中にあっても冷静だ。He remains cool amidst confusion
彼は危険を前にしても冷静だった。He remained calm even in the presence of danger
彼の冷静な言葉で私恐怖は和らいだ。His calm words allayed my fear
その娘はたいそう美しいので非常に冷静な男でさえも彼女に惹かれる。That girl is so beautiful that she attracts even the most self possessed of men
平静(へいせい) tranquility; Peaceful (state)
彼はやがて平静に戻った。He soon recovered his composure
トムは平静を保とうとした。Tom tried to stay calm.
彼は徐々に平静を取り戻した He gradually recovered his temper
平静を保てないと君は地位を失うことになるよ You will lose your position if you don’t keep your temper
彼は平静なようだったが実のところはとてもあがっていた He looked calm, but actually he was very nervous
校内はようやく平静に戻った The campus finally became peaceful again.
群衆は平静に退散した The crowd dispersed quietly [peacefully].
Notas de un japo:
平静 is not commonly used except for the following two forms: “世界は平静を保っているように見えた" The world seemed kept peaceful. ”彼は平静を装っていた” He pretended to be calm.
Notas de otro japo:
”彼は冷静だった": Natural ”彼は平静だった": Unnatural
Notas de otro japo:
{○冷静/×平静}な行動
{○冷静/×平静}に判断する
かろうじて{○冷静/○平静}を装う
{×冷静/○平静}を失う
街はようやく{×冷静/○平静}になった (冷静さを失う is fine though)
「類語例解辞典」より
静まる(しずまる) calmarse
海をじっと眺めていると私は気が静まる感じがする。When I contemplate the sea, I feel calm
風が静まった。Ya se calmó el viento

席 Asiento; posición

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- セキ
ejemplos
席(せき) lugar (asignado o por asignar); posición
窓側の席がいいです。I’d like a window seat.
席を確保するには列に並びさえすればいい All you have to do to secure a seat is wait in line
彼の辞職で官僚の席に空きができた。His resignation left a vacancy in the cabinet
出席(しゅっせき) Attendance
欠席(けっせき) absence, non-attendance
座席(ざせき) asiento literal
彼らはお互いに座席を交換した。They exchanged seats with each other.
座席ベルトをおしめください。 Fasten your seatbelt
座席をとっておいてください。Please save my place
私に席を譲っていただき、本当にありがとうございます。 Gracias por ofrecerme tu asiento
出席者 (personas) presentes
出席者は40人だった。There were forty people present
空席(くうせき) asiento vacío

積 apilar; acumular

訓読み- つ
音読み- セキ
ejemplos
積む(つむ) to pile up;
雑誌はテーブルの脇の積んである。The magazines are piled up next to the table.
一隻の船に全部を積む冒険をするな。 Don’t risk putting everything in one boat
積み込む(つみこむ) load (cargo into a vehicle)
彼らは今石炭を船に積み込んでいます。They are loading coal into a ship now
積み上げる(つみあげる) to build up over time
一族が苦労して積み上げてきたものを、お前は一瞬で反故にするつもりか。Do you plan to throw away in one instant what our family has painstakingly built up
雪が塀に吹き寄せて積み上がった。The snow banked up against the wall
積もる(つもる) something is piled up
新雪が丘に積もって美しく見える。 The fresh snow looks beautiful on the hill
小道に落ち葉は厚く積もっていた。Leaves lay thick in the lane
積極的(せっきょくてき) activo; asertivo
人々に善行を施すのに積極的であれ。Be active in doing good for people
あの学生はとても積極的だ。That student is very active
彼女は婦人解放運動で積極的な役割をした。She played a part in the women’s liberation movement
彼は積極的なセールスマンの典型だ He is the very model of an aggressive salesman.
面積(めんせき) Área (matemáticas)
三角形の面積を求める。
この都市の面積はどれくらいか。What is the area of the city?
縦横8フィートの部屋の面積は64平方フィートである。A room 8 feet square has an area of 64 square feet.
蓄積(ちくせき)する accumulate
賢明な投資をして彼女は一財産を蓄積した。By investing wisely, she accumulated a fortune
日本の学生は知識を蓄積することは大変得意だ。I think that Japanese students are very good at gathering knowledge.
見積もる(みつもる) estimar (una cantidad)
ざっと見積もって、その仕事は二週間かかるだろう。At a rough estimate, I’d say the job will take two weeks
私たちは損失をおできるだけ正確に見積もった。We estimated the losses as exactly as possible

折 Doblar

訓読み- おる
音読み- セツ
ejemplos
折る(おる) fold or break
私に鶴を折ってもらえますか。Will you make me a paper crane?
折れる(おれる) it folds or breaks (intransitivo)
折れるより曲がれ better bend than break
その鳥の翼は折れていた。La ala del pájaro estaba rota
折り紙(おりがみ) origami (literal doblar papel :v)
骨を折る(ほねをおる) romperse un hueso, literal o usado metafóricamente cuando algo te cuesta trabajo y le pusiste empeño (e.i. partirse la madre cabeza)
彼は子供の救育に非常に骨を折った。He took great pains in educating his children
その少年はそのクイズを解くのに骨を折った The boy took great pains to solve the quiz
君ためにできるだけ骨を折ろう I will do all I can for you
彼は野球の試合で足の骨を折った。Se rompió el hueso de la pierna jugando baseball.
折角(せっかく) palabra que describe que algo te costó trabajo o que se esperó pacientemente.
おっと、せっかく時間前に来たのに、ダベッてたら遅刻しちまう。 Whoa, if we keep chatting, despite actually arriving early, we'll end up late!
あーあ、せっかくお母さんには内緒にしてた計画なのに、もうばれちゃった。Oh no... I tried so hard to keep the plan secret from my mom, but she already found out.
時折(ときおり) from time to time (mas literario que ときどき) Comments de un japo:
会話では、「時々」のほうがよく使われます。 「時折」は、もっと文学的な表現や、上品な表現に使います。
折り返し(おりかえし) do something back
折り返し電話するように伝えます。I’ll tell him to call you back
骨折(こっせつ) Fractura

説 advocate

訓読み- と
音読み- セツ
ejemplos
説明(せつめい) Explicación
伝説(でんせつ) Leyenda
説く(とく) to advocate; proponer; preach
彼は、どこへ出かけていっても、愛、忍耐、そしてとりわけ非暴力を説いた。Everywhere he went, he advocated for love, patience, and most of all, non violence
彼を説いてその計画をやめさせようとしたが無駄だった。I tried to talk him out of the project in vain
彼は私達に健康の重要性を説いた He preached to us about the importance of good health
口説く(くどく) Making a pass at someone >トムは一緒に映画を見に行こうと、彼女を口説いた。Tom convinced her into going to the movies with him
説き伏せる(ときふせる) “convince” by nagging
桂子の両親は彼女を説き伏せて彼とのデートを思いとどまらせた Keiko's parents talked her out of dating him
妻は私を説き伏せて新車を買わせようとした My wife tried to persuade me into buying a new car
彼女は、自分と結婚するよう、彼を説き伏せた。She persuaded him to marry her.
説得(せっとく) persuade someone
彼女を説得しようとしても無駄 It's no use trying to persuade her
セールスマンは両親を説得して百貨辞典を買わせた。The salesman talked my parents into buying a set of encyclopedias
彼女は、数ペニーを節約するために半時間を浪費するなと、彼を説得できなかった。She could not persuade him not to waste half an hour to save a few pennies
相手が「納得」できるように、言葉で説くのが、「説得」。
演説(えんぜつ) speech
彼の演説はとても説得力がある His speech is very eloquent
昨日大統領が言った演説は支持者を喜ばせた。The speech made by the president yesterday delighted his supporters

節 estaciones (comodín)

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- セツ
ejemplos
季節(きせつ) Las estaciones del año
節約(せつやく) economize; saving time/money (by not spending as much or by doing more efficiently)
その機械の働きは労働を節約すること The function of the machine is to save work
こうすれば数時間の節約ができます。 In this way you can save several hours
タクシーで行くかわりにバスで行くのは節約になる。It’s more economical to go by bus instead of taking a taxi
バーゲエンセールを利用してお金を節約しよう。Let’s take advantage of the bargain and save money
燃料の節約がこの自動車の大きな特徴だ。Fuel economy is a major distinction of the car
調節(ちょうせつ) Adjustment
このつまみを回すことでテレビの色を調節できます。 You can adjust the color of the TV by turning this knob
この机は子供たちに合わせて高さが調節できる You can adjust this desk to the height of any child
一節(いっせつ) a written passage
その本の一節をノートに書き写した。I copied a passage from the book into my notebook
関節(かんせつ) joint; articulación (bone joints, not weed lol)
右腕の関節脱臼したようです。I’m afraid I dislocated my right arm
左肩の関節が痛みます。The joint of my left shoulder aches
気温が下がると関節が痛むんだ。My joints ache when it gets cold

浅 shallow

訓読み- あさ
音読み- No importa tanto
ejemplos
浅い(あさい) shallow
この川はあそこで浅くなっている。This river become shallow at that point
川はここで浅くなっている。歩いて渡れるよ。The river is shallow here, we can walk across
眠りが浅いのです。I’m a light sleeper

戦 lucha

訓読み- たたか
音読み- セン
ejemplos
戦う(たたかう) battle; batallar; luchar; pushing through a struggle
正義のために戦う I fight in the cause of justice
私は眠気と戦った。I fought against sleep
戦い(たたかい) battle; batalla;struggle; lucha
飢えとの戦い a battle against hunger
彼は率先して公害と戦った。He took thee lead in fighting pollution
戦い抜く(たたかいぬく) to fight to the bitter end
戦闘(せんとう) combate armado
彼はその戦闘で負傷した。He was wounded in the battle
ここの戦闘にっはみな勝っても戦争に負けることがある You can win all the battles yet lose the war
挑戦(ちょうせん) challenge someone or oneself
彼はしばしば挑戦的態度に出る He often takes a defiant attitude towards us
スカイダイビングに挑戦したいのです。I’d like to try out skydiving
もし夢を実現させたいのなら、挑戦を続けなさい。If you want to make your dreams come true, keep on trying
水泳で世界記録に挑戦するつもりだ。I am going to establish a new world record for swimming
兄は何度も試験に挑戦して、最後には合格した My brother tried many times to pass the examination, finally succeeding
運転試験の2度目の挑戦で運転免許をとることができた I got my driver's license on the second time I tried to pass the driver's test
comments de un japo
「戦い」は自分の気持ちに関係なく、相手に勝つために行うことだと思います。
「喧嘩」は、相手が嫌いだったり、相手に対して怒っていることが多く、相手に嫌な思いをさせるためや、自分のうっぷんをはらすために行うことだと思います
「戦闘」は、武器や兵器を使って戦うことだと思います。
作戦(さくせん) Strategy; operation plan; tactics
その軍団は先頭中多くの輝かしい作戦に従事した。The army was involved in a number of brilliant actions during battle
この作戦に対する脅威は数多い The threats to this strategy are numerous

選 choose

訓読み- えら
音読み- セン
ejemplos
選ぶ(えらぶ) elegir
選手(せんしゅ) player (sports)
選択(せんたく)する seleccionar (elegir formal)
選挙(せんきょ) election (política)
選出(せんしゅつ) to be elected; to elect
彼は人民によって選出されたことを誇りに思った He was proud that he was elected by the people
私たちは彼を市長に選出しました。We elected him mayor

然 Nature

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- ゼン
ejemplos
全然(ぜんぜん) Absolutely (yes, or no depending on the verb/adjective tense)
当然(とうぜん) Naturally expected; obvious
当然だ、人間はそこまで愚かじゃない Of course, humans are not that stupid
自然(しぜん) Naturaleza
人間は自然の前には無力だ。Humans are powerless before nature
メグの髪は自然にカーツする Meg’s hair curls naturally
突然(とつぜん) abrupto e inesperado
彼女は突然笑い出した。All of a sudden, she began to laugh
偶然(ぐうぜん) Coincidencia
同然(どうぜん) same in nature; pretty much
彼は、人殺しも同然だ。 He is no better than a murderer
警官は凶器を持った強盗の頭を打った。その強盗は即死も同然だった。Police shot the armed robber in the head, he died pretty much instantly
その車は新品同然だ The Car looked good as new
彼の回復は全く奇跡も同然であった。 His recovery was nothing short of a miracle
ジェーンは金槌同然泳げない。Jane nada tal cual martillo (Jane no sabe nadar)
あの占い師は嘘つき同然だ。That fortune-teller is no better than a liar
私たちは兄弟も同然だ。We are like brothers.

争 contender

訓読み- あらそ
音読み- ソウ
ejemplos
争う(あらそう) contender
彼らは賞を目指して争っている They are contending for the prize
私は一等賞をめざして彼と争った I competed with him for the first prize
試合は終始一点を争うシーソーゲームだった The game was one point back and forth the whole game
言い争う(いいあらそう) to quarrel; to dispute; arguing (to reason who is in the right)
彼らと言い争ってみても無駄だ。It’s no good arguing with him (he won’t listen)
その姉妹はいつも言い争ってばかりいた。The two sisters were always quarrelling with each other
争い(あらそい) contienda (en varios contextos)
彼らの争いは誤解に基づくものだ。la contienda entre ellos surgió de un malentendido
財産分与が争いの種だった。La división de la propiedad era el origen de la contienda
その争いの後、双方に多数の死者が出た。Despues de la contienda, había un gran numero de muertos en ambos lados
待ちのほか地域で絵は争いが続けた。In other areas of the city, the fighting continued.
私は争いを避けようとした。I tried to avoid contention.
ポスト争いは激しい。La contienda por el puesto está intensa.
Notas de un japo:
争いは、相手に勝とうとすること 戦いは、相手を倒そうとすること
戦争(せんそう) Guerra
彼はテレビでその戦争の時代的背景を説明した。He explained the political background of the war on tv
競争(きょうそう) Competencia (nuance de carreritas, pero se usa en otros contextos igual)
バスの停留所まで競争しよう。I’ll race you to the bus stop.
ゆっくりと着実なのが競争に勝つ Slow and steady wins the race
我々は海外の業者からの競争に直面している We face competition from foreign suppliers
その会社は競争の激化のあおりを受けて、倒産した。Having fallen victim to increased competition, the company went bankrupt
私たちの会社はライバル企業に金利競争で敗れた。We lost out to our rival in price competition.
彼女は大食い競争で一番になった。She got first prize in the eating contest.
論争(ろんそう) debate; disputa (la versión política de 言い争う) nuance de controversia. Aumentativo: 大論争 (だいろんそう)
ビルは論争が巧みだ。Bill is skillful in arguing and debating
彼の大胆な計画は大きな論争を巻き起こした。His bold plan gave rise to much controversy
新しい学校の建設地については論争があった。There was a controversy about the location of the new school
彼の後継者についての問題はまだ論争中だ。The matter of his successor is still under debate
陪審団による有罪評決が大論争の引き金となった。The jury’s guilty verdict triggered a widespread debate.
私たちは私たちの論争の公平な判定者としてお父さんを選んだ。We chose Father as a neutral judge of our disputes
紛争(ふんそう) Conflicto
紛争のない人間社会はありえない。 There can be no human society without conflict
外交的な対話によって、その紛争に終止符を打つことができた。Diplomatic dialogue helped put an end to the conflict
国家間の紛争は平和的に解決されなければならない。International disputes must be settled peacefully.
核戦争(かくせんそう) Nuclear warfare

倉 Storage

訓読み- くら
音読み- ソウ
ejemplos
倉庫(そうこ) storehouse
車を倉庫に入れなさい。Put the car into the garage
彼は倉庫の警備人として仕事をしている He is working as a security guard at a warehouse
鎌倉時代(かまくらじだい) Kamakura period (1185-1333CE)

巣 Nido

訓読み- す
音読み- ソウ
ejemplos
巣(す) Nido
その鳥は巣の中にいる。Thee bird is in its nest
卵巣(らんそう) Ovarios
精巣(せいそう) Testículos

束 nudo

訓読み- たば
音読み- ソク
ejemplos
束(たば) bundle
彼は小枝を束にした He tied the twigs into bundles
新聞をたばにするのを手伝ってくれ Help me bind the papers into bundles
束ねる(たばねる) anudar; make a bundle
彼女はリボンで髪を束ねた。anudó su cabello con un listón.
彼女は髪を丸く束ねている。She wears her hair in a bun.
彼は、まきを束ねた。He made up a bundle of firewood.
本はひとまとめに束ねてあった。The books were tied up in a bundle.
約束(やくそく) promise
約束を破る break a promise
約束を守る keep a promise
会う約束 appointment; cita
5時半に彼と会う約束がある。I have an appointment with him for five-thirty.

側 side

訓読み- かわ
音読み- No importa tanto
ejemplos
左側(ひだりがわ) left side
米国車のハンドルは左側にある Steering wheels of American cars are on the left side
右側(みぎがわ) right side
アメリカで車は右側通行です In America cars drive on the right side of the road
心臓が右側にあれば異常だ It's abnormal to have the heart on the right side
向こう側(むこうがわ) the other side
その通りの向こう側にホテルがある There's a hotel across the street
外側(そとがわ) the outer side
内側(うちがわ) within
ドアの内側から鍵がかかっていた The door was locked from within
壁は内側が白くて外側は緑である The wall is white within and green outside
窓の内側に男の顔が見えた I saw a man's face inside the window
窓側(まどがわ) the window side
窓側か通路側どちらになさいますか Window or Isle?
窓側の席をお願いします I'd like a window seat, please
反対側(はんたいがわ) the opposite side
「それに、地球の反対側だと考えればそんなに高くはないわよ」と言う "Besides," she says, "it doesn't cost much when you think it's the other side of the world

続 continue

訓読み- つづ
音読み- ゾク
ejemplos
続ける(つづける) I keep doing it
続く(つづく) it continues happening
続き(つづき) continuation. En anime sale al final del episodio tipo “to be continued”
相続(そうぞく) heredar
ジョンは莫大な財産を相続した John inherited a large fortune
彼は父親の大きな土地を相続した He succeeded to his father's large property
彼の親戚たちは、当然自分が彼の莫大な財産を相続すると思った His relatives took it for granted that they would inherit the bulk of his wealth
続々(ぞくぞく) uno tras otro; (quickly)one after the other
劇場から続々と人が出て来た。A stream of people came out of the theatre
今私家の付近に住宅が続々立っている。En mi vecindario se están construyendo viviendas una tras otra.
手続き(てつづき) procedure
とても時間がかかるから空港での手続きに従うのは好きじゃない I dislike going through customs at the airport because it takes so long
ビザを入手する手続きはどうしたらいいですか What is the procedure for getting a visa
銀行融資を受けたいのだけど手続きはどしたらいいの I'd like to get a bank loan, but how do I go about that
私はニューヨークへ飛んだとき2時間前に搭乗手続きをとるようにと言われた When I flew to New York, I was told to check in two hours before my flight
継続(けいぞく) proceed; to carry on
科学者はその研究を継続することを強く要求した The scientist insisted on proceeding with the research
交渉を継続することで合意しました We have agreed to continue the negotiations
討論を継続することを動議します noción para proseguir la discusión
裁判は10日間継続して行われた The trial lasted for ten consecutive days

卒 Graduacion

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ソツ
ejemplos
卒業式(そつぎょうしき) Ceremonia de graduación.

孫 Descendencia

訓読み- まご
音読み- ソン
ejemplos
孫(まご) grandchild
彼は孫達に囲まれて座っていました。He sat surrounded by his grandchildren
子孫(しそん) Descendencia
子孫に綺麗な、緑の地球を残したい。We want to leave our descendants a clean green earth
孫悟空(そんごくう) Son Gokú :v

帯 móvil

訓読み- おび
音読み- タイ
ejemplos
帯(おび) obi; cinturón tradicional de kimonos
携帯(けいたい) cellphone (abreviación de 携帯電話). Portar (un arma). Traer algo consigo; carry
最近の女子高生は、携帯でメールしているらしい。Lately high school girls are using their phones to exchange e-mail.
アメリカ人は武器の携帯を許されている。Americans have the right too bear arms
この電子辞書は携帯しやすいところが味噌です The good thing about this electronic dictionary is that it’s easy to carry
警官は笛を携帯している。The policeman carries a whistle
包帯(ほうたい) bandages
その看護婦が私頭に、やさしいく包帯を巻いてくれた。The nurse put a bandage gently around my head.
母はジムの切り傷に包帯をした。Mother put a bandage on Jim’s cut.
地帯(ちたい) zona
兵隊達は全員その地帯の地図を持っていた The soldiers were all supplied with a map of the zone
ツンドラ地帯の気候は厳しい。The tundra has a harsh climate
熱帯雨林(ねったいうりん) tropical reinforest

隊 Army squad

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- タイ
ejemplos
軍隊(ぐんたい) Army
部隊(ぶたい) unit in the army; army team
私は特殊部隊に勤務する。I work in a special unit
隊長(たいちょう) comandante
兵隊(へいたい) soldado
自衛隊(じえいたい) Japan’s Army

達 reach

訓読み- たち
音読み- タツ
ejemplos
友達(ともだち) Amigo
私達(わたしたち) We
配達(はいたつ) delivery
手紙は毎日配達されます Letters are delivered every day
彼は孤児院にその包みを配達した He delivered the package to the orphanage
私の仕事はバイクでピザを配達することだった My work was to deliver pizza by motorcycle
達人(たつじん) un master; un chingón :v
彼は水泳の達人だ el es un master en la natación
達する(たっする) reach
討論は結論に達した。The discussion came to a conclusion
そのレベルにはまだ達していません I haven't reached the level yet.
そのレベルにはまだ達していません He quit the company before he reached his retirement age.
水は彼の腰の所まで達した The water came up to his waist
彼の声は私たちの耳まで達した His voice reached our ears
先生の言葉が心に達する。 Sensei’s words reached my heart
Nota de un japo:
達する is "reach" in an abstract sense, ie, "Sales reached our quarterly goals," "The number of deaths reached 1,000."
届く is "arrive at" in a physical sense, ie, "The package arrived this morning."

単 Simple

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- タン
ejemplos
簡単(かんたん) Simple
単に(たんに) merely; simply
彼は単に好奇心からそれをしただけだ。He did it simply out of curiosity
知恵というものは単に事実を知っているだけではない。Wisdom does not consist of only facts
彼は読むふりをしていたとわかった。I could tell he was merely pretending to read
単語(たんご) Palabra; (vocabulary) word
辞書で単語を調べる Look up the word in the dictionary
単位(たんい) Meaning 1: Unit. Meaning 2: College credits
家族は社会の基本的な単位である The family is the basic unit of society.
センチメートルは長さの単位だ Centimiters are a unit of length
ガソリンはリットル単位で売られる Gasoline is sold by the liter
トマトは1ポンド単位で売られる tomatoes are sold by th pound
靴は一足単位で売られる。Los zapatos se venden por par
私は週単位で支払われる。Me pagan por semana
この科目は何単位ですか。How many credits is this course?
例えば、私は、来年進学する大学の単位が実際にもらえる数学の上級クラスにいます。For example, I am in a high-level math class that actually gives me college credits for next year.
単純(たんじゅん) the simple kind of X as opposed to the complicated kind (not rude). Also, simple-minded, mouth-breathing person (pretty rude).
単なる(たんなる) mere
私はそれは単なる偶然だと思う I think it is a mere coincidence
彼は単なる愚か者でしかない He is nothing but a fool
それは単なる冗談だよ It is a mere joke
彼は単なる利己主義者に過ぎない El no es nada mas que un mero egoísta
単調(たんちょう) Monotonous
私は単調な生活に飽きた。I'm tired of the monotonous life.
芸術は我々の生活の単調さを破ってくれる。Art breaks the monotony of our life.

置 ponedejar

訓読み- お
音読み- チ
ejemplos
置く(おく) ponedejar
彼女はテーブルの上に皿を置いた She set the tray down on the table
机の上に本が置いてある Un libro fue puesto sobre el escritorio
コンサートのチケットを買っておけば良かった hubiera dejado el boleto comprrado
置き忘れる(おきわすれる) dejar olvidado
彼女はとても慌てていたので電車に傘を置き忘れてしまった 彼女はとても慌てていたので電車に傘を置き忘れてしまった
トムは不注意にもバスにカメラを置き忘れた Tom was so careless as to leave his camera in the bus
どうやら電車の中で傘を置き忘れてきたらしい I seem to have left my umbrella behind in the train
放って置く(ほうっておく) dejar en paz; dejar por su cuenta
「私のことはほっておいて」と彼女は怒って "Leave me alone," she said angrily
どうか、私をほっておいてください Please leave me alone
その問題はほっておけ Let the problem alone
ほうっておけば落ち着くよ Let him alone. He'll soon come around by himself
彼はその仕事に飽きて、やりかけたままでほっておいた He got tired of the work, and left it half-done
置き換える reemplazar
現在のバージョンは、アップグレード版で置き換えます We will replace the current version with the upgrade
戦争は私たちの幸せを奪い取って、代わりに恐怖で置きかえたのよ。War has taken away our happiness and replaced it with horror.
中国では漢字の字数が多いから 複雑な繁体字をやめて覚えやすい簡体字に置き換え、識字率を高めることが簡体字推進の目的でした。In China, there is a large number of characters, so the goal of the character simplification was to replace the complex traditional characters with easy to remember simplified characters and increase the literacy rate.
位置(いち) posición 学校は健康的な環境に位置している La escuela está posicionada en un ambiente sano
日本は北半球に位置する Japan is located in the Northern Hemisphere
標識はエスカレーターの位置を示している The sign indicates the location of the escalator
選手達はみな位置についていた All the players were in position
装置(そうち) dispositivo; equipment; device
昨日その装置でちょっとした問題があった。We had a little trouble with the equipment yesterday.
これは電気を作る装置だ this device produces electricity
僕はバイク盗難防止装置を買いました。Compré un dispositivo anti-robos para mi bicicleta
措置(そち) medidas (para lidiar con un problema)
政府はインフレに対するために強硬な措置をとった The government adopted strong measures to fight inflation
政府は感染の拡大を未然に防ぐための適切な措置を取らなかった The government didn't take appropriate measures to prevent the infection from spreading
処置(しょち) course of action
どういう処置を取るかはあなたに任せます I leave it in your hands what course of action to take
早急な処置が必要だ Prompt action is necessary
私たちは必要な処置を講じた We took the necessary course of action
放置(ほうち) dejar descuidado; leave unattended; dejar sin supervisión
注意!窒息する危険があります。これらのバックは乳幼児の近くに放置しないでください。Warning! Risk of suffocation. To avoid danger don't keep it near babies.
インターネットにおける”荒らし”が人に迷惑をかけないようにするためには、何もせずに放置しておけば良いのだ。彼らに”エサ”を与えてはならない。Para hacer que los trolls de internet no molesten no hay que hacer nada, sino dejar de hacer algo. No alimentes a los trolls.
トムは急いでいたので、ベッドを直さず、放置した。Tom was in a hurry so he left his bed unmade.
駅の近くの歩道には何処に行ってもおびただしい数の自転車が放置されているのが見かけられる Wherever you go, you see a lot of bicycles left on sidewalks near stations
雨の中に放置しておくと自転車はさびるでしょう。A bicycle will rust if you leave it in the rain

仲 Nakama

訓読み- なか
音読み- No importa tanto
ejemplos
仲がいい(なかがいい) se llevan bien
彼らは近所の人たちと仲がよい ellos se llevan bien con sus vecinos
仲間(なかま) aliado, alguien con tus mismos objetivos; compañía
仲間たちが私に野望そ果たすよう励ましてくれた。My comrades encouraged me to fulfill my ambitions
彼は悪い仲間につかまった He fell among bad companions
人は交わる仲間によって知られるということができよう It may be said that a man is known by the company he keeps
仲直り(なかなおり) hacer las pases; reconciliación
彼女は友達と仲直りした。Se reconcilió con su amigo
仲良し(なかよし) a good friend
私はビルと仲良しです。I’m good friends with bill
仲違い(なかたがい) conflicto; disentimiento; choque con alguien
前月仲違いして以来カレンにはあって行けない I haven’t seen Karen since we fell out last month.
些細な喧嘩でえ仲違いしないでおこう Don’t let a little quarrel come between us

貯 ahorrar

訓読み- たくわ
音読み- チョ
ejemplos
貯める(ためる) ahorrar
金を貯める ahorrar dinero
貯金(ちょきん) los ahorros; el dinero ahorrado
彼は毎週10ドルを貯金している He puts ten dollars aside every week
彼女は100ドル貯金した She saved a hundred dollars
万が一の場合に備えて貯金するのは賢明だ。It is wise to save money for a rainy day.
彼は老後に備えて貯金した。He saved money for his old age.
医者の費用は本当に貯金に食い込む。 Doctors’ bills really cut into our saving
彼は貯金を増やした。He added to his savings.
車を買うために貯金をしている I’m saving money for a car.
貯金箱にはお金は全く残っていなかった。 None of the money was left in the money box.
貯蓄(ちょちく) patrimonio (financial asset (money, gold, stock, government bond etc)
いつかは君も貯蓄の重要さを悟るようになるだろう Some day you will come to realize the importance of saving
老後を安心して暮らしたかったら今から貯蓄を始めなさい If you want security in your old age, begin saving now
まさかのときには貯蓄に頼ればよい If you want security in your old age, begin saving now

兆 presagio

訓読み- きざ
音読み- チョウ
ejemplos
兆し(きざし) Indicación visual; Señal
まだ目に見える春の兆しはなかった。There were still no visual signs of spring.
その建物は老朽の兆しを見せている。The building exhibits signs of dilapidation
その両国間に緊張が高まりつつある兆しがある There are signs of growing tensions between the two countries
彼の事業もやっとほう芽の兆しを見せた。his business has begun to thrive at last
彼は糖尿病のどんな兆しにも注意していた He was watchful for any sign of diabetes
前兆(ぜんちょう) augurio
あの雲は雨の前兆だ That cloud bodes rain
兆候(ちょうこう) síntoma (el efecto en causa y efecto)
食欲が急に減退するのは病気の兆候であることがある。Sudden decrease in appetite is sometimes a sign of illness.
労働力不足の発生は経済の過熱兆候とみられている The emerging labor shortage is viewed as a symptom of economic overhearing
submitted by Zalogon to KanjiEntendible [link] [comments]


2020.01.17 02:32 ArtyNinja [Let's Complete] d100 City Street Encounters

Let's finish this old list by u/dndspeak
edit4: 97/100
The PCs are trudging the streets of a bustling city, running errands and wary of trouble. What goes down?
---
##d100 City Street Encounters
  1. A homeless urchin approaches the party and claims that he used to be a great magician. He says that if the party were to give him a gold piece, he could make one of them disappear. The urchin has a teleportation sigil on the ground in front of him that is incredibly difficult to see and only activates with his command word, which happens to be 'PRESTO!'. The character standing on the sigil is teleported to an alleyway 3 blocks down the road, into a trash pile. [dndspeak]
  2. Three semi-attractive ladies boldly harass a PC saying that s/he slept with all three of them. Creating a diversion for a pickpocket to snagged the purse of the PC's while they are distracted by the ladies. Once the pickpocket is gone they apologize and say that the PC looks like someone they know. [Austiniuliano]
  3. down the street, a person is being chased by the city guard. The guard are yelling for the thief to stop. As the thief gets close a 2nd thief causes a distraction to the guard such as overturning a wagon full of manure. The pair of thieves round the corner close to the PCs. what do the PC's do? [Austiniuliano]
  4. As you pass an alleyway, a male goblin rushes out frantically and flags down your group. “Help, help, my wife is giving birth! Please, someone help us!” You look past him into the alley, and sure enough, there is a pregnant goblin grimacing and bracing herself against a crate. You get to name their firstborn if you help out, and the father will buy your party a round of drinks at the tavern he works at. [ASzinhaz]
  5. A charlatan offers to give a party member some fancy jewelry to advertise their business. Little did they know this jewelry has a scrying enchantment and will be used to see where the party is staying and how well defended they are and rob them that night. [11110000110011]
  6. Roll a DC 15 Dexterity check to not get hit with the contents of an emptied chamberpot. If anyone in the party fails the check, the party rolls all Charisma checks at a disadvantage until the unlucky ones take a proper bath. [ASzinhaz]
  7. You see an older man yelling at his apprentice for making some mistake. The apprentice seems near tears because he's trying to explain himself but can't get a word in edgewise. [jheiner227]
  8. You are walking down the street when you are bumped violently aside, but when you look for the perpetrator all you see is a stray cat which seems to part the crowd wherever it goes (It's actually a dragon casting major illusion to better mingle). [callhimbob]
  9. A child with an obvious injury begging for money pleads to the party for money. Later that day the party sees the same kid running around playing tag. [callhimbob]
  10. A shopper in the market starts going mad trying to bite the other patrons. Minutes later the shopper collapses with no memory of what happened. (In my game the person had been possessed by an animal spirit) [callhimbob]
  11. The party comes upon an ongoing street performance of a popular play. It's an enjoyable show, until the actors start looking for members in the audience to call on stage (whether that's because they're malicious or they pick the most socially awkward member of the part) [callhimbob]
  12. A group of miners are protesting outside of a noble's estate over poor working conditions [callhimbob]
  13. A gaggle of students run up to the party and demand that the oddball (genasi, orc, kenku, etc...) come back to the university with them so they can win the scavenger hunt they're competing in [callhimbob]
  14. You come across 4 old men sitting and playing cards. If you want to join, they let you, but because this is what they do with their lives, they are very good. [jheiner227]
  15. You see a man/woman locked away in a prison cairrage, they beckon to you they are innocent and will compensate you handsomely should you aid in their escape. [Oniguumo]
  16. A street performer is making music, hoping that people will pay him. If he's very good, there's a large crowd. If he's bad, people walk by, averting their eyes. If the party is musical, he's happy to perform together and split the take. He may not be honest about the split, though. [jheiner227]
  17. A friendly looking man in light brown robes approaches the party. He is surrounded by 7 golden birds. He offers to read the fortune of the party in exchange for enough coin to buy a meal and bed for the night (I usually use 5 GP). If they acquiesce, he asks them to ask a question and he answers using the Divination spell. A successful perception check (DC 15, ARC skill of +5 or higher automatically succeeds) will reveal that he hasn't actually cast any spell, but his answers are always truthful. Once he is out of sight of the party, he disappears. [[deleted]]
  18. A homeless man/woman approaches begging for food and or shelter for the evening. Party agrees, they'll wake up and a large sum of money sits by them but he or she is gone. If they refuse, then days later they hear in the news a man shown kindness in a person's time of need. Billionaire gives man money. [SychsisOPhrenia]
  19. A raving madwoman stops everyone she sees, telling the story of how she was the mistress of the Mayor or King. Her mind is broken and her speech is rambling, but the stories she tells are very consistant and convincing. [Alphachicken]
  20. A voice calls out from a darkened alleyway, it sounds in distress, but is quickly muffled. [Kiyohara]
  21. The cobble pavement collapses in a major street revealing a dungeon (or unknown sewer beneath. In a short period of time a large portion of the city guard will come to inspect and clear crowds. A single old crippled man will climb from within the hole and collapse once he reaches the light [mechanical_banana42]
  22. A parade blocks traffic while many people stop what they are doing to watch. [Kiyohara]
  23. A circus strongman flexes and struts in a chalk ring. A halfling barker stands on a soap box, challenging anyone walking by to test their mettle against the steel thews of Kourteous the Mighty, Terror of the Ring! Best out of three clinches wins. [nlitherl]
  24. A very large wild animal calmly walks down the street. People run away and shout, but the beast seems uninterested in them. [Kiyohara]
  25. A merchant offers the exact same items the party already owns, but if they buy anything they will find the exact object missing from there bag. If confronted about it, the merchant will flee leaving the party with all the items, but there bags are empty (they have one of each item again). The players can buy and keep two of any item by taking it out of there backpack and holding it while buying the duplicate. [Sappique]
  26. Several acrobats occupy a part of the street and display great skill and dexterity in their movements and contortions. [Kiyohara]
  27. A tower full of boiling molasses/oil/etc groans and collapses from atop the roof of a local apothecary/wizard. Any caught in the rushing wave of scorching liquid stand to have the flesh melted from their very bones! [revderrick]
  28. The doors to a brewery explode open and thousands of gallons of beer rush out and swamp the streets. Many townsfolk quickly gather buckets, pitchers, and other containers and start scooping up what they can. [Kiyohara]
  29. Two gentlemen or women, surrounded by guards seem to be getting into a bit of a fight. They're yelling loudly and making convincing swings at each other. They position themselves, and as one swings with all his/her might, the other ducks, and they manage to knock over one of the guards, dashing out of the circle as quickly as possible. As they pass your party, one of them tosses you a mysterious object as they pass. Along with the object is a hastily scribbled note that reads, "MIDNIGHT, , MEET". [TheDirtyDeal]
  30. Two merchants stand nose to nose screaming at each other, their carts are intertwined and they are blocking traffic. Their horses seem to be nonplussed and nibble at nearby grass. [Kiyohara]
  31. You find a potion seller that had all the labels to his potions torn of in the middle of the night by a trickster rouge that has been terrorizing the city in recent weeks. To make matters worse, due to the "discrete" nature his clientele, all of the potions have been bewitched so they are immune to the use of an Identify spell. He is desperately trying to sell the rest of his unusable stock at a discount to anybody passing by. Each potion is 20gp or comes in bulk packs of 12 for 200gp. Roll a d20 to determine what the potion is. 1 Sorcerer Spirit: A random magic effect from the wild magic surge table occurs. If a Wild Magic sorcerer drinks the potion, roll twice on the table
2 Chug Jug: Gain 4d10 temporary hit points for 1 hour
3 Potion of speed
4 Potion of sluggishness: instantly grants 2 ranks of exhaustion
5 Potion of resistance (resistance chosen randomly)
6 Potion of vulnerability: works identically to potion of resistance, but grants vulnerability instead of resistance
7 Temperance Tonic: makes all alcohol consumed for the next 1d4 days taste vile
8 A non-magical sugary carbonated drink
9 Potion of healing
10 Potion of Poison
11 Potion of Growth
12 Potion of Diminution
13 Potion of Animal Friendship
14 Potion of Animal Hatred: All undomesticated animals are hostile on sight for one hour
15 Perfume. Smells nice, tastes horrible
16 Holy water
17 Unholy water (all healing magic is half as effective for the next hour)
18 Dragon pepper hot sauce: Make a DC 17 Constitution check. On a failure, the user is incapacitated for 1 hour. On a success, the user gains a fire breath weapon attack for 1 hour. Any character with resistance to fire automatically succeeds on the check
19 Discount potion of water breathing: Works like a regular potion of water breathing, but removes user's ability to breathe air for the duration. Lasts one hour.
20 Cheap whiskey [Jacknerik]
  1. A man runs by, screaming, seemingly battling an large octopus that has latched itself to his head and is spraying ink everywhere. No one recognizes the man and fewer know where one could find a large octopus. [Kiyohara]
  2. You bump into a figure in a sharp travelers cloak. The figure either places a magic item in your pocket that is being hunted by the town guards or the figure steals a magic item from you and runs. Upon finding the figure either way you come to learn they are a royalty among the criminal underworld and want to hire you for their next big score. [TaleBinder]
  3. A skilled bard is performing in a local noble's garden. The sounds can be heard clearly outside and a small crowd of passers by has stopped to appreciate. The Noble's guards are debating if they can/should disperse the crowd. [Kiyohara]
  4. The party hears an alarm bell ringing loudly a few blocks out of sight, which is quickly picked up other alarm bells around the city. Large flagpoles around the party's section of the city of quickly raise up orange flags, and a general call of "code orange" is taken up by everyone nearby as citizens rapidly pack up stalls and evacuate the streets with practiced ease. The ground begins to tremble by the time all nearby citizens are tucked into alleys or taking shelter indoors, and within seconds of the street clearing, a stampede of brightly colored oxen round a corner and barrel down the party's street. If the party has taken shelter, they are trapped where they are for the next 30 seconds as the small flood of animals passes by them, after which the locals quickly go about setting up shop as if nothing had happened. If the party is in the path of the oxen, they take 3d6 bludgeoning damage and are dragged 40 feet in the direction of the stampede for each turn that they remain in it, with the stampede counting as difficult terrain in any area it occupies. If the party manage to get someone to explain the situation, it is revealed a powerful but unstable sorcerer named Wizbo often conducts strange "experiments" in his "wizard tower", and that the particular section of the city he belongs to has adapted and developed a warning system to alert the locals to incoming magical shenanigans. In this case, a code orange indicates actual potential danger and advises citizens to clear the streets and take shelter indoors until the alarm has passed. [ThePragmaticPimp]
  5. A local baker has created a new type of baked good and is giving samples to everyone. From the sounds of appreciation, it is quite good and there is already a line to both try the food and to enter the store. [Kiyohara]
  6. Some of the citizens are exchanging messages in thieves cant. Messages like “it begins in 30 minutes” and “get in position”. 50% chance it’s a daring heist and 50% chance it’s a flash mob. [Patergia]
  7. A horse, saddled and with a large pack slowly ambles down the street, the stays and ties having clearly been broken. Surely the owner will want it back. [Kiyohara]
  8. The Laughing Prince, a controversial thief, has been captured. Half of the populace think he's a hero of the people; the other half think he's a ruthless cutthroat. His public execution is scheduled for midday in the town square, and the crowd on both sides is getting increasingly reckless and ugly... [Courtholomew]
  9. Several guardsmen can be seen checking strangers to see if they paid their gate tax or if they are residents. Most people seem to have a piece of paper indicating one or the other. [Kiyohara]
  10. A fire has broken out in the Market District, and is growing fast. The party can work to put out the fire, can try to alleviate the panic, or perhaps try to pick up some abandoned items for a *substantial* discount... [Courtholomew]
  11. A well dressed man accompanied by two rough looking guards is politely inquiring if anyone has paid the Thieves's Guild Tax and if they need to renew their licenses. As soon as he spots the party, he smiles widely and approaches. [Kiyohara]
  12. It's the Regent's/Mayor's birthday and the streets are awash with celebrations. An amiable man wearing the city colours and crest persuades (DC15 CHAR) the party to go on a discounted city tour (subsidised by the city council) of some of its less famous sites with his colleague sat in the box-seat of an elegant carriage. It is in fact a dodgy scheme to eek money out of travellers. The coachman venerates the cities beautiful attractions, recklessly hurtling the rig through the foot traffic. He deposits you at the first stop. A temple. Here a weasely monk attempts to persuade (DC10 CHAR) the party to generously donate to the temple and depart with earthly possessions. The coachman will be very encouraging and optimistic about the next stop being enticing, and is according to the coachman a renowned tailors. In the dingy shop a short scowling man will stalk the players as they browse the store, seizing any opportunity to try and convince them to buy his garments. At this point the players will have little sense of where they are without some means of navigation. The coachmen is adamant that the last stop will make it all worth it. The final stop from the outside appears to be a theatre with elaborate decorations and promotions. An attractive host recieves them at the doors, and leads them down a dimly lit hall, through another set of doors and into an empty auditorium. She tells them to take a seat at the front by the stage before retreating to the double doors and locking them. (2d8+3) thugs rise from the concessions stands with loaded crossbows aimed at the players heads, and the amiable man strides out on to the stage. He demands the party's valuables in exchange for their lives. [ArtyNinja]
  13. One of the PCs trips over something in the street.Reaching down they find a coin purse, heavy and clinking. Just then an angry voice bellows, "My money! I've been robbed!" The crowd steps back and a well dressed noble points to the party and screams, "Thieves!" [Kiyohara]
  14. A frail looking stray cat follows you no matter where you go in town, the cat seemingly following you with intent [forgoten_mad_man]
  15. A cloaked figure ask's where the local library is. You can hear the muffled sounds of chewing paper while he talks. And in his wake he leaves shreds of pages. [KeenanAXQuinn]
  16. A loud, colorful troupe of dwarves enter the city square; they pitch a tent and within a few hours, they announce that the traveling unarmed fight championship will be held - all who deem themselves worthy can try and earn a goblet full of gems and honor, for a small fee. Inside, a large, wooden octagonal platform sits on the center stage... but there is a trick: it stands a few feet above the ground, balancing and tilting on a stout pole on its center, and a ring-out is an immediate disqualification. The tricky dwarven fighters have specialized on pushing off opponents as soon as they enter, and those who are hardier and can hold their ground and reach the finals find that the surface starts to spin, using centrifugal force to slide them off (the champion, of course, doesn't even try to fight and just holds to the post) [VaranusNiloticus]
  17. A group of city guards are clustered around the entrance to an alleyway. They look concerned and serious. One guard exits the alleyway, and abruptly bends over and vomits with gusto all over the pavement. If any approach, they are waved away — "Nothing to see here. Go about your business." [garumoo]
  18. A sign outside a shop selling manuscripts is crooked and jutting out into your path. If straightened or moved, a shelf of books falls over, knocking over another shelf of small paintings. Four servant boys appear in fresh finery. In the distance, the wail of a siren. [garumoo]
  19. In a nearby back alley, an observant party member spots a lone cur, that whimpers and withdraws deeper into shadow. With skill checks, a player approaches to find:A hungry stray grateful for a bite, that reveals a secret tunnel it uses to navigate the city. Or the hungry "cur" is companion to a Ranger, judging by the collar he wears. Another Ranger can communicate with him, following him to an injured/dead/captured fellow ranger.The "cur" is a formidable hound badly treated by his owner. It might be a wealthy arrogant merchant, an animal handler in a traveling circus, etc. The hound can become a followefamiliacompanion. [NorthEasternNomad]
  20. A nearby building explodes and trees rapidly grow from the rubble. Bystanders explain that this is the third attack like this in a month, and that they are the work of an anarchist collective of druids that believe cities are blasphemy upon nature. [Jacknerik]
  21. Near the wizard's college is a stand selling ice cream. Occasionally, the bound elemental keeping it coll will try to break free, causing the cart to shake. The bored teenage girl running the stand takes no notice of this. [911roofer]
  22. A miniature stage is set up on the side of a street, within it, small illusions tell the story of great adventures slaying a beast like a magical puppet show. A crowd of children sit on the floor in fron of this and adults stand a little further behind. When it ends, all the kids run off to wherever they're going, and a member of the party feels their purse get a little lighter in the commotion [BobaPhobic]
  23. •A child runs up to you and tries to sneakily stab you. •Her eyes pierce through her long black hair that covers her face. This little girl stares at you. You can feel an evil and malicious presence. [BeboTheMaster]
  24. A doll or easel falls from a nearby multi-story building and nearly lands on the head of someone in the party! Anyone who looks at it feels a faint sense of unease, but it also looks expensive and valuable. You can hear an argument from the loft whose window it seemed to have dropped out of, and soon enough someone will lean out of it and ask the party if they can bring it upstairs, since they aren't finished with their artwork. If pressed, the artist says that he has other matters to attend to and can't come downstairs, but it's urgent that he get that piece back and soon. Is he just rude and bad at interacting with other people? Is he afraid of the outside? Is he in danger, or is he luring the party into some kind of trap? Will he even reward the party for giving him his work back? It's up to the DM. [archDeaconstructor]
  25. 1d4+1 Students of the nearby wizarding academy try out their newly learned spells in the alleyway and accidentaly a firebolt hits the party members. [AdmiralCita]
  26. A man with a strange accent whose clothes incorporate the bones of animals is convincing nearby townsfolk to join him on a hunt on the morrow. Given the way that people are talking about him, he seems to be very convincing and jovial. He's just finished talking to a couple down the street, and he's eyed your party. He seems to be headed your way! [archDeaconstructor]
  27. 2d6 of friendly drunken hobbits ask the party to join their celebration of their newborn family member. They offeer good ale and raspberry flavoured tobacco.qq [AdmiralCita]
  28. A bald man in robes is busy eating from a plate while also kickboxing a couple of brawny-looking folks in the regalia of the city guard. He seems to be making a fool of them. Given the crowd of onlookers, you're not sure if this is some kind of performance or just a hilariously failed attempt by the guard to arrest this man. [archDeaconstructor]
  29. 3d6 of spectral butterflies briefly circle around a party member with the highest wisdom and then fly away. People say it brings good luck, but noone knows. [AdmiralCita]
  30. A famous, beloved explorer will be delivering new relics to the local museum or gallery, and wants to unveil them all in a brand new wing of the building in a few days. One of the menial guilds has backed out on contract, though, so she's short on manpower to actually set everything up and guard the exhibition until opening day. If you're interested, she's hiring- and she'll pay handsomely. Suspiciously handsomely, for menial work. [archDeaconstructor]
  31. Random friendly dog happily brings a leather pouch containing 1d6 silver pieces and 1d4 human fingers. [AdmiralCita]
  32. You come across several guardsmen hoisting a large battering ram so they can heave it against a gate. It seems the city official whose mansion is behind that gate is unwilling to leave- not only are the gates barred, but the window drapes are drawn down, and the doors are bolted shut. They were supposed to show up for an important meeting yesterday, and were going to make a speech today, but no one's heard anything from anyone inside. Most of the locals are worried- though some seem to be happy about it. [archDeaconstructor]
  33. The players hear humming coming from underneath a manhole cover. If they open said manhole cover, they find a male gnome with a monocle and a top hat. He explains that he was trapped down there in a storm and that the manhole cover is a portal to a different realm. If the players walk into it, they end up in limbo. [ThatMedian]
  34. A man in beggars robes appears. 7 tiny canaries with him. He asks the players to spare some food or coin. He is actually Bahamut in human form. If they help him, he grants them his blessing. They have advantage on WIS rolls for the next hour. If they don’t he moves along. If they attack the canaries become Wyvern. After players are subdued Bahamut gives them a lecture on justice and charity. [BraveEagle]
  35. A city-guard is busy giving a lecture to a newbie. They use the players as an example, either positively or negatively, depending on their status in the city's eyes. For example: "Stop and Frisk" if the party are scofflaws, or "Soliciting Bribe" if the setting is somewhat fascist or corrupt. If the city views the players positively, the interaction is along the lines of "Did you see that ludicrous display last night? (Sports)" or "Good day, Squire" or something germaine to the overall plot. ("You be safe out there, I hear the masked bandit has struck again!") It could also be used as a way for the guards to deliver an message/invitation to the players: "Stop by the Station, the Lieutenant would like a word with ye". In an espionage campaign, the Player-Guard interaction may be used to communicate with the team secretly; falsely arresting and then slipping a message, or dragging in to talk in a theatrical manner. It could also be used as an intimidation tactic by a well connected political figure who controls the guards and has made enemies of the players... ("This is a message! *smash!*") [MaxSizeIs]
  36. A gaggle of urchins hurries through the crowd city streets towards the party. One of them makes eye contact, before hurrying past and heading a round a corner. The city guard pushes their way forward asking everyone if they saw which way the kids went. [Tounsley]
  37. The noonday bells only chimes twice before the rope holding the bell snaps and it plummets down the steeple, landing with a resounding gong, blowing the temples door open, and making many townsfolk believe there is devilry afoot. [Tounsley]
  38. While walking by the stocks, one of the prisoners recognizes someone from the party, and asks a favour. Could be something as simple as scratching an itch they can't reach themselves, or perhaps something more involved, [Tounsley]
  39. A intelligent huge mimic on a sturdy roof top of a one story building with other several buildings snug down on both sides. The mimic mainly stays on the edge of the roof draping a part of itself down the side of the tight alley side outside wall. It forms itself as a wet metal ladder. As an added incentive the mimic drops coins from pervious victims a few at a time to bait its ladder. When someone graps hold of the ladder (both hands and a foot hold), the mimic exudes its adhesive and grapples by rolling up its laddeself at the same time. The mimic eats atop the roof. [jjskellie]
  40. A woman is being attacked by thugs. If you ignore her cries for help she gets taken away. If you help her she takes you to her home where she and her sisters reveal themselves as succubi and try to kill you [LordoftheFaff]
  41. You see a drunkard stumbling about. He greets your PCs in a friendly if overly affectionate manner before shuffling off singing at the top of his lungs. [Sobek6]
  42. There is a striped carriage with the number 53 on the side that is someone moving uncontrollably without any houses (or driver for more modern RPG). [need-original-name]
  43. A War-priest with a flaming sword steps in your way. He's limping and looks beaten up but holds himself proudly. "So here it ends." he speaks as a bewildered look slowly enters his face. "You're not them. I'm very sorry, please go along." [MerionLial]
  44. A small critter (of the DM's choice) appears to be causing chaos, as everywhere it scampers people flee in horror.[Ever_Impetuous]
  45. You stumble upon an alleyway chat and discover one stall in a nearby busy market is rigged to detonate in a Fireball when a specific noble approaches. [Ever_Impetuous]
  46. You step in some viscous green goo... and it slithers away from you into a nearby sewer grate. The ground rumbles.[Ever_Impetuous]
  47. The street is literally alive. This part of the city was built over a large Earth Elemental but it doesn't seem bothered to carry people to their destinations. However, it decides to block the adventurers from entering the street. [Ever_Impetuous]
  48. A bird plummets from the sky right on a party member's head (1d4 physical). There is an arrow right through it... and a missive attached to its back. Someone didn't want this getting to its destination [Ever_Impetuous]
80.A street magician decides to turn your party's most anger-prone member into a joke. He uses prestidigitation to cover them in slick oil, change the color of their hair, and untie their shoelaces, all while mocking them.[Ever_Impetuous]
  1. A piano crashes down 1d4 meters away from a party member. It must have been pushed off the balcony of that nearby building. But who would toss a piano out of a balcony?[Ever_Impetuous]
  2. A person explodes in a gout of fire. Then 2 more nearby. A creature is possessing these victims before they ignite. Then the creature turns on the players! It could be that the victims (or at least one of them) are connected somehow. Are there more victims throughout the city? It's clear that the heroes must find this out before it happens again! [MaxSizeIs]
  3. Household "Otto-Servant" warforged automatons have recently become a trend among the well to do. Their inventor sends a message to the players asking for help using an unassuming middleman as as a messenger. It seems the inventor fears for their life, as they narrowly escaped a lethal attack by one of their inventions! Tales of similar attacks spread like wildfire the following days - copycat attacks seem to be happening! Can the players protect the life of the inventor, and discover the conspiracy behind the attacks? [MaxSizeIs]
  4. A rag-picker with his towering cart of discards rushes into your path. They stumble on a cobblestone, bringing the entire trolley crashing down on the street. You see glints amongst the strewn linen and furs ... [ArtyNinja]
  5. A promoter catches sight of the party and seizes the opportunity. Each player must take a DC 10 CHA check or have a wrist-band for the all new bar 'The Whore's Shoe'. [ArtyNinja]
  6. A throng of protestors block the road, bearing banners with slogans such as "Ditch the Witch" and "The hag's a hack". The leaders of the group, a human druid in am impressive headdress, and a dwarf Bard with a powerful voice are getting the frustrated crowd riled up with a powerful speech about the decadence, intransigence and failures of the powers that be. [ArtyNinja]
  7. A few guards march past with a scrawny street urchin in tow. The child is manacled and clearly in pain. [ArtyNinja]
  8. An unkempt mage is staring at a lamp-post, seemingly transfixed. He stands with a relaxed posture and smells of ozone.[ArtyNinja]
  9. You spot a fruit seller dragging a cart through a solid wall and vanish. Inspecting the wall it appears to just be the solid outer wall of a general store.[ArtyNinja]
  10. A street artist is making portraits for a reasonable price. The images seem to have a life of their own, with the faces smiling and winking at passers by. Some complete examples on the flagstones around him showing detailed backgrounds and activity but no actual muse. None the less the frames have the 'depicted' individuals name painted in gold letters. [ArtyNinja]
  11. 3 drunk students from the mages college are causing a ruckus in the street, causing hijinks and hilarity with their cantrips. One of them takes issue with the PCs, mistaking them for a reviled enemy. The gang tries to assert their dominance, and challenges the enemy and their 'minions' to a fight. [ArtyNinja]
  12. A pack of (2d4 +2) rabid dogs bursts from an alley , directly in the path of the party. [ArtyNinja]
  13. A chieftain born aloft on his vast shield by the shoulders of four tattooed warriors is rushed through the crowd, tailed by a Dwarf with a winged helm and a Goliath in striped pantaloons. [ArtyNinja]
  14. A man in long white stockings with a glamorous golden quiff and accompanied by a small white dog disturbs the party to ask them if a hairy man with a black beard wearing a tricorne hat has been through here. Apparently the man has stolen something very dear to him and must be found at once.. [ArtyNinja]
  15. A masked figure in a billowing black cloak leaps across the street from one rooftop to another. Their polished black mail gleams in the light. A smaller figure in a colourful leather jerkin with a quarterstaff strapped to their back jumps after him. [ArtyNinja]
  16. You walk past an elite's compound as an angsty looking teenager emerges from a side-gate. They glance at the players and slouches off. After a minute or so banshee like screams emerge from the building... [ArtyNinja]
  17. A building is being demolished on the street. The wrecking crew are on a break. [ArtyNinja]
  18. A panicked crowd stampedes down the street. In the havoc you see innocents stumble and be crushed by the terrified crowd. Through the wails and screams you can hear one word: Giant. [ArtyNinja]
  19. A sewer collapses into a sinkhole during heavy rains. Half of a neighborhood is now thirty feet underground. In a poor one: many people may be trapped beneath the rubble and possibly drowning.. but only a few heroes care enough to try and save the victims. Will those greedy land-developers get their way and clear out those dirty poor people once and for all? Was this part of a planned attack? In a wealthier neighborhood: a few gold-pieces and trinkets hint that the sinkhole may hide a treasure cache; a wealthy noble might mourn the loss of their precious object-d'art and pay the heroes to delve the hole to retrieve it. Anywhere: a small horde of 3d6 low-level semi-intelligent sewer monsters emerge, shouting abuse at the "sky-demons" who just invaded their home; swarms of vermin; slip-and-slides; and a labyrinthian network of secret tunnels! [MaxSizeIs]
  20. A drug addict pleads for money from the players. He is suffering from the shakes, with his eyes darting in separate directions. He stammers unintelligibly in a hoarse voice, wringing his hands desperately. If the players don't help him out, it is revealed the addict is possessed by a Shadow Demon. He has the same stats as a commoner with +2 to DEX, INT, and CHA. He has the same resistances, immunities, vulnerabilities and abilities as a Shadow, and knows the spell Deeper Darkness and Shadow Evocation. [ArtyNinja]
submitted by ArtyNinja to d100 [link] [comments]


2019.11.14 01:48 CaledonianinSurrey Churchill and alcohol

I came across this video which appears to be by a very left-wing Irish YouTuber. It contains pretty much the standard leftie tropes and lies about Churchill that you've heard a million times before. However, one in particular caught my attention:
> He spent most of the war drunk, and in a bunker
The TL;DR is that this is a lie.
> The overwhelming evidence is that Churchill loved alcohol, drank steadily by sipping, had a hardy constitution and was only very rarely affected by it
- Andrew Roberts, Churchill: Walking With Destiny
> Two things seem clear about Churchill’s relationship with alcohol. His use of spirits differed little from that of members of his class…. Second, Churchill enjoyed his various drinks, and felt they added to the conviviality of his dinner parties. But he never allowed drink to impair his judgment. One of Churchill’s most famous quips seems to have been true – that he had taken more out of alcohol than it had taken out of him
- Cita Stelzer, Dinner with Churchill: Policy Making at the Dinner Table
> While Churchill’s alcohol consumption has been a popular subject, there is no evidence that Churchill’s alcohol consumption affected the performance of his duties; in fact, Churchill remained focused and productive.
– Terry Reardon, Winston Churchill and MacKenzie King: So Similar, So Different
However I thought it would be interesting to really dig into evidence of Churchill's drinking habits. So I did.
The accusation that he was “drunk” for most of the war is debunked by multiple eye-witness testimonies. It is certainly true that Churchill enjoyed drinking, and he drank a considerable amount and well in excess of the guidelines recommended today. However, he very rarely got drunk during the Second World War. And by “very rarely” I meant we can more or less count the number of occasions on one hand.
Firstly, how much did Churchill actually drink? He would start the day with an ample breakfast and a glass of Hock. Afterwards, he liked to keep a glass of scotch and soda by his side for most of the day and would sip at it for hours as a thirst quencher. It was not a strong drink, consisting of a mere thimble of whisky and lots of soda. A Private Secretary, John Colville, informed Martin Gilbert that Churchill’s whisky sodas were “really a mouthwash. He used to get frightfully cross if it was too strong” (Langworth, Myth and Reality, p.87). He disliked scotch neat, and would tell people who liked it that they “are not likely to live a long life if you take it like that” (Langworth, Myth and Reality, p.88). His favourite drink was champagne, which he would consume with lunch and again with dinner. He would drink from imperial bottles (twenty ounces) over meals that lasted for hours. According to another private secretary, John Peck, he would “never have got through an entire bottle…even if he had a glass or two by himself” (Langworth, Myth and Reality, p.89). Finally, he usually indulged in a glass of his second favourite drink, brandy, after lunch and dinner.
That’s a lot of booze. However, Churchill was able to handle it, probably thanks to years of experience. There have been a number of eye witnesses who have said that Churchill’s was rarely drunk, despite his considerable drinking. Cita Stelzer, in her book, Dinner with Churchill: Policy Making at the Dinner Table provides some examples:

I could go on, so I will:

So clearly, the specific accusation that Churchill was intoxicated for most of the duration of WW2 is bogus. However there were a few occasions where he was worse for the drink.

There are some other times during the war when he has been accused of being inebriated, but the evidence is not persuasive:

So, if he was rarely drunk, where does Churchill’s reputation for being frequently inebriated come from? It appears there are a few key sources of the myth:

In summary, Churchill drank a considerable volume of booze but he was no lightweight and was able to consume it without descending into drunkenness. His ability to drink loads and stay sober has been mentioned by numerous associates and colleagues of Churchill. There are only a few instances during WW2 where he was definitely intoxicated.
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2019.10.28 16:46 stroke_bot crampedness animableness outpraise priestess

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2019.09.03 10:45 stroke_bot grumped unsensitised unmoldered antshrike pumping alumetize tremor

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2019.08.01 17:53 stroke_bot orchitic fricasseing begrudged unsurmised trowels mesoarial

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2019.06.06 09:33 annadpk Why Prabowo-Sandi Lost: Caught by the Javanese Tsunami Part 2

Why Prabowo-Sandi Lost: Caught by the Javanese Tsunami Part 1

PLAYING WITH STEREOTYPES

The second reason why Javanese backed Jokowi, was Prabowo and Gerindra looking down and stereotyping people in Central Java. Prabowo uses the politics of fear, and he has been doing this since 2014, and it has worked pretty well .In 2019 Election Prabowo upped his game by stereotyping the Central Javanese, some of it was unintentional like the Boyolali incident, others wasintentional like saying farmers in Central Java committed suicide. Moreover, many Javanese started to see attacks against Jokowi personal attributes and religion as attacks against them, because they realized they played on stereotypes many other Indonesians have of Javanese. Why would Prabowo "insult" Javanese voters. There are two explanations
  1. They stereotyped voters in Central Java during the 2018 Governor's election, and they did reasonably well.
  2. Prabowo knew he would lose in Central Java, but it was to motivate voters in regions supporting him to not vote for Jokowi or PDI-P or you will end up like the Central Javanese.
From the 2018 Governor's campaign in Central Java, Gerindra-PKS coalition tried to place the blame on the poverty of Central Java on the PDI-P. Here is a good example
Dan bagaimana cara kerja mereka melanggengkan dominasi kekuasaan di Jawa Tengah di tengah masyarakat Jawa Tengah yang tetap miskin, (Waketum Gerindra, Ferry Juliantono )
The reality is PDI-P only had effective control over Central Java starting from 2013 when Ganjar Pranowo took over. After Ganjar took over in 2013, there has been big jump in the amount of foreign investment Central Java has been receiving. Under Jokowi, both East and Central Java economies didn't suffer very much from the drop in commodity prices. Compare to the last 4 years of the SBY period, growth in real per capita income dropped from 5.5% a year to 5% in East Java, while in Central Java it actually rose slightly from around 4.35% to 4.58%.
I am going to talk about Javanese stereotypes, because much of the hate toward Jokowi is rooted in him being a walking billboard of these stereotypes. Many upper middle class outer islander particularly in Sumatra have a negative attitude toward working class Javanese.
First, the Javanese were seen as backward, poor, bangsa tempe and servile. Literacy rate in Indonesia in the 1930s was about 8%, and among the Javanese much lower.
In 1930, some of the lowest adult literacy rates in all Indonesia were recorded in the sultanates of Jogyakarta and Surakarta, and one suspects the feudal social structure and poverty in those regions had militarted against the extension of education for any but the bangsawan (nobility)
In the colonial era, the highest rates were in Christian areas like Batakland, Manado, Ambon and followed by conservative Muslims areas like Aceh and West Sumatra. The Javanese were also poor The Javanese transmigrants were the poorest and most deprived of the lot -- landless peasants. THe Javanese were also seen as Bangsa Tempe
Kami menggoyangkan langit, menggemparkan darat, dan menggelorakan samudera agar tidak jadi bangsa yang hidup hanya dari 2,5 sen sehari. Bangsa yang kerja keras, bukan bangsa tempe, bukan bangsa kuli. Bangsa yang rela menderita demi pembelian cita-cita,
At the time the only people in Indonesia who eat tempe were the Javanese and Sundanese.
Given the Javanese were also a hierarchical society, those Javanese peasants were easily pushed around by higher status locals. The victims depicted in Joshua Oppenheimer's sequel to the Act of Killing, Look of Silence, was a Javanese farming family., while the perpetrators were Malays
Because of the hierarchical culture on Java, Javanese women and men were often better suited to be employed as household servants. Up until his second year he became President, Jokowi often acted deferentially toward Megawati. To older generation of non-Javanese he was the Javanese man servant in his Blangkon and servant uniform asking the lady of the house what type of refreshments should he serve the guests. Even his name "Jokowi" was given by a Westerner which reinforces the image of servility..
To many older outer islanders, Jokowi could only be two things. With his medok accent, his skinny frame and his preference for food of the Javanese peasantry, Jokowi is a reincarnation of the 1960s PKI supporting Javanese plantation worker who wanted to overthrow traditional Malay rulers. Or with his servility toward Megawati, he is stereotypical Javanese butler.
The second stereotype applies to working class abangan Javanese is they are childlike and gullible. First the preference for sweet food among the Central Javanese gives off the air they are childlike. In making the Boyolali comment, Prabowo assumed the people of Boyolali, weren't just poor, but unaware of the wider world around them. This childlike image is reinforced by the tendency of working class Javanese to give their children one name, often very simple, names like Suharto, Sumarti, Wiranto, Mulyono and Suparman, The image of the childlike abangan Javanese is really reinforced by their preference for visual imagery over words whether or oral or written. Jokowi symbolizes this childlike nature by allowing people to use his nickname "Jokowi", his popularity with children and his preference for visual imagery.
The third is Javanese are unislamic and Javanese Islam of the NU variety is improper
Prabowo's false statement of Central Javanese hanging reinforces the notion the Javanese aren't Muslim, because committing suicide is a sin in Islam,
First, the popular sentiment that Javanese are un islamic stems from the relative relaxed approach toward Islam found among the Javanese.. Eating dogs, frogs and snakes is popular in Central Java. Here is a story of a Javanese Muslim pig farmer. There is a tolerance about converting away from islam to other religions in Javanese society.
Secondly, Muslim Javanese often put interest of non-believers over Muslims, particularly if they are fellow Javanese. Javanese Christians make up the most of the missionaries operating in Muslims areas in Sumatra, and yet there are is little restriction on their activities relative to neighboring countries. In Singapore, a Christian can be arrested for trying to convert Muslims, in Indonesia they can't
Even NU has a habit of bashing Muslim countries over non-Muslim ones, when fellow Javanese are affected.
Ketua Umum Pengurus Besar Nahdlatul Ulama (PBNU) KH Said Aqil Siroj, turut menyikapi terjadinya penembakan terhadap Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) di Malaysia. Terjadi ironi dalam kejadian tersebut, dimana TKI di negara non-Muslim dinilainya mendapatkan perlakuan yang lebih baik dibandingkan negara berpenduduk mayoritas Islam
As for the opinion on NU style Islam or Islam Nusantara being improper. People like Rizieq Shabib have criticized Islam Nusantara, but even he is careful enough to say it in jest. What many want to say is NU is "deviant", which only people in organizations like HTI would say openly. What Malay in Malaysia say about Indonesian (Javanese) is what Conservative Sumtrans Muslim think about the Javanese in the deep recess of their consciousness, but don't dare say.
The forth stereotype is the Javanese close association with non-Muslims or even secretly being non-Muslim. These reasons are rooted in history and political considerations.
First, the diffusion of Islam among the Javanese was slow and ad hoc. In the 19th century, in the interior regions of Java, among the abagan peasants, religion was most likely a combination of hindu-buddhism, folk religion and Islam. It didn't help that Quran wasn't fully translated (Kitab tafsir) into Javanese until the last decade of 19th century. Many Muslim Sumatrans, particularly the Acehnese, view the Javanese tolerance of Christianity as a Javanese weakness and servility to the West.
Secondly, outside of Habibie, who's father wasn't Javanese, all of Indonesia's Javanese Presidents have been slandered for having non-Muslims family members or being accused of being non-Muslim themselves, whether real or not. Sukarno's mother was Balinese Hindu, and many believed she had remained Hindu and died a Hindu, Sukarno had to release a photo showing her Muslim funeral ceremony. Tien Suharto was often accused of being born a Catholic. Suharto himself was rumored to be the bastard offspring of a Chinese merchant .Even SBY wasn't immune, there was rumors flying that Ibu Ani was Christian, since her maiden name was Kristiani Herrawati and she went to Christian University of Indonesia. Jokowi's daughter in law was Christian, and luckily for Jokowi the national press, which is controlled largely by Chinese Indonesians, didn't mention her former religion or her conversion to Islam.
Thirdly, Jokowi and Suharto like the Sultans before them use non-Muslims advisors. The Sultan often kept Balinese political and Chinese economic advisors. A Balinese advisor would know the intricacies of the Sultan's relations with various noble houses, but because they weren't Muslim, wouldn't pose a threat. One of Suharto most trusted advisors was Benny Moerdani, and Luhut Panjaitan serves the same function for Jokowi.
Fourthly, the Javanese have complicated relationship with Chinese Indonesians. Relations with Chinese and the javanese were generally good until the late 18th century, when the Dutch and Sultanate of Yogyakarta and Surakarta started sub-contracted the collector of tolls to the Chinese, as non-Muslims they didn't pose a political threat, and the Chinese would act as scapegoats.
After independence, Javanese Presidents have preferred to leave Chinese businesses alone, or favored them over Muslim outer islanders. The reasons are two fold, as non-Muslim, Chinese Indonesians don't pose a political threat, and because the Javanese as an agricultural society don't have a large business class. In contrast, other predominately Muslim ethnic groups in Indonesia, like the Minang and Bugis do, and see the Chinese as competitors. This is the reason why Suharto had no problem giving monopolies to Sudono Salim, at the expense of pribumi businessmen.
If you look at relations with Singapore/China/Chinese Indonesians, Habibie had the most distant relationship. While Suharto's enacted discriminatory policies toward Chinese Indonesians, his close relations with Chinese Indonesian businessmen negated this in the eyes of many Indonesians. While Sukarno, Megawati and Gus Dur might have better policies toward China and Chinese Indonesian than Jokowi, their personal connections with the Chinese isn't as strong as Jokowi. Jokowi as a furniture exporter had a lot of business in Singapore, Taiwan and Hong Kong. He sent his two sons to Singapore to study for both secondary school and university.
Because the relaxed nature of Javanese Islam and Javanese are the work horses of Nusantara, they often work for non-Muslims. Most of the staff working in non-halal Chinese restaurants are Javanese. Javanese maids prefer working in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore, while Muslim maids from other ethnic groups in Indonesia prefer to work in the Middle East or Malaysia.
Jokowi is attacked so viciously is 1) He comes from a working class Javanese abangan, a pagan people only recently "tamed" by Islam 2) He is a member of the PDI-P, which many conservatives believe is a reconstituted PKI. We know Jokowi's father was Muslim. But what about his grand father and great grandfather. Jokowi could claim they were Muslim, but how Muslim were Javanese peasants in the Central Java interior in the early 20th and late 19th century? The Javanese sultan never cared if ordinary Javanese under his rule didn't convert to Islam. Secondly, because the Sultans felt the pesantrens threatened their authority, and until the 20th century restricted clerical activity on their lands.
For the Acehnese, Minang and Malays, the abangan were just a step above the Christian Batak, a people they have a long history of conflict with. The same with Malays vs Dayak, The Batak would raid Acehnese and Minang settlements in head hunting expeditions, and the Acehnese and Minang would retilate by raiding Batak settlements for slaves. The Dayaks also launched headhunting raids into Malay settlements, . The Dayaks more often served as slaves and occupying menial jobs in Malay communities in Kalimantan.
The two other ethnic Javanese Presidents of humble birth, Suharto and SBY avoided this scrutiny by doing exactly that. Suharto did so by being the architect in purging hundred of thousands of mostly Javanese abangan for this membership in the PKI. Or in the case of SBY marrying into the family of the lead figure in the purges in Central Java, Sarwo Edhie Wibowo. Jokowi hasn't done anything that reassures his detractors of his loyality.

CULTURE CLASH: INDONESIAN CAMPAIGN VS JAVANESE CAMPAIGN

The third reason why Prabowo-Sandi lost heavily to Jokowi in Tanah Jawa, is Prabowo ran a Indonesian campaign, while Jokowi ran a Javanese campaign.
ECONOMIC MODEL
Traditionally the Javanese and Sundanese traded rice, a labor intensive crop, for land intensive crops of the outer islands. In the 18h century new lands were opened up on Java, and cash crops were planted, this expanded greatly in the 19th century under the cultivation system. When land ran out on Java,, the Europeans opened plantations in the outer islands (Sumatra). The British did the same in Malaya. Both the Dutch and British imported labor from Java, China and India for the plantations and mines. When Indonesia became independent, this economic system of extracting natural resources and trading them continued. Transmigration program exported Javanese and Balinese to serve as the manpower for newly opened lands.
Gerindra is comfortable with this economic model and its analogies. For Gerindra it all comes down to lack of strong and wise leadership. First they assume land and natural resources is Indonesia's most valuable resource, but resources need tp be better managed. Secondly, it has a confused economic message. It argues Java is reaping all growth and development, but calls Central Java poor. The accusations, Java is benefiting more happens every time there is a commodity crash. Thirdly, there is a assumption working class Indonesians will take up any job they want them to do.
In the first term, Jokowi has promoted tourism and creative industries (e-commerce, film). In his second Jokowi plans lay the ground work for improving Indonesia's manufacturing base, particularly in East and Central Java. The reason why Jokowi given a priority to these industries is there are labor intensive and the majority of Indonesia's population, particularly on Java, don't live in areas blessed with land and natural resources. You need as much foreign investment and expertise as possible, and that is why Jokowi has opened them up.
Even during the campaign stops in Central and East Java, Prabowo hammered at the natural resource theme. Its shows a lack of understanding Java's economic history . In the 1930s, Java was the second largest exporter of sugar in the world after Cuba, In Java and Cuba's case the reason for the decline was nationalization and mismanagement, but the real reason was competition from Brazil. Also starting from the 1970s, sugar cane farming moved from Java to the outer islands. Brazil wants to repeat what they did to Java in the 1950-60s with Palm Oil.
The Javanese have been sending people abroad to work for 150 years, whether within Indonesia or in other countries. Unlike other ethnic groups like Minang or Bugis, where most migrants are men, lower class Javanese women also migrate in search of work, in some cases in greater numbers than men. The priority for the Javanese is breaking this cycle of migration.
Javanese society has an agrarian working class mentality, not a trading mentality. They don't care whether they work for a foreign or local company, the most important thing is they get paid on time, which Prabowo doesn't have a habit of doing with his own companies. To your average working class youth in small town in East Java, what is the difference between working in Sumatra vs Taiwan? There are 270,000 Indonesians working in Taiwan, a good % of them are working in factories. How do you convince the Taiwanese factory owner to move his factory in Central Java? Prabowo-Sandi offers no credible solutions to getting the factory owner to move the factory.
NATIONAL CAMPAIGN VS REGIONAL CAMPAIGN
Prabowo ran a national campaign with the same 2014 message, of elites and foreigners stealing Indonesia's natural resources, and he is the only one who can stop them. The difference this time was the added veneer of Islam, His last campaign rally in Surakarta, it looked like it could have been taken place in West Sumatra or Banten. In contrast, Jokowi campaign rallies were tailored to the region. In Surakarta, PDI-P red dominated and you had dangdut singers performing, while in more conservative cities in East Java, supporters from NU dominated.
It was noticeable in advertising. The difference between Prabowo's music videos this year and in 2014. It was like Prabowo decided to change his sex and become a born again Muslim all at the same time. Nevertheless, Prabowo's video are like a typical music video, you have background and singers signing a catchy campaign tune. Jokowi's Goyang Jempol campaign video has a storyline mixed in with the song, which is typical of Javanese music videos produced by groups like Guyon Waton and Pendhoza. Goyang Jempol gives the impression you are in some 3rd tier town in Central or East Java, while in Prabowo's videos they could be anywhere in Indonesia. The characters are dressed how working class Indonesians would dress when going to the market . Lastly, they also mix in common Javanese words most Indonesians would understand.
ARCHETYPES
The final problem with Prabowo-Sandi's campaign in Tanah Jawa was they went in with Indonesian archetypes. Archetype is defined as a typical example of a person or thing. For our purposes archetype is representative voter persona. The problem with the Indonesian media is they refuse or too scared to acknowledge certain archetype exist. A typical Indonesian archetype might not necessarily resonate well with Javanese voters. The PDI-P and NU, being primarily Javanese organizations, know and target those archetypes. Even in mature democracies people can miss out on archetypes. In the book "Great Revolt" about Trump's 2015 election win, the authors into depth about archetypes. People talk about social media advertising as a conduit for creation of hoaxes. But the true value of social media advertising is marketing to archetypes.
Certain archetype exists in one society, but not in others. Many Sumatran ethnic groups don't have a large working class, people who work for a wage for non-relatives. In Javanese society because of its size and social conditions, there is a large Javanese working class. When you think of Indonesian maid, you don't think of a Acehnese or Minang woman named Siti Fatimah, but a Javanese woman named Sumiarti. When you think of a carpenter or word carver its usually a Javanese fellow name Mulyono or Balinese man named Nyoman, not Ahmad Nasution..
The Javanese are experts are creating archetypes. The wayang characters are all archetypes. Soekarno created a modern archetype in mythologizing his childhood maid, Sarinah.
Now, I will show you how the Indonesian media and Prabowo-Sandi approach a particular archetype, and why it fell flat in the Javanese context. During the election Prabowo-Sandi used the emak-emak archetype for Indonesian women. An emak-emak is defined as
Long before the recent sensation around the term, emak was understood by many Indonesian women (especially middle-aged women) to imply power, agency, toughness, mobility, freedom, resilience, independence, as well as stubbornness.
There have been a lot of memes about emak-emak. Prabowo's Sandi's side was done a campaign video with emak-emak. Sandi: Kita Tidak Boleh Remehkan The Power of Emak-Emak. The emak-emak video is a good example of how they approach archetypes.
Jokowi's camp was caught off guard, and wanted to use the term emak-emak, but Jokowi backtracked
Two weeks ago, the Indonesian Women’s Congress (KWI) denounced the use of the term emak-emak,(link is external) and declared a preference for Indonesian mothers to be called ibu bangsa (mothers of the nation). Reflecting how politicised this debate has now become, Jokowi soon after tweeted in support of ibu bangsa,(link is external)
First emak-email falls short in Javanese society for several reasons. First, it reminds people of Suharto era archetype of women largely as mothers.
Secondly, Javanese society has organizations that place women's role as equal or close to equal as men. PDI-P, Indonesia's largest political party, is organization dominated at the top by Javanese women. NU and PKB have strong women's branches. In East Java's the governor and the mayor of the largest city are women. In Jokowi's cabinet, the Finance and Foreign Affairs Minister are Javanese women tHE Sultan of Yogyakarta and his daughter IS trying to upend centuries of tradition. Among lower class women in Indonesia, Javanese women, because of labor surplus, have a long history of travelling to other regions in search of work
Thirdly, the Sandi-Prabowo camp doesn't have room for single women and fallen women. In the Indonesian context, fallen women includes divorced women, women who marry non-Muslim men, women who convert and women in the entertainment industry (dangdut singers, bargirls etc). A good example is Susi Pudjiastuti, even though she is Sundanese, she is from Pangandaran, a region with a lot of Javanese influence. It is next door to Central Java, and this region acted as launch pad for Mataram Sultanate invasion of West java. It is culturally similar to regions on Jalur Pantura, in the North Coast of Java. All these regions have a seedy underbelly.

RISING JAVANESE IDENTITY

Lastly, Prabowo-Sandi's loss in Tanah Jawa was due to a rising Javanese identity. There are three factor to this rising identity. The first is rising availability of cheap broadband in Central and East Java, this allows the Javanese to use their preferred medium and social network, videos and Youtube. This enables people to connect and expresses themselves outside the national media. The second, is the sentiment which Javanese culture and language has reached a critical juncture, and more must be done to safeguard it. The last is decentralization which contributed to the rise of modern regional politicians like Jokowi.
Since Jokowi became President in 2014, you see a rise in Javanese popular culture whether the rise in popularity of singers who sing in Javanese with Nella Kharisma and Via Vallen being the most popular. Last year the first full length Javanese film, Yowis Ben was released. While musicians who sing Javanese Dangdut or Campursari have been popular like Didi Kempot, their image was kitschy and old fashioned. However, what is more important is what is happening online, particularly on youtube. Bayu Skak, Yowis Ben's director and lead actor, got his start on youtube. Youtube has extended the reach of existing Javanese singers. People might not want to buy a cassette or CD, but won't mind listening to one song. Some of the new Javanese musicians like Guyon Waton, Pendhoza and NDXAKA primary distribution channel and revenue model is youtube. The importance of youtube, doesn't just extend to popular culture, but as channel for voices that aren't fully represented in the national media. Javanese Kyai, some known to the national media and others less well known, use youtube as a medium to release sermons and discussions. There are youtube channels of life in contemporary rural Java, farming, channels by maids working overseas.
Youtube channels are like reliefs in Borobudur,
The bas-reliefs in Borobudur depicted many scenes of daily life in 8th-century ancient Java, from the courtly palace life, hermit in the forest, to those of commoners in the village. It also depicted temple, marketplace, various flora and fauna, and also native vernacular architecture. People depicted here are the images of king, queen, princes, noblemen, courtier, soldier, servant, commoners, priest and hermit.
Javanese are introverted and like to communicate visually and through storytellimg, because you can express yourself without confronting people. Many of these youtube channels were started within the last five years. If you watch enough of these videos, you being to realize why Jokowi resonates with his fellow Javanese. A theme found in Javanese Dangdut songs, whether in lyrics or the videos, is work and struggle. Laoneis Band - Ayo Kerjo, Pendhoza - Aku Cah Kerjo, NDXAKA - Pamit Kerjo. Even music videos that aren't about work, the characters in the video are seen working like Guyon Waton Korban Janji and DARBOY GENK - BALUNGAN KERE. The theme of work play heavily in Jokowi's image and slogans. Kabinet-Kerja and the slogan Kerja, Kerja, Kerja
Loss of Culture
Idur Fitri is upon us, and people have arrived in their hometowns. Javanese families in Jakarta will take their kids to see the grandparents in Tenah Java. One refrain will be heard tens of thousand times across Central and East Java, will be grand parents scolding parents for not teaching their grand kids Javanese. There is this youtuber, Budi Sarwono, who did a series of videos in Suriname talking to Javanese there. Here is the top rated comment on one of the videos
The efforts to attract foreign investment in Javanese home provinces is to stop migration which often leads to culture and language loss. Even in East and Central Java teachers are worried about the declining use of Javanese among young people, and are trying to reverse the trend. Its also the reason why groups like Pendhoza and Guyon Waton are invited by schools to hold concerts. Javanese is the most widely spoke n language in the world without official status.
There is a long held view among many Westerners and many people in the outer islands, that Indonesia is a Javanese Empire. However, the Javanese didn't force anyone to learn Javanese, instead they learned Malay, If regions in Indonesia decided separate and form individual independent countries after independence, cultureally those in Sumatra and Kalimantan wouldn't look too different to what we have today. A Sundanese or Javanese state would be culturally very different from what we find in their respective regions today. Its why Sumatrans and Malaysia embrace Islam so strongly, because their "language" is protected. While Minang is different from Malay, its not fundamentally different the way Javanese is. In his 1966 work The Language of Indonesian Politics Benedict Anderson explains how different Javanese is to Malay
When discussion were held as to what language to use as a national language, the Javanese had much lower literacy rates than people in Sumatra. Most of the schools setup by the Dutch on Java were still teaching in Malay. Not only was Malay easier to learn than Javanese, it also had the advantage of a much larger pool of teachers spread out across the country. In the 1910s some Javanese tried to setup modern Javanese schools like Taman Siswa, and the Dutch setup Kartini schools which taught Javanese and Dutch. If there was more literate Javanese there would have been a greater push to make it the national language. I suspect the priority for Javanese leaders was to educate the millions of illiterate landless Javanese peasants, to speak Malay, so they could integrate more easily with Malay speaking communities in Sumatra and Borneo.

JOKOWI: THE JAVANESE MUSE AND STORYTELLER

The decisive factor in Prabowo-Sandi horrible loss in the Javanese homeland was they faced Joko Widodo, Indonesia's most potent base politician she has seen -- a base politician is a politician who draws the bulk of his support from group of people. Jokowi is the most Javanese of all of Indonesia's Presidents. Jokowi got 56% of the vote, 15% points comes from non- Javanese Muslim voters, 11% points from religious minorities and 30% points come from his fellow Javanese. Jokowi won over 70% of the Javanese vote.
Jokowi is the embodiment of Javanese hopes, struggles, frustrations and injustices. While Sukarno could inspire ordinary Javanese, he never had the same emotional connection Jokowi had with ordinary Javanese. Unlike Soekarno and Prabowo, Jokowi doesn't manipulate people's emotions, but channels them. In Yogyakarta on March 26, 2019, Jokowi made an angry speech
Sudah empat setengah tahun saya difitnah, dijelek-jelekkan, dihujat, dihina, saya diam, tetapi hari ini di Yogya, saya akan lawan, ingat, sekali lagi, saya akan lawan,
If you look at the angry crowds in East and Central Java jeering at FPI convoys, Jokowi was channeling that anger.
Unlike in 2014, in Jokowi spoke more Javanese, wore the Blangkon more often, and used more Javanese symbolism. But more importantly, from the start he was much more combative, like he was leading his people to war.
Selamat siang. Segala sifat keras hati, picik, dan angkara murka hanya bisa dikalahkan dengan sikap bijak, lembut, dan sabar.
For Javanese traditionalist (aka 80 year old Javanese grandmothers), Jokowi is the epitome of Javanese manners, good behavior and respect for elders. Older people in Dharmic cultures like the Sundanese and Balinese see Jokowi attitude toward Megawati and how he treats people older than him, regardless of class, as a virtue. Its why Jokowi polls extremely high among people 71 and over, 65% to 19% compared to Prabowo, and if you go back to 2014 it is the same. Even the Western press consider Prabowo mentally unstable and explosive, how do you think your average 75 year Javanese would feel?
Jokowi is a stereotypical Javanese. He is introverted, more comfortable with symbols and visual imagery than words. Sukarno and Prabowo communication style is stereotypical Malay, not Javanese, with their speeches being bombastic and fiery. The same could apply to Rizieq Shibab, who is more bite than bark. This is in sharp contrast to a Javanese-Arab like Abu Bakar Ba'asyir. Being bombastic and fiery is one Malay speaking style, another is putting word play above action, a good example is Fadli Zon and Anies Baswedan. WIth Prabowo and Anies you remember what they say, with Jokowi you don't, but you remember him from images, like this and this
As I said before, Jokowi presidency can be defined by the slogan "Kerja. kerja, kerja". Some people have criticized this slogan as Ketua Umum Pengurus Pusat (PP) Pemuda Muhammadiyah, Dahnil Azhar Simanjuntak said
Menurut saya ini tradisi buruk, kata-kata kerja, kerja, kerja itu cuma ungkapan untuk menganulir pikir, pikir, pikir. Karena nggak bisa mikir, maka pilihan katanya adalah kerja, kerja, kerja. Karena nggak bisa pidato, maka pilihan katanya adalah kerja, kerja, kerja untuk menutupi ketidakmampuan yang sesungguhnya,
What Simanjuntak wants to say "Is what does a working class abangan carpenter know about government, its not like making a coffee table for the Nonya" While the national media didn't criticize the slogan, but they didn't put much thought into it. As I said before, for working class Javanese, there is a strong connection. Unlike most other ethnic groups in Nusantara, the Javanese have a long history of working to the bone. Jalur Pantura which was built over one year, and which thousands of forced Javanese and Sundanese laborers died building it. Even with Jokowi, this work to death culture is reflected in the number of workers killed in accidents due to disregard for safety.
While Trump's medium is twitter, Jokowi's medium is photos and youtube. Jokowi communicates visually through symbols and storyboard (video), Ganjar Pranowo , the governor of Central Java, also has a video channel as well as that official channel. In a previous comment I described the significance of Jokowi's taking up the hobby of archery and the photo with his wife. His youtube channel is like a modern version of the relief panels in Borobudur. Imagine Jokowi is the lead stone mason in Borobudur, he is sculpting the grand story, like the life of the Buddha, through his youtube channel. Or he could telling the story of Arjuna was inspecting his kingdom before the battle with Rawasa in the Javanese Kekawin Arjunawijaya, His videos of him visiting finished tolls roads, dams, airports is like Arjuna on an inspection tour. While junior stone masons are working on reliefs panels of ordinary Javanese life, just as hundreds of ordinary Javanese are telling their life journey through youtube.
Why Prabowo-Sandi Lost: Caught by the Javanese Tsunami Part I
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2019.03.19 17:43 akamchinjir Telicity in Akiatu

I've posted translations into Akiatu here and there on the subreddit, but not really anything substantive about its grammar. So here's a go at that.
(For anyone who also hangs out at the ZBB, this consolidates and slightly revises a couple of recent posts on the thread I have going there about Akiatu.)
The main issue here is telicity, but it connects with a bunch of other things. Fair warning: this is a long post.

Resultative complements

Akiatu verb phrases often feature resultative complements:
itamu apatu cí =tima Itamu spear set=be.ready(PFV) 
"Itamu arranged the spears"
The resultative complement here is tima be ready. It shares its theme argument with the main verb: the spears both get set or arranged and end up ready for use. tima is a resultative complement because it tells you the result of the action described: Itamu arranges the spears, and as a result they are ready.
Morphophonological note: tima is a reduced form of utimwa, which can be used as a main verb with the same meaning. Verbs always undergo reduction to a CVCV template when they're used as resultatives. (It's a pattern more characteristic of partial reduplication, but I've got myself convinced it's naturalistic to use it here as well.)
(There's one very common resultative complement that doesn't correspond to a main verb, haja, which I'll usually gloss as away or out. This could derive from aja---the CVCV template requires an initial vowel even if the base doesn't supply one, and you get h before a. aja can't itself be used as a main verb, but it seems to be the root in ajatu throw.)
Now, I'm calling tima a resultative complement, but I could just as well call it a telic complement, because in describing the result of Itamu's action it also describes the end or goal of that action. You wouldn't use a resultative complement to describe a result that was accidental or otherwise unintended. The resultative has to tell you something about the nature or purpose of the event. In particular, it tells you what has to happen before the event will count as finished: Itamu is arranging spears, and she won't be finished till they're all ready.

The telic object

Notice: if I'm indicating that Itamu won't be finished until all the spears are ready, then I must have in mind a specific group of spears, or at least a specific number of spears. In fact, that's why I translated apatu as the spears.
This is maybe a subtle point. Consider the following two English sentences:
The second one tells us that there's some specific group of spears that Itamu is arranging, and she'll be finished when all of those spears are arranged. Here, then, is an example of a telic predicate, a predicate that indicates a goal or ond.
But the first sentence doesn't tell us any such thing. It's not referring to a specific group of spears and has nothing to say about when Itamu will be finished. So the predicate in this sentence is non-telic.
When an Akiatu verb occurs with a resultative complement, this always yields a telic predicate, and that means that the object must be like the object in the second of the English sentences above: it must indicate a specific group or number of spears (or whatever), because only then will it allow us to say when the event or action (or whatever) will count as finished.
One way to express this idea is by saying that in a telic predicate, the object must measure the action or event (or whatever) described by the main verb.
Now, for this to work, the object doesn't actually have to be definite. It can be indefinite but specific:
(In English we don't often flag a noun phrase as both indefinite and specific, so this maybe sounds a bit stilted.)
It can also work if the noun phrase is nonspecific but indicates a specific number or amount:
This can't refer to three specific spears until Kipaja is finished, but even before that, the mention of a specific number is enough to render the predicate telic: Kipaja will be done when he's made three spears.
(The switch from Itamu to Kipaja is a matter of in-world lore, it doesn't really matter here.)
Akiatu allows both indefinite but specific objects and nonspecific but numerically quantified objects in telic predicates:
itamu apatu itu cí =tima Itamu spear INDEF set=be.ready(PFV) 
"Itamu arranged some (specific) spears"
(itu is the counting number one, but it's main non-counting use is as a specific-but-indefinite article; it doesn't imply singularity.)
kipaja cita waisa=tima apatu Kipaja four make =be.ready(PFV) spear 
"Kipaja made four spears"
You'll notice a word-order shift: in the second example here, the object NP is discontinuous, with the specific number coming before the verb, but the nonspecific noun coming after.
That's actually the general rule. In Akiatu, an object goes before the verb just if it's specific; and when its nonspecific but numerically quantified, the number will go before the verb but the rest of the object phrase will go after.
(Okay, it's actually a bit more complicated than that: the object has to be not just specific but also known to the speaker. And you'll often get the pattern where a number goes before the verb and the object after even though the object seems to refer to something specific; these are cases when it's not relevant to the ongoing discourse which particular things you're talking about. But I'm going to try to ignore those issues for the rest of this post.)

Perfectivity

Above, I glossed tima as be ready(PFV) because in addition to its lexical content it also has functional or grammatical significance: it indicates perfectivity. This is no coincidence.
Perfectivity, insofar as it's about time at all, tends to involve presenting events as bounded in time---maybe as part of a sequence, for example. If you say P and Q, and your verbs are perfective, you probably mean P and then Q; if they're imperfective, though, you're probably thinking of P and Q as simultaneous.
Now, one thing a resultative complement does is describe the end-point of an event: Itamu was arranging the spears, and this arranging was finished once the spears were ready. So when you describe an event using a resultative complement, you tend to be thinking of it as bounded in time, and therefore you tend to want perfective aspect.
Akiatu offers a few of ways to cancel the perfectivity implied by a resultative complement. Here I'll mention just one: you can use the progressive auxiliary ijau (which also means sit):
itamu ijau apatu cí =tima Itamu PROG spear set=be.ready 
"Itamu is arranging the spears"
(Aside: I tend to translate perfectives with the English past tense and imperfectives with the present tense. Don't read too much into this, there's no grammaticalised tense in Akiatu.)
Notably, the progressive auxiliary does not just render the sentence imperfective, it also cancels the entailment that the action or event actually reached its end: itamu apatu cí=tima, mata kja cí=kú=tima Itamu arranged the spears but couldn't finish arranging them is a contradiction, but itamu ijau apatu cí=tima, mata kja cí=kú=tima Itamu was arranging the spears but couldn't finish arranging them is not.
Most often, though, you'll get a progressive sense just by using the verb without a resultative complement:
itamu cí apatu Itamu set spear 
"Itamu is arranging spears"
Notice: I've put the object after the verb here, and translated it with a bare plural. That's because it's no longer a telic object, and therefore can be completely nonspecific. This will be common in imperfective statements, to the point where (if you believe in basic word orders) you might say that in Akiatu, perfective clauses are basically SOV but imperfective ones are basically SVO.
This connects up with some fairly general cross-linguistic patterns. There seems to be a tendency for imperfective constructions to count as less transitive than perfective ones. This is particularly striking in ergative languages with aspect splits: consistently it's in perfective constructions that the subject is ergative, and imperfective ones in which it's not.
I think it also connects up with a tendency for imperfective clauses to be backgrounded and perfective ones foregrounded in the discourse context. If you say P and Q, and P is imperfective but Q is perfective, you probably mean that P is the background against which Q took place ("it was raining so I took my umbrella"). Meanwhile, if you say P and then Q but both are imperfective despite the sequencing, probably you're backgrounding them ("I was reading and then I was watching tv... nothing special"); and if you say P and Q with both perfective but meaning that they're simultaneous, probably you're foregrounding ("The lightning flashed and the thunder boomed as the wind howled"). I think there's probably something to be said to relate this sort of pattern to the specificity of the object (but I'm not going to try to say more about that here).

Resultatives with intransitive verbs

The main example above---itamu apatu cí=tima Itamu arranged the spears---was transitive, so the resultative complement could just be applied to the object that the verb already required. But that's not always the case.
Consider first unaccusative verbs. These are intransitive verbs that only have a theme argument. With these verbs, the resultative complement applies to the main verb's one argument, even though it ends up as the subject:
tamwi hakjaru=haja wood burn =away(PFV) 
"The wood burned away"
Even though tamwi wood is the subject here, it's the semantic theme both of the resultative and of the main verb: it's both the thing that is burning and the thing that ends up `away' (gone). And it's like a telic object in another sense: it measures the event being described, so that the event will reach its end when all the wood is away (gone).
There's one difference: a telic object merely has to be specific, whereas Akiatu requires subjects to be definite, so tamwi has to be understood here as the wood.
What's going on here? It's commonly thought (in effect) that unaccusative verbs actually have objects, what they lack is subjects. That means, for example, that in "the wood burned," "wood" is (semantically and underlyingly) the object of "burned." But English (and also Akiatu) requires sentences to have syntactic subjects, so the underlying object ends up in the position normally reserved for subjects.
This implies that you might not be able to do the same thing with unergative verbs. These are intransitive verbs that don't have a theme argument. (Their one argument might not be an agent, but it'll be sufficiently agent-like that it can't count as a theme.)
Here's a potential example with an unergative verb:
?itamu tawaru=wija Itamu laugh =tired(PFV) 
"Itamu laughed herself tired"
I've marked this with a question mark. That's not because I'm sure it's marginal in Akiatu. Actually it's because I'm not sure whether to allow it---even though I kind of want to. (The issue has to do with something called the theta criterion. I'm playing fast and loose with the theta criterion as it is, and I want to be sure I know what I'm doing before I decide on this issue for sure. ---For the rest of this post it doesn't matter if you know what the theta criterion is, but I can try to explain in comments if anyone's curious.)
If I disallow that sort of sentence, I'll certainly allow a variant with a dummy reflexive:
itamu tikwa tawaru=wija Itamu REFL laugh =tired(PFV) 
"Itamu laughed herself tired"
(As you can see, English also allows this.)
What's going on here is that the resultative complement has added an argument. The reflexive pronoun is the theme of the resultative (wija tired) but not of the main verb (tawaru laugh). So this says that Itamu's laughing was done once she got tired; but it doesn't entail that she laughed herself (whatever that would mean).
I suspect the reflexive pronoun makes that example a bit tricky, so here's a different one:
itamu cacija tawasu=wasu Aipa baby sing =sleep 
"Aipa sang the baby to sleep"
cacija baby is the telic object here: Aipa is done singing when the baby is asleep. That requires us to interpret cacija as the theme of the resultative (wasu < suwasu sleep). But cacija is not the theme of the main verb (tawasu sing): the sentence does not entail that Aipa sang the baby (whatever that would mean). So again, the resultative complement has added an argument to the verb.
You can do this very freely in Akiatu. Not quite as freely as in English: English allows sentences like "The audience clapped the performers off the stage," which doesn't really imply that the departure of the performers was a result of the clapping. In Akiatu these constructions are always resultative, and thus always require a telic (specific) object. But that's not much of a limitation.

`Applicatives'

The use of resultative complements is free in another way: you can use them to add arguments even to transitive verbs. The effect is a bit like what you get with applicatives, but strictly speaking I don't think these count as applicatives.
I'm going to start with an example that might look deceptively familiar. Here's a relatively straightforward sentence (no `applicative'):
kipaja apatu hwati=mawa i itamu Kipaja spear give =find(PFV) DAT Itamu 
"Kipaja gave the spear to Itamu"
The telic object here is apatu spear: the act of giving is complete when the spear---all of it, or all of them (there's no plural marking in Akiatu)---has made its way to Itamu. The resultative mawa find is a bit idiosyncratic: it tends to get used with verbs of giving, transformation, and creation, and its hard to say exactly what its lexical content is.
Now look at this sentence:
kipaja itamu hwati=rawu apatu Kipaja Itamu give =be.satisfied spear 
"Kipaja gave Itamu the spear"
This looks a lot like English dative shift, but something very particular is going on. Notice that the resultative complement has changed: before we had mawa find, which indicated that its theme (apatu spear) had changed possession; now we have rawu be satisfied, which indicates that its theme (itamu) has been satisfied. Among other things, this is a shift in telicity. The previous sentence describes a giving that's complete when all the spear(s) is(are) transferred; this one describes a giving that's complete when the recipient is satisfied.
(It's a bit of a syntactic detail that the theme of the main verb ends up after the verb, with no preposition. I'm actually trying to figure out a way to guarantee that it'll end up right next to the verb, with nothing allowed to come between them, but I haven't figured it out yet.)
The following two sentences might make the contrast more vivid.
itamu jaikati utika=jaka a aijiki Itamu slaver hunt =dead LOC island 
"Itamu hunted the slavers dead on the island"
The reference to the island here is purely circumstantial. Fundamentally the activity described here is one of hunting slavers, and it's finished when all the slavers are dead---so if some of the slavers had gotten off the island, Itamu would have had to follow them.
itamu aijiki utika=wika jaikati Itamu island hunt =tidy slaver 
"Itamu hunted the island clear of slavers"
Here the island isn't circumstantial, it's actually the telic object: the activity described here is finished when the island has been cleared of slavers. So there's no implication that Itamu would have followed any slavers who fled the island; strictly speaking, the sentence doesn't even entail that there were any slavers (though it's a pretty strong implicature, I guess).
These two examples both work pretty well in English, but such straightforward translation won't always succeed. In particular, English dative shift tends to imply something like a change of possession, whereas analogous Akiatu construction can be used for beneficiaries (and maleficiaries) in general.
But there's another thing Akiatu lets you do that's quite distinctive. (My understanding is that applicatives work this way in Kinyarwanda, but not in many languages.) What do you suppose happens when you use a resultative complement to add an argument to an unaccusative verb?
Let's take the verb ihjatu arrive, which will usually occur in sentences like this:
kwamuri ihjatu=hatu (a Ihjatikai) hunter arrive=arrive(PFV) LOC Ihjatikai 
"The hunters arrived (at Ihjatikai)"
(Ihjatikai is one of the Akiatu villages. The resultative hatu arrive actually derives from the full verb ihjatu arrive, so we might have a genuine case of partial reduplication here.)
Here kwamuri hunter is the theme both of the resultative and the main verb. It ends up as the subject because the sentence needs a subject and it's the only candidate.
Remember what that implies about telicity: the sentence describes an event that's finished when all of the hunters have arrived at Ihjatikai. Nothing implies that the hunters arrive together; if they arrived one by one over a period of days, this sentence could still accurately describe the end result.
Now suppose we wanted to measure out the event in a different way, by using the destination as the telic object: we'd be thinking of it as an event that's finished once the hunters get all the way to Ihjatikai, and backgrounding the possibility that the hunters might not arrive all at once. What sort of sentence could convey this?
One tricky (or anyway awkward) point: we seem to need a resultative complement that describes a place at which people have just arrived; that's not really an obvious thing to have a word for. I'm going to stipulate that Akiatu uses wati here. It's a distal deictic clitic that can be used in demonstratives: ki janaki=wati is that person (the determiner ki supplies definite reference). It can also give nouns and pronouns a locative sense (itamu=wati is something like by Itamu). To me at least it makes sense to repurpose it again as a sort of locative applicative marker.
Now if ihjatu arrive were transitive, we'd get something like this, with X standing in for the subject:
X ihjatikai ihjatu=wati kwamuri X Ihjatikai arrive=LOC.APPL(PFV) hunters 
"X arrived the hunters at Ihjatikai"
In Akiatu as in English you can't just drop the subject: something needs to take the place of that X. There are two candidates: ihjatikai and kwamuri hunter. Which will move?
To be a bit vague about it, I think you should expect the one that's already closer to be the one that moves; that's ihjatikai, the destination, the `applied' object. In actual fact, my impression is that in most languages that allow you to base applicatives on unaccusative verbs it's the main verb's theme (here that would be kwamuri) that ends up as subject, and it bothers me that I don't understand why. But apparently there's at least one language, namely Kinyarwanda, that does what seems more natural to me, and that's enough for me. So in Akiatu you can say this:
ihjatikai ihjatu=wati kwamuri Ihjatikai arrive=LOC.APPL(PFV) hunter 
"In Ihjatikai arrived (the) hunters"
(As that translation indicates, you can get roughly the same word order in English with locative reversal.)
Notice that now that kwamuri hunter isn't the subject and isn't telic, it can be as indefinite and nonspecific as you want.
Here's a final example, a bit of hokey lore:
akijatawi jakwaru=mawa itamu Akiatu.people die =find(PFV) Itamu 
"For the Akiatu people died Itamu"
Maybe you can figure out what's going on there. (Bonus points if you can nitpick the translation!)

Coda

Conlangery came out with a new episode precisely about telicity right when I was getting into this issue (it's here), and I decided to put off listening to it till I'd come up with something I was pretty happy with. Now I've got something I'm pretty happy with, and I've had a listen. No big surprises, thank goodness. Obviously there's stuff I haven't dealt with, including some that I haven't thought about much, but nothing really distressing.
I do want to pick up on a couple of things George said, though.
First, he said, "[Telicity]'s not the kind of thing that you would ever really want to... make an affix that means telic." (Aside: that relative clause would make a pretty good translation challenge.)
In fact the line of thinking that led to this post started with a 24-hour speedlang exercise I did (only rule: not allowed to consult any sources) whose only lasting idea was a telic suffix (it would go on the verb but be sensitive to the specificity and so on of the object). Given some theoretical assumptions I like, it made most sense to think of this in terms of a telicity head to which the verb would head-move. One thing led to another and I decided that regardless of what I did with that language, Akiatu's resultative complements belonged in that position.
The second was an interesting point that I really should have brought up at some point. Applied to Akiatu, the point is this: if an Akiatu verb phrase is telic only if it includes a resultative complement, then even if you have (say) a verb that means kill (like Akiatu jakwaja), if it occurs without a resultative complement then it cannot really be telic and certainly can't imply that the implied goal was achieved. I admit that in general I have more thinking to do about achievement verbs (or is that accomplishments? the non-durative telic ones). But Akiatu's resultative complements are inspired most directly by certain Mandarin constructions, so it's reassuring that you get something like that in Mandarin with shā 殺 kill.
George's particular example was the expression shā tuì 殺退, with the resultative complement tuì retreat: the full expression means put to flight, presumably under threat of death, but does not entail any actual killing. An example I'd come across somewhere is even more vivid, the sentence 我殺了他三次可是他都沒死 I killed him three times but he still hasn't died. (My Mandarin's not good enough for me to have opinions of my own about such things, but friends have agreed that this sentence could make sense in the context of a video game or a horror movie---cases where you might do the killing action only to discover the thing is not dead.) Anyway you'll presumably get things like that in Akiatu, too.

The end

That was ridiculously long! I hope also interesting. And if you made it far enough for something to strike you as puzzling or implausible, please do let me know :) And of course if you do anything fun with telicity in your own languages, feel free to share.
submitted by akamchinjir to conlangs [link] [comments]


2019.03.01 14:59 IforaNye S4 Week 10 The Finale (Interviews Pt. 2: Latuna and Chloe)

Latuna Tunes

Memorie // Somebody get me a tin opener, it's the fish herself, LaTuna Tunes!
First off, how’s the ocean treating ya? How are you Miss Latuna?
LaTuna Tunes // Hello, Miss Memorie! It's a pleasure to be here with you! I'm fine, just taking a time. It's a long way from the ocean and we far from the shallow now.. OH WAIT
M // And the Oscar goes to... Oh fuck
It's good, the competition can be stressful with the week to week workload, even til the end. How did your time here fair? Did you have any expectations before auditioning?
LTT // I think that the whole experience lead me to know what I want to do with my art, what kind of direction that speak directly to my heart... Like my Macaw and Disease looks. Beside the fact that I was in a low position, I'm proud that I showed works with the art style that I'm embracing and evolving now. My greatest expectation before auditioning was be able to show works that I could be proud of...
So I'm so ashamed of my look of the Gang Challenge. It's something that I want to erase lol
M // Nngnh that's a double edged sword, but it happens to the best of us and hey! Without those stumbles we wouldn't have learned for what came next. It's nice to hear you got some kicker looks out of the competition, at the end of the day I feel we should strive towards work we enjoyed and will look fondly after everything's over
So you turned it to birds and diseases, were there other prompts you were looking forward to?
LTT // I'm dedicating my time to evolve my crochet skills, so I would love to do the Crochet challenge!
M // Haha, that's excellent! You'd know exactly how to portray the proper construction and serve some killer stuff. You've also served killer looks in other competitions, top 3 in Paper Race All Stars 2, how did the community differ from what you're used to as a paper queen?
LTT // One of the things that I most noticed is the safe place that the audience and moderators creates on the MPAR... And I have no idea of how my artwork could be so well received, considering the fact that I was out of the competitions for like one year. The diversity of traces of competitors is something that amazed me too. Is so nice to see different expressions of art!
M // It is such a warm feeling to be honest, sharing interests with all these people that come from incredibly different backgrounds with entirely different approaches to the same thing: art and drag.
And from art we go to what's next for Latuna, are there any projects in mind? Will we be seeing her around in the future mayhaps?
LTT // Following the words of the great philosopher Willam on Dragula, I'm officially quiting drag (or paper drag to be more clear lol). As I said, being on MPAR brought me a lot of reflexions of my art and what the kind of directions that I want to take, and I noticed that my cicle as LaTuna ended. I love that my paper drag brought me a lot of connections, evolution of my art, made me more confident about show it to the world, even gave me a boyfriend (I meet him on Paper Race's audience)!
I have a lot of ideas of zines and illustrations for now, and not one involves LaTuna... So I think that is the last time that you all will see this big fish But as I said, I'm so grateful for my experience as a paper queen ❤️
M // Aweee, that's sad to hear, I still hope we see her from time to time on creative sprees, but it's also important to pinpoint when a chapter closes naturally otherwise it won't spark joy no more
Looking forward to those projects but first....dish it out sis, who are you rooting for to win the season?
LTT // Oh, we have a brilliant top 3... Can we do like the AS4 and break the crown on three? No? OK... I'm a huge fan of Oriana, so I want to see an italian winner!
M // This tuna is ready for some pasta mari e monti y'all!
Thank you so much Latuna for your time, and lastly, do you want to plug any socials where we can find your creative endeavours
LTT // It was a pleasure to be here! If you all want to follow my new artistic adventures, check my Instagram account @naslinhasdesaturno ❤️ A great kiss from this fishy (but not stinky) queen! 🐟
M // Kissu kissu and splash! There she goes. Thank you once again for bearing with me and see ya on the runway one last time! 💙

Chloe In The Afternoon

Sulphur Bomme //LEGS, ARMS and HAIR for days, and today's the day for spilling Afternoon Tea! It's Chloe In The Afternoon - How are you doing?
Chloe In The Afternoon // I'm doing well. Just been brushing my weave and stretching the gams these last few weeks. Getting ready for the finale and such. It's crazy the season is already over. It really flies by.
SB // Right? It’s weird to see how quickly the time goes by in MPAR’s little airplane hahaha - tell me, you’ve been on three sides of MPAR now - Judge, Audience member, and now competitor - How did you feel when you were accepted to be on the cast?
CITA // I was really excited honestly. I really loved my audition look. I also wanted to be the first queen on the floor for a promo. So I thought that would be a bit of a gag. Overall though, I was really happy. I get such a rush from these contests like no other hobby I've had. So I was super hype to show what I could this season.
SB // It definitely caught our attention and I think you should be proud of what you did this season - Promo, Challenges and Lipsyncs. Speaking of Contests - you have a crown of your own, Bosh’s Draw Race on Facebook! Do you have any tea on that? Any big plans for the next season?
CITA // I'm glad you guys enjoyed it. And yeah, I won season 3 of Bosh's Draw Race once upon a time. It was a whirlwind, they had me singing and all these shenanigans. But I somehow got that crown by being the runway queen of that season. And I'm not sure, I wouldn't mind being involved with their next season if they asked me. Looking at you Sartana~
SB // Ah, well there’s always a chance, right? You are a runway queen indeed, and most know you for being one of the few queens in MPAR that are heading into Fashion - it’s been 2 years I think since we discussed your projects outside of MPAR - are you working on any big things at the moment?
CITA // You never know. And yeah, I have a degree in fashion design so trying to become an adult I guess haha. Currently I'm just applying for work though. I moved to New York just before the season started so I could hopefully get a job in the industry with a larger company than I could find down in North Carolina. And I don't have anything I'm working on currently besides the occasional Chloe drawing. Trying to get a job has kinda taken up most of my time.
SB // Ah! That’s great - a few MPAR ladies are in New York so I’m sure if you’re ever stuck or needing some friends, at least you know there’s some girls there! It’s good to hear. Keeping connected really helps stick through with a lot - who on your season were your closest friends?
CITA // Yeah. I really should get off my ass and contact one of them to get lunch or something lol. And over the past few weeks I've gotten closest to Ripper, Oriana, and Arc I feel. MPAR needs an international meet up or something.
SB // Who knows! One day that might happen - a little Paint Con or something, you know? You mentioned two of the three finalists in that - You know as well as I do that this was coming; Who are you rooting for to win - Oriana, Ripper Hole or Veruschka - and why?
CITA // I sure hope so. Would be amazing to see MPAR get that sort of recognition. And I gotta root for my girl Ripper. I think she's brought it to the runway consistently all season, and besides her bird mishap, really hasn't dropped the ball on any challenges. I think she'd be a quality addition to the MPAR hall of fame for sure.
SB // Thank you so much for taking the time and sharing a few things from your time on MPAR as well as your future endeavours! You can follow Chloe In The Afternoon on instagram at @ftomlin_illustrations - and thank you again, Chloe!
```

Arcangelo

Arcangelo was not available to complete their interview.
Tune in for our interviews with the next 3 eliminated queens when this post is 3 hours old! ```
submitted by IforaNye to mspaintsartrace [link] [comments]


2018.08.25 16:23 thyrandomninja [Spoilers] Translating "The One they call the Witch" [WIP] [Long]

EDIT: Someone in the comments provided an email address for the singer and I have now sent them a query asking if she has the lyrics available. If she is able to provide a full transcript, then I'll translate it and make a new post. Otherwise, If anyone is able to make out more lyrics, or help with translating, that would still be greatly appreciated.

---

ORIGINAL POST:

Not sure how many people will be at all interested in this, and I know this is an absurd amount of information I'm just throwing to the wind, but I figured , even if it doesn't get any traction, it's worth a shot to at least ask. If anyone has somehow got a better transcription, or can competently translate Latin, I'd love the help.

"The One they call the Witch" is the theme for Galdera's Phase 1 battle (Omniscient Eye). As soon as I heard lyrics, I wanted to know what they meant. (Apparently, Phase 2 also has lyrics, but I'm waiting until I actually reach phase 2 before listening to it)
In the comments of the above youtube video, someone went to the trouble of transcribing them as best they could. It's a good start, but we have three problems:

  1. Not much of the transcription is correct. Most notably, Latin has no "w" in their alphabet. I've made a few edits, but it's still about 50/50.

  1. I haven't studied Latin for over 5 years, and I can't remember very much of it. I'm doing what I can with some basic recognition and literary devices, but Google Translate is doing the bulk of the legwork. Unfortunately, Google Translate is not great, especially when it comes to Latin, so there's a bit of a word soup going on.

  1. It is REALLY difficult to hear most of the lyrics.

With that in mind, here's what I've got so far:

Commenter's Transcription Translation My Transcription Translation Notes
agitis favori doing the favor agitis favori doing the favor
agitis favori doing the favor agitis favori doing the favor
obis terra nocta taba fabataburis lso the night, Taba fabataburis orbis terra nocta taba fabataburis the earth, night Taba fabataburis ["taba fabataburis" is defintely wrong, but this whole line is very difficult to hear]
vis et tioba aut lux visit set ti aurum ti, and the frame to the gold, but you want to visit, or the Light viseti ova/orba aut lux visite si aurum Appears in the eggs, or the Light if you visit the gold // Vise lost her children in the light of the visit should it be gold, or [Almost the entire line changes depending on ova/orba, but either one seems to fit with the next line/verse, so context isn't a whole lot of help]
vitit et oda nocto da cita lucriem Oda night they would defect and give quick Lucrii vistis et ova nocto de cita lucrium fluids and eggs at night from the quick profit ["Fluids and eggs" seems not-so-E-for-Everyone, but at least it's disguised in Latin, and the game is rated T. I'm assuming this is referencing childbirth/conception, since children are mentioned later, but not entirely convinced it's right]
exi pachus Leave Pachi ipsi partus [sunt] they are deliverers/children ["Sunt" (are) is in square brackets, since it is omitted in the lyrics, but this is pretty common in Latin poetry/songs. Adding "sunt" back in makes a lot of sense in the translation]
ignis rapchi fire rapchi ipsi rapti [sunt] they are rapture ["They" could be referring to (a) other children of Galdera, (b) the "eggs and fluids" in the previous verse (possible "a" and "b" are one and the same?), or (c) the Travellers, since Galdera is planning to absorb their souls to aid his rebirth]
pachus icit Pachi strike partus ipsi [sunt] they are deliverers/children ["Rapti" is directly translated as "removed/caught" by Google, but it can mean rapture, which seems more fitting in this case]
rapchi partus rapchi delivery rapti partus deliverers/children of rapture
exi rapchi partus Get rapchi, delivery ipsi rapti partus [sunt] they are the deliverers/children of rapture
exi venti partus, ignis partus Get wind delivery, delivery of fire ipsi venti partus [sunt], ignis partus [sunt] they are the deliverers/children of wind, the deliverers/children of fire
vosagu gus comprehen Vosges alarming arrested vos egegis comprehen You egegis arrest [This verse is the one I have made by far the least progress on]
i gwost i scela i gworinist I gwost I scelti I gworinist e gros tu scela e vorinis e gros you scela out of the vorinis
vediginst agis perlous obiti vediginst doing dangerous obiti vediginst agis perlus orbiti vediginst doing the witch ["Orbiti" alone means "world", which could be right. "Perlus orbiti" only gets translated as "the witch", which obviously fits the title, but I have literally no idea where Google got it from, and can't find any other source to explain it]
gworlini doh dogosigorous morte gworlini dob dogosigorous death gorlinido gogo si gorus morte gorlinido gogo, if the death of Acusagorus ["Acusagorus" (translated from "gorus") appears to be a person from Latin literature, and does not fit the context of the song. Hence, I think it's safe to assume the transcription is wrong here]
vos tu tidi mos enmu You do tidi will enmus vos tu tidi mos ??? You do tidi will ??? [I can't make out the last word at all, but I'm definitely not hearing "enmu", as posited by the original commenter]
Este verte de faminis This turn of faminis Este verte de faminis This turn of faminis [I could be wrong, but I believe "faminis" should be translating to "famine", but I can't find a correct Latin word that fits what I'm hearing]
Defa eneste faminaut DEFA eneste faminaut Defa e neste faminut Defa out of the neste faminut [Again, I believe "faminut" is supposed to become "famine"]
cordosis kades cordosis Kades cor dosis per cades dosage will fall through the heart [Not sure what it means, but it's a full line of English, so I'm keeping it for the time being]
sumis divafa lunch divafa sumis defa (Ahhhhh) lunch defa [I have no idea why the back-up singers would be singing about lunch, but i can't un-hear "sumis". I believe "divafa" is actually the same word as "defa" two lines above, followed by the beginning of the "ahhhhh" vocalisation. The problem, of course: what is "defa", really?]
vis coreni ventus the force of the wind corena vis/vos coreni ventis You corena winds // Coren force winds [It would really help to know what "coreni/corenis" mean here, and I'm not sure if it's "vis/vos" until we can determine that. I've tried changing the vowels on coreni several times to find a real Latin word, and the only thing that's close is "corona" meaning "crown", which doesn't seem to fit]
vis coreni vento the force of the wind corena vis/vos coreni vontos You corene womb // Coren force womb ["Womb" seems to fit the discussion about "fluids and eggs", and "children" above]
vos corenis portoces You corene portoces vos corenis porta ces You corene gate ces ["Gate" as in "Gate of Finis" - i will eat my hat if that's wrong]

Admittedly, it's not great, but it's getting somewhere. I'm hoping we have a few people willing to either give it a go transcribing or translating, so... I guess, just have at it. Let me know if you have any ideas or breakthroughs and I'll edit the post as we go.

If you got this far, thanks for reading, and happy travelling :)

If you didn't get this far, I don't blame you.
submitted by thyrandomninja to octopathtraveler [link] [comments]


2016.11.24 00:47 Mrtravieso My Top Spanish Music - (Language, Not Country)

So I was trying to optimize my time in the car and gym. I tried podcasts for a while but found it hard to enjoy them because of all the starting and stopping on short drives or quick gym sessions. Thus I turned to music to hone my language skills. It took me a while to find the artists and types of music that I like and can listen to consistently but almost two years after I started I am constantly listening to it now. I follow several artists that I really enjoy on social media and I learn about other artists through them. Also Apple Music has intuited my desire for Spanish(language, not country) music and occasionally gives me good suggestions.
So, I have to preface this list with a few of my English (language, not country) music preferences. I feel like a lot of the Spanish (language, not country) artists are very similar in style to the English (language, not country) artists that I listen to. So if you start reading and you throw up in your mouth a little when I mention the English (language, not country) artists that I like, you are most likely not going to like the Spanish (language, not country) artists that I mention either. If you are, in fact, tempted to disgorge when reading this list please remember that preference of music is a personal taste and it is not necessary to tell everyone what a horrible person I am in the comments. I already know I am a horrible person and it has nothing to do with music.
Some examples of my preference for English (language, not country) musical artists in alphabetical order (pulled at random from my phone): Arctic Monkeys, Chance the Rapper, Childish Gambino, Drake, Frank Ocean, James Blake, John Legend, JPNSGRLS, Kanye West, Kendrick Lamar, Midlake, Muse, Partynextdoor, Rick Ross, Rihanna, Robin Thicke, Sam Smith, Ty Dolla $ign
Also keep in mind that in my English (language, not country) music I tend to be more conscious of the content of the lyrics and I won’t really listen to songs that I don’t agree with or relate to even if they are catchy. In Spanish (language, not country) music I still do this to a certain degree but of course I don’t understand everything they say so I have to put more emphasis on whether I like the musical aspects of the song or not.
Ok, enough explanation and self conscious validation. Here are my Top Spanish (language, not country) songs broken up by rough genre (so if you don’t like a particular genre you can skip it). The names of the songs are all youtube links.
-
Alternative
Por Amar a Ciegas - Arcangel
California on fire - Las Armas - Punk. I don’t listen to a lot of punk but sometimes a song will get me. Similar to JPNSGRLS.
Dime - Ruzzi - Trancey type song. They don’t have a lot of stuff out but I like it.
Bachata
Eres Mía - Romeo Santos - Super creepy video of him stalking someone but iconic bachata
Odio - Romeo Santos ft. Drake - Ever wanted to hear Drake sing in Spanish? I thought this was a fun one.
Darte un Beso - Prince Royce
Pop This is kind of just my throw away category of things I don’t know where to put.
Leal - Buuoy ft. Osuna - Kinda rappy
Que Raro - Feid, J Balvin
Primera Cita - J Balvin
Traicionera - Sebastian Yatra
Como Mirarte - Sebastian Yatra
Me Llamas - Piso 21 - A bit of a reggaeton beat but seemed to fit here better.
Rap and stuff like it
Flow Asesino - Fuego
Diferente - Fuego
Revolucionario - Xantos
Ora Por Mí - Daddy Yankee
35 pa las 12 - Fuego, J Balvin - Probably my favorite artists collaborating on my favorite song ever. Definitely has the most plays on my phone hands down.
Veneno - J Balvin
La Fruta Prohibida - Justin Quiles
Amor Juvenil - Mike Towers
Dinero en Mano - Mike Towers
Reggaeton
Ella y Yo - Romeo Santos and Don Omar
Corazón Acelerao - Wisin - I find Wisin’s rapping voice super annoying but some of his songs I can listen to consistently.
6 AM - J Balvin ft. Farruko
Si Ella Quisiera - Justin Quiles - Dance music spin on the reggaeton beat.
Confusión - Justin Quiles
Corazón de Seda - Osuna
El Perdón - Nicky Jam, Enrique Iglesias
If you liked a lot of these songs then we probably have similar musical taste and I would love to hear of artists you listen to that I may not have heard of before!
Edit: formatting, switched Ella y Yo from Bachata to Reggaeton.
submitted by Mrtravieso to Spanish [link] [comments]


2012.01.25 21:11 z3ugma Code Efficiency Question / Automating HTML Display

I am the webmaster for a singing group, and we post learning tracks online for our members to use. I inherited a very cluttered members' site page, and was hoping I could get some suggestions on how to improve the code / auto-generate some of the code.
The page can be seen at http://filer.case.edu/fet4/musicsample/ . As it stands now, I have to manually set javascript to hide every div for me, like this:
function clearSongs() { setDiv("podcast", "none"); setDiv("ADFI", "none"); setDiv("AFTE", "none"); setDiv("CITA", "none"); setDiv("CWRA", "none"); setDiv("AULD", "none"); setDiv("AURA", "none"); 
Is there a way to automate it? Is there a more efficient way I can structure the code?
Here's a sample of a song div, and I was wondering if there's a way, using javascript (or maybe PHP if it comes to it) for JS to automate creating or filling in this text.
 
Thanks for your help in advance
submitted by z3ugma to javascript [link] [comments]


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